- Stan Lee
Lee introduced the practice of including a credit panel on the splash page of each story, naming not just the writer and penciller but also the inker and letterer. Regular news about Marvel staff members and upcoming storylines was presented on the
Bullpen Bulletinspage, which (like the letter columns that appeared in each title) was written in a friendly, chatty style.
Throughout the 1960s, Lee scripted, art-directed, and edited most of Marvel's series, moderated the letters pages, wrote a monthly column called "Stan's Soapbox", and wrote endless promotional copy, often signing off with his trademark phrase "Excelsior!" (which is also the
New Yorkstate motto). To maintain his taxing workload, yet still meet deadlines, he used a system that was used previously by various comic-book studios, but due to Lee's success with it, became known as the " Marvel Method" or "Marvel style" of comic-book creation. Typically, Lee would brainstorm a story with the artist and then prepare a brief synopsis rather than a full script. Based on the synopsis, the artist would fill the allotted number of pages by determining and drawing the panel-to-panel storytelling. After the artist turned in penciled pages, Lee would write the word balloons and captions, and then oversee the lettering and coloring. In effect, the artists were co-plotters, whose collaborative first drafts Lee built upon.
Because of this system, the exact division of creative credits on Lee's comics has been disputed, especially in cases of comics drawn by Kirby and Ditko. Similarly, Lee shares co-creator credit with Kirby on the two "Fantastic Four" films, while also sharing the same credit with Ditko with the "Spider-Man" feature film series.
In 1971, Lee indirectly reformed the
Comics Code. The US Department of Health, Education and Welfareasked Lee to write a story about the dangers of drugs and Lee wrote a story in which Spider-Man's best friend becomes addicted to pills. The three-part story was slated to be published in "Amazing Spider-Man" #96-98, but the Comics Code Authorityrefused it because it depicted drug use; the story context was considered irrelevant.Fact|date=August 2008 With his publisher's approval, Lee published the comics without the CCA seal. The comics sold well and Marvel won praise for its socially conscious efforts.Fact|date=August 2008 The CCA subsequently loosened the Code to permit negative depictions of drugs, among other new freedoms.Fact|date=August 2008
Lee also supported using comic books to provide some measure of social commentary about the real world, often dealing with
racismand bigotry. "Stan's Soapbox", besides promoting an upcoming comic book project, also addressed issues of discrimination, intolerance, or prejudice.Fact|date=August 2008 In addition, Lee took to using sophisticated vocabularyfor the stories' dialogue to encourage readers to learn new words. Lee has justified this by saying: "If a kid has to go to a dictionary, that's not the worst thing that could happen."Fact|date=August 2008
In later years, Lee became a figurehead and public face for Marvel Comics. He made appearances at comic book conventions around America, lecturing at colleges and participating in panel discussions, and by now owning a vacation home on Cutler Lane in
Remsenburg, New York[ [http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2007/09/04/realestate/keymagazine/20070909STANLEE_9.html Lewine, "The New York Times", Image 8] ] and, from 1975 to 1980, a two-bedroom condominiumon the 14th floor of 220 East 63rd Street in Manhattan. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2007/09/04/realestate/keymagazine/20070909STANLEE_11.html Lewine, "The New York Times", Image 10] ] He moved to California in 1981 to develop Marvel's TV and movie properties. He has been an executive producer for, and has made cameo appearances in Marvel film adaptations and other movies. He and his wife bought a home in West Hollywood, Californiapreviously owned by comedian Jack Benny's radio announcer, Don Wilson. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2007/09/04/realestate/keymagazine/20070909STANLEE_12.html Lewine, "The New York Times", Image 11] ] Lee was briefly president of the entire company, but soon stepped down to become publisher instead, finding that being president was too much about numbers and finance and not enough about the creative process he enjoyed.
Lee also published two novels: "Dunn's Conundrum" [(
Harper & Row, 1985, ISBN 0718125134, ISBN 978-0718125134)] and "The God Project". [(Grove/Atlantic, 1990, ISBN 0802111289, ISBN 978-0802111289)] In "Dunn's Conundrum", a group of American Cold Warintelligence specialists called The Librarians are led by Harry Dunn. When the team investigates a leak of U.S. defense information, Dunn begins questioning the entire intelligence system and begins to wonder who the enemy truly is. As the U.S. and the Soviet Unionapproach the brink of nuclear war, Dunn must choose whether or not to release sensitive information. In "The God Project" presidential aide Malcom Keyes must investigate rumors of the CIA's titular secret weapon.
Later in the 1990s, Lee befriended former lawyer Peter Paul, who supervised the negotiation of a non-exclusive contract with
Marvel Comicsfor the first time in Lee's lifetime employment with Marvel.Fact|date=August 2008 This enabled Paul and Lee to start a new Internet-based superherocreation, production and marketing studio, Stan Lee Media, in 1998. It grew to 165 people and went public, but near the end of 2000, investigators discovered illegal stock manipulation by Paul and corporate officer Stephan Gordon. [SEC Litigation Release No. LR-18828, August 11, 2004.] Stan Lee Media filed for bankruptcy in February 2001, and Paul fled to São Paulo, Brazil."Stan Lee Holder Peter Paul Flees to South America, According to Cohort's Affidavit", "Inside.com", March 5, 2001] ["Accusations Against Peter Paul Retracted and Corrected in Court Filing", "MarketWatch.com", May 7, 2001] He was extradited back to the U.S., and pled guilty to violating SEC Rule 10b-5in connection with trading of his stock in Stan Lee Media.United States Attorney's Office, [http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/nye/pr/2005mar8.htm "Peter Paul, co-founder of Stan Lee Media, Inc., pleads guilty to securities fraud; Fraud scheme caused $25 million in losses to investors and financial institutions"] , press release, March 8, 2005. ] April Witt, [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/10/04/AR2005100401150.html "House Of Cards: What do Cher, a Hollywood con man, a political rising star and an audacious felon have in common? Together they gave Bill and Hillary Clinton a night they'll never forget – no matter how hard they may try"] , "The Washington Post", October 9, 2005, p. W10] Lee was never implicated in the scheme.
Some of the Stan Lee Media projects included the animated Web series "
The 7th Portal" where he voiced the character Izayus; " The Drifter"; and " The Accuser". The "7th Portal" characters were licensed to an interactive 3-D movie attraction in four Paramount theme parks.
In the 2000s, Lee did his first work for DC Comics, launching the "
Just Imagine..." series, in which Lee reimagined the DC superheroes Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lanternand the Flash.
Lee created the risqué animated superhero series "
Stripperella" for Spike TV. In 2004, he announced plans to collaborate with Hugh Hefneron a similar superhero cartoon featuring PlayboyPlaymates.Fact|date=February 2007 He also announced a superhero program that would feature Ringo Starr, the former Beatle, as the lead character.cite news | url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/tv_and_radio/4212335.stm | title=Ringo Starr to become superhero | publisher= BBC| work=| date= 2004-08-06| author= ] Additionally, in August of that year, Lee announced the launch of Stan Lee's Sunday Comics, [cite news | url=http://www.cbc.ca/story/arts/national/2004/08/06/Arts/lee040806.html | title=Stan Lee Launches New Online Comic Venture | publisher=CBC | work=| date= 2004-08-06| author= ] hosted by Komikwerks.com, where monthly subscribers could read a new, updated comic and "Stan's Soapbox" every Sunday. The column has not been updated since Feb. 15, 2005.
In 2005, Lee, Gill Champion and Arthur Lieberman formed POW! (Purveyors of Wonder) Entertainment to develop film, television and video game properties. The first film produced by POW! was the
TV movie"Lightspeed" (also advertised as "Stan Lee's Lightspeed"), which aired on the Sci Fi Channel on July 26, 2006.Fact|date=August 2008 POW! president and CEO Champion said in 2005 that Lee was creating a new superhero, Foreverman, for a Paramount Picturesmovie, in tandem with producer Robert Evans and Idiom Films, with Peter Briggshired to collaborate with Lee on the screenplay. [ [http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/search/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000819063 "The Hollywood Reporter" (March 1, 2005): "Lee, Evans' POW! fields 'Foreverman'", by Liza Foreman] ]
In 2005, Lee filed a lawsuit against Marvel for his unpaid share of profits from Marvel movies, winning a settlement of more than $10 million.Fact|date=August 2008
In 2006, Marvel commemorated Lee's 65 years with the company by publishing a series of one-shot comics starring Lee himself meeting and interacting with many of his creations, including Spider-Man, Dr. Strange, The Thing, Silver Surfer and Dr. Doom. These comics also featured short pieces by such comics creators as
Joss Whedonand Fred Hembeck, as well as reprints of classic Lee-written adventures.
In 2007, POW! Entertainment started a series of direct-to-DVD animated films under the "Stan Lee Presents" banner. Each film focuses on a new superhero, created by Stan Lee for the series. The first two releases were "Mosaic" and "The Condor".
In June 2007, Walt Disney Studios entered into an exclusive multi-year first look deal with Stan Lee and POW! Entertainment. "It's like the realization of a dream. Ever since I was a young boy, Disney represented the best and most exciting film fare to me. ... I look forward with indescribable enthusiasm to being a part of that world and contributing whatever I can to keep the legend alive and growing," said Lee. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Disney Studios Signs Exclusive Deal With Stan Lee | date= | publisher=Magical Mountain | url =http://www.magicalmountain.net/WDWNewsDetail.asp?NewsID=1569 | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2007-06-15 | language = ]
March 15, 2007, Stan Lee Media's new President Jim Nesfield filed a lawsuit against Marvel Entertainmentfor $5 billion, claiming that the company is co-owner of the characters that Lee created for Marvel. [ cite web |url=http://www.redherring.com/Article.aspx?a=21665&hed=Stan+Lee+Media+Sues+Marvel:+$5B |title=Stan Lee Media Sues Marvel|accessdate= |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format=html |work= |publisher= |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl=http://strange.commongate.com/post/Stan_Lee_Media_Sues_Marvel_5B |archivedate=2007-09-22 |quote= ]
June 9, 2007, Stan Lee Media sued Stan Lee, his newer company, POW Entertainment, subsidiary QED Entertainment, and other former Stan Lee Media staff at POW. [ cite web |url=http://www.comicsreporter.com/index.php/june_9_stan_lee_media_inc_files_aggressive_lawsuit_against_stan_lee/ |title=June 9: Stan Lee Media, Inc. Files Expected Lawsuit Against Stan Lee
accessdate=2007-09-22 |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format=html |work=Daily Blog |publisher=The Comic Reporter |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]
In 2008, Lee wrote humorous captions for the political
fumettibook "Stan Lee Presents Election Daze: What Are They Really Saying?". [(Filsinger Publishing, ISBN 0970263155; ISBN 978-0970263155)]
In April 2008, at the NYCC,
Viz Mediaannounced that their parent company Shueishawould be debuting the prologue chapter of " Karakuridôji Ultimo", a collaborative effort between Stan Lee and " Shaman King" creator Hiroyuki Takei. [ cite web |url=http://comics.ign.com/articles/864/864777p1.html |title=NYCC 08: Stan Lee Dives Into Manga
accessdate=2008-04-08 |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format=html |work= |publisher=IGN |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]
Brighton Partnersand Rainmaker Animationannounced in April 2008 a partnership with Lee's POW! Entertainmentto produce a CGI film series, " Legion of 5". [cite web|url=http://www.comingsoon.net/news/movienews.php?id=44144|title=Stan Lee Launching Legion of 5|accessdate=2008-04-16|publisher=ComingSoon.net] That same month, Virgin Comicsannounced Lee would create a line of superhero comics for that company. [ [http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/la-et-virgin19apr19,1,7072456.story Stan Lee to oversee Virgin Comics' superheroes] , " LA Times", April 19, 2008]
December 5, 1947, Lee married Joan Clayton. Joan Lee gave birth to Stan's two daughters: Joan Celia "J.C." Lee in 1950 and Jan Lee, who died three days after delivery in 1953.
Lee's favorite authors include
Stephen King, H. G. Wells, Mark Twain, Arthur Conan Doyle, William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, and Harlan Ellison. ["Stan's Soapbox, Bullpen Bulletins", October 1998]
Awards and honors
Lee has received several awards for his work, including being formally inducted into the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1995.
He is among the celebrities scheduled to receive a star on the
Hollywood Walk of Famein 2008. [ [http://www.justpressplay.net/movies/spider-man-3/news/stan-lee-gets-a-star-on-walk-of-fame.html JustPressPlay.net (July 22, 2007): "Stan Lee Gets a Star on Walk of Fame!", by Arya Ponto] ]
Stan Lee and his collaborator
Jack Kirbyappear as themselves in " The Fantastic Four" #10 (Jan. 1963), the first of several appearances within the fictional Marvel Universe. The two are depicted as similar to their real-world counterparts, creating comic books based on the "real" adventures of the Fantastic Four.
Kirby, during his years of working for
DC Comicsin the 1970s, created the character Funky Flashmanas a possible parody of Stan Lee. With his hyperbolic speech pattern, gaudy toupee, and hip '70s-Manhattan style beard (as Lee sported at the time) this ne'er-do-well charlatanfirst appeared in the pages of " Mister Miracle".
Kirby later portrayed himself, Lee, production executive
Sol Brodsky, and Lee's secretary Flo Steinbergas superheroes in "What If #11", "What If the Marvel Bullpen Had Become the Fantastic Four?", in which Lee played the part of Mister Fantastic. Lee has also made numerous cameo appearances in many Marvel titles, appearing in audiences and crowds at many characters' ceremonies and parties, and hosting an old-soldiers reunion in "Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos" #100 (July 1972). Lee appeared, unnamed, as the priest at Luke Cageand Jessica Jones' wedding in "New Avengers Annual" #1. He pays his respects to Karen Pageat her funeral in the "Daredevil" "Guardian Devil" story arc,issue and appears in " The Amazing Spider-Man" (June 1977).
Alan Moore's satirical miniseries "1963", based on numerous Marvel characters of the 1960s, Moore's alter ego "Affable Al" parodies Lee and his allegedly unfair treatment of artists.
The "Young Dan Pussey" stories by
Daniel Clowes, collected in "Pussey!", feature an exploitative publisher who relies on Lee's gung-ho style and "Bullpen" mythology to motivate his stable of naive and underpaid creators; the stories mainly satirize the state of mainstream comics in the 1990s, but also the subculture of young superhero fans that Lee helped to create.
In Marvel's 1991 comic book adaptation of game "
Double Dragon", a character modeled after Stan Lee was specifically created for the comic and is introduced as the father of the protagonists, Billy and Jimmy Lee. The character is only referred by his first name, Stan, although the play on his name is obvious when one considers the Lee brothers' surname.
X-Play" on the cable network G4, the character "Roger, the Stan Lee Experience" - dubbed "the fifth-best-thing next to Stan Lee" - is a foul-mouthed, perverted stand-up comic parody of Lee. Roger's segments normally consist of him describing details of numerous unspeakable adult encounters, usually involving the wife of another Marvel veteran, Jack Kirby, with each encounter somehow leading to the creation of a well-known Marvel character.
In Marvel's July 1997 "Flashback" event, a top-hatted caricature of Lee as a ringmaster introduced stories which detailed events in Marvel characters' lives before they became superheroes, in special "-1" editions of many Marvel titles. The "ringmaster" depiction of Lee was originally from "Generation X" #17 (July 1996), where the character narrated a story set primarily in an abandoned circus. Though the story itself was written by
Scott Lobdell, the narration by "Ringmaster Stan" was written by Lee himself, and the character was drawn in that issue by Chris Bachalo. Bachalo's depiction of "Ringmaster Stan" was later used in the heading of a short-lived revival of the "Stan's Soapbox" column, which evolved into a question & answer format.
In his given name of Stanley Lieber, Stan Lee appears briefly in Paul Malmont's 2006 novel "The Chinatown Death Cloud Peril".
Lee and other comics creators are mentioned in
Michael Chabon's 2000 novel about the comics industry " The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay".
On one of the last pages of "Truth: Red, White, and Black", Lee appears in a real photograph among other celebrities on a wall of the Bradley home.
In Ultimate X-Men #20, a caricature of Lee appears as a photograph next to the letter Xavier leaves for his students.
Stan Lee Meets Superheroes, Stan Lee comes in to contact with some of his favorite creations. The series was written by Lee himself.
Film and television appearances
Marvel film properties
Stan Lee appeared in cameos as one-scene characters in many (but not all) movies based on Marvel Comic characters he helped create.
* In the
TV-movie" The Trial of the Incredible Hulk" (1989), Lee's first appearance in a Marvel movie or TV project is as juryforeman in the trial of Dr. Bruce Banner.
*Lee has cameo roles in the
Fox Broadcasting Companytelefilms "Generation X" (1996) and "" (1998)
*In "X-Men" (2000), Lee appears as a customer at a hotdog stand on the beach when
Senator Kellyemerges naked onshore after escaping from Magneto.
*In "Spider-Man" (2002), he appeared during
Spider-Man's first battle with the Green Goblin, pulling a little girl away from falling debris.
*In "Daredevil" (2003), as a child, Matt Murdock stops Lee from crossing the street and getting hit by a car.
*In "Hulk" (2003), he appears walking alongside former TV-series Hulk
Lou Ferrignoin an early scene, both as security guards at Bruce Banner's lab. It was his first speaking role in a film based on one of his characters.
Spider-Man 2" (2004), Lee again pulls an innocent person away from danger during Spider-Man's first battle with Doctor Octopus.
*In "Fantastic Four" (2005), Lee appears for the first time as a character from the comics, in a role credited as
Willie Lumpkin, the mail carrier who greets the Fantastic Fouras they enter the Baxter Building.
*In "" (2006), Lee and
Chris Claremontappear as two of Jean Grey's neighbors in the opening scenes set 20 years ago. Lee, credited as "Waterhose man," is watering the lawn when Jean telekinetically redirects the water from the hose into the air.
Spider-Man 3" (2007), Lee appears in a credited role as "Man in Times Square". He stands next to Peter Parker, both of them reading a news bulletin, and commenting to Peter that, "You know, I guess one person can make a difference". He then says his catchphrase, "'Nuff said."
*In "" (2007), Lee appears as himself at Reed Richards' and Susan Storm's first wedding, being turned away by a security guard for not being on the guest list. In "Fantastic Four Annual" #3 (1965), in which the couple married, Lee and
Jack Kirbyare similarly turned away.
*In "Iron Man" (2008), Lee (credited as "Himself") appears at a gala cavorting with three blond women, where Tony Stark mistakes him for
Hugh Hefner. [cite news |author=Eric Goldman |title=Stan Lee's Further Superhero Adventures |publisher= IGN|date= 2007-05-04|url=http://uk.tv.ign.com/articles/785/785824p3.html |accessdate=2007-05-14] In the theatrical release of the film, Stark simply greets Lee as "Hef" and moves on without seeing Lee's face; another version of the scene was filmed where Stark realizes his mistake, but Lee graciously responds, "That's okay, I get this all the time." ["Iron Man" Ultimate 2-Disc Edition DVD, disc 2, "I Am Iron Man" documentary]
*In "Incredible Hulk" (2008), Lee appears as a hapless citizen who accidentally ingests a
soft drinkmixed with Bruce Banner's blood, leading to the discovery of Dr. Banner's location in a bottling plant in Brazil.
* In the original broadcast airing of the "" episode "Apokolips... Now! Part 2", an animated Stan Lee was planned to be visible mourning the death of Daniel "Terrible" Turpin, a character based on Lee's collaborator
Jack Kirby. The scene would also have included such Marvel characters as the Fantastic Four, Nick Fury, and Peter Parker, as well as such Kirby DC characters as Big Barda, Scott Free, and Orion. This shot appeared in the completed episode and was aired in 7 February 1998 in WB Kids, but was later removed in the DVD release of the episode. [The original sketches for this scene appear in the book "The Krypton Companion" (TwoMorrows Publishing)]
Other film, TV and video
* Lee appears with director Kevin Smith and 2000s Marvel editor-in-chief
Joe Quesadain the DVD program "Marvel Then & Now: An Evening with Stan Lee and Joe Quesada, hosted by Kevin Smith". [ [http://www.thenandnowdvd.org Then And Now] ]
*Lee narrated the 2000 film "", under the pseudonym "Peter Parker."
*One of Lee's earliest contributions to animation based on Marvel properties was narrating the 1980s "Incredible Hulk" animated series, always beginning his narration with a self-introduction and ending with "This is Stan Lee saying, "Excelsior"!" Lee had previously narrated the "Seven Little Superheroes" episode of "
Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends", which the "Hulk" series was paired with for broadcast.
*Lee did the narration for the original 1989
X-Menanimated series pilot titled " Pryde of the X-Men".
*Lee was executive producer of a 1990s animated TV series, titled "". He appeared, as animated character (and with his voice), in the
series finaleepisode titled "Farewell, Spider-Man". Spider-Man was teleported into the "real" world where he is a comic book hero. He swings Stan Lee around and drops him off on top of a building. Realizing he is stuck on a roof, Lee muses "Maybe the Fantastic Four will pop up and get me down."
*He also voices the character "Frank Elson" in an episode of "" series broadcast by
MTVin 2003, and titled "Mind Games" (Parts 1 & 2, originally aired in Aug. 15 & 22, 2003).
*Lee has an extensive cameo in the Kevin Smith film "
Mallrats". He once again plays himself, this time visiting "the" mall to sign books at a comic store. Later, he takes on the role of a sage-like character, giving Jason Lee's character, Brodie Bruce (a longtime fan of Lee's), advice on his love life. He also recorded interviews with Smith for the non-fiction video " Stan Lee's Mutants, Monsters, and Marvels" (2002).
*Lee appeared as himself in an extended self-parodying sketch on the episode "
Tapping a Hero" of " Robot Chicken"
*Lee appears as himself in writer-director
Larry Cohen's " The Ambulance" (1990), in which Eric Robertsplays an aspiring comics artist.
The Simpsons" episode " I Am Furious Yellow" (April 28, 2002), Lee voices the animated Stan Lee, who is a prolonged visitor to Comic Book Guy's store ("Stan Lee came back?" "Stan Lee never left. I am starting to think his mind is no longer in mint condition.") He asks if Comic Book Guyis the stalker of Lynda Carter- the star of the 70s show "Wonder Woman" - and shows signs of dementia, such as breaking a customer's toy Batmobileby trying to cram a The Thing action figureinto it (claiming that he "made it better"), hiding DC comics behind Marvel comics, and believing that he is the Hulk (and fails trying to become the Hulk, while Comic Book Guycomments he couldn't even change into Bill Bixby). In a later episode, Lee's picture is seen next to several others on the wall behind the register, under the heading "Banned for life".
*Lee also appears as himself in the
Mark Hamill-directed ' (2004), a direct-to-videomockumentary primarily filmed at the 2002 San Diego Comic-Con. He appeared in ' (2004) as the "Three Stooges Wedding Guest", a Spaniard who learns English from watching Three Stoogesshorts.
*Stan Lee narrates the 2000 video game "Spider-Man" and the 2001 sequel "".
*Lee is producer and host of the
reality-TVshow " Who Wants to Be a Superhero?", which premiered on the Sci Fi Channel July 27, 2006, and had its second season in summer, 2007.
*Lee has made two appearances as a subject on "
To Tell the Truth": first in 1970, and again in 2001.
*Lee also made an appearance on
December 21, 2006, on the NBC game show"Identity".
*Lee voices characters in POW! Entertainment's direct-to-DVD "Stan Lee Presents" line of animated features. In "Mosaic" he voices the security guard Stanley at Interpol, and in "The Condor" he voices a candy-store owner whose granddaughter the Condor saves.
*Lee recorded a public service announcement for Deejay Ra's "Hip-Hop Literacy" campaign
At the 2007
Comic-Con International, Marvel Legendsintroduced a Stan Lee action figure. The body beneath the figure's removable cloth wardrobe is re-used from the mold of a previously released Spider-Man action figure, with only minor changes. [ [http://www.oafe.net/yo/mlh2_sl.php OAFE - ML: Stan Lee exclusive review] ]
Comics that Stan Lee has written or co-written include:
The Amazing Spider-Man" (Vol. 1): #1-100, 105-110, 116-118
*"The Avengers" (Vol. 1): #1-34
Captain America" (Vol. 1) #100-109, 112, 114-141
*"Daredevil" (Vol. 1): #1-9, 11-50, 53, 81
Fantastic Four" (Vol. 1): #1-115, 120-125, 154, 180, 189, 236, 296
Journey into Mystery" (Vol. 1): #1, 3, 55, 62, 64, 71-79, 83-125
*"Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos": #1-28
The Silver Surfer" (Vol. 1): #1-18
Strange Tales" (Vol. 1): #1, 9, 11, 67, 73-74, 78-86, 88-89, 91-95, 97-98, 100-147, 150-157, 174, 182-188
Tales to Astonish" (Vol. 1): #1, 6, 12-13, 15-17, 24-33, 35-101
Tales of Suspense" (Vol. 1): #7, 9, 16, 22, 27, 29-30, 39-99
*"The Mighty Thor" (Vol. 1): #126-194, 200, 254, 385, 432, 450
The X-Men" (Vol. 1): #1-21
* Lee, Stan, "Origins of Marvel Comics" (
Simon and Schuster, 1974; Marvel Entertainment Group, 1997 reissue, ISBN 0-7851-0551-4)
* Lee, Stan, and Mair, George. "Excelsior!: The Amazing Life of Stan Lee" (Fireside, 2002) ISBN 0-684-87305-2
* Ro, Ronin. "Tales to Astonish: Jack Kirby, Stan Lee, and the American Comic Book Revolution" (Bloomsbury USA, 2005 reissue) ISBN 1-58234-566-X
* Raphael, Jordan, and Spurgeon, Tom. "Stan Lee and the Rise and Fall of the American Comic Book" (Chicago Review Press, 2003) ISBN 1-55652-506-0
* [http://www.maelmill-insi.de/UHBMCC/NAML8.HTM#N162 Stan Lee] at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
* [http://powentertainment.com/ POW! Entertainment] (official site)
* [http://www.stanleeweb.com Stan Lee Web] (fan site)
* [http://www.folkstory.com/articles/spiderman.html Framingham, Mass., "Daily News" (May 5, 2002): "Myth and the Hero's Journey: Big Screen Blockbusters - Star Wars, Spider-Man Tell Timeless Tales", by Chris Bergeron]
*"Newsday" (April 1, 2007): "Fast Chat: Stan Lee"
* [http://www.upress.state.ms.us/books/886 Stan Lee: Conversations (University Press of Mississippi)]
* [http://22.214.171.124/~dogatco/mmms/mmms65.mp3 Audio of Merry Marvel Marching Society record] , including voice of Stan Lee
* [http://www.chriscomerradio.com/stan_lee/stan_lee4-1-05.htm Chris Comer Radio Interviews: "Stan Lee"] , April 1, 2005
* [http://www.comicgeekspeak.com/episodes/comic_geek_speak-111.php Comic Geek Speak: Episode 83] - Stan Lee interview podcast, December 12, 2005
* [http://daily.mahalo.com/2008/01/28/md044-stan-lee-interview/ Mahalo Daily with Veronica Belmont: "MD044 - Stan Lee Interview"] , January 28, 2008
* [http://www.truegameheadz.com/blogheadz/stan-lee-the-man/ Stan Lee receives 1st New York comics legend award] April 17 2008
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