- Medicine Hat
For an electoral district, see Medicine Hat (disambiguation).
Medicine Hat — City — City of Medicine Hat Medicine Hat Public Library are visible across the South Saskatchewan River.
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The Hat, The Gas City Motto: "Animo et Fide" (Latin)
"By Courage and Faith"
Alberta Coordinates: 50°02′30″N 110°40′39″W / 50.04167°N 110.6775°WCoordinates: 50°02′30″N 110°40′39″W / 50.04167°N 110.6775°W Country Canada Province Alberta Region Southern Alberta Census division 1 Settled 1883 Incorporated 
May 31, 1894
November 1, 1898
May 9, 1906
Government – Mayor Normand Boucher – Governing bodyMedicine Hat City Council
- Ted Clugston
- Wayne Craven
- Robert Dumanowski
- John Hamill
- Graham Kelly
- Les Pearson
- Jeremy Thompson
- Phil Turnbull
– CAO Ray Barnard – MP LaVar Payne
–(Cons – Medicine Hat)
– MLAs Rob Renner
–(PC – Medicine Hat)
–(PC – Cypress-Medicine Hat)
Area (2006) – Total 112.01 km2 (43.2 sq mi) Elevation 670 m (2,198 ft) Population (2006) – Total 56,997 – Density 508.9/km2 (1,318/sq mi) Demonym Hatter Time zone MST (UTC-7) Postal code span T1A to T1C Area code(s) 403 Website City of Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat, known to locals as "The Hat", is a city of 61,097 people located in the southeastern part of the province of Alberta, Canada. It is enclaved within Cypress County along with the nearby Town of Redcliff, although neither is part of the county.
It is situated on the Trans-Canada Highway, the eastern terminus of the Crowsnest Highway, and the South Saskatchewan River. Nearby communities considered part of the Medicine Hat area include the Town of Redcliff (located immediately adjacent to the city's northwest boundary) and the hamlets of Desert Blume, Dunmore, Irvine, Seven Persons, and Veinerville. The Cypress Hills (including Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park) is a relatively short distance (by car) to the southeast of the city.
Historically, Medicine Hat has been known for its large natural gas fields, being immortalised by Rudyard Kipling as having "all hell for a basement". Because of these reserves, the city is known as The Gas City. It is Alberta's sixth largest city. In October 2008, Medicine Hat was named one of Alberta's Top Employers by Mediacorp Canada Inc., which was announced by the Calgary Herald and the Edmonton Journal.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Infrastructure
- 5 Military
- 6 Attractions
- 7 Education
- 8 Contemporary issues
- 9 Local media
- 10 Notable people
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The Medicine Hat landscape is dominated by the South Saskatchewan River valley. In addition to this major river, both the Seven Persons Creek and Ross Creek empty into the South Saskatchewan River within the City of Medicine Hat boundary. The presence of these water bodies provide for a dramatic valley landscape with numerous cliffs, and finger coulees throughout the city. Beyond the city and river valley the land is flat to slightly rolling and is characterized by short-grass vegetation. Medicine Hat is also known as Canada's sunniest city.
Twenty-five miles to the east at 50°0′38.2″N 110°6′48.3″W / 50.010611°N 110.113417°W lies the Badlands Guardian Geological Feature. It is a landscape formation taking the form of a head wearing a feathered headdress. The head is 1,000 feet (300 m) wide. It is in inverse relief, formed by valleys rather than raised ground.
- North Flats – the oldest area in Medicine Hat. Located northeast of the CPR marshaling yards near the South Saskatchewan River and downtown. An inner-city neighbourhood that is home to residential and industrial uses. This area is in the east valley.
- South Flats – Located south of the CPR marshaling yard, also in the valley, and adjacent to downtown.
- Southeast Hill – One of the oldest areas of the city. It originally overlooked downtown on the north side of the hill and Kin Coulee on the south side. Originally this area housed CPR workers. Holds 4 schools.
- Southwest Hill – Located west of Division Avenue next to the SE Hill area. Holds 5 schools and the city's hospital.
- Riverside – A mature inner-city neighbourhood along the north bank of the South Saskatchewan River. The community has experienced, over the past 5 years, significant gentrification. Mature trees and boulevards line the streets.
- River Heights – Located on the Southwest Hill north of the hospital, and south of the South Saskatchewan River. Includes River Heights Elementary School and an extended care wing, which was originally a part of the hospital.
- Crescent Heights – mainly built in the 1950s through to the 1960s. Located on the north side of city on the entire hill above the river valley.
- Parkview – located on the South Saskatchewan River.
- Ranchlands – A new neighbourhood in the northeast sector of the city. The neighborhood includes residential lands both above and in the South Saskatchewan River valley.
- Southview – Located in the southeast part of the city between Ross Glen and Crestwood.
- Park Meadows – An area that was developed in the 1990s. Primarily residential with several apartments.
- Crestwood and Norwood – This is an older area of town mainly built in the 1950s. It is located on a plateau southeast of the South Flats and the Seven Person's Creek. The Medicine Hat Stampede and Exhibition centre is within this area.
- Ross Glen – Low density middle class neighbourhood located in the southeast end of the city.
- South Ridge – The first residential development south of the Trans Canada Highway. First developed in the late 1970s. Adjacent to the World's Largest Teepee.
- South Vista Heights – A new residential suburban community south of the Trans Canada Highway. Community is 60% complete.
- Saamis Heights – A new community that is now almost complete. The community is located west of South Ridge in the south sector of the city. Saamis Heights was a very popular development and was completed in under 5 years. The community borders the Seven Person's Creek valley and thus provides many prime walkout view lots.
- Southlands – a community that opened in 2007. It is home to a significant regional commercial centre including Wal-Mart and Home Depot. The residential community includes parks, future school sites, many low residential lots, and several large multi-family sites.
- Cottonwood – A community located above the Cottonwood golf course, between the light industrial area and the airport. Overlooks the World's Largest Teepee.
Located in the steppe region known as Palliser's Triangle, Medicine Hat has a semi-arid, continental climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with cold, dry winters and warm to hot summers. However, the winter cold is occasionally ameliorated by mild and dry chinook winds blowing from the west, and hot summer daytime temperatures are made more tolerable by low humidity and rapid cooling in the evening hours. Medicine Hat receives less precipitation annually than most other cities on the Canadian Prairies and plentiful sunshine (widely known as "The sunniest city in Canada"), making it a popular retirement city. Maximum precipitation typically occurs in the late spring and early summer.
Climate data for Medicine Hat Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 18.3
Average high °C (°F) −4.5
12.3 Daily mean °C (°F) −10.2
5.7 Average low °C (°F) −15.9
−1 Record low °C (°F) −46.1
Precipitation mm (inches) 13.7
Sunshine hours 105 135.8 176.8 231.5 283.6 302.9 351.1 314.7 216.6 184.2 116.6 94.1 2,512.9 Source: Environment Canada
The name "Medicine Hat" is the English translation of 'Saamis' (SA-MUS) – the Blackfoot word for the eagle tail feather headdress worn by medicine men – or 'Medicine Hat'. Several legends are associated with the name from a mythical mer-man river serpent named 'Soy-yee-daa-bee' – the Creator – who appeared to a hunter and instructed him to sacrifice his wife to get mystical powers which were manifest in a special hat. Another legend tells of a battle long ago between the Blackfoot and the Cree in which a retreating Cree "Medicine Man" lost his headdress in the South Saskatchewan River.
A number of factors have always made Medicine Hat a natural gathering place. Prior to the arrival of Europeans the Blackfoot, Cree and Assiniboine nations used the area for hundreds of years. The gently sloping valley with its converging water ways and hardy native cottonwood trees attracted both man and the migratory bison herds which passed through the area.
In 1883, when the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) reached Medicine Hat and crossed the river a town site was established using the name from the Indian legends. As the west developed, Medicine Hat became instrumental with the development of the first hospital past Winnipeg in 1889 and as a CPR divisional point. It was incorporated as a town on October 31, 1898, and as a city on May 9, 1906. Medicine Hat is halfway between Winnipeg and Vancouver.
Progress and growth
Rich in natural resources including natural gas, coal, clay, and farmland, the town was known in the early days as "the Pittsburgh of the West". A number of large industries located here, under the inducement of cheap and plentiful energy resources. Coal mines, brick works, pottery and glass bottle manufacturing plants, flour mills, etc. became established. The agricultural potential of the surrounding area, both in crop and livestock, also made the town a viable service centre with a well established transportation route. An economic boom was experienced between 1909–1914 bringing the population to over 10,000. Little growth occurred between the World Wars, although the population swelled in the mid-1940s due to the town hosting one of the largest Second World War P.O.W. camps in Canada. It was not until the 1950s that the town again experienced significant commercial development. Today, Medicine Hat prides itself as one of the most economical places to live in Canada, with its unique city-owned gas utility and power generation plant being predominant factors. Major industries have included chemical plants, a tire and rubber plant, a foundry, brickworks, etc. and Medicine Hat continues to grow and prosper.
Year Population 1901 1,570 1911 5,608 1921 9,634 1931 10,300 1941 10,571 1951 16,364 1961 24,484 1971 26,518 1981 40,380 1991 43,625 2001 51,249 2006 56,997 2009 61,097
The population of the City of Medicine Hat according to its 2009 municipal census is 61,097.
In 2006, Medicine Hat had a population of 56,997 living in 24,729 dwellings, an 11.2% increase from 2001. The city has a land area of 112.01 km2 (43.25 sq mi) and a population density of 508.9 /km2 (1,318 /sq mi).
More than 89 percent of residents identified English as their first language at the time of the 2006 census, while 6 percent identified German and just over 1 percent each identified Spanish and French as their first language learned. The next most common languages were Ukrainian, Chinese, Dutch, and Polish.
More than 79 percent of residents identified as Christian at the time of the 2001 census while almost 20 percent indicated they had no religious affiliation. For specific denominations Statistics Canada counted 16,175 Roman Catholics (26.5 percent), 9,445 members of the United Church of Canada (15.5 percent), and 6,170 Lutherans (slightly more than 10 percent). Less numerous denominations included 3,780 Anglicans (more than 6 percent), 1,745 members of the Evangelical Missionary Church (almost 3 percent), 1,470 Baptists (over 2 percent), 1,220 identifying as Pentecostal (2 percent), 1,220 Latter-day Saints (2 percent), and 675 Presbyterians (just over 1 percent).
The Province of Alberta and the City of Medicine Hat are preparing future plans for the upgrading of the Trans Canada Highway in the region to freeway status.
The city owns the gas production, gas distribution, electric generation and electric distribution utilities that serve the citizens. The city-owned gas utility is the 30th largest natural gas producer (by volume produced) in Canada.
The city is working on design of the South-West Sector Sanitary Trunk main, extension of South Boundary Road from Strachan Road to Southridge Drive, and a South-West Sector water transmission line. This infrastructure will accommodate the development of new residential communities west of South Ridge Dr, and south of the Seven Persons Creek.
The city is served by the Medicine Hat Airport and Medicine Hat Transit.
Several ICT business groups have started to come together to form a loose coalition whose prime objective is to facilitate economic growth and diversify the local economy by building a robust municipally owned community network based on fiber optic technologies.
Medicine Hat is home to The South Alberta Light Horse (SALH), an army reserve unit. The SALH dates back to 1885 when it took part in the North-West Rebellion. Since then it has gained battle honours in the First and Second World Wars and today its members continue to serve overseas on United Nations and North Atlantic Treaty Organization missions. Currently the SALH has members serving in Afghanistan.
Medicine Hat was also home to a British Commonwealth Air Training Plan airfield and a POW camp during the Second World War.
Canadian Forces Base Suffield is located 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of the city. It is estimated that the base contributes C$120 million annually to the local economy, principally through its two lodger units: British Army Training Unit Suffield, and Defence Research and Development Canada – Suffield).
The Medicine Hat Clay Industries National Historic District is a living, working museum that offers a unique and extensive experience through collections, exhibits, interpretation, guided tours and educational and artistic programming. The Medalta Potteries and Hycroft China Factory Complexes are the focal points in this 150-acre (0.6 km2) region. This nationally recognized industrial historic district is a cultural initiative of the Friends of Medalta Society with Federal, Provincial, Municipal and Private support. Restoration, preservation and cultural development of the Medicine Hat Clay Industries National Historic District for the purpose of education and public enjoyment is ongoing.
Just south of the Trans-Canada Highway and overlooking the Blackfoot buffalo jump is the world's tallest teepee, the "Saamis Tepee". Designed for the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary as a symbol of Canada's Aboriginal heritage, it was moved to Medicine Hat in 1991. It stands over 20 stories high and was designed to withstand extreme temperatures and winds up to 240 km/h (150 mph). During a January 2007 windstorm, a portion of the tepee was damaged. Upon further inspection, it was discovered that extensive weathering was partially to blame. After repairs were complete, the Saamis Tepee now stands approximately 15 feet (4.6 m) shorter.
The Medicine Hat Family Leisure Centre is the largest indoor multi-purpose facility in the city. The building is 90,000 sq ft (8,000 m2) and is sited on 57 acres (230,000 m2) in the north end of the city. The facility includes an Olympic-sized ice rink, 50m pool, waterslide, diving platforms, kiddies pool, wave pool, cafe, 4 ball diamonds, lighted football field, and 3 soccer pitches.
Located in downtown Medicine Hat, The Esplanade is a large multi purpose cultural centre. The facility features a 700+ seat performing arts theatre, art gallery, museum, archives, gift shop, and cafe. The Esplanade officially opened in October 2005.
The Medicine Hat Drag Racing Association is located just off the Trans Canada Highway on Boundary Road or the spectators entrance on Box Springs Road. This is Alberta's only sanctioned NHRA track and is a 1/4 mile in length. The facility proudly supports affordable family entertainment and encourages people to race the strip, not the street. The seasons typically run from May till September hosting a variety of events from Jet and Alcohol cars, bracket racing and the NHRA National open which attracts approx. 300+ cars from all over North America.
Medicine Hat Public Library is located across the street from The Esplanade. It has over 10,000 annual members and is the resource library for the Shortgrass Library System  of Southern Alberta.
There are over 100 kilometres (62 mi) of walking trails in the city. All of the major parks are linked by the extensive trail system.
- Police Point Park was an early North-West Mounted Police outpost, and the park is now a 300-acre (1.2 km2) nature-lovers' dream with shale paths next to the South Saskatchewan River. It is also one of Southern Alberta's well known birding destinations. The park encompasses The Medicine Hat Interpretive Program building, where they run programs and inform the public about the happenings of nature around the city.
- Strathcona Island Park is located along the south bank of the South Saskatchewan River. The park has 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) of walking trails, playgrounds, a water park, ball diamonds, a pavilion centre, washrooms, ice skating, kitchens and fire pits. The park is heavily treed.
- Kin Coulee Park is located along the banks of the Seven Persons Creek. This 100-acre (0.4 km2) park is almost entirely manicured. The park features a skateboard park, 2 ball diamonds, beach volleyball courts, fire pits, a band shell, washrooms, and 2 playgrounds.
- Echodale Regional Park is a 650 acre (2.6 km²) park that includes an artificial swimming lake. The amenities include a beach, walking trails, fire pits, canoe rentals, snack bar, washrooms and historic ranch.
- Central Park – located in the Southeast Hill neighborhood – is surrounded by large cottonwood trees and, on the north side, a row of cedar trees. It also has play structures and a spray-deck. A street basketball court can be found here, which is usually in full use during the summer months.
- Riverside Veterans' Memorial Park – located downtown across River Road from the South Saskatchewan river and across 6th Avenue from city hall – is home to the city's Cenotaph, a WWII era Sherman tank, a brick mural by James Marshall and two CPR locomotives; one of the locomotives starred in the 1976 Gene Wilder/Richard Pryor movie Silver Streak.
- Medicine Hat Golf and Country Club is located along the north banks of the South Saskatchewan River.
- Connaught Golf Course
- Cottonwood Coulee Golf Course is located in southwest Medicine Hat along the banks of the Seven Persons Creek
- Paradise Valley Par 3 is located along the banks of the Seven Persons Creek.
- Ross Creek Par 3 is located along the banks of the Bullshead Creek.
- Riverview Golf Course is located in Redcliff along the banks of the South Saskatchewan River.
- The Links at Desert Blume are located immediately south of the city.
- Advantage Golf Academy, located at Cottonwood Coulee Golf Course, is Medicine Hat's only full time golf instructional facility.
Medicine Hat School District No. 76 has been serving the needs of public school students since it came into existence in 1886. The District has five trustees and comprises 3 secondary schools, Alexandra Middle School (formerly Alexandra Junior High School), Crescent Heights High School and Medicine Hat High School, 12 elementary (K–6) schools, a special needs school for the severely disabled, as well as an Alternative School program which incorporates a joint partnership with the YMCA Teen Moms' Program, YMCA Stay-in-School Program, a program with the former Palliser Health Region for secondary students and a program supported by Alberta Children Services for students with behavioural needs. Medicine Hat School District has a current enrollment of 6,400 students for children from 2-1/2 years of age from kindergarten through Grade 12. French immersion programming is provided as an option.
The Medicine Hat Catholic/Separate School District provides educational programming for students from kindergarten through Grade 12. French immersion programming is provided as an option in select District schools. The board of trustees are considered relatively new, following the 2007 municipal election when all but one of the former trustees were replaced by the voting public. Shortly after the election, the former Superintendent of the district was fired and the deputy superintendent was dismissed months later. A search has been on to find suitable replacements.
Medicine Hat has a single Francophone school called Ecole les Cyprés as well at the Centre for Academic and Personal Excellence (CAPE) public/charter school.
The Medicine Hat College is located in south Medicine Hat. The first students were accepted to the college in 1965. Now with over 2,500 students and 3 campuses, the college has grown into an integral part of the community. Athletics include basketball, volleyball, golf, and soccer.
City Council chose the Box Springs Business Park site in August 2008 for the new events centre. Currently the city is working to secure funding.
The City of Medicine Hat, the Town of Redcliff and Cypress County are together working on a plan that will govern the location and intensity of growth around the city for the next 50 years. The plan is anticipated to be adopted in the Fall of 2008.
Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation is currently negotiating with landowners south of the city to secure land for the future Trans-Canada Highway freeway bypass. The bypass is expected to be constructed in the next 10–20 years.
The average home price has climbed to $239,000 in May 2007.
Long-serving MP Monte Solberg revealed in September 2008 that he would not be running in the next election. LaVar Payne won election as MP for Medicine Hat in the subsequent election in October, 2008; both Solberg and Payne are members of the Conservative Party of Canada.
Local mediaMain article: Media in Medicine Hat
Medicine Hat has several radio and television stations broadcasting from it, as well as receiving radio stations from Calgary. Medicine Hat is also home to comtv.ca, a community website, that hosts regular video content from the community.
- Roloff Beny, artist and exhibitor
- Ronnie Burkett, puppeteer
- Terri Clark, country singer
- Murray Craven, former professional hockey player
- Glen Edwards, test pilot and namesake of Edwards Air Force Base
- Daniel Federkeil, professional football player
- Bruno Gerussi, actor
- Clyde Gilmour, broadcaster, radio host, and officer of the Order of Canada
- Darren Helm, professional hockey player
- Corey Hirsch, former professional hockey player
- Richard Hortness, Olympic swimmer
- Mike Hudema, social and environmental activist
- Gordie Johnson, lead singer of Big Sugar
- Matt Keetley, professional hockey player
- Blaine Lacher, former professional hockey player
- Trevor Linden, former professional hockey player
- Greg Morrison, former professional baseball player
- Susan Nattrass, Olympian competitive shooter and officer of the Order of Canada
- Jess Nowicki, Canadian Railroad Hall of Fame Inductee
- Chris Osgood, former professional hockey player
- Zaac Pick, singer-songwriter
- Kalan Porter, singer-songwriter and winner of Canadian Idol (season 2)
- Kenneth Sauer, member of the Order of Canada and the Alberta Order of Excellence
- Richard Edward Taylor, co-recipient of the 1990 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Arnold Tremere, Executive Director of the Canadian International Grains Institute (government official)
- Tommy Tweed, playwright, actor, broadcaster, recipient of the John Drainie Award, and officer of the Order of Canada
- Ashley van Ham, winner of Canada's Worst Driver 4
- ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-09-17). "Municipal Profile – City of Medicine Hat". http://www.municipalaffairs.alberta.ca/cfml/MunicipalProfiles/index.cfm?fuseaction=BasicReport&MunicipalityType=CITY&stakeholder=217&profileType=HIST&profileType=CONT&profileType=STAT&profileType=FINA&profileType=GRAN&profileType=TAXR&profileType=ASSE. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. November 11, 2011. http://www.municipalaffairs.alberta.ca/mc_municipal_officials_search.cfm. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- ^ a b c Statistics Canada (Census 2006). "Medicine Hat - Community Profile". http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=4801006&Geo2=PR&Code2=48&Data=Count&SearchText=Medicine%20Hat&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&GeoLevel=&GeoCode=4801006. Retrieved 2007-06-14.
- ^ About Medicine Hat: Quality of Life City of Medicine Hat. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ a b "City of Medicine Hat 2009 Census Final Report" (PDF). http://www.medicinehat.ca/City%20Government/Departments/City%20Clerk/Census/2009/2009%20Census%20Final%20Report.pdf. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- ^ a b Alberta Municipal Affairs (2009-09-15). "Alberta 2009 Official Population List". http://municipalaffairs.gov.ab.ca/documents/LGS/2009pop.pdf. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
- ^ Brennan, Brian (2003), Boondoggles, bonanzas, and other Alberta stories, Fifth House, p. 43, ISBN 1894004949, "This part of the country seems to have all hell for a basement, and the only trap door appears to be in Medicine Hat. And don’t you ever think of changing the name of your town. It’s all your own and the only hat of its kind on earth."
- ^ "Calgary Herald, "Alberta’s top 40 places to work", October 18, 2008". http://www.canada.com/calgaryherald/story.html?id=02b19397-2fdf-4039-ba29-b93eaf908adb.
- ^ "Edmonton Journal, "Alberta's best focus on attracting, keeping staff", October 31, 2008". http://www.canada.com/edmontonjournal/story.html?id=5bc8514a-b0eb-4538-bab4-a63f11f51a16.
- ^ "Reasons for Selection, 2009 Alberta's Top Employers competition". http://www.eluta.ca/top-employer-city-of-medicine-hat.
- ^ a b Environment Canada—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
- ^ "Medicine Hat". Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 20 November 2007. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89201&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=701&Temporal=2006&Theme=70&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GID=838046. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- ^ "Medicine Hat". Religion (95A), Age Groups (7A) and Sex (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas 1 and Census Agglomerations, 1991 and 2001 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 1 March 2007. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/products/standard/themes/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?Temporal=2001&PID=55822&APATH=3&METH=1&PTYPE=55440&THEME=56&FOCUS=0&AID=0&PLACENAME=0&PROVINCE=0&SEARCH=0&GC=99&GK=NA&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&FL=0&RL=0&FREE=0&GID=431634. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- ^ "Medicine Hat Clay Industries National Historic District". Medalta.org. 2011-08-05. http://www.medalta.org/. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- ^  - Medicine Hat Clay Industries National Historic District
- ^ "The Esplanade". Esplanade.ca. http://www.esplanade.ca/. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- ^ "Medicine Hat Drag Race Association". Mhdra.com. http://www.mhdra.com/. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- ^ Shortgrass Library System. "Shortgrass Library System Homepage". Shortgrass.ca. http://www.shortgrass.ca/. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- ^ "Box Springs Site chosen by council". Box Springs Business Park. http://www.bsbp.ca/pressrelease.htm. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- ^ multiple (2010). The Rough Guide to Canada. Rough Guides. p. 661. ISBN 978-1848365032.
- ^ "Calgary Ring Road". roadtraffic-technology.com. http://www.roadtraffic-technology.com/projects/calgary-ring-road/. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- ^ "Electorate of the City of Medicine Hat". City of Medicine Hat. http://www.medicinehat.ca/City%20Government/Organizational%20Chart.pdf. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- ^ Rooney, Sean, "Richard Hortness: A dream realized", Medicine Hat News, http://www.medicinehatnews.com/node/64454, retrieved 2010-02-09 [dead link]
- ^ "Jess C. Nowicki (2006)". Canadian Railway Hall of Fame. http://www.railfame.ca/sec_ind/heroes/en_2006_NowickiJC.asp. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
- ^ "Chris Osgood's hockey statistics profile at". Hockeydb.com. 1972-11-26. http://www.hockeydb.com/ihdb/stats/pdisplay.php3?pid=4089. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- ^ "Order of Canada Membership". http://www.gg.ca/honour.aspx?id=8962&t=12.
- ^ "Alberta Order of Excellence Membership". http://www.lieutenantgovernor.ab.ca/aoe/2009_sauer.cfm.
- ^ "Gone but not forgotten - Tremere". Home arrow Obituaries - Medicine Hat arrow TREMERE. gonebutnotforgotten.ca. 2008. http://gonebutnotforgotten.ca/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3975&Itemid=81. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- ^ [dead link]
- City of Medicine Hat website
- Economic Development Alliance of Southeast Alberta
- The Historic Clay District
- Esplanade Arts and Heritage Centre
Oyen Schuler Irvine
Medicine Hat Seven Persons
Fort Benton Dunmore
Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park
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