- Fernsehturm Berlin
The Fernsehturm (German for "television tower") is a
television towerin the city centre of Berlin, Germany. This well-known landmark, close to Alexanderplatz, was constructed between 1965 and 1969 by the former German Democratic Republic (GDR). It was a symbol of Berlin by the GDR administration, which it remains todayfact|date=July 2008, as it is easily visible throughout the central and some suburban districts of Berlin.
The original total height of the tower was 365 metres (1198 feet), but it rose to 368 m (1207 ft) after the installation of a new antenna in the 1990s . The Fernsehturm is the fourth tallest freestanding structure in
Europe, after Moscow's Ostankino Tower, the Kiev TV Towerand the Riga Radio and TV Tower. There is a visitor platform and a rotating restaurant in the middle of the sphere. The visitor platform is at a height of about 204 m (669 ft) above the ground and visibility can reach 42 km (26 miles) on a clear day. The restaurant, which rotates once every 30 minutes, is a few metres above the visitors platform (originally it turned once per hour; the speed was later doubled following the tower's late 1990s renovation).
Inside the shaft are two lifts that shuttle visitors up to the sphere of the tower within 40 seconds. It is not accessible by
To mark the
2006 FIFA World Cupin Germany, for which the final match was played in the Berlin Olympic Stadium, the sphere was decorated as a football (soccer ball) with magenta-coloured pentagons, reflecting the corporate colour of World Cup sponsor and owner of the Fernsehturm, Deutsche Telekom.
Walter Ulbricht, leader of the Socialist Unity Party which governed East Germany, decided to allow the construction of a television tower on Alexanderplatz. The Berliner Fernsehturm was modelled on the Fernsehturm Stuttgart. The architecture traces back to an idea from Hermann Henselmannand Jörg Streitparth. Walter Herzongand Herbert Austlater also took part in the planning. Construction began on 4 August 1965. After 4 years of construction, the Fernsehturm began test broadcasts on 3 October 1969, and was officially inaugurated four days later on the GDR's National Day. It is among the best known sights in Berlin, and has around a million visitors every year. It has been likened to a stalk of asparagus( East Berlinjournalists sometimes referred to it as the "Telespargel", "tele-asparagus") and the Death Starfrom Star Wars.
Construction of the tower had initially begun at a site in southeast Berlin's Müggelberg. However, the project was stopped because such a tall tower in that location would have obstructed aircraft entering and leaving nearby
Schönefeld International Airport.
The "Pope's Revenge"
When the sun shines on the Fernsehturm's tiled stainless steel dome, the reflection usually appears in the form of a cross. This effect was neither predicted nor desired by the planners. As a jibe against the
atheistfoundations of the Communist government, and the ongoing suppression of church institutions in East Germany, Berliners immediately named the luminous cross "Rache des Papstes", or "Pope's Revenge". For the same reasons, the structure was also called "St. Walter" (from Walter Ulbricht).
Ronald Reaganmentioned this phenomenon in his " Tear down this wall" speech on 12 June 1987:
:"Years ago, before the East Germans began rebuilding their churches, they erected a secular structure: the television tower at Alexanderplatz. Virtually ever since, the authorities have been working to correct what they view as the tower's one major flaw: treating the glass sphere at the top with paints and chemicals of every kind. Yet even today when the sun strikes that sphere, that sphere that towers over all Berlin, the light makes the sign of the cross. There in Berlin, like the city itself, symbols of love, symbols of worship, cannot be suppressed."
*1 Tuned mass damper
*Entrance of observation deck is 6.25 metres (20.5 ft) above ground
*2 lifts for transport of visitors
*1 lift for transport of technical equipment
*Steel stairway with 986 steps
*Evacuation platforms at 188 metres (594 ft) and 191 metres (627 ft) high
*Observation deck at 203.78 (669 ft) metres
*Restaurant at 207.53 metres (681 ft)
*Height of the tower: 368.03 metres (1207 ft)
*Weight of the shaft: 26 000 tonnes
*Weight of the sphere 4 800 tonnes
List of towers
List of tallest freestanding structures in the world
* [http://www.berlinerfernsehturm.de Fernsehturm Official Website]
* [http://www.stadtpanoramen.de/berlin/fernsehturm.html 360°Panorama Fernsehtum during the Festival of Lights]
* [http://www.isnichwahr.de/redirect10620.html Berliner Fernsehturm during Football Worldcup 06]
* [http://www.p-circle.de All about the tower and Panorama]
* [http://www.tripfilms.com/Travel_Video-v125-Berlin-A_Symbol_for_Berlin-Video.html Travel Video about Berlin Television Tower]
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