- Bahamian dollar
image_title_1=$1 note featuring Queen Elizabeth II (currently being replaced by new $1 note featuring
Sir Lynden Pindling)
iso_code = BSD
inflation_rate = 1.2%
inflation_source_date = " [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2092.html The World Factbook] ", 2004
pegged_with = U.S. dollar at par
subunit_ratio_1 = 1/100
subunit_name_1 = cent
symbol = B$
frequently_used_coins = 1, 5, 10, 25 cents
rarely_used_coins = 15, 50 cents, $1
frequently_used_banknotes = $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100.
rarely_used_banknotes = $½, $3
The Central Bank of The Bahamas
issuing_authority_website = www.centralbankbahamas.com
The dollar (
ISO 4217code: "BSD") has been the currencyof The Bahamassince 1966. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign"$", or alternatively "B$" to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents.
Relationship with the U.S. dollar
The Bahamian dollar is pegged to the
U.S. dollaron a one-to-one basis. The Central Bank of The Bahamas states that it uses reserve requirements, changes in the Bank discount rate and selective credit controls, supplemented by moral suasion as main instruments of monetary policy, the objective of which is to keep stable conditions, including credit, in order to maintain the parity between the U.S. dollar and the Bahamian dollar while allowing economic development to proceed.
Although the U.S. dollar (as any other foreign currency) is subject to exchange control laws in The Bahamas, the parity between Bahamian dollars and U.S. dollars means that any business will accept either U.S. or Bahamian currency and many of the businesses that serve tourists have extra U.S. dollars on hand for the convenience of American tourists (who prefer receiving their change in U.S. dollars since most are on short visits).
The dollar replaced the pound at a rate of 1 dollar = 7
shillings in 1966. This rate allowed the establishment of parity with the U.S. dollar, due to the sterling/dollar rate then being fixed at £1 = $2.80. It may also explain the unusual 15 cents coin, since this was roughly equivalent to 1 shilling.
Coin image box 1 double
header = 5 cent
caption_left = Pineapple
caption_right = Coat of arms
width = 180
position = right
margin = 0In 1966, coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 15, 25 and 50 cents and 1 dollar. The 1 cent was struck in nickel-brass, the 5, 10, and 15 cents in
cupronickel, the 25 cents in nickel, and the 50 cents and 1 dollar in silver. The 10 cents were scallop shaped, whilst the 15 cents was square. Silver coins were not issued for circulation after 1966. Bronze replaced nickel-brass in the 1 cent in 1970, followed by brass in 1974 and copper-plated zinc in 1985. In 1989, cupro-nickel 50 cents and 1 dollar coins were issued for circulation, although they did not replace the corresponding banknotes.
The current 1, 5, and 25 cents coins are about the same size as their U.S. counterparts but with different metal compositions. The 15 cents coins are still produced by the Central Bank [http://www.centralbankbahamas.com/faqs.lasso?cmd=view&category=Issuer%20of%20Banknotes%20and%20Coins] but are not commonly used. All coins now bear the Bahamian Coat of Arms on one side with the words "Commonwealth of The Bahamas" and the date. The reverses of the coins show objects from Bahamian culture with the value of the coins in words. The 1 cent has a
starfish, the 5 cents a pineapple, the 10 cents two bonefish, the 15 cents a hibiscus, and the 25 cents a native sloop.
In 1966, the government introduced notes in denominations of ½, 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollars. The Bahamas Monetary Authority took over the issuance of paper money in 1968, issuing the same denominations. In 1974, the Central Bank of the Bahamas took over note production. Its first issue of notes did not include the ½ and 3 dollars denominations but these were reintroduced in 1984.
The dollar has undergone several revisions in the last twenty years, one of the more notable being an extremely colourful redesign in celebration of the quincentennial of the landing of
Christopher Columbuson a Bahamian island he named San Salvador.
All banknotes have been undergoing design changes to foil
forgeryin recent years, although the notes implemented more stringent security long before the U.S.'s recent redesign of their notes. Note: All banknotes are the same physical size, like the U.S. dollar but unlike the euro. The latest counterfeit-proof formula is the "Counterfeit Resistant Integrated Security Product", or CRISP. The new $10 banknote was released on August 5, 2005, while the $20 banknote was released on September 6, 2006. [http://www.centralbankbahamas.com/public/PR%20Crisp%2020.pdf] In October 2005, someone counterfeited one of the new CRISP $10 bills, serial number A161315. Bahamian authorities warned merchants to look for banknotes that lacked the distinctive watermark. [http://www.centralbankbahamas.com/public/PR-Counterfeit%20Article.pdf]
Until a few years ago all notes displayed a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II (Head of State) but notes began to display portraits of prominent Bahamian politicians who have died. This policy is now being reversed, with the return of the Queen's portrait to the $10 note. The $½ shows an older Queen Elizabeth II and the back shows a picture of Sister Sarah in the Nassau Straw Market; the $1 shows
Sir Lynden Pindlingand on the back the Royal Bahamas Police Force Band; the $3 has a young Queen Elizabeth II and on the back shows a Family Island Regatta with native sloops; the $5 – Sir Cecil Wallace-Whitfield and the back shows a Junkanoogroup 'rushing' in the Junkanoo parade; the $10 – an older Queen Elizabeth II (replacing Sir Stafford Sands) and the back shows the Hope TownLighthouse and settlement in Abaco, the $20 – Sir Milo Butler; the $50 – Sir Roland Symonette; the $100 – an older Queen Elizabeth II and the back shows a jumping blue marlin, the national fish of The Bahamas.
Economy of the Bahamas
Central banks and currencies of the Caribbean
*numis cite SCWC|date=1991
*numis cite SCWPM|date=1994
Standard numismatics external links
world_coin_gallery_1_url = Bahamas
world_coin_gallery_1_name = Bahamas
banknote_world_1_url = bahamas
banknote_world_1_name = Bahamas
gfd_1_url = Bahamas
gfd_1_name = Bahamas
show_gfd_excel = Y
* [http://www.bahamas.gov.bs/ Bahamas Government Official Website]
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