- Prolactin cell
Prolactin cell Code TH H3.08.02.2.00022
Lactotrophs (also known as lactotrope, mammatroph, mammotroph, epsilon acidophil, prolactin cell, and lactotropic cell) are cells in the anterior pituitary which produce prolactin in response to signals including dopamine, estrogen, progesterone and Thyrotropin-releasing hormone. Dopamine has an inhibitory effect on PRL (prolactin) secretion. Lactotrophs are acidophilic and make up about 20% of all cells in the anterior pituitary gland.
- "Lactotroph" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
Human anatomy, endocrine system: endocrine glands (TA A11, TH H3.08, GA 11.1269) Islets of pancreas Hypothalamic/
Pineal gland OtherEnteroendocrine cell · Paraganglia Human cell types / list derived primarily from ectoderm Surface ectodermTrichocyte · Keratinocyte Neural crestglia: Schwann cell · Satellite glial cellDigestive system Neural tube
Lactotropes (lac = milk) are cells that actively secrete prolactin. Prolactin contributes to mammary gland maturation and the production of milk. Lactotropes work with many other hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, growth hormone, glucocorticoids, and others in mammary gland regulation. The function of lactotropes, in men, is poorly understood.***
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