Mumbai Metropolitan Region

Mumbai Metropolitan Region
Mumbai metropolitan area
State Maharashtra
Districts Mumbai City
Mumbai Suburban
Ratnakar Gaikwad
Area 4,355 km²
Population (2001 census) 17,702,761
Density (2001 census) 4,065/km²
  • Postal
  • Telephone
  • Vehicle
400 0xx to 401 2xx
+022, 025x,
MH-01, MH-02, MH-03, MH-04,MH-05,MH-06,MH-43,MH-46,MH-47,MH-48
Time zone IST (UTC +5:30)

The Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR)/Mumbai Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area consisting of the metropolis of Mumbai and its satellite towns. Developing over a period of about 20 years, it consists of seven municipal corporations and fifteen smaller municipal councils. The entire area is overseen by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA), a Maharashtra state government organisation in charge of town planning, development, transportation and housing in the region. The MMRDA was formed to address the challenges in planning and development of integrated infrastructure for the metropolitan region. The areas outside of Brihan Mumbai and Navi Mumbai have lacked organised development. Navi Mumbai, developed as one of the largest planned cities in the World, was promoted by a Maharashtra Government-owned company, City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). The region has had problems related to haphazard and illegal development as a result of rapid urbanisation. Villages along the National Highway NH3 (Old & New) in Bhiwandi Taluka are examples of haphazard developments in MMR, with some of the largest warehousing areas in India. Government agencies such as the Town Planner and Collector of Thane have had challenges in addressing unorganised development.

The region has an area of 4,355 km² and a population of 17,702,761. [1]. It is linked with Mumbai through the Mumbai Suburban Railway system and a large network of roads.

Municipal Corporations Population (2001 census) Area (km²) Density (per km²)
Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai 12,478,447 603.4 20,694
Thane Municipal Corporation 1,261,517 128.23 8,582
Vasai-Virar Municipal Corporation 1,221,233 105 11,614
Kalyan-Dombivali Municipal Corporation 1,193,512 137.15 8,702
Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation 704,002 163 4,319
Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation 598,741 28.31 21,149
Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Corporation 520,388 88.75 5,863
Ulhasnagar Municipal Corporation 473,731 27.54 17,201
Totals 19,635,521 1176.38 16,692
Mumbai Metropolitan Area, LandSat-5 satellite image, 2011-01-30
Municipal Councils
  1. Alibag
  2. Ambernath
  3. Karjat
  4. Khopoli
  5. Kulgaon Badlapur
  6. Matheran
  7. Panvel
  8. Pen
  9. Uran

The area takes up four districts of Maharashtra state.

  1. Mumbai City (complete)
  2. Mumbai suburban (complete)
  3. Thane (part)
  4. Raigad (part)

Mumbai Conurbation

The Mumbai Conurbation is a conurbation that comprises the metropolitan city of Mumbai, and seven urban areas - Thane, Navi Mumbai, Mira-Bhayandar, Kalyan-Dombivali, Ulhasnagar, Vasai-Virar and Bhiwandi-Nizampur as well as several other towns and villages. Several public authorities are responsible for development and maintenance of the Mumbai Conurbation. While each urban area or township has its own local self government the MMRDA undertakes projects that cross over the local governments. Mumbai city - especially the Greater Mumbai area - is plagued with troubles due to concentration of businesses and lack of supporting infrastructure. Some of the projects MMRDA undertook were to move some of these business to other areas in the Mumbai Conurbation. For example, some of the wholesale markets were moved out of Greater Mumbai to other areas in the Conurbation. The entire island is called the Mumbai Metropolitan Area.

Towns :-


Industrial Area

  • Kalyan Complex Notified Area
  • Thane-Belapur Industrial Zone (Navi Mumbai)
  • Taloja Industrial Estate
  • Patalganga-Rasayani Industrial Area


See also

External links

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