Currency sign

Currency sign

A currency sign is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money. They typically employ the first letter or character of the currency, sometimes with minor changes such as ligatures or overlaid vertical or horizontal bars. Today, ISO 4217 codes are used instead of currency signs for most official purposes,[citation needed] though currency signs may be in common use in many other contexts. Few currencies in the world have no short-hand symbol at all.

Although many former currency signs were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency sign — implementation of which requires the adoption of new unicode and type formats — has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers part of the success of the euro was the global recognition of the euro sign €. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighboring countries.[1] It finalized its new currency symbol, (INR) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter "."

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When writing currency amounts the location of the sign varies by currency. Many currencies, especially in Latin America and the English-speaking world, place it before the amount (e.g., R$50.00); many others place it after the amount (e.g., 50.00 S₣); and the Cape Verdean escudo, like the former Portuguese escudo and French franc, placed its sign in the decimal position (i.e., 20$00).[2]

The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although not in print. Commas (e.g., 5,00 €) or decimal points (e.g., R$50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.


Official dimensions of the euro sign.
Dimensions of the sign in a selection of fonts.

Older currency signs have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso signs originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira signs evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new signs have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the euro sign is meant to symbolize stability[3]. The new Indian rupee symbol, INR, is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.

There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community[citation needed] and how the sign is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro sign was to be displayed;[1] the original design was also exceptionally wide, which has led to most displays employing altered versions with reduced width.

List of presently-circulating currency signs

Symbol Uses Notes
¤ &ZzzGeneric currency sign Used when the correct sign is not available
&Afg؋ &AfghaniAfghan afghani
&ArAr &AriaryMalagasy ariary[4]
&B฿ &BahtThai baht
&BZB/. &BalboaPanamanian balboa
&BrBr &BirrEthiopian birr

Belarusian ruble
&BsBs. &BolivianoVenezuelan bolívar

Bolivian boliviano
Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.
&BsFBs.F. &BolivarVenezuelan bolívar variant Usually Bs.
&C1 &CediGhana cedi
&c1¢ &cent1cent, centavo, &c. A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)

See also c
&c2c &cent2cent &c. variant Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.

See also ¢
&ctct &centasLithuanian centas A centesimal division of the litas
&chCh. &chhertumBhutanese chhertum A centesimal division of the ngultrum.
&C2 &ColonCosta Rican colón Also used for the former Salvadoran colón, which was discontinued in 2001 in favor of the US dollar, but remains accepted as legal tender.
&D1D &DalasiGambian dalasi
&Denден &DenarMacedonian denar Latin form: DEN
&DA&دج &DinarAAlgerian dinar Latin form: DA
&DB.د.ب &DinarBBahraini dinar Latin form: BD
&IDع.د &DinarIIraqi dinar
&JDJD &DinarJJordanian dinar
&DKد.ك &DinarKKuwaiti dinar Latin form: K.D.
&LDل.د &DinarLLibyan dinar Latin form: LD
&Dinдин &DinarSSerbian dinar Latin form: din.
&DTد.ت &DinarTTunisian dinar Latin form: DT
&DMد.م. &DirhamMMoroccan dirham
&DHد.إ &DirhamUUnited Arab Emirates dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
&DbDb &DobraSão Tomé and Príncipe dobra
&S1$ &DollarAustralian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (C$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$),[5] Hong Kong (HK$/元/圆), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$ or LD$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Soloman Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), Taiwanese (NT$/元/圆), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, United States (US$), and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars

Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos

Nicaraguan córdoba (C$)

Tongan paʻanga
May appear with either one or two bars, both of which currently share the same unicode space.

Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.

See also MOP$ and WS$
&D2 &DongVietnamese đồng
&D3Armenian dram sign.svg &DramArmenian dram
&EscEsc &EscudoCape Verdean escudo Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão): \mathrm{S}\!\!\!\Vert
&E &EuroEuropean euro In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, and Monaco have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.
&Fƒ &FlorinAruban florin (Afl.)[6]

Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
&FtFt &ForintHungarian forint
&FBuFBu &Franc BBurundian franc
&FCFAFCFA &Franc CaCentral African CFA franc Also CFA[7]

Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc
&Fr &Franc CoComorian (CF), Congolese (CF), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/G₣) and Swiss (S₣) francs Also F and Fr.
&FRwFRw &Franc RRwandan franc[8] Possibly also RF[9] and R₣[10]
&CFACFA &Franc WaWest African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc
&GG &GourdeHaitian gourde
&grgr &groszPolish grosz A centesimal division of the złoty
&G/ &GuaraniParaguayan guaraní Or Parag-guarani-G.svg
&hh &halerCzech haléř A centesimal division of the koruna
&He &HryvniaUkrainian hryvnia
&K- &KipLao kip Or ₭N
&kк. &kopek RRussian kopek A centesimal division of the ruble.

Also коп.
&Kc &KorunaCzech koruna
&Krkr &KroneDanish (Dkr) and Norwegian krones

Swedish krona

Faroese and Icelandic (Íkr) króna
Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone
&Knkn &KunaCroatian kuna
&MKMK &Kwacha MMalawian kwacha
&ZKZK &Kwacha ZZambian kwacha
&KzKz &KwanzaAngolan kwanza
&KK &KyatMyanma kyat

Papua New Guinean kina
&Las &LariGeorgian lari
&LsLs &LatsLatvian lats
&LL &LekAlbanian lek

Honduran lempira
Also used as the currency sign for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note

Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
&LeLe &LeoneSierra Leonean leone
&EE &LilangeniSwazi lilangeni Sign based on the plural form "emalangeni.

" The one-lilageni note employs the currency sign
&lplp &LipaCroatian lipa A centesimal division of the kuna.
&TLTL &LiraTurkish lira
&LtLt &LitasLithuanian litas
&M1M &LotiLesotho loti Sign based on plural form "maloti.

" The one-loti note employs the currency sign
&M2Azeri manat symbol.svg &ManatAzerbaijani manat Also m. and man.
&KMКМ &MarkBosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Latin form: KM
&MTMT &MeticalMozambican metical[11] Also MTn
&m/ &millMill, mil, &.c An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)
&NfkNfk &NakfaEritrean nakfa Also Nfa[7]
&N &NairaNigerian naira
&NuNu. &NgultrumBhutanese ngultrum
&UMUM &OuguiyaMauritanian ouguiya[12]
&MOPSMOP$ &PatacaMacanese pataca Alsoand
&P2 &PesoPhilippine peso Also P, PhP, and P
&L-£ &Pound BBritish, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Lebanese (LL), Manx, St. Helena, Sudanese and Syrian (LS) pounds Alsoand L
&GMج.م. &Pound EEgyptian pound Latin: L.E. Rarely £E or
&P1P &PulaBotswana pula
&QQ &QuetzalGuatemalan quetzal
&qq &qindarkeAlbanian qindarkë A centesimal division of the lek.
&ptPt. &qirshEgyptian qirsh A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.
&R1R &RandSouth African rand Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles
&RSR$ &RealBrazilian real Also the double-barred dollar sign: \mathrm{S}\!\!\!\Vert
&Rialریال &Rial IIranian rial Script for "rial," a currency name also used by other nations.
&ROر.ع. &Rial OOmani rial
&RKر.ق &Rial QQatari rial Latin: QR
&RSر.س &Riyal SSaudi riyal Latin: SR. Also: ریال
&Riel &RielCambodian riel
&RMRM &RinggitMalaysian ringgit
&Rubруб. &Ruble RRussian ruble Latin: rub. Also Р., р., and R
&R2р. &Ruble TBritish &c. pennies

Transnistrian ruble
The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.
&RfRf. &RufiyaaMaldivian rufiyaa Also MRf. and
&R3INR &Rupee IIndian rupee Unicode:
&Rs &Rupee PMauritian,[13] Nepalese[14] (N₨/रू.), Pakistani and Sri Lankan (SL₨/රු) rupees
&SReSRe &Rupee SSeychellois rupee[15] Also SR
&RpRp &RupiahIndonesian rupiah
&ss &santimsLatvian santīms A centesimal division of the lats.
&Sh &ShekelIsraeli new shekel
&KshKsh &Shilling KKenyan shilling Also KSh
&ShsoSh.So. &Shilling SSomali shilling[16]
&UshUSh &Shilling UUgandan shilling
&SS/. &SolPeruvian nuevo sol
&SDRSDR &SpecialSpecial Drawing Rights
&Lvлв &LevBulgarian lev
&somсом &somKyrgyzstani som
&Tk &TakaBangladeshi Taka Also Tk
&WSSWS$ &TalaSamoan tālā Sign based on previous name "West Samoan tala."

T and ST.

See also $
&TKazakhstani tenge symbol.svg &TengeKazakhstani tenge Unicode:
&T// &TogrogMongolian tögrög
&VtVT &VatuVanuatu vatu[17]
&W &WonNorth Korean and South Korean won
&Y¥ &YuanJapanese yen (円/圓)

Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圓)
Used with one and two crossbars.

andare also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
&Zl &ZlotyPolish złoty

List of historic currency signs

See also


  1. ^ a b Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
  2. ^ Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  3. ^ "The Euro. Our money." (PDF). ECB. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  4. ^ Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  5. ^ [ Bank of Guyana]. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  6. ^ Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us - A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Currency symbol finder." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  8. ^ National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  9. ^ University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  10. ^ Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  11. ^ Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  12. ^ Banque Centrale de Mauritanie. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  13. ^ Bank of Mauritius. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  14. ^ Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  15. ^ Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  16. ^ Central Bank of Somalia. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  17. ^ The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.

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