Kuala Lumpur Tower

Kuala Lumpur Tower
Kuala Lumpur Tower
Menara Kuala Lumpur

Kuala Lumpur Tower
General information
Type Telecommunication, Islamic Lunar observatory, Adventure (basejump), Tourism, Cultural
Location Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Coordinates 3°9′10″N 101°42′12″E / 3.15278°N 101.70333°E / 3.15278; 101.70333Coordinates: 3°9′10″N 101°42′12″E / 3.15278°N 101.70333°E / 3.15278; 101.70333
Construction started 1991
Completed 1995[1]
Opening 1 October 1996
Antenna spire 421 m (1,381 ft)
Roof 335 m (1,099 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 6
Floor area 7,700 m2 (82,882 sq ft)
Elevator count 4
Design and construction
Architect Kumpulan Senireka Sdn. Bhd.

The Kuala Lumpur Tower (Malay: Menara Kuala Lumpur; abbreviated as KL Tower) is a tall tower located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Its construction was finished in 1995. It is used for communication purposes and features an antenna that reaches 421 m (1,381 ft), which currently makes it the second tallest freestanding tower in the world. The roof of the pod is at 335 m (1,099 ft). The rest of the tower below has a stairwell and an elevator to reach the upper area, which also contains a revolving restaurant, providing diners a panoramic view of the city. Races are organised yearly where participants race up the stairs to the top. The tower also acts as the Islamic falak observatory to observe the crescent moon which marks the beginning of Muslim month of Ramadhan, Syawal, and Zulhijjah, to celebrate fasting month of Ramadhan, Hari Raya Aidilfitri and Aidiladha. The tower is the landmark of Kuala Lumpur with nearby Petronas Towers.



The construction of the KL Tower which began on 4th October 1991, was a 3-phase process.

The first phase was the widening of Jalan Bukit Nanas and the excavation of soil from the construction site. This phase was completed on 15th August 1992

On 6th July 1992, the second phase began with the construction of the foundation and basement of the tower. Approximately 50,000 cubic meters of concrete were continuously poured for 31 hours thus setting a record in the Malaysian construction industry. The foundation work, requiring no piling, was completed on 15th April 1993.

The third phase was the construction of the 'superstructure' which began in May 1994. The tedious construction of the tower started with the erection of the tower shaft, then the tower head. As the finishing touches to the tower head were being done, the construction of the touristic building began. The construction was completed in record time.

The touristic building is adorned with designs that reflect the Malaysian Islamic culture. The main lobby of the upper ground floor is decorated with exquisite glass-clad domes that sparkle like giant diamonds. These domes were designed and arranged in the form of the Muqarnas by Iranian craftsmen from Isfahan.

On 13 September 1994, Prime Minister, YAB Dato Seri Dr Mahathir Mohamad performed the Topping-up Ceremony where the Antenna Mast was installed, thus marking the final height of the tower, 421 metres above the ground. Lastly installation of the facilities and amenities was executed to ensure comfort and safety.

Menara Kuala Lumpur was officially opened by the Prime Minister on 1 October 1996. Among the distinguished guests to the Tower were the Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Jaafar, Raja Permaisuri Agong Tuanku Najihah, the wives of the Sultan of Brunei, DYMM Paduka Seri Baginda Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha and DYTM Pengiran Isteri Hajah Mariam[4].


Tallest towers in the world.

The KL Tower is the seventh tallest telecommunication tower in the world (after Tokyo Sky Tree in Japan, the Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower in China, CN Tower in Canada, the Ostankino Tower in Russia, the Oriental Pearl Tower in China, and the Borj-e Milad in Iran). Built to enhance the quality of telecommunication services and the clarity of broadcasting, KL Tower represents the symbol of Kuala Lumpur.

The structure is divided into 5 basic sections:

  1. The foundation base houses 3 basement floors for safety purposes, storage and maintenance work.
  2. The touristic building bears the administration office, souvenir shops and the 146 meters pedestrian mall with cascading pools.
  3. The tower shaft comprises 22 levels with 4 elevators and flights of stairs with a total of 2,058 steps.
  4. The tower head holds the public observation platform (276 m) and revolving restaurant as well as the telecommunication and broadcasting stations.
  5. The antenna mast crowns the tower and is specially utilized for telecommunication and broadcasting transmissions.

When constructing the KL Tower, the builders took special care to construct a retaining wall around a 100-year-old jelutong tree (Dyera costulata). The tower was moved at a cost of RM430,000 to avoid harming the monumental tree, which is found near the pedestrian mall.

KL Tower is managed by Menara Kuala Lumpur Sdn. Bhd., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Telekom Malaysia Group.

KL Tower is also the first pit-stop in The Amazing Race Asia 1 and fielded a route marker on the final leg of the same race.

Panorama image taken from observation deck


The Tower is located on Jalan Puncak, which branches off from Jalan P. Ramlee. Even though they're not very close, the closest rapid transit stations would be Bukit Nanas Monorail station and Dang Wangi LRT station.


See also


  1. ^ Architecture & Technical Data. (n.d.). Menarakl.com.my. http://www.menarakl.com.my/index.cfm?sc=31 Retrieved in 19th October 2010.
  2. ^ Kuala Lumpur Tower at SkyscraperPage
  3. ^ Kuala Lumpur Tower at Emporis
  4. ^ Kuala Lumpur Tower was opened, 1 October 1996 New Straits Times

External links

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