Tzatziki, tzadziki, or tsatsiki (Greek: τζατζίκι [dzaˈdzici] or [dʒaˈdʒici]; Turkish: cacık [dʒaˈdʒɯk]; English pronunciation: /zæˈdziːkiː/ Albanian: xaxiq) is a Greek meze or appetizer, also used as a sauce for souvlaki and gyros. Tzatziki is made of strained yoghurt (usually from sheep or goat milk) mixed with cucumbers, garlic, salt, usually olive oil, pepper, sometimes lemon juice, and parsley. Tzatziki is always served cold. While in Greece and Turkey the dish is usually served as an accompaniment, in other places tzatziki is often served with bread (loaf or pita) as part of the first course of a meal.
Turkish Cacık is the more diluted cousin of tzatziki, usually served as an accompaniment to meat, though it is suggested as a soup or a salad also. Usual ingredients are yogurt (from goat's milk), cucumber, salt, garlic, and dried and crushed wild mint. When served as a meze (appetizer), it is of a thicker consistency, indistinguishable from tzatziki.
In Bulgaria, Republic of Macedonia and Serbia, the same dish is known as "dry tarator" (Bulgarian: сух таратор, Macedonian: сув таратур, Serbian: сув таратор) "Snezhanka" salad (салата "Снежанка"), which means "snow white salad", and is served as an appetizer. During preparation, the yogurt (Bulgarian: кисело мляко, Macedonian: кисело млеко, Serbian: кисело млеко) is hung for several hours in a kerchief and loses about half of its water (drained yogurt, Bulgarian: цедено кисело мляко, Serbian: цеђено кисело млеко, Macedonian: цедено кисело млеко). The cucumbers, garlic, minced walnuts, salt and vegetable oil are then added.
A variation in the Caucasus mountains, called ovdukh, uses kefir instead of the yogurt, thus creating a refreshing summer drink. This can be poured over a mixture of vegetables, eggs and ham to create a variation of okroshka, sometimes referred to as a 'Caucasus okroshka'.
A similar dish is made in Iran, called mast-o-khiar literally meaning yogurt with cucumber. It is made using a thicker yogurt, which is mixed with sliced cucumber, garlic, and dill (sometimes chopped nuts are also added as a garnish). Iranians take the dish a step further, substituting shallots, called mast-o-moussir.
The cucumbers used in tzatziki are usually salted, squeezed, and drained to eliminate excess water.
- ^ Classic Greek Tzatziki Sauce
- ^ Shulman, Martha Rose (2007). Mediterranean Harvest: Vegetarian Recipes from the World's Healthiest Cuisine. Rodale. pp. 106. ISBN 9781594862342. http://books.google.com/?id=nX4mV6STWVoC&pg=PA106.
- ^ Grigson, Jane; Yvonne Skargon (2007). Jane Grigson's Vegetable Book. U of Nebraska P. pp. 239–40. ISBN 9780803259942. http://books.google.com/?id=Nr2Dna7hx1EC&pg=PA239. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- ^ Hoffman, Susanna (2004). The olive and the caper: adventures in Greek cooking. Workman. pp. 149. ISBN 9781563058486. http://books.google.com/?id=z3svtqBuhOwC&pg=PA149.
- ^ Telford, Anthony (2009). The Basics: A Really Useful Cook Book. Allen & Unwin. pp. 43. ISBN 9781741752144. http://books.google.com/?id=gyxLkX0I768C&pg=PA43.
- ^ Hoffman, Susanna (2004). The olive and the caper: adventures in Greek cooking. Workman. pp. 467. ISBN 9781563058486. http://books.google.com/?id=z3svtqBuhOwC&pg=PA467.
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