Diosdado Macapagal International Airport

Diosdado Macapagal International Airport
Diosdado Macapagal International Airport
Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Diosdado Macapagal
Sulapawang Internasyonal ning Diosdado Macapagal
CRK is located in Philippines
Location of airport in Philippines
Airport type Public
Operator Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC)
Serves Angeles City, Manila
Location Clark Freeport Zone, Angeles City, Pampanga
Hub for Cebu Pacific

Spirit of Manila Airlines

Elevation AMSL 148 m / 484 ft
Coordinates 15°11′09″N 120°33′37″E / 15.18583°N 120.56028°E / 15.18583; 120.56028
Website http://www.dmia.ph/
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02R/20L 3,200 10,499 Concrete
02L/20R 3,200 10,499 Concrete
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Diosdado Macapagal, Kapampangan: Pangyatung Sulapawan ning Diosdado Macapagal), also called Clark International Airport (IATA: CRKICAO: RPLC), is the main airport serving the immediate vicinity of the Clark Freeport Zone and the general area of Angeles City in the Philippines. It also serves the northern and central regions of Luzon, and being 85 kilometers (53 mi) from the older Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) that serves Manila, DMIA also serves Metro Manila and its immediate vicinity. It is located on an area of the freeport zone formerly utilized as the Clark Air Base, which was closed in late 1991 by the U.S. Air Forces after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo.

The two parallel runways of DMIA are capable of NASA Space Shuttle landings. However, it is no longer listed as an active landing site,[3] and it has never had a Space Shuttle land there.[4]

The airport is managed by the Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC), a government-owned and/or controlled corporation.



  • 1993: The former Clark Air Base was reopened as the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) after the area was cleared from lahar debris from the Mount Pinatubo explosion and a typhoon that followed.
  • 1995: During the administration of former President Fidel V. Ramos, Clark International Airport was designated to be the future primary international gateway of the Philippines and the major international airport of Metro Manila and its neighboring provinces when Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila has reached full capacity and can no longer be expanded.
  • 2003: Clark International Airport was renamed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA), in memory of her father, former President Diosdado Macapagal.
  • February 5, 2007: President Arroyo ordered the Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC) to fund the US$1.7 billion (PH₱76.5 billion) expansion of DMIA and the approval of a US$2 million (PH₱90 million) study plan financed by the Korean International Cooperation Agency.
  • March 2007: Gate Gourmet and Miascor invested US$3 million (PH₱135 million) to construct an in-flight catering service facility. The new facility will be able to prepare over 4,000 meals a day for the airlines operating from DMIA, and it is being constructed on a 3,000m² site adjacent to the CIAC headquarters.[5]
  • April 5, 2007 President Arroyo led the official activation newly-installed US$9.3 million (PH₱418.5 million) modern terminal radar system.[6]
  • October 12, 2007: An Airbus A380 MSN009 test aircraft landed in DMIA and demonstrated that it can be used under normal airline operating conditions. This shows that DMIA can operate the Airbus A380 and become the Premier Airport of the Philippines in near future.[7]
  • January 2008: The first stage of DMIA's expansion program, a PH₱130 million terminal expansion, was completed to accommodate more than 2 million passengers annually.[8]
  • November 6, 2008 President Arroyo leads in the time-capsule laying ceremonies for the US$100 million (PH₱4.5 billion) maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) facility of SIA Engineering Company.[9]
  • November 9, 2008: Officials of CIAC and Spirit of Manila Airlines led the groundbreaking ceremonies for the construction of a world-class aircraft hangar facility worth PH₱1 billion.[10] The hangar is expected to be completed by mid-2009, which will house various aircraft such as Boeing 747-8 and Airbus A380.[11]
  • May 4, 2009 The M.A. Kharafi and Sons, a large private company based in Kuwait with a variety of commercial interests, expressed its interest to invest some US$1.2 billion (PH₱54 billion) in further developing the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport.[12]
  • December 2009 Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has granted the government at least $5 million (PH₱225 million) for a “transition study” that would make the DMIA the country’s premiere international airport. The study is expected to be finished by the fourth quarter of 2010 which it will cover transport network needed between the NAIA and DMIA.
  • January 2010 CIAC board of directors had approved the proposed $1.2 billion (PH₱54 billion) total investment value of Almal Investment Co. and committed to develop three passenger terminals.

Completed Projects

Terminal Radar Approach Control System

In 2007, DMIA received and activated a Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON) system, worth US$9.3 million, that translates to investment in the future of air travel at Clark. The TRACON can track aircraft in a radius pattern up to 220 nautical miles (410 km) from DMIA, and with this system in place, it places the airport along with other major airports around the region.[13] This system adds significant safety advantages, speeds-up arrivals and departures, and ensures a greater level of airline pilots' confidence. The system answers the needs of - and opens the door to - major air carriers to establish service at DMIA, and the radar installation makes the airport compliant with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards.[13]

In addition to the TRACON system, various state-of-the-art electronic communication, radar, navigation, approach lighting, and fire/safety systems have been implemented at the DMIA; these systems include an Instrument Landing System (ILS) Doppler, Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range (VOR), VHF/UHF Transmitters, modern meteorological equipment, Precision Approach Path Indicator, Airfield Ground Lighting Systems (AGLS), and an advanced Category 9 Crash, Fire and Rescue Equipment system.[13]

The CIAC ensures the work is done safely when it works with various contractors for critical airport equipment and infrastructure. In the instance of the TRACON radar system mentioned above, one of the largest European telecommunications companies, SELEX Sistemi Integrati, was hired as the prime contractor.[13]

Exterior of Diosdado Macapagal International Airport

Clark Polytechnic established its new training center on loation. It has A320 aircraft simulator on site for training potential aircraft pilots.

Terminal Statistics

Passenger movements
2003 7,880
2004 58,988
2005 232,313
2006 488,756
2007 533,619
2008 565,240
2009 approx 600,000[14]
2010 654,229[15]

Terminal Complex

Statistics Terminal 1 Terminal 1

(First Expansion)

Terminal 1

(Second Expansion)[16]

Premier Gateway

Terminal 2[17]

(Phase 1)

Terminal 2

(Phase 2)

Master Plan

Terminal 3

TBA Philstar.com]
Scheduled completion date
In Operation
Airport Masterplan

Terminal 1

The PHP 130 million current expanded Terminal 1, designed to accommodate at least one million to two million passengers annually, was inaugurated by President Arroyo on April 2008 to serve the growing passenger volume due to the entry of foreign and local budget carriers at the airport.

CIAC has embarked on a $12 million (PH₱550 million) expansion plan to attract more carriers and become the second international gateway into the Philippines. Completed in April 2010, the expansion adds a second story, arrival and departure lounges, and two aerobridges to the terminal building. The expansion will boost DMIA's capacity to two and a half million from two million.[20]

Once Terminal 2 is completed, Terminal 1 will take over all domestic routes.[16]

Terminal 2

The Terminal 2 of the DMIA comes in two phases. Once completed, it will be dedicated to international traffic.[16]

First phase

A master plan was developed by Korea international Cooperation Agency (KOICA) in November 2008 looking for a second terminal. It will have a total floor area of 35,000 square meters and a 7 million-passenger capacity per year.[21] Total investment for this phase is estimated at US$150 million (PH₱6.75 billion) with completion expected in 2013.[16]

This phase involves the following:

  • Construction of an airport plaza.[22]
  • Construction of a transport plaza.[22]
  • Construction of a covered parking area.[22]
  • Construction of new taxiways and aprons.[16]
  • Expansion of existing apron facilities.[22]
  • Widening, improvement and construction of access roads with interchanges.[22]
  • Demolition of some existing buildings[22]
  • Development of a new identity and signature and site and utilities development.[22]

Second phase

This phase involves the following:

  • Extension of the eastern runway to 4000 meters.[23]
  • Construction of a new runway.[16]
  • Construction of a shopping center.[16]
  • Construction of new taxiways and aprons.[16]
  • Construction of a new cargo terminal complex.[16]
  • Construction of a new control tower.[16]

Terminal 3

ALMAL Investment Co. of Kuwait has offered to develop a Terminal 3 making DMIA to handle 80 million passengers a year.[22]

When completed, DMIA will have:

  • 3 parallel runways
  • A high-speed train.[24]
  • Once completed, it can accommodate 80 million passengers annually,[19] thus becoming one of the largest and most technologically advanced airports in the world.

Additional Features

  • Facility can accommodate the A380 once completed.
  • Will be one of the largest airports in the world.

Other projects

  • Under the proposed airport development of ALMAL, the airport runways will be further improved to accommodate bigger aircraft, hotels and commercial buildings. Other aviation facilities will also be constructed.[22]
  • Construction of two new railway lines, one for the Airport Railway, and another for the NorthRail commuter and high speed rail line serving Metro Manila and several northern Luzon provinces.[25]
  • Construction of two interchanges on the Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway to DMIA, which will then connect to the existing North Luzon Expressway which was completed on February 2009.[26]


DMIA currently has two 3,200-meter parallel runways, one of which will be extended to 4,000 meters to accommodate new generation wide-bodied aircraft. The runways' descriptions include:[27]

  • The primary runway (Runway 02R/20L) has a length of 3,200 meters and a width of 60 meters. It is equipped with various navigational aids and lighting facilities, and it has a Category 1 rating for precision approach.
  • The secondary runway (Runway 02L/20R) has the same length as the primary runway (3,200 m) and a width of 45 meters, and it is currently used for Visual Flight Rules (VFR) only since the navigational aids and lighting facilities present in the primary runway have not yet been installed.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
Cebu Pacific Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore
Jin Air Seoul-Incheon
South East Asian Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Caticlan, Hong Kong, Macau , Singapore
Spirit of Manila Airlines Macau


Airlines Destinations
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Taipei-Taoyuan
Pacific East Asia Cargo Airlines Cebu, Taipei-Taoyuan
TransGlobal Airways operated by Best Air Cebu, Dhaka, Fujairah, Taipei-Taoyuan, Xiamen, Zhuhai
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Cebu, Hong Kong
UPS Airlines Dubai, Hong Kong, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Yangtze River Express Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen


  • Center for Asia Pacific Aviation Low-Cost Airport of the Year (2006)[28]
  • Frost & Sullivan Asia Pacific Aerospace and Defense Awards Airport of the Year (2008) (for airports under 15 million passengers category)[29]

Ground Transportation


Diosdado Macapagal International Airport connects from Angeles City to Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila via North Luzon Expressway-EDSA-Airport Road link. By private car, it takes about 2–3 hours including traffic to reach NAIA from DMIA.

Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway

The Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) provides access to Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ), including the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport, through two exits. The Bases Conversion Development Authority (BCDA) opened Panday Pira Road on December 23, 2008, and it is connected to the Clark North interchange in Mabalacat, Pampanga, where it leads straight to CSEZ on the left and Sacobia in Bamban town to the right. The Clark South interchange leads directly to the airport, Angeles, Tarlac, and the Subic Bay Freeport Zone.

North Luzon Railway

Construction has begun on a new US$421 million North Luzon project (initiated by the Philippine National Railways), originally scheduled for completion in 2010.[30] Two separate lines will be constructed, one for the Airport Railway, and another for the NorthRail commuter and high speed rail line serving Metro Manila and the northern Luzon provinces.


There are regular bus services to various destinations from the airport, charging from PH₱300 ($6.50) for Cubao (Quezon City), Mariveles, and Avenida (Manila), to PH₱350 ($6.75) for SM Megamall, Pasay City and Baguio City.[31] Operators include:

  • Genesis Transport (for Mariveles)
  • Partas (for Baguio and the rest of Northern Luzon except Laoag; and Avenida)
  • Philtranco (for Pasay, Cubao, and SM Megamall)


Taxi stands are located in the arrival halls,[31] and prices are based on the meter. Operators include:

  • Airport Shuttle Service Inc.
  • Avis Philippines
  • Triangle Taxi

Current projects

New In-Flight Catering Service Facility

Philippine Airlines Philippine Airlines has recently mentioned plans to make DMIA the airline's main hub for maintenance, ground-handling and catering services. Talks for long-term lease are in progress for PH₱5 billion to obtain 30 hectares at DMIA to build a new facility for PAL by 2010.[13]

In April 2008, details that Macroasia Corporation, the airline services company of Lucio Tan and PAL, said it had signed an agreement with First Metro Investment Corp. for a PH₱450 million standby credit line for expanding its facilities at NAIA and DMIA.[13]

Macroasia management has obtained permission to invest US$100 million in the Clark DMIA maintenance, ground-handling and catering facility, depending on results of ongoing feasibility studies and on projected demands from various airlines.[13]

Enter Gate Gourmet Enter Gate Gourmet, one of the world’s largest in-flight catering service providers, is in a joint venture with Miascor to construct and maintain an in-flight catering facility at DMIA.[13]

As of November 2007, work has begun on the first phase of a 3,000 square meter, US$2 million, world-class catering facility on the grounds of DMIA, close to the current CIAC administrative offices. A second phase will be built, for an additional US$ 5million, that will eventually serve up to 4,000 meals a day as DMIA allows major long-haul international carriers from around the world to operate.[13]

The Enter Gate Gourmet/Miascor catering facility is an important project that will potentially attract Middle Eastern and other airlines for it will provide quality meals for various flights.[13]

New MRO Facilities

SIA Engineering Company SIA Engineering Company (SIAEC) will pour an initial US$1 billion[32] (P45 billion) investment to set up a world-class aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) facility at DMIA.[13]

The facility will occupy a 10-hectare property at the DMIA which would be the center of repair, maintenance and overhaul of various wide- and narrow-bodied aircraft, such as the Airbus A380,[33] currently the world’s largest aircraft, A320, Boeing 747-8 and Boeing 777, among others.[13]

SIAEC, a major provider of aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul services in the Asia-Pacific region, is part of the Singapore Airlines Group and provides maintenance services at Singapore Changi Airport for more than 60 international carriers, including airframe and component overhaul on some of the most advanced and widely-used commercial aircraft in the world.[13]

Kuwait and Gulf Link The Kuwait and Gulf Link (KGL) project, initially costing about US$25 million, will cover aviation-related and dependent businesses, including, but not limited to warehousing, distribution, multi-nodal logistics, light manufacturing alongside complementary business operations, and facilities to support aviation-related activities within the Civil Aviation Complex of DMIA.[13]

KGL will occupy at least 1.25 million square meters (125 hectares) at the Civil Aviation Complex for the development of a world-class logistics park.[13]

Spirit of Manila Airlines On November 9, 2008, officials of Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC) and Spirit of Manila Airlines led the groundbreaking ceremonies for the construction of a PH₱1 billion aircraft hangar facility at the DMIA.[10] The hangar is expected to be completed by mid-2009 which will house wide bodied aircraft such as the Boeing 747-8 and Airbus A380.[11]

Spirit of Manila Airlines has acquired a ten-hectare property inside the Civil Aviation Complex, in which the hangar will occupy one hectare of the area.[34] The hangar can even accommodate the Airbus A380, currently the largest passenger aircraft in the world.[34]

Accidents and incidents

See also


  1. ^ Airport information for RPLC at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for RPLC at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ Space Shuttle Emergency Landing Sites
  4. ^ LandingSSatKSC-2005
  5. ^ Airport-technology.com
  6. ^ "Arroyo Activates Us$9.3 Mln Airport Radar System". AsiaPulse News. April 5, 2007. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-30244878_ITM. 
  7. ^ Airbus A380 MSN009 to embark on route proving tours
  8. ^ Sunstar.com
  9. ^ Businessmirror.com
  10. ^ a b Asia.news.yahoo.com
  11. ^ a b Balita.ph
  12. ^ GMAnews.tv
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Clarkairport.com
  14. ^ Business.inquirer.net
  15. ^ http://www.steelguru.com/international_news/Metro_Pacific_to_build_a_second_terminal_in_Diosdado_Macapagal_Intl_Airport/185544.html
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Eturbonews.com
  17. ^ Diosdado Macapagal Airport posts 110% jump in passenger volume. - Journal, Magazine, Article, Periodical
  18. ^ Bright Future for DMIA
  19. ^ a b c Philstar.com
  20. ^ Flightglobal.com
  21. ^ Businessmirror.com.ph
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i Manilatimes.net
  23. ^ Sunstar.com
  24. ^ OP.gov.ph
  25. ^ Highbeam.com
  26. ^ Newsinfo.inquirer.net
  27. ^ Clarkairport.com
  28. ^ "DMIA bags Low-Cost Airport Award". http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-154520322.html. 
  29. ^ "DMIA awarded ‘Airport of the Year’ by global consulting group". http://www.clarkairport.com/node/173. 
  30. ^ Railwaysafrica.com
  31. ^ a b Clarkairport.com
  32. ^ Philstar.com
  33. ^ Clarksubicmarketing.com
  34. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  35. ^ "Crash: ATMA AN12 at Mexico on April 21, 2010, fire on board". Aviation Herald. http://avherald.com/h?article=42a6b436&opt=0. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 

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