Tineidae

Tineidae
Tineidae
Adult European Grain Moth (Nemapogon granella: Nemapogoninae) from Graz (Austria)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Suborder: Glossata
Infraorder: Heteroneura
Division: Ditrysia
Superfamily: Tineoidea
Family: Tineidae
Latreille, 1810
Type genus
Tinea
Linnaeus, 1758
Subfamilies

Dryadaulinae
Erechthiinae
Euplocaminae
Hapsiferinae
Harmacloninae
Hieroxestinae
Meessiinae
Myrmecozelinae
Nemapogoninae
Perissomasticinae
Scardiinae
Setomorphinae
Siloscinae
Stathmopolitinae
Teichobiinae
Tineinae
and see text

Tineidae is a family of moths in the order Lepidoptera. Collectively, they are known as fungus moths or tineid moths. The family contains considerably more than 3,000 species in over 300 genera. Most of the tineid moths are small or medium-sized, with wings held roofwise over the body at rest. They are particularly common in the Palaearctic, but many occur elsewhere, and some are found very widely as introduced species.

Tineids are unusual among Lepidoptera as the larvae of only a very small number of species feed on living plants, the majority feeding on fungi, lichens and detritus. The most familiar members of the family are the clothes moths, which have adapted to feeding on stored fabrics. The most widespread such species are the Common Clothes Moth (Tineola bisselliella), the Case-bearing Clothes Moth (Tinea pellionella) and the Carpet Moth (Trichophaga tapetzella); the Brown-dotted Clothes Moth (Niditinea fuscella) despite its name preferentially feeds on feathers in bird nests.

One remarkable genus is Ceratophaga, whose members feed exclusively on pure keratin in the form of the horns and hooves of dead mammals and even the shells of dead tortoises.

Contents

Systematics

Subfamilies and notable genera

Some species are also listed; for others see genus accounts.

Dryadaulinae

Erechthiinae

  • Anastathma
  • Callicerastis
  • Comodica
  • Erechthias
  • Mecomodica
  • Petula
  • Phthinocola
  • Pisistrata
  • Pontodryas
  • Thuriostoma

Euplocaminae

  • Euplocamus

Hapsiferinae

Harmacloninae

  • Harmaclona
  • Micrerethista

Hieroxestinae

Meessiinae

Myrmecozelinae

  • Pachyarthra
  • Pararhodobates
  • Phthoropoea
  • Platysceptra
  • Propachyarthra
  • Rhodobates
  • Sarocrania
  • Scalmatica
  • Timaea
  • Tineovertex
  • Tracheloteina

Nemapogoninae

Perissomasticinae

Scardiinae

Setomorphinae

  • Lindera
  • Prosetomorpha
  • Setomorpha

Siloscinae

  • Autochthonus
  • Organodesma
  • Silosca

Stathmopolitinae

  • Stathmopolitis

Teichobiinae

  • Dinochora
  • Ectropoceros
  • Psychoides

Tineinae

  • Reisserita
  • Stemagoris
  • Tetrapalpus
  • Thomintarra
  • Tinea
  • Tinemelitta
  • Tineola
  • Tineomigma
  • Trichophaga
  • Tryptodema
  • Wyoma
  • Xerantica

Genera incertae sedis

These fungus moths have not been assigned to a subfamily with a reasonable amount of certainty:

  • Drastea (often placed in Acrolophidae)
  • Dyotopasta
  • Ecpeptamena
  • Endeixis
  • Endophthora
  • Ephedroxena
  • Episyrta
  • Eriozancla
  • Erysimaga
  • Eschatotypa
  • Eucrotala
  • Eugennaea
  • Euprora
  • Exonomasis
  • Glaucostolella
  • Gourbia
  • Graphidivalva
  • Habrophila
  • Hapalothyma
  • Harmotona
  • Hecatompeda
  • Heloscopa (often placed in Oecophoridae)
  • Heterostasis
  • Hilaroptera
  • Histiovalva
  • Homalopsycha
  • Homodoxus
  • Hoplocentra
  • Hyalaula
  • Hypoplesia
  • Leptonoma
  • Proboloptila
  • Protagophleps
  • Protaphreutis
  • Prothinodes
  • Psecadioides
  • Pyloetis
  • Randominta
  • Ranohira
  • Rungsiodes
  • Sagephora
  • Scardia
  • Sciomystis
  • Setiarcha
  • Sphecioses
  • Stryphnodes
  • Syncraternis
  • Syngeneta
  • Syrmologa
  • Taeniodictys (often placed in Lyonetiidae)
  • Tephrosara
  • Tetanostola
  • Thallostoma
  • Thisizima
  • Thomictis
  • Thyrsochares
  • Tomara
  • Trachyrrhopala
  • Trachytyla
  • Transmixta
  • Trichearias
  • Trierostola
  • Trithamnora
  • Xylesthia
  • Xystrologa
  • Zonochares
  • Zymologa

Fossil record

  • Architinea Rebel, 1934
    • Architinea balticella Rebel, 1934
    • Architinea sepositella Rebel, 1934
  • Dysmasiites Kusnezov, 1941
    • Dysmasiites carpenteri Kusnezov, 1941
  • Electromeessia Kozlov, 1987
    • Electromeessia zagulijaevi Kozlov, 1987 (Baltic region, Eocene Amber)
  • Glessoscardia Kusnezov, 1941
    • Glessoscardia gerasimovi Kusnezov, 1941
  • Martynea Kusnezov, 1941
    • Martynea rebeli Kusnezov, 1941
  • Monopibaltia Skalski, 1974
    • Monopibaltia ignitella Skalski, 1974 (Baltic region, Eocene Amber)
  • Palaeoinfurcitinea Kozlov, 1987
    • Palaeoinfurcitinea rohdendorfi Kozlov, 1987 (Russia, Eocene Amber)
  • Palaeoscardiites Kusnezov, 1941
    • Palaeoscardiites mordvilkoi Kusnezov, 1941
  • Palaeotinea Kozlov, 1987
    • Palaeotinea rasnitsyni Kozlov, 1987
  • Paratriaxomasia Jarzembowski, 1980
    • Paratriaxomasia solentensis Jarzembowski, 1980
  • Proscardiites Kusnezov, 1941
    • Proscardiites martynovi Kusnezov, 1941
  • Pseudocephitinea Kozlov, 1987
    • Pseudocephitinea svetlanae Kozlov, 1987 (Russia, Eocene Amber)
  • Scardiites Kusnezov, 1941
    • Scardiites meyricki Kusnezov, 1941
  • Simulotenia Skalski, 1977
    • Simulotenia intermedia Skalski, 1977
  • Tillyardinea Kusnezov, 1941
    • Tillyardinea eocaenica Kusnezov, 1941
  • Tinea Linnaeus, 1758
    • Tinea antique Rebel, 1822
  • Tineitella Fletcher, 1940
    • Tineitella crystalli Kawall, 1876 (originally in Tineites)
    • Tineitella sucinacius Kozlov, 1987 (originally in Tineites)
  • Tineolamima Rebel, 1934
    • Tineolamima aurella Rebel, 1934
  • Tineosemopsis Skalski, 1974
    • Tineosemopsis decurtatus Skalski, 1974

Key works

Palearctic Region

  • Dugdale, J.S., 1988. Lepidoptera - annotated catalogue and keys of family-group taxa. Fauna of New Zealand, 14: 1-262.
  • Gaedike, R. 1983. Zur Kenntnis der paläarktischen Tineiden Die Gattung Infurcitinea Spuler, 1910 (Lepidoptera). Entomologische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden, 46: 121-150.
  • Gaedike, R. 1985. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der paläarktischen Tineiden: Gattung Obesoceras Petersen, 1957 (Lepidoptera). Entomologische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden, 48: 167-181.
  • Hinton, H.E. 1956. The larvae of the species of Tineidae of economic importance. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 47: 251-346.
  • Leraut, P., 1985. Mise a jour de la liste des Tineides de la faune de France. Entomologica Gallica, 1(4): 319-325.
  • Petersen, G. 1957-8. Die Genitalien der paläarktischen Tineiden. Beiträge zur Entomologie, 7: 55-176, 338-380, 557-595; 8: 111-118, 398-430.
  • Robinson, G.S. 1979. Clothes-moths of the Tinea pellionella complex: a revision of the world's species (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology), 38: 57-128, figs 1-103.
  • Zagulajev, A.K. 1960. Tineidae; part 3 - subfamily Tineinae. [In Russian.] Fauna SSSR, 78: 1-267, 231 figs, 3 pls. [Translation, 1975, New Delhi.]
  • Zagulajev, A.K. 1964. Tineidae; part 2 - subfamily Nemapogoninae. [In Russian.] Fauna SSSR, 86: 1-424, 385 figs, 1 pl. [Translation, 1968, Jerusalem.]
  • Zagulajev, A.K. 1973. Tineidae; part 4 - subfamily Scardiinae. [In Russian.] Fauna SSSR, 104: 1-126, 99 figs, 2 pls.
  • Zagulajev, A.K. 1975. Tineidae; part 5 - subfamily Myrmecozelinae. [In Russian.] Fauna SSSR, 108: 1-426, 319 figs, 8 pls. [Translation, 1988, New Delhi.]
  • Zagulajev, A.K. 1979. Tineidae; part 6 - subfamily Meessiinae. [In Russian.] Fauna SSSR, 119: 1-409.
  • Zagulajev A K. 1988 English translation (original 1975). Clothes Moths (Tineidae) (English translation of Nastoyaschie Moli (Tineidae)).Akademiya Nauk SSSr, Zoologicheskii Institut, New series No. 108

References


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