Makah Air Force Station

Makah Air Force Station
Makah Air Force Station

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Part of Air Defense Command (ADC)
Type Air Force Station
Coordinates 48°22′18″N 124°40′30″W / 48.37167°N 124.675°W / 48.37167; -124.675 (Makah AFS P-44)
Built 1951
In use 1951-1979
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Garrison 758th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron
Makah AFS is located in Washington (state)
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Makah AFS
Location of Makah AFS, Washington

Makah Air Force Station (ADC ID: P-44, NORAD ID: Z-44) is a closed United States Air Force General Surveillance Radar station. It is located 2.4 miles (3.9 km) south of Neah Bay, Washington. It was closed in 1988 by the Air Force, and turned over to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

Today the site is part of the Joint Surveillance System (JSS), designated by NORAD as Western Air Defense Sector (WADS) Ground Equipment Facility J-80.

Contents

History

Makah Air Force Station was one of twenty-eight stations built as part of the second segment of the Air Defense Command permanent radar network. Prompted by the start of the Korean War, on July 11, 1950, the Secretary of the Air Force asked the Secretary of Defense for approval to expedite construction of the permanent network. Receiving the Defense Secretary’s approval on July 21, the Air Force directed the Corps of Engineers to proceed with construction. The land for this site was leased from the Makah Indian Reservation.

The 758th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron was activated at Bahokus Peak AFS on 1 January 1951, which assumed coverage from the temporary "lashup" site L-34 at Neah Bay. The 758th AC&W Squadron started operating an AN/FPS-3 long-range search radar and an AN/CPS-4 height-finder radar, and initially the station functioned as a Ground-Control Intercept (GCI) and warning station. As a GCI station, the squadron's role was to guide interceptor aircraft toward unidentified intruders picked up on the unit's radar scopes. The station was re-designated Makah AFS on 1 December 1953.

During 1960 Makah AFS joined the Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system, feeding data to DC-12 at McChord AFB, Washington. After joining, the squadron was re-designated as the 758th Radar Squadron (SAGE) on 1 April 1960. The radar squadron provided information 24/7 the SAGE Direction Center where it was analyzed to determine range, direction altitude speed and whether or not aircraft were friendly or hostile. During the 1960s this site saw a variety of radars. By 1963 the squadron operated an AN/FPS-7A search radar and AN/FPS-90 and AN/FPS-26A height-finder radars.

Over the years, the equipment at the station was upgraded or modified to improve the efficiency and accuracy of the information gathered by the radars. In the 1970s, the AN/FPS-7A was modified to an AN/FPS-107V1. Circa 1977 the AN/FPS-90 height-finder radar was modified to an AN/FPS-116. In October 1979 Makah came under Tactical Air Command (TAC) jurisdiction with the inactivation of Aerospace Defense Command and the creation of ADTAC. Circa 1980 the AN/FPS-107V1 was replaced with an AN/FPS-91A search set, with an AN/TPS-43E search radar temporarily operating atop the old AN/FPS-26A tower during the radar change-over.

On 30 June 1988 the 758th Radar Squadron was inactivated by the 25th Air Division and the Air Force reduced its presence at Makah Air Force Station, closing most facilities. The radar site was turned over to the FAA, however a small detachment from McChord AFB was assigned to maintain the radars. The AN/FPS-116 was retired circa 1988. In the latter 1990’s the AN/FPS-91A was replaced by an FAA-operated ARSR-4 radar. The FAA now the radar at the site as part of the Joint Surveillance System (JSS).

The station and housing were turned over to the Makah tribe, and the former Air Force station now is the Makah Tribal Council Center. It is well maintained and in use by the tribe.

Air Force units and assignments

Emblem of the 758th Radar Squadron

Units:

  • 758th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, Activated at Bohokus Peak AFS on 1 January 1951
Site re-designated Neah Bay Air Force Station, 1 December 1953
Site re-designated Makah Air Force Station, 25 March 1958
Re-designated 758th Radar Squadron (SAGE), 1 April 1980
Re-designated 758th Radar Squadron 1 February 1974
Inactivated on 30 June 1988

Assignments:

  • 505th Aircraft Control and Warning Group, 1 January 1951
  • 25th Air Division, 6 February 1952
  • 4704th Defense Wing, 1 January 1953
  • 25th Air Division, 8 October 1954
  • Seattle Air Defense Sector, 1 March 1960
  • 25th Air Division, 1 April 1966
  • 25th ADCOM Region, 8 December 1978-30 June 1988

See also

  • List of USAF Aerospace Defense Command General Surveillance Radar Stations

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, by Lloyd H. Cornett and Mildred W. Johnson, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
  • Winkler, David F. (1997), Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program. Prepared for United States Air Force Headquarters Air Combat Command.
  • Information for Makah AFS, WA

External links


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