- Canadian Forces Military Police
Canadian Forces Military Police Opperational Patrol Dress Shoulder Patch of the CF Military Police Hat Badge of the CF Military Police Motto Securitas Securing Agency overview Formed 1956 Employees 1,230 Legal personality Governmental: Government agency Jurisdictional structure Federal agency Canada Constituting instruments General nature Operational structure Elected officer responsible The Honourable Peter MacKay, Minister of National Defence Agency executive Colonel T.D. Grubb, CD, Canadian Forces Provost Marshal Parent agency Canadian Forces Website http://www.vcds-vcemd.forces.gc.ca/cfpm-gpfc/index-eng.asp
Canadian Military Police are unusual in that they are classified as Peace Officers in the Criminal Code of Canada, which gives them the same powers as civilian law enforcement personnel to enforce Acts of Parliament on DND property or in relation to DND property anywhere in the world. They have the power to arrest anyone who is subject to the Code of Service Discipline (CDS), regardless of position or rank under the National Defence Act. MPs have the power to arrest non-CDS bound civilians only in cases where a crime is committed on or in relation to DND property, or at the request of the Minister of Public Safety, Commissioner of the Correctional Service of Canada or Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Although MP jurisdiction is on military establishments across Canada and throughout the world, any civilian accessing these areas falls under MP jurisdiction and are dealt with in the same manner as any civilian policing agency. If in fact a crime is committed on or in relation to DND property, CFMP have the power to arrest and charge the offender, military or civilian, on or off DND property. It is important to note though that the purpose of the CFMP is not to replace the job of a civilian police officer, but rather to support the Canadian Forces through security and policing services 
Members of the CF may be classified as Peace Officer when they are engaging "in the course of any military operation, training or administration, either as a result of a specific order or established military custom or practice." However, an Order in Council must be used to delegate such authority under section 2(g)(ii) of the Criminal Code of Canada.
During the early 1960s, the Canadian Government was exploring the possibility of amalgamating the three military services into a single, unified command structure. The Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force became the Sea, Land, and Air Elements of the Canadian Forces. Individual corps and services common to the three elements, such as signals, medical, ordnance and chaplains, were unified and designated as personnel branches. New uniforms were authorized, and the rank structure unified.
The official march of the Canadian Forces Military Police is "Thunderbird" .
Single Service Military Police organizations
Prior to this unification, military security and police functions were performed differently by each arm of service.
The Army had divided the responsibility for security between the Canadian Provost Corps (C Pro C) and the Canadian Intelligence Corps (C Int C). Field inquiries were conducted by the security sections of the C Int C, whilst the police functions of the C Pro C involved the provision and supervision of guards, the operation of Service Detention Barracks, and the investigation of service (disciplinary) and criminal offences.
The Royal Canadian Air Force Police (AFP) had the dual tasks of performing both police and security duties and were under the command of the base on which they served.
Security in the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the responsibility of the Assistant Director Naval Intelligence, who reported to the Director of Naval Headquarters. The navy had no police organization comparable to the C Pro C or the AFP, but relied on the Dockyard Police, Corps of Commissionaires, local civil police and shore patrols to maintain security of establishments and to maintain discipline.
All police and security were initially amalgamated when the Directorate of Security was formed during October 1964 at Canadian Forces Headquarters. When the functional command structure was introduced in April 1966, the security staffs and Provost Marshals in existing single service command structures were eliminated, command and base security officers were appointed at the new HQs, and the investigative elements of the Services were joined into a single organisation called the Special Investigative Unit (SIU).
To achieve a common approach within the Canadian Forces, security and police functions were regrouped into three categories - personnel security, police and custody, and security of information and materiel. The five trades that had previous existed were replaced by a single trade of Military Police. This also provided standards for the training required by all non-commissioned officers in the police and security field.
In June 1966, Major-General Gilles Turcot was instructed to examine the role, organisation and responsibilities for security within the Canadian Forces and to make recommendations for any changes. At the time there were two philosophies within the police, intelligence and security families. The Director General Intelligence saw a distinction between police and security, but saw a closer relationship between security and intelligence. The Chief of Personnel saw the police and security functions as complementary. The Turcot Report, when completed on 22 July 1966, directed that the responsibility for security should be placed under the DGI.
In January 1967, the Chief of Defence Staff directed the Director General Intelligence to perform a management analysis in order to make recommendations for the future management system for Intelligence, Security and Military Police in the Canadian Armed Forces. The Picquet Report, which was submitted in March 1967, concluded that security, intelligence and police should be managed by a Directorate General Intelligence and Security (DGIS) in the Vice Chief of Defence Staff Branch.
On February 1, 1968, the Police and Intelligence units of the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force were amalgamated into the Canadian Armed Forces Security and Intelligence Branch. New insignia, Branch Colours and a Branch March ("Thunderbird") were approved.
With the C Pro C gone, Military Police platoons were integrated into Service Battalions. It was deemed that the Service Battalions would provide all support, including MP support, to the units in each brigade. Only in 1971 did the Regular Force MP units leave the Service Battalions to be established as independent units.
In 1978, the Craven Report proposed that the CF Police and Intelligence personnel comprising the unified Security Branch be reorganized into a structured Security Branch and an Intelligence Branch. Following further studies, discussions and recommendations, the DGIS agreed, and on 3 December 1981, the CDS directed that separate Security and Intelligence Branches be established. On 29 October 1982, a ceremony was held at the Canadian Forces School of Intelligence and Security that inaugurated the new Canadian Forces Intelligence Branch and rededicated the newly renamed Security And Military Police Branch.
In 1989, the Canadian Government decided to pull the Canadian Military out of Germany, and 4 Military Police Platoon was disbanded.
On 1 April 1997, the Canadian Army was restructured, allowing the Reserve Military Police Platoons to become independent units operating in support of their brigade.
After recommendations were made by former Chief Justice Brian Dickson in the Dickson Report, a new era was ushered in for the Security Branch. Changes included the re-establishment of the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal
In 1999, the branch was renamed again and designated the Military Police Branch, under the command of the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal.
Canadian Forces School of Military Intelligence
During 1968, the Provost Corps School was renamed the Canadian Forces School of Intelligence and Security (CFSIS). On 1 April 1999, the CFSIS was stood down. The Intelligence Training Company was reformed as the Canadian Forces School of Military Intelligence - Project (CFSMI), to be located at CFB Kingston.
Canadian Military Police Academy
The Military Police component was reorganized to form the Canadian Forces Military Police Academy (CFMPA) and is located at CFB Borden in Borden, Ontario. The CFMPA provides career and specialist training to Regular and Reserve Force members of the Military Police Branch. In addition, CFMPA provides security-related training to non-Branch personnel of the Regular and Reserve Forces. Under the Military Training Assistance Program, CFMPA also provides training to personnel from other government and law enforcement agencies and to foreign nationals.
In 2004 Managing Authority for CFMPA was transferred from Canadian Forces Training Systems Group to the CFPM, who now exercises full control of Career and Out of Service Training for the Military Police. The CFMPA has most recently changed over to the faculty system which will aid in providing more knowledgeable training staff. The CFMPA is currently in the process of searching for and the development of a new training facility.
Military police officers serve on every base and station of the Canadian Forces in Canada, as well as with the various regiments and battalions. MPs continue to serve with United Nations forces and as part of the NATO component in Geilenkirchen, Germany, as well as in twenty-nine military police security guard detachments at Canadian embassies around the world. All CFBs have military police sections in domestic policing and security roles.
There are military police units at:
- Canadian Forces Support Unit (Ottawa) Military Police Section (Regular), Ottawa, Ontario
- Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, Ontario
- CFSU Europe
- CFNA HQ Yellowknife, Northwest Territories
- Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Casteau, Belgium
Canadian Naval Military Police Group (Naval MP Gp):
- Military Police Unit Halifax (Regular) - Halifax, Nova Scotia
- Military Police Unit Esquimalt (Regular) - Esquimalt, British Columbia
Military Police Unit Borden (Regular) - Borden, Ontario
Military Police Unit Ottawa (Regular) - Ottawa, Ontario
Canadian Land Forces Military Police Group (LF MP Gp):
1 Military Police Regiment (1 MP Regt) includes:
- 1 MP Regt HQ - Edmonton, Alberta
- 1 Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Edmonton, Alberta
- 15 Military Police Company Headquarters - Edmonton, Alberta
- ASU Edmonton Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Edmonton, Alberta
- CFB Suffield Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Suffield, Alberta
- ASU Wainwright Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Wainwright, Alberta
- ASU Chilliwack Military Police Detachment (Regular) - Chilliwack, British Columbia
- ASU Calgary Military Police Detachment (Regular) - Calgary, Alberta
- ASU Shilo Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Shilo, Manitoba
2 Military Police Regiment (2 MP Regt) includes:
- 2 MP Regt HQ - Toronto, Ontario
- 2 Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Petawawa, Ontario
- 2 Military Police Company Headquarters (Reserve) - Toronto, Ontario
- 31 Military Police Platoon (Reserve) - London, Ontario
- 32 Military Police Platoon (Reserve) - Toronto, Ontario
- 33 Military Police Platoon (Reserve) – Ottawa, Ontario
- (In 2006, 2 Military Police Company was amalgamated into 2 Military Police Unit, a "total force" unit)
- ASU Petawawa Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Petawawa, Ontario
- ASU Kingston Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Kingston, Ontario
- ASU Northern Ontario Military Police Detachment (Regular) - North Bay, Ontario
- ASU Toronto Military Police Section (Regular) - Toronto, Ontario
- ASU London Military Police Section (Regular) - London, Ontario
- LFCA TC Meaford Military Police Section (Regular) - Meaford, Ontario
- 30 Military Police Company (Reserve) – Moncton, New Brunswick, Lower Sackville, Nova Scotia
- ASU Gagetown Military Police Platoon - Gagetown, New Brunswick
5 Military Police Regiment (5 MP Regt) includes:
- 5 MP Regt HQ - Montreal, Quebec
- 5 Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Valcartier, Quebec
- 4 Military Police Company Headquarters - Quebec City, Quebec
- ASU Valcartier Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Valcartier, Quebec
- ASU Saint Jean Military Police Section (Regular) - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
Canadian Air Force Military Police Group (AF MP Gp):
- 1 Military Police Squadron Cold Lake (1 MP Sqn Cold Lake) includes:
- 11 Military Police Flight Cold Lake (Regular) - CFB Cold Lake, Alberta
- 12 Military Police Flight Comox (Regular) - CFB Comox, British Columbia
- 13 Military Police Flight Dundurn (Regular) - [17 Wing Winnipeg Detachment Dundurn], Saskatchewan
- 14 Military Police Flight Moose Jaw (Regular) - CFB Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
- 2 Military Police Squadron Trenton (2 MP Sqn Trenton) includes:
- 3 Military Police Squadron Greenwood (3 MP Sqn Greenwood) including:
- 31 Military Police Flight Greenwood (Regular) - CFB Greenwood, Nova Scotia
- 32 Military Police Flight Bagotville (Regular) - CFB Bagotville, Quebec
- 33 Military Police Flight Gander (Regular) - CFB Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador
- 34 Military Police Flight Goose Bay (Regular) - CFB Goose Bay, Labrador
Order of precedence
Canadian Forces Military Police Succeeded by
Regular police vehicles are painted white with two red stripes and police logo. Armed members also drive trucks painted military green.
Model Type Number Dates Builder Details Ford Crown Victoria Cruiser 2008 Ford Chevrolet Impala Cruiser 2006 Chevrolet Dodge Charger Cruiser 2010 Dodge Mercedes Benz G-Wagen Truck Mercedes-Benz Ford Explorer SUV cruiser 2008 Ford Chevrolet Tahoe SUV cruiser 2008 Chevrolet Chevrolet Silverado Pick Up 2008 Chevrolet Milcots Pick Up Chevrolet Sig Sauer P225 Pistol 2001 C7 / C7A1 / C8 / C6 Rifles 1984 ASP Baton Baton
- Canadian Forces National Investigation Service
- Intelligence Branch (Canadian Forces)
- Canadian Forces
- Military Police Complaints Commission
- ^ a b Military Police and Reports on Persons in Custody
- ^ GOVERNANCE OF THE CANADIAN FORCES MILITARY POLICE (P.32)
- ^ Military Police Powers
- ^ R. v. Nolan, [1987 1 S.C.R. 1212]
- ^ http://www.forces.ca/en/job/militarypolice-75#info-1
- ^ Canadian Forces publication A-AD-200-000/AG-000, "The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces"
- ^ www.recruiting.forces.gc.ca/v3/engraph/resources/educationtraining_en.aspx
- Canadian Military Police Association
- Canadian Forces Military police Recruiting site
- Canadian Association of Military Police Veterans
- Canadian Military Police Virtual Museum site
- Military Police Complaints Commission of Canada - official site
- CF Provost Marshal official site
- Canadian Forces Recruiting
- Canadian Forces and Department of National Defence
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SpecializedAnishinabek Police Service · CN Police · Calgary Transit Public Safety and Enforcement Section · Canadian Pacific Railway Police Service · Integrated Security Unit · Niagara Parks Police · Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service · Special Investigations Unit · South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service · McMaster University Security Service · Treaty Three Police Service · University of Alberta Protective Services · University of Toronto Campus Community Police Service · YRT/Viva Special Constable Services Defunct Manpower Boards
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