- Nike (mythology)
Stone carving of the goddess Nike at the ruins of the ancient Greek city of Ephesus
Goddess of victory Abode Mount Olympus Parents Pallas and Styx Siblings Kratos, Bia, Zelus Roman equivalent Victoria
In Greek mythology, Nike (Greek: Νίκη, "Victory", pronounced [nǐːkɛː]) was a goddess who personified victory, also known as the Winged Goddess of Victory. The Roman equivalent was Victoria. Depending upon the time of various myths, she was described as the daughter of Pallas (Titan) and Styx (Water) and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus, the dominant deity of the Greek pantheon. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the Titan War against the older deities. Nike assumed the role of the divine charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame.
Primordial deities Titans and Olympians Aquatic deities Chthonic deities Other deities Personified concepts
Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena, and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Nike is one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek coins.
Names stemming from Nike include amongst others: Nicholas, Nicola, Nick, Nicolai, Nikolai, Nicolae, Nils, Klaas, Nicole, Ike, Niki, Nikita, Nika, Niketas, and Nico.
In popular culture
- The fictional character Sora is nicknamed Nike after the Greek goddess of victory in the Japanese manga series Air Gear.
- The shoe and sports equipment company Nike, Inc. is named after the Greek goddess Nike, as was Project Nike, an American anti-aircraft missile system.
- A figure of Nike with a vessel was the design of the first FIFA World Cup trophy, known also as the Jules Rimet trophy.
- Since Giuseppe Cassioli's design for the 1928 Summer Olympics, the obverse face of every Olympic medal bears Nike's figure holding a palm frond in her right hand and a winner’s crown in her left.
- In Tera Lynn Childs' young-adult novel Oh. My. Gods., the main character is a direct descendant of the goddess Nike.
- In The Darkest Prison by Gena Showalter, the Greek Nike, a guard of Tartarus who is the embodiment of strength, fell in love with the Titan Atlas, her male equivalent, when he was a prisoner at Tartarus.
- A statue of Nike can be also seen in Warsaw, Poland. It was built in 1964 to protect the capital of Poland.
- On the emblem of the University of Melbourne, the goddess also appears.
- She is depicted on the front of the World War II Victory Medal (United States).
- ^ a b Goddessnike.com (2011 [last update]). "Goddess Nike - Who is Nike? The Winged Goddess of Victory". goddessnike.com. http://goddessnike.com/whonike.html. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- ^ "Styx is the goddess of the underworld river Styx (water is not Nike's mother)". Theoi.com. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/PotamosStyx.html. Retrieved 2011-11-15.
- ^ "Nike: Greek goddess of victory". Theoi.com. http://www.theoi.com/Daimon/Nike.html. Retrieved 2011-11-15.
- ^ Sayles, Wayne G. (2007). Ancient Coin Collecting II. Krause Publications. p. 149. ISBN 9780896895164. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=iAnweepmTSMC&pg=PA149&dq=Nike+greek&client=firefox-a.
- ^ Winner's medal for the 1948 Olympic Games in London, Olympic.org. Accessed 5 August 2011.
- ^ "Picture of 2004 Athens Games Medal". http://www.livingroom.org.au/olympics/archives/images/thumbnails/athens_medal.jpg. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
Greek mythology (deities) Primordial
deitiesDodekatheonTheoi OlympioiMousai (Muses)Charites (Graces)Horae (Hours)Styktides
deitiesTheoi KhthonioiErinyes (Furies)EarthbornApotheothenai
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