Periodontology, or Periodontics, is the branch of
dentistrywhich studies supporting structures of teeth, and diseases and conditions that affect them.
The supporting tissues are known as the
periodontium, which includes the gingiva(gums), alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament. The word comes from the Greek words "peri" meaning around and "odons" meaning tooth. Literally taken, it means study of that which is "around the tooth".
Periodontal diseases take on many different forms, but are usually a result of a coalescence of bacterial plaquebiofilm accumulation of the gingivaand teeth, combined with host immuno-inflammatory mechanisms and other risk factors which lead to destruction of the supporting bone around natural teeth. Untreated, these diseases lead to alveolar bone loss and tooth loss, and to date continue to be the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
Periodontistis a dentistwho specializes in the diagnosis and surgical and non-surgical treatment of diseases and conditions of the periodontium. Periodontists are experts in the management of patients with periodontal diseases including all forms of gingivitis, periodontitisand gingival recession ( gum recession).
Periodontists are also experts in the surgical placement of dental implants.
Periodontics is one of the nine
American Dental Associationrecognized specialties of dentistry. The American Academy of Periodontologyis the recognized governing academy for periodontics in the USA.
According to the American Academy of Periodontology website:"A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases and in the placement of dental implants." (http://www.perio.org/consumer/periodontist2.htm)
Periodontists complete 3 years of additional formal training beyond dental school in an accredited residency training program.
Periodontists may also earn Board Certification by the
American Board of Periodontology' after completion of an American Dental Associationaccredited residency training program in Periodontics. Board certified periodontists are awarded the title "Diplomate of the American Board of Periodontology".
Periodontists are also experts in the field of implant dentistry. They have extensive training in the surgical placement of
dental implants, an alternative to bridges, partials, and dentures.
India ( Bharat )
Periodontics is offered as specialisation field in dentistry programme in
India.This is offered at Master of Dental Surgery( M.D.S ) course conducted by dental colleges affilated to different universities in India.The minimum qualification required for M.D.S is Bachelor of Dental Surgery( B.D.S ). Dental council of India is regulating body for dentists in India.
The British Society of Periodontology exists to promote the art and science of periodontology. Their membership includes specialist practitioners, periodontists, general dentists, consultants and trainees in restorative dentistry, clinical academics, dental hygienists and therapists, specialist trainees in periodontology, and many others. Please click on the external link below to take you to the BSP website. Information can be found on the website for all members of the team and also patients. There are also useful links to other periodontally related sites.
* [http://www.perio.org/consumer/2a.html American Academy of Periodontology's (AAP) article on Periodontal Disease]
* [http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/HealthInformation/DiseasesAndConditions/GumPeriodontalDiseases/default.htm The National Institute of Cranialfacial Research's article on Periodontal Disease]
* [http://www.perio.org/consumer/1a.html AAP Directory of Periodontists ]
* [http://www.cap-acp.ca/en/search/ Canadian Academy directory of Periodontists ]
* [http://www.dciindia.org Dental Council of India ]
* [http://www.bsperio.org.uk/ British Society of Periodontology]
* [http://www.bluecrossah.com/pages/dental.php Blue Cross Animal Hospital's article on Periodontal Disease ]
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