Diocese of Rome

Diocese of Rome
Diocese of Rome
Dioecesis Urbis

Seal of the Diocese of Rome
Location
Country Italy
Territory Rome
Ecclesiastical province Rome
Metropolitan Diocese of Rome
Coordinates 41°53′9.26″N 12°30′22.16″E / 41.8859056°N 12.5061556°E / 41.8859056; 12.5061556Coordinates: 41°53′9.26″N 12°30′22.16″E / 41.8859056°N 12.5061556°E / 41.8859056; 12.5061556
Statistics
Area 881 km2 (340 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2007)
2 809 000
2 473 000 (88%)
Parishes 337
Churches 711
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established 1st century
Cathedral Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran
Patron saint Saints Peter and Paul, St. Catherine of Siena, St. Philip Neri, St. Lawrence
Secular priests 5994
Current leadership
Pope Benedict XVI
Metropolitan Archbishop Benedict XVI
Auxiliary Bishop Armando Brambilla, Paolo Schiavon, Ernesto Mandara, Benedetto Tuzia, Guerino Di Tora, Giuseppe Marciante
Vicars General Agostino Cardinal Vallini, Angelo Cardinal Comastri
Website
vicariatusurbis.org
Source: Annuario Pontificio 2007

The Diocese of Rome (Latin: Diœcesis Urbis or Diœcesis Romana, Italian: Diocesi di Roma) is a diocese of the Catholic Church in Rome, Italy.[1] The bishop of Rome is the Pope, who is the Supreme Pontiff and leader of the Catholic Church. Established in the 1st century, its current bishop is Pope Benedict XVI, who acceded after the death of Pope John Paul II, in April 2005.

Contents

Bishop

The bishop of the Diocese of Rome has, first of all, the simple title of Bishop of Rome because all his other titles descend from this position which points to him as the successor of Saint Peter in Rome. From this he has a plethora of titles:

  • Foremost he is the Pope (from Latin papa, Greek παππας pappas) meaning "father". His see is the Chair of Peter which has Primacy over all of the Catholic Church and makes its bishop the Supreme Pontiff and Vicar of Christ.
  • He has also been called Patriarch of the West, although this title has been dropped recently.[2] He has authority over the entire Latin Church, over the other Latin Patriarchs, such as the Patriarchs of Jerusalem, Venice and Lisbon. In the Orthodox Church, he was first of the five ancient patriarchs of the Christian Pentarchy.
  • Then he is Primate of Italy, that means the most important bishop of the Italian church.
  • Finally, he is also the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ecclesiastical Province of Rome itself.

Origins

The best evidence available for the origins of the Roman church is Saint Paul's Epistle to the Romans. This indicates that the church was established probably by the early 40s. Saint Peter became associated with this church sometime between the year 58 and the early 60s.[3]

Says one source:

The final years of the first century and the early years of the second constitute the "postapostolic" period, as reflected in the extrabiblical writings of Clement of Rome and Ignatius of Antioch. By now the church at Rome was exercising a pastoral care that extended beyond its own community, having replaced Jerusalem as the practical center of the growing universal Church. Appeals were made to Peter and Paul, with whom the Roman church was most closely identified.[3]

Diocese

The Papal Cathedra, the throne of the Pope in the Archibasilica Lateranensis.

The territory of the diocese extends all over the Vatican City State and the city of Rome, capital of the Italian Republic. The two parts of the diocese are then administrated by two vicars general of the Pope:

The diocese covers a territory of 881 square kilometers[6] containing 341 parishes, 337 of which are active. There are 336 for the city of Rome[7] and one, St. Anne's Parish, for Vatican City.[8] The diocese has 238 cardinal clerics, a vicegerent of archepiscopal rank (vacant), six auxiliary bishops at present and an additional 1187 "Roman" clerics.[9] In 2004, they pastored an estimated 2,454,000 faithful, who made up 88% of the population of the territory.

In the case of Rome, the city has grown beyond the boundaries of the diocese. Notable parts of Rome belong to the dioceses of Ostia and Porto-Santa Rufina. Ostia is administered together with the Vicariate of the City and thus included in the statistics given above, while Porto is indeed administered by its own residential bishop.

Suburbicarian sees

Six of the dioceses of the Roman Province have the title of suburbicarians, from the Latin sub urbe, with the significance of "subject to the city [of Rome]". Each suburbicarian diocese has a Cardinal Bishop at its head.

Diocese of Ostia

There remains the titular Suburicarian See of Ostia, which is held by the Cardinal Bishop elected to be the Dean of the College of Cardinals, in addition to his previous Suburicarian See. The Diocese of Ostia was merged with the Diocese of Rome in 1914, and is now administered by the Vicar General for Rome.

Suffragan sees

Otherwise there are other dioceses connected with the Metropolitan of Rome. They are churches directly subjected to the Holy See:

Ordinaries

For a list of Popes, please see: List of Popes.

See also

References

  1. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia article: Rome
  2. ^ CNS News article
  3. ^ a b McBrien, The Church (New York: HarperOne, 2008) cf pp 6, 45
  4. ^ "Canon 475". 1983 Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P1O.HTM. Retrieved 2007-12-03. 
  5. ^ Diocesi di Roma. "Vicariato della Città del Vaticano" (in Italian). http://www.vicariatusurbis.org/EntiGruppo.asp?TipoEnte=37. Retrieved 16 November 2010. 
  6. ^ Entry at catholic-hierarchy.org
  7. ^ List of Parishes in the Vicariate
  8. ^ Homily of John Paul II to St. Anne's Parish
  9. ^ Diocesan website, listing of personnel

External links


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