Rose water

Rose water


thumb|right|250px|Rose waterRose water or rose syrup ( _fa. گلاب "Golâb", _tr. Gül suyu, _ar. ماء ورد "Māʾ ward", Urdu: گلاب رس , _bg. розова вода) is the hydrosol portion of the distillate of rose petals. Rose water, itself a by-product of the production of rose oil for use in perfume, is used to flavour food, as a component in some cosmetic and medical preparations, and for religious purposes throughout Europe and Asia.

Rose perfumes are made from rose oil, also called "attar of roses", which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam-distilling the crushed petals of roses, a process first developed in Persia and Bulgaria. Rose water is a by-product of this process.

Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in South Asian, West Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine—especially in sweets. For example, rose water gives loukoumia (Turkish delight) and gulab jamuns their distinctive flavours. In Iran it is also added to tea, ice cream, cookies and other sweets in small quantities, and in the Arab world and India it is used to flavour milk and dairy-based dishes such as rice pudding. It is also a key ingredient in sweet lassi, a drink made from yogurt, sugar and various fruit juices, and is also used to make jallab. In Malaysia and Singapore, rose water is mixed with milk, sugar and pink food colouring to make a sweet drink called bandung. In Western Europe, rose water is sometimes used to flavour both marzipan and a shell-shaped French cake, sometimes called a cookie, known as a madeleine.

A rose water ointment is occasionally used as an emollient, and rose water is sometimes used in cosmetics such as cold creams. Zamzam water, used to clean the Kaaba, a holy shrine of Islam located in Mecca, includes rose water as a component. Rose water is used in some Hindu rituals as well.

Rose water was first produced by Muslim chemists in the medieval Islamic world through the distillation of roses, for use in the drinking and perfumery industries. [Ahmad Y Hassan, [http://www.history-science-technology.com/Articles/articles%2072.htm Transfer Of Islamic Technology To The West, Part III: Technology Transfer in the Chemical Industries] , "History of Science and Technology in Islam".]

See also

* Qamsar, Iran - biggest source of rose water in Middle East.
* Kasarnaba, Lebanon - Traditional growers of roses and producers of rose water.
* Rose Valley, Bulgaria - The biggest source of rose water in Europe

References

External links

* [http://www.care2.com/greenliving/rose-water-how-to-make-your-own.html Simple Method Used to Make Rose Water]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rose-water — Rose wa ter, a. Having the odor of rose water; hence, affectedly nice or delicate; sentimental. Rose water philanthropy. Carlyle. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rose water — Rose wa ter Water tinctured with roses by distillation. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rose water — ► NOUN ▪ scented water made with rose petals …   English terms dictionary

  • rose water — rose ,water noun uncount a liquid with a sweet smell made from rose PETALS, used as a PERFUME and in cooking …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • rose water — n. a preparation consisting of water and attar of roses, used as a perfume …   English World dictionary

  • rose water — noun perfume consisting of water scented with oil of roses • Hypernyms: ↑perfume, ↑essence * * * noun [noncount] : liquid made from roses that has a pleasant smell and is used as a perfume or flavoring * * * ˈrose water f35 [rose water] …   Useful english dictionary

  • rose-water — /rohz waw teuhr, wot euhr/, adj. 1. having the aroma or fragrance of rose water. 2. affectedly delicate, nice, or fine; sentimental: a Victorian novelist with a genteel, rose water style. [1655 65] * * * …   Universalium

  • rose-water — /rohz waw teuhr, wot euhr/, adj. 1. having the aroma or fragrance of rose water. 2. affectedly delicate, nice, or fine; sentimental: a Victorian novelist with a genteel, rose water style. [1655 65] …   Useful english dictionary

  • rose water — a solution prepared by diluting stronger rose water with an equal volume of purified water; used as a perfuming agent in pharmaceutical preparations …   Medical dictionary

  • rose-water — see revolutions are not made with rose water …   Proverbs new dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”