Oksywie culture

Oksywie culture
Oksywie culture (brown)

The Oksywie Culture, was an archaeological culture which existed in the area of modern day Eastern Pomerania around the lower Vistula river, from the 2nd century BC to the early 1st century AD.

The Oxhöft culture is associated with the Rugii and Lemovii, both East Germanic tribes.[1][2] The replacement of the Oksywie culture by the Wielbark culture in the areas surrounding the mouth of the Vistula is associated with Jordanes' account of the migration of the Goths from Scandza (Scandinavia), when Berig and his party defeated the East Germanic tribes of the Rugians and Lemovians, and settled on their land.

The Oksywie culture is named after the village Oksywie, now part of the city of Gdynia in northern Poland, where the first archaeological finds typical of this culture were discovered.

Archaeological research of last decades near Pomerania in Poland suggests the transition of Oksywie culture into Wielbark culture. Its timing coincides with the appearance of new population of Scandinavians in a previously uninhabited area ("no man's land") between the Oksywie and Przeworsk culture areas. It appears likely that the new population which appeared on southern coast of the Baltic in the early 1st century AD catalyzed the transformation of Oksywie culture into Wielbark culture and can be identified with the Berig party described by Jordanes. The area where they settled suggests that those northmen of Berig could have been invited to settle as a buffer bulwark to defend the tribes known as Oksywie culture against their southern (probably Vandal) neighbors.[1][2]

See also

Mjollnir icon.png Ancient Germanic culture portal


  1. ^ a b The Works of Tacitus: The Oxford Translation, Revised, With Notes, BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2008, p.836, ISBN 0559473354
  2. ^ a b J. B. Rives on Tacitus, Germania, Oxford University Press, 1999, p.311, ISBN 0198150504


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oksywie — Gdynia Oksywie (13) Oksywie (German: Oxhöft, Kashubian: Òksëwiô) is a neighbourhood of the city of Gdynia, Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. Formerly a separate settlement, it is actually several centuries older than the city i …   Wikipedia

  • Culture de Wielbark — Expansion territoriale de la culture de Wielbark avant la migration vers la Mer Noire.      Culture d’Oksywie      Expansion ver …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture de Przeworsk — La culture de Przeworsk dans la géographie des cultures archéologiques de l Europe du Nord Est. La culture de Przeworsk est en vert jaune, en rouge foncé la culture de Jastorf, en brun la culture d Oksywie, en turquoise la culture de Zarubincy.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wielbark culture — [ legend|#80f|Roman Empire] Wielbark culture also known as Willenberg culture ( de. Wielbark/Willenberg Kultur, pl. Kultura wielbarska, uk. Вельбарська культура ( Vel’bars’ka kul’tura )) was a pre literate culture that archaeologists have… …   Wikipedia

  • Jastorf culture — [ thumb|200px|Early Iron Age: dark green Nordic Bronze Age dark red Jastorf culture yellow Harpstedt Nienburg group orange Celtic groups olive Pomeranian culture bright green House urns culture pale red East Baltic culture lilac West Baltic… …   Wikipedia

  • Dębczyn culture — The pink area is the Debczyn culture; the red area is the extent of the Wielbark culture in the first half of the 3rd century. The green area is the Przeworsk culture, and the yellow area is a Baltic culture (possibly the Aesti). The purple area… …   Wikipedia

  • Chernyakhov culture —   traditional Götaland …   Wikipedia

  • Poland in Antiquity — Peoples belonging to numerous archeological cultures identified with Celtic, Germanic and Baltic tribes lived in various parts of Poland from about 400 BC. Other groups were no doubt also present, as ethnic composition of archeological cultures… …   Wikipedia

  • Berig — | url=http://www.ucalgary.ca/ vandersp/Courses/texts/jordgeti.html#LX |title=Getica 313 |editor last=Mierow] Berig is not otherwise known. Cassiodorus may have invented him, with inspiration from the name of Βέρικος (Berikos or Verica). [citation …   Wikipedia

  • Slavic peoples — legend|#004040|South SlavicThe Slavic peoples are an ethnic and linguistic branch of Indo European peoples, living mainly in Europe. From the early 6th century they spread from their original homeland (most commonly thought to be in Eastern… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”