City Market (Davenport, Iowa)

City Market (Davenport, Iowa)
City Market
City Market (Davenport, Iowa) is located in Iowa
Location: 120 W. 5th Street, Davenport, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°31′30″N 90°34′31″W / 41.525°N 90.57528°W / 41.525; -90.57528Coordinates: 41°31′30″N 90°34′31″W / 41.525°N 90.57528°W / 41.525; -90.57528
Built: 1872
Architectural style: Romanesque
Governing body: Private
MPS: Davenport MRA
NRHP Reference#: 84001329 [1]
Added to NRHP: April 5, 1984

The City Market is an historic building located in downtown Davenport, Iowa, United States. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Contents

History

The idea behind the City Market was to bring the city’s merchants and their goods together in a single location. However, the merchants had to vacate their individual stores in order to occupy a stall in the City Market.[2] To that end the city hired Thomas W. McClelland to build the public market on Fifth Street in 1872. The facility was damaged in a fire in 1873, and some of the walls still show burn marks.[3]

The market idea, however, did not last long and the west end of the building, whose address is 130 W. Fifth Street, became the police station in 1877.[3] By 1886 the east end of the building, 120 W. Fifth Street, was occupied by the Armory Co. B. The Armory moved out by 1892 and that section of the building became the Bridewell House of Detention. By 1920 the address, 120 W. Fifth (or 122 W. Fifth Street as it was sometimes listed), was no longer being used. It could be that the east section of the building was torn down at this time.[4] At any rate, the east section no longer exists. Starting in 1925 the police department and the city’s ambulance service started sharing the building starting in 1925. Bridewell House of Detention and Patrol Station No. 1 remained until about 1940 and the ambulance service left sometime in the 1940s.

The building was vacant for a number of years. In 2008 Big Brothers Big Sisters of the Mississippi Valley moved into the building. They raised $650,000 to renovate the building and teamed with the Tri-City Building Trades Council who used the renovation as an educational project.[3]

Architecture

The City Market is a single-story, brick building constructed on a stone foundation.[4] The structure is rectangular in shape and is topped by a gable roof, which faces Main Street. It contains a mixture of Romanesque Revival and Greek Revival elements. The Romanesque may be found in the rounded arches and decorative brick work on the façade fronting Main Street.[2] It also features brick pilasters and a stepped frieze that organizes the facade into three bays.[4]

The north and south elevations are more functional and less decorative. Both elevations contains windows, garage doors, and a pedestrian entrance. Window openings feature segmentally arched headers, stone sills, and double-hung windows with 6/6 light configurations.[4] The pedestrian entrances are similar in form, while the garage doors have flat span lintels, with glass transoms above the door.[4] As mentioned above the eastern end of the original building has been removed. The corbiestep parapet wall of the roofline and ghost marks indicate the existence of the former space.[4]

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-10-06. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  2. ^ a b Svendsen, Marls A., Bowers, Martha H (1982). Davenport where the Mississippi runs west: A Survey of Davenport History & Architecture. Davenport, Iowa: City of Davenport. pp. 10–5. 
  3. ^ a b c Speer, Mary Louise. "Big Brothers Big Sisters settles into historic, newly renovated building". Quad-City Times (June 28, 2008). http://qctimes.com/news/local/article_e6d459af-f859-555f-a510-17a18a834b21.html. Retrieved 2010-10-12. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "City Market". Iowa Department of Cultural Affairs - State Historical Society of Iowa. http://www.qcmemory.org/Default.aspx?PageId=408&nt=207. Retrieved 2010-10-12. 

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