Cerebellar vermis

Cerebellar vermis
Brain: Cerebellar vermis
CerebellumDiv.png
Schematic representation of the major anatomical subdivisions of the cerebellum. Superior view of an "unrolled" cerebellum, placing the vermis in one plane.
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Anterior view of the cerebellum. ("Tuber vermis" labeled at bottom.)
Latin vermis cerebelli
Gray's subject #187 788
Part of Cerebellum
NeuroNames ancil-146
NeuroLex ID birnlex_1106

Part of the structure of animal brains, the cerebellar vermis is a narrow, wormlike structure between the hemispheres of the cerebellum.

Contents

Function

It is the site of termination of the spinocerebellar pathways that carry subconscious proprioception.

Recent research on the posterior cerebellar vermis indicates that this particular area of the brain may be linked to the brain's natural ability to integrate and analyze inertial motion. Specialized cells in this area, known as Purkinje cells, are now thought to receive sensory information from the vestibular system of the inner ears and use this to compute information about the body's movement through space.[1]

There are nine subdivisons of the cerbellar vermis. They are the: lingula, central, culmen, declive, folium, tuber, pyramid, uvula, nodulus (ordered from anterior to posterior). A useful mnemonic device to remember these subdivisions is : "Like cats catching dogs for the party up north."

Clinical significance

Dandy Walker malformation is a congenital brain malformation that is characterized by enlarged posterior fossa and in which the cerebellar vermis is absent or present in merely a rudimentary form. It is also commonly associated with dysplasias of brainstem nuclei.

See also

Additional images

References

  1. ^ Purkinje Cells in Posterior Cerebellar Vermis Encode Motion in an Inertial Reference Frame

External links


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