- Esophageal web
Esophageal web Classification and external resources ICD-10 Q39.4 DiseasesDB 31503 eMedicine med/3413
Esophageal webs are thin membranes located in the middle or upper esophagus.
Esophageal webs are thin (2-3mm) membranes of normal esophageal tissue consisting of mucosa and submucosa. They can be congenital or acquired. Congenital webs commonly appear in the middle and inferior third of the esophagus, and they are more likely to be circumferential with a central or eccentric orifice. Acquired webs are much more common than congenital webs and typically appear in the cervical area (postcricoid).
Causes and associated conditions
Esophageal webs are associated with bullous diseases (such as epidermolysis bullosa, pemphigus, and bullous pemphigoid), with graft versus host disease involving the esophagus, and with celiac disease.
Esophageal webs are more common in white individuals and in women (with a ratio 2:1). The literature describes relations between these webs and Plummer-Vinson Syndrome, bullous dermatologic disorders, inlet patch, graft-versus-host disease and celiac disease. The postulated mechanisms are sideropenic anemia (mechanism unknown) or some interference of the immune system. Esophageal webs can be ruptured during upper endoscopy.
Congenital malformations and deformations of digestive system (Q35–Q45, 749–751) Upper GI tract Lower GI tract Accessory
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