- Spider-Man 2099
Cover to Spider-Man 2099 #1. Art by Rick Leonardi.
Publication information Publisher Marvel Comics First appearance The Amazing Spider-Man #365 (August 1992) Created by Peter David
(based upon the original character by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko)
In-story information Alter ego Miguel O'Hara Team affiliations Exiles Abilities
- Superhuman strength, speed, agility, reflexes, durability, and hearing
- Enhanced healing and health
- Enhanced vision (telescopic and night-vision)
- Genius-level intellect
- Talons on fingers and toes that enable wall-crawling, act as weapons, and can be folded down
- Organic webbing from forearms
- Temporary-paralysis venom from fangs
- Wears indestructible costume of unstable molecule fabric with air-foil that allows gliding
Spider-Man 2099 (Miguel O'Hara) is a fictional comic book superhero, created by Peter David and Rick Leonardi in 1992 for Marvel Comics' Marvel 2099 line. His secret alter ego is Miguel O'Hara, a brilliant geneticist living in New York in the year 2099 A.D. who is attempting to recreate the abilities of the original Spider-Man in other people and later suffers a related accident that causes half his DNA to be re-written with a spider's genetic code. O'Hara is the first Latino Spider-Man.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Powers and abilities
- 4 Other versions
- 5 In other media
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Spider-Man 2099 is a direct result of the 30th anniversary of Spider-Man's first appearance. Spider-Man 2099 was one of the many Marvel characters to be re-imagined for the Marvel 2099 comic book line that showed future versions of classic Marvel characters living in the year 2099, a century after the current Marvel Universe time period (the Marvel 2099 timeline began its run in 1992, approximately 107 years prior to the year in which the new books would take place). Spider-Man 2099 was first featured in a five page sneak preview of the first issue of his then-upcoming series in the 30th anniversary issue of The Amazing Spider-Man. The Spider-Man 2099 series' first issue appeared shortly afterward. When originally published, the Marvel 2099 stories were meant to depict the official future of the Marvel Universe: a dystopian America governed by corrupt megacorporations with a number of cyberpunk elements.
The character was originally designed by artist Rick Leonardi, with Peter David brought onto the series as writer to flesh out the character’s alter ego and supporting characters. Spider-Man 2099 #1 was written by Peter David, pencilled by Rick Leonardi, inked by Al Williamson, and lettered by Rick Parker. Peter David has said that Spider-Man 2099 #1 is the highest selling single issue of any comic he has ever written.
Although the book was continuously selling more than 100,000 copies per issue, the book and entire 2099 comic line underwent a drastic shift in early 1996, with the firing of the 2099 series editor Joey Cavalieri. At this time, Marvel's finances and future were unstable, and sudden firings were quite common. Like virtually all of the other writers in the line, Peter David chose to show solidarity with his editor, and resigned from the book with issue #44.
Marvel turned the remaining 2099 issues over to fill-in writers and editors. The last two issues of Spider-Man 2099 were done without Peter David's input and the series ended with issue #46. A few months later, demonstrating the popularity of the 2099 imprint, Marvel announced they would publish a new 2099 title, 2099: World of Tomorrow, immediately following the last issues of the original titles, under the new staff. The new bi-monthly title lasted eight issues and was meant to serve as a finale for the 2099 line and the end of its regular publication.
Miguel O'Hara was seen again without a costume in 1998 in 2099: Manifest Destiny, a one-shot issue intended to bring further closure to the 2099 line and its unresolved storylines. The character has since made several cameo and guest appearances in such titles as Captain Marvel vol. 3, #27-30 (written by Peter David), and most recently in Exiles #75-99. It was announced in January 2009 that Marvel would be publishing a collected edition of the first ten issues of the original series in April. The character and setting were later revisited and reimagined for the Timestorm 2009–2099 four-issue limited series published from April to August 2009.
Fictional character biography
Miguel O'Hara is born in New York City, many years after the end of what his people's history calls the "Heroic Age", which is the modern day era of Marvel heroes. He grows up with his mother Conchata, his younger brother Gabriel, and the abusive father George O'Hara. A rebellious boy with prodigy-level intelligence, Miguel is an adolescent when he is awarded enrollment into the Alchemax School for Gifted Youngsters (heavily implied to be a renovated version of the X-Men's headquarters) in Westchester, owned by the powerful Alchemax megacorporation which also controls local law enforcement agencies. Here, he befriends Xina Kwan, a girl of similar intelligence who specializes in computers. Xina helps Miguel defend himself against the bully Kron Stone, son of Tyler Stone, Vice President of R&D for Alchemax.
As adults, Miguel and Xina date seriously until Miguel cheats on her with Dana D'Angelo, who originally is the girlfriend of Miguel's brother Gabe. Later on, Miguel and Dana are engaged. Though seemingly arrogant and confident in all walks of life, Miguel is a very private man and trusts almost no one save for his apartment's holographic aid Lyla, an artificial intelligence programmed by Xina.
Miguel eventually becomes head of the genetics program of Alchemax, intended to create new corporation-controlled super-powered soldiers called "corporate raiders." Miguel is specifically inspired by surviving records concerning Spider-Man and hopes to one day create a similarly powered person. But after a human test subject dies during an early experiment, Miguel tells Tyler Stone he wishes to resign from Alchemax and discontinue his genetics research.
Rather than let Miguel leave, Tyler Stone tricks him into taking Rapture, an addictive drug that genetically bonds to the user. Tyler reminds Miguel that only Alchemax is allowed to legally distribute this drug, so if O'Hara does not remain with the corporation then Tyler must assume he is getting the drug from the black market and will be forced to tell the police. Not wishing to be a blackmailed addict, Miguel recalls that he entered his own genetic code into his machine's databanks during initial experiments, using it as a human DNA test sample. Intending to use this older template of his pure genetic code to write over his current biology and free himself from the Rapture, Miguel sneaks into Alchemax and uses the gene alteration machines on himself.
After Miguel turns on the machine to rewrite his DNA, his jealous subordinate Aaron Delgado sabotages the machines, causing them to alter Miguel's genetic code to be "50% spider DNA." Miguel survives the process, but realizes he now has spider-abilities.
Realizing that there is now a person with abilities similar to Spider-Man, Tyler Stone sends agents to hunt this person. To conceal his identity while he fights his pursuers, Miguel dons a bodysuit with a mask that he once wore for the Mexican Day of the Dead festival. Miguel chooses this costume in particular because it is the only clothing he has that is made from "UMF" (Unstable Molecule Fabric), meaning it is the only clothing he owns that will not be torn or shred by the spider-talons that now occupy his hands and feet. After seeing him operate in public, a group of Thorites (worshipers of the Marvel hero Thor) come to believe that Miguel is the legendary Spider-Man back from the dead and that he is the harbinger of Thor's eventual return.
Originally focused with finding a cure for his condition, Miguel's further adventures as Spider-Man 2099 cause him to realize how ignorant of the world he was and how he had turned a blind eye to the oppression and pain the corporations of the world have caused. He is also surprised at the effect his presence has on the people who have been oppressed for so long, particularly his own mother, who ironically also hates the man her eldest son has become, admires the exploits of Spider-Man 2099. After this, Miguel decides to embrace his identity as Spider-Man. Donning his costume, he publicly proclaims himself to be an enemy to all the megacorps, saying he will use his powers to fight for ordinary people against those in power who abuse their influence and authority.
Later on, Miguel discovers that an arrogant scientist at Alchemax called Jordan Boone is conducting "Virtual Unreality" experiments to create a doorway into another dimension. These experiments lead to the release of two mysterious figures: the Net Prophet, called "the prophet of Thor" by the Thorites, and a powerful megalomaniac called Thanatos. The Net Prophet becomes a new ally to Miguel. Since the Net Prophet is believed to be Thor's prophet, his association with Spider-Man 2099 leads more people to believe that Miguel's alter ego is the harbinger of Thor.
In the "Time Flies Saga" that occurs years later in Peter David's Captain Marvel series, it is revealed that the Net Prophet is actually the hero Justice (John Roger Tensen) and that Thanatos is a corrupt version of Rick Jones from Earth-9309.
The first major crossover of Marvel 2099 happens when Miguel and Dana visit Alchemax's floating city "Valhalla" and are startled by the sudden appearance of two men claiming to be Thor and Heimdall, respectively. It is later discovered that Alchemax CEO Avatarr has transformed ordinary people into duplicates of the Asgardians in order to eliminate the rising influence of new superheroes over the public. By joining forces, Doom, Ravage, the Punisher (Jake Gallows), the X-Men, and Spider-Man 2099 are able to defeat the fake Aesir and Valhalla falls.
Miguel later learns that Gabe is aware of his double-identity, having recognized Spider-Man's costume from what Miguel wore to the Day of the Dead festival years ago. Gabe has grown a bit resentful of Miguel's new heroic career, particularly since his girlfriend Kasey seems enamored with the costumed Spider-Man 2099.
After his holographic aid Lyla suffers a serious malfunction, Miguel asks for repairs from his ex-girlfriend Xina. Dana later accuses Miguel of cheating on her with Xina and Miguel becomes angry about this and about Dana's noticeably increasing interest in Tyler Stone. The two break up and Xina and Miguel become companions again.
Spider-Man 2099 Meets Spider-Man
In the 1995 one-shot Spider-Man 2099 Meets Spider-Man, Miguel and Peter Parker, the Spider-Man of the Heroic Age, find themselves having switched places, with Miguel waking up next to Peter's wife, Mary Jane, and Spider-Man finding himself in the future. They discover that their predicament is caused by Fujikawa (in the Modern Age) and Alchemax (in the year 2099) running experiments on a temporal energy generator. While Peter tackles the Vulture of 2099, Miguel faces Venom (Eddie Brock). Miguel realizes that this temporal anomaly is what will cause the end of the Heroic Age, since where he is in the past is when history tells him all the heroes and much of Earth's culture and technology were wiped out.
The two Spider-Man characters were united to face a major cause of the chaos, a time-traveling female Hobgoblin of the year 2211 (Robin Borne) from the alternate universe of Earth-9500. They are aided by this Hobgoblin's father, Spider-Man (Max Borne), and eventually everyone is sent back to their respective times.
It is noted at the end of this adventure that by being in the past, Miguel has slightly altered his present world of 2099 since he has postponed when the Heroic Age will end to a now unknown date. This implied that the world of Marvel 2099 might no longer have been the definite future of the modern Marvel Universe and in later stories it was said that Marvel 2099 occurs on the parallel world of Earth-928 (mainstream Marvel stories occur on Earth-616).
Revelations and One Nation Under Doom
While eavesdropping on a conversation between his mother and Tyler Stone, Miguel learns that the Rapture that Stone gave him was only a short-lasting simulation and would have worn off in time. He also learns that Tyler Stone is his real father. Bothered by this, he leaves New York to go traveling with Xina.
Later on, Doom 2099 assumes control over the U.S. and its megacorps. Tyler Stone is appointed as Doom’s Corporate Minister and Miguel is offered the seat of CEO of Alchemax. Later, Doom 2099 offers Spider-Man 2099 the position of Minister of Supernormal Affairs. Miguel eventually accepts the position at Alchemax, deciding to change the company for the better. He also uses his new influence to order law enforcement to leave Spider-Man 2099 alone.
Venom and Goblin 2099
After assuming his new position of power, Miguel winds up encountering a modern version of the original Spider-Man's enemy Venom. The Venom symbiote, still alive, though slightly altered, takes on a new host body and attacks Tyler Stone. During a later battle between Spider-Man 2099 and Venom 2099, Dana is killed.
Soon after this, a new villain called the Goblin appears and begins a smear campaign against Spider-Man 2099, displaying out-of-context evidence that implies he is actually a tool of the corporations and only pretends to be a hero of the people. Miguel hopes to get aid from Doom 2099, but the monarch is then removed from power.
Towards the end of the Spider-Man 2099 series, Miguel confronts the Goblin again and learns that it is actually his brother Gabe, twisted by jealousy towards his brother. But Miguel discovers that this is a trick, that the Goblin is a shape-shifter who has replaced Gabe. Meanwhile, various events and conflicting forces lead to Downtown being flooded and the main Alchemax building being destroyed.
After series cancellation
In 2099: World of Tomorrow, the polar ice caps melt and a massive deluge kills most of the world's inhabitants. The remnants of humanity face a new threat from space: the techno-organic Phalanx. Spider-Man works together with Doom 2099 to end the invasion, in which Doom sacrifices himself for the survival of mankind.
In the later one-shot 2099: Manifest Destiny, society rebuilds following the Phalanx invasion. Miguel reopens Alchemax and marries Xina. Together, they reawaken Steve Rogers, offering him Thor's hammer, Mjolnir (it had been previously established in mainstream Marvel Comics that Steve Rogers was deemed worthy to lift Mjolnir). Jettisoned into space, Rogers passes Mjolnir back to Miguel, who is likewise deemed worthy enough to lift and wield the mystical hammer, gaining new power from it.
Secretly aided by Zero Cochrane 2.0 (Ghost Rider 2099), Miguel rules for the next thousand years, ushering in an unprecedented age of enlightenment. Peace, morality, and progress spread from Earth to the surrounding worlds. In 3099, Rogers is once again revived and takes the hammer, leaving Miguel to retire. Miguel O'Hara's journey from a cowardly, arrogant youth to superhero to galactic leader and icon comes to an end.
Powers and abilities
Miguel O'Hara is a highly skilled geneticist and gifted with genius-level intelligence. Though he did not take combat training, he quickly develops an effective fighting style that maximizes the use of his superhuman agility, strength, senses, and intellect.
After having half of his DNA re-written with the genetic code of a spider, Miguel develops a wide array of powers. He has the proportionate strength, speed, and agility of a spider. If his strength is equal to that of the original Spider-Man, he should be able to lift a maximum of approximately 10-15 tons and leap roughly 30 feet in the air. His speed allows him to dodge gunfire from a short distance away and move several times faster than a normal human being can. His superhuman agility and dexterity allow him to perform complicated acrobatic and gymnastic maneuvers that would be impossible for even the most highly-trained athlete and help him achieve and regain perfect balance even under extraordinary combat situations. Access to these abilities are largely instinctual, due to his re-written genetic code.
Miguel's powers give him increased vitality and resistance to injury. He once suffered a punctured lung, broken ribs and major abrasions, and was still able to make it to a hospital where doctors said only his amazing constitution kept him alive. His metabolism allows him to heal a few times faster than a normal human, although he does not have a superhuman healing factor such as Wolverine.
Unlike the original Spider-Man, Miguel O'Hara does not possess an extra-sensory "spider-sense" or "danger-sense" that warns him of oncoming threats. On the other hand, Miguel possess enhanced vision and hearing, which the original Spider-Man did not have. He can see in complete darkness and can accurately perceive and "zoom-in" on people and objects that are a great distance away. Thanks to his enhanced vision and reflexes, he can accurately perceive objects in motion that a normal person would see only as a blur. Miguel's hearing is also enhanced, though not to the extent of his vision.
Spinnerets in his forearms enable him to fire an organic adhesive substance from the top of his wrists, usable in a wide variety of ways. Like the original Spider-Man (Peter Parker), Spider-Man 2099 can travel at high speeds swinging on "web-lines" when necessary, and he can use his webbing to ensnare enemies. Over time, this webbing loses its tensile strength and can be removed.
Although the original Spider-Man is able to have any part of his body (such as his back) adhere to surfaces through unknown and invisible means, Miguel can only cling to surfaces with his hands and feet due to angled talons protruding from his fingers and toes. These talons are not retractable but can fold down when Miguel concentrates and do so automatically when he touches his own skin so that he does not injure himself (of which he is particularly thankful to discover, as he remarks that otherwise, "going to the bathroom would be an adventure, and picking [his] nose would be lethal"). Though only approximately an inch in length, Miguel O'Hara's talons are capable of easily slicing through flesh and plastic. They can even rend metal armor, possibly because they are also enforced by Miguel's enhanced strength.
Spider-Man 2099 possesses venom glands and pronounced, pointed canine teeth. When he bites a foe, he can release a toxin that temporarily paralyzes his enemy. While the exact makeup of his venom has never been discussed, it seems powerful enough to affect such foes as Thanatos and it differs from real spider venom in that it does not seem to act as a digestive agent.
Weaknesses and deformities
A side-effect of Spider-Man 2099's enhanced senses is that his eyes gained red irises and are now overly sensitive to light. To protect himself from being blinded and to hide his strangely colored eyes, Miguel makes a habit of wearing sunglasses. When Spider-Man 2099 uses his enhanced sight to zoom-in on an object that is far away, his eyes often become completely white, with no visible irises or pupils.
Miguel also cannot retract his fangs and so has had to learn how to speak in a way that does not reveal his strange teeth. On occasion, this has caused others to accuse him of mumbling.
Since Miguel has organic spinnerets, pressure on his forearms has occasionally caused him to release webbing without meaning to. Likewise, when Miguel has lost his temper, his talons have occasionally popped up from his fingers in response.
Spider-Man 2099 has a small, web-like airfoil attached to the back of his costume, which fans have sometimes called a "web-cape." The material for the air foil was obtained from a Thorite's hang-glider and is made from a material called "Lyte Byte" which is specially made to capture and direct air currents and gives off a low-level of anti-gravity particles. This allows Spider-Man 2099 limited gliding abilities, valuable since the New York of 2099 has massive sky scrapers that are often too far away for him to fire a web-line for travel. The Lyte Byte material also allows him to shift direction while in free fall and is very good at slowing down his descent, allowing him to fall from great distances without reaching terminal velocity. It is important to note though that this does not grant Spider-Man 2099 actual flying abilities. He cannot hover nor can he simply rise into the air at will.
Spider-Man 2099's costume is made from Unstable Molecule Fabric or "UMF." Originally invented by Reed Richards of the Fantastic Four, this fabric was made to be indestructible and was designed to interact with super-powers without hampering them. Miguel uses his talons through the UMF gloves and boots without tearing the cloth. The UMF does not dull the strength or sharpness of his talons in the process. The UMF costume has also offered Spider-Man 2099 limited protection from energy weapons, as the energy blasts could not penetrate it. However, this did not prevent Miguel from suffering the impact of the blasts, and he was still seriously injured. Likewise, if Miguel fell from a great height, the UMF would not protect him from the impact of landing, it simply would not tear in the process.
While in costume, Miguel often reinforced his mask with webbing so that enemies could not remove it if he were captured or disabled in some way.
In The Amazing Spider-Man #439, the issue takes place 1,000 years (2998 based on the release date of the issue) in the future. Two archaeologists stumble across relics belonging to Spider-Man (such as his webshooters). They speculate on his career, and discuss the other heroes who were inspired by him, such as Spider-Girl, Spider-Man 2099, and Spider-Man 2211.
In issue #26 of What The--?!, a humor anthology title, the character Spider-Ham (an anthropomorphic pig who parodied the original Spider-Man) was reworked for a parody of Spider-Man 2099 entitled "Spider-Ham 15.88". A laboratory janitor named "Piguel O'Hara" accidentally falls into a vat of spider venom and gains spider-powers. A short (and confusing) excursion as Spider-Ham 2099 follows, including encounters with parody versions of Punisher 2099 and Ravage 2099.
After battling the Exiles, a team of heroes from parallel worlds who attempt to fix damaged realities, the villain Proteus possesses the body of John "Net Prophet" Tensen and escapes to the parallel Earth designated Earth-928 via Jordan Boone's Virtual Unreality portal (mirroring the Net Prophet's first arrival into 2099). This is the world of the Marvel 2099 future, though Proteus arrives at a time before Doom overtook leadership of the United States.
Proteus then assumes possession of the Hulk of that era. Spider-Man 2099 joins forces with the Exiles to stop him. Proteus, being too strong for his opponent, unmasks Miguel O'Hara before the public. Spider-Man 2099 then convinces Proteus that coming to his reality was a mistake and that he should move on. Later, feeling guilty that he has inflicted the crazed villain onto a parallel Earth, and now afraid of being hunted down since his identity has been exposed, Spider-Man 2099 leaves his world and joins the Exiles in their quest to stop Proteus.
After Proteus is defeated, Spider-Man 2099 remains with the Exiles to help them continue to fix damaged realities. After a couple more adventures, the Exiles are scattered across the multiverse and Miguel O'Hara winds up on a parallel world where he is found by a red-haired woman living on the beach. After an unspecified amount of time, the woman and Miguel fall in love and he remains on that world.
The appearance of Proteus in the 2099 era before Doom 2099 comes into power causes a divergence from the original Marvel 2099, creating a new parallel reality. This new timeline where Miguel is unmasked and leaves his world before Doom takes power over North America is now identified as Earth-6375.
In the newly relaunched 2099 world, O'Hara is younger than in his original version. His father is a scientist at Alchemax and Miguel himself is a high school student attending the Pym Academy. Miguel lives with his father with no siblings, as opposed to the original incarnation in which he lives with his mother and brother Gabriel.
Miguel received his powers in an accident caused by the Timestorm. At the time, he was attending a class on biological re-engineering in which he and his classmates were altering the genetic code of various bugs. When the Timestorm happened, his DNA was mixed with that of the spider he was working on. His powers are extremely similar to those of Peter Parker's, with the exception of Miguel's organic webbing, that is shot from the top of his hand. As opposed to the original incarnation of Miguel O'Hara, the Timestorm version does not appear to have razor sharp "talons" on his hands and feet.
After gaining his powers, he creates his Spider-Man costume in a 3D printer and helps a time-lost Peter Parker battle Scorpion 2099 (Kron Stone, who was caught in the same accident as Miguel). The original Spider-Man advises him not to be a hero as it is too dangerous, and he instead uses his powers in a fighting arena against the Atlantean Human Torch.
In other media
- Spider-Man 2099 was an unlockable costume for Spider-Man in the first of Activision's Spider-Man games for Sony PlayStation, Sega Dreamcast, Nintendo 64, and the Windows/PC platform. The unlockable character returned in the game's sequel, Enter Electro, produced for PlayStation. All Spider-Man characters, including Spider-Man 2099, were voiced by Rino Romano.
- Marvel 2099: One Nation Under Doom is a 2D side-scrolling game with 3D rendered characters based on the "One Nation Under Doom" comic storyline. Spider-Man 2099 was a playable character in the developed, but canceled, video game by Mindscape for the PlayStation.
- Spider-Man 2099 is also a Wii exclusive unlockable costume for Spider-Man: Web of Shadows by completing 50 city events.
- Spider-Man 2099 is a playable character in the Marvel Super Hero Squad video game.
- Spider-Man 2099 is one of four versions of Spider-Man featured as playable protagonists in Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions, voiced by Dan Gilvezan, who played the role of Peter Parker in the 1980s cartoon series Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends. In the game, Spider-Man 2099 can also don the outfits of Earth-616's Iron Spider-Man (worn during Marvel's Civil War), the silver Spider-Armor (worn in Web of Spider-Man #100), and his robotic nemesis Flipside's costume. The Timestorm 2009–2099 version of Scorpion appears as a boss. New characters that appear are Hobgoblin 2099 and a female Doctor Octopus 2099, while Madame Web bestows Miguel with a spider-sense that he can use in his missions. In addition, the Nintendo DS version features the ability to glide, a battle against Vulture 2099, and the debut of a 2099 version of Silvermane. He enjoyed the time his dimension was shattered by the Tablet of Order and Chaos as he got ot meet several past Spider-Men and got new powers.
- Spider-Man 2099 is a playable character in Spider-Man: Edge of Time, voiced by Christopher Daniel Barnes, who provided the voice of Spider-Man in the 1994 TV series. In the game, he is trying to stop Sloan from rewriting history and allow Alchemax to be founded ahead of scheudle. He makes a chronal link with Peter Parker to help him out, but is annoyed by his additude. He travels back into the past to help Peter survive Anti-Venom's curing powers and helps defeat an evil version of Peter along with an Atrocity create from a mixture of Anti-Venom, Doc Ock and Sloan.
- A Spider-Man 2099 action figure was produced by Toy Biz for their Spider-Man Classics toy line. This figure was an exclusive repaint available only through KB Toys.
- Hasbro took over production of Marvel Comics toys in 2007. In their first wave of figures, "Spider-Man Origins", they released a newer version of Spider-Man 2099, which was again a repaint.
- WizKids created a Spider-Man 2099 figure for their HeroClix game in 2005.
- ^ Robinson, Bryan (16 August 2011). "Remembering the First – and Forgotten – Latino Spider-Man". Fox News Latino. http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/lifestyle/2011/08/16/remembering-first-and-forgotten-latino-spider-man/. Retrieved 16 August 2011.
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #1 (November 1992)
- ^ "Looking Back: Spider-Man 2099". Newsarama. http://forum.newsarama.com/showthread.php?t=1009.
- ^ David, Peter (March 13, 1998). "But I Digress...". Comics Buyer's Guide (1269): 78.
- ^ "2099 Comicboards Checklist". http://www.comicboards.com/2099ug/moderator/Exhaustive%202099%20comic%20checklist.html.
- ^ "Marvel Solicitations, April 2009". Comic Book Resources. January 21, 2009. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=19606. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
- ^ Richards, Dave (March 13, 2009). "Back to the Future: Reed Talks Timestorm 2009/2099". Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20420. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #25-30, #32-34 (1994–1995)
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #37 (November 1995)
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #2
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #3
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #10
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #12-13
- ^ Captain Marvel vol. 3, #27-30 (March–May 2002)
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #15
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #21
- ^ a b Spider-Man 2099 #25
- ^ a b Spider-Man 2099 Meets Spider-Man
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #33-34
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #35-39
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #41
- ^ Spider-Man 2099 #46
- ^ 2099: World of Tomorrow #7
- ^ "Spider-Man (2099)". Marvel.com. http://www.marvel.com/universe/Spider-Man_%282099%29.
- ^ Exiles #72-74
- ^ "Spider-Man (Miguel O'Hara Earth-6375)". Marvel.com. http://www.marvel.com/universe/Spider-Man_2099_(Exiles).
- ^ Exiles #76
- ^ Exiles #99
- ^ All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #5
- ^ a b Timestorm 2009–2099 #2 (July 2009)
- ^ a b Timestorm 2009–2099: Spider-Man (August 2009)
- ^ "Marvel 2099: One Nation Under Doom". GameSpot. http://www.gamespot.com/gamespot/features/video/vg_graveyard/sony_17.html.
- ^ "Spider-Man 2099 revealed for Shattered Dimensions". http://www.computerandvideogames.com/article.php?id=249393.
- ^ "'Spider-Man: Edge of Time' Is the Next Spidey Game From Beenox". http://multiplayerblog.mtv.com/2011/03/31/spider-man-edge-of-time-is-the-next-spidey-game-from-beenox/. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
- ^ "Raving Toy Maniac - Spider-Man 2099". ToyMania.com. http://www.toymania.com/news/messages/1312.shtml.
- Spider-Man 2099 at the Marvel Universe wiki
Spider-Man publications and storylines Current seriesThe Amazing Spider-Man (Issues) · Avenging Spider-Man Former seriesAmazing Fantasy · Amazing Spider-Man Family · Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man · Marvel Team-Up · Peter Parker: Spider-Man · The Sensational Spider-Man · The Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2) · The Spectacular Spider-Man · Spider-Man's Tangled Web · Untold Tales of Spider-Man · Web of Spider-Man (vol. 1 and 2) Limited series Outside
continuityMarvel Adventures Spider-Man · Spider-Man 2099 · Spider-Man Noir · Spider-Man Noir: Eyes Without a Face · Spider-Man: India · Spider-Man: The Manga · Spidey Super Stories · Spider-Girl · Spider-Man Loves Mary Jane · Spider-Man: Reign · Spider-Man Unlimited · Ultimate Spider-Man · Ultimate Comics: Spider-Man
Crossovers Storylines"Spider-Man No More!" (1967) · "Green Goblin Reborn!" (1971) · "The Six Arms Saga" (1971) · "The Night Gwen Stacy Died" (1973) · "Nothing Can Stop the Juggernaut!" (1982) · "The Kid Who Collects Spider-Man" (1984) · "Secret Wars" (1984) · "The Death of Jean DeWolff" (1985) · "The Wedding!" (1987) · "Kraven's Last Hunt" (1987) · "Torment" (1990) · "Invasion of the Spider-Slayers" (1992) · "Maximum Carnage" (1993) · "Clone Saga" (1994) · "Planet of the Symbiotes" (1995) · "Identity Crisis" (1998) · "The Final Chapter" (1998) · "Flowers for Rhino" (2001) · "House of M" (2005) · "The Other" (2005) · "Civil War" (2006) · "Back in Black" (2007) · "One More Day" (2007) · "Brand New Day" (2008) · "New Ways to Die" (2008) · "American Son" (2009) · "The Gauntlet" and "Grim Hunt" (2009) · "Siege" (2009) · "One Moment in Time" (2010) · "Shadowland" (2010) · "Big Time" (2010) · "Spider-Island" (2011) Other
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