- Hong Kong Correctional Services
Hong Kong Correctional Services 懲教署 Agency overview Formed 1879 Jurisdiction Hong Kong Headquarters 23rd, 24th and 27th Floors, Wanchai Tower, 12 Harbour Road, Wan Chai Employees 6,659 Minister responsible Ambrose Lee, Secretary for Security Agency executives Leung-ming Kwok, Commissioner
Yat Kin Sin, Deputy Commissioner
Hong Kong Correctional Services (also called Correctional Services Department, CSD, 懲教署) is responsible for prisoners and prisons in Hong Kong. The Commissioner of Correctional Services reports to the Secretary for Security.
Although the Chief Magistrate was given control over prisons in 1841, the legislation to create the department did not come into being until 1853. CSD was part of the Hong Kong Police Force until 1879 when the role of Superintendent of the Gaol was created. [This seems incorrect, as there were Superintendents of the Gaol prior to 1879. Example: CO129/108, pp 296-298 1865-03-15. SUPERINTENDENTS OF VICTORIA GAOL - SALARY INCREASE]
As with all of the HK Disciplined Forces, British-pattern rank insignia continue to be utilised, with the only change being the exchange of the St. Edward's Crown for the Bauhinia flower crest in 1997.
- Commissioner of Correctional Services (similar insignia to a UK General)
- Deputy Commissioner (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant-General)
- Assistant Commissioner (similar insignia to a UK Major-General)
- Chief Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Colonel)
- Senior Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant-Colonel)
- Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Major)
- Chief Officer (similar insignia to a UK Captain)
- Principal Officer (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant with a bar beneath)
- Officer (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant)
- Probationary Officer (similar insignia to a UK Second Lieutenant)
- Assistant Officer Class I (similar insignia to a UK Sergeant)
- Assistant Officer Class II (similar to a UK Private)
Lantau Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status Shek Pik Prison Shek Pik 1974-present Maximum security institution 426 active Sha Tsui Detention Centre Sek Pik 1972-present Minimum security institution opened in 1972 146 active Ma Po Ping Prison Ma Po Ping 1966-present Medium security institution 650 active Tong Fuk Centre Tong Fuk 1966-present Medium security institution 400 active La Chi Rehab Centre Sek Pik 2002-present Rehab Centre 70 active Chi Ma Wan Correctional Institution Chi Ma Wan 1994-present Medium security institution 312 female prisoners active Chi Sun Correctional Institution Chi Ma Wan 2005-present Minimum security institution 350 female prisoners active New Territories Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status Bauhinia House Tai Lam Chung 1984-present Half-way House 70 active; moved to current location in 2002 Castle Peak Bay Immigration Centre 2005-present Minimum security institution 384 active Lai King Training Centre Kwai Chung 2008-present Minimum security institution 200 female inmates active Chi Lan Rehab Centre Kwai Chung 2008-present rehab centre 40 active; relocated from Shek O (2002-2008) Pik Uk Correctional Institution Sai Kung 1975-present Maximum security institution 385 active Pik Uk Prison Sai Kung 1975-present Minimum security prison 600 active Siu Lam Pscyhiatric Centre Tai Lam Chung 1972-present Maximum security institution 262 active Tai Lam Centre for Women Tai Lam Chung 1969-present Maximum security institution 263 active Tai Lam Correctional Institution Tai Lam Chung 1980-present Minimum security institution 748 active Tai Lam Drug Addiction Treatment Centre Tai Lam Chung 1969-present Drug Addiction Treatment Centre N/A active Wai Lam Rehab Centre Tai Lam Chung 2002-present Minimum security institution 24 active Lo Wu Correctional Institution Lo Wu 1997-2008 minimum security institution 182 closed; re-built at another location Kowloon Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre Lai Chi Kok 1977-present Maximum security institution 1084 active Lai Chi Kok Correctional Institution Lai Chi Kok 2006-present Medium security institution 600 female prisoners active Lai Chi Kok Prison for Women Lai Chi Kok 1932-2006 Medium security institution N/A closed Lai Hang Rehab Centre Tai Wo Ping 2002-present Rehab Centre 70 active Phoenix House Tai Wo Ping 1983-present Half-way house 40 active Pelican House Tai Wo Ping 1995-present Half-way house 70 active; moved to location in 2004 Hong Kong Island Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status Cape Collison Correctional Institution Cape Collison 1958-present Training centre 192 active Chi Lan Rehab Centre Shek O 2002-2008 rehab centre 40 relocated to Kwai Chung 2008 Green Island Reception Centre Green Island 1970s-present immigration detention centre 700 inactive Ma Hang Prison Stanley 1974-present Minimum security institution 220 mainly elderly prisoners active Pak Sha Wan Correctional Institution Stanley 1999-present Medium security institution 424 active Tai Tam Gap Correctional Institution Tai Tam Gap 1980-present Minimum security institution ? relocated as Lai King Correctional Institution in 2008 Tung Tau Correctional Institution Stanley 1982-present Minimum security institution 500 active Victoria Prison Central 1841-2005 Maximum security institution 800? closed; see publication entitled "Victoria Prison Memorial Book" published by the CSD and available from the Correctional Services Museum Gift Shop at the Stanley Prison. Stanley Prison Stanley 1937-present Maximum security institution 1544 active Hei Ling Chau Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status Lai Sun Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 1984-present Minimum security institution 182 now functions as a Pre-release Vocational Training Centre for adult prisoners Hei Ling Chau Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 1984-present Medium security institution 532 active Hei Ling Chau Addiction Treatment Centre and Annex Hei Ling Chau 1975-present Drug Addiction Treatment Centre 688; 236 in annex active Vietnamese detention centre Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status Kai Tak Camp Kai Tak Airport, Kowloon 1973-1998 Vietnamese detention centre ? closed Shek Kong Airfield Sek Kong 1988-1992 temporary refugee centre ? closed and return to RAF; now PLAAF base High Island Detention Centre High Island, NT 1988-1998 Vietnamese detention centre 7000 Closed; site now Hong Kong Jockey Club High Island Training Camp Whitehead Detention Centre Starfish Bay, Ma On Shan 1988-1998 Vietnamese detention centre 5500 closed; site being redeveloped Tai A Chau Detention Centre Tai A Chau (Soko Group) 1988-1996 detention centre 5500 closed; plans are to re-develop site for tourism
The current crest of the force was adopted in 1997 to replace most of the colonial symbols:
- St Edward's Crown replace with Bauhinia
- Laurel wreath added with badge with wording Correctional Services Hong Kong" with Correctional Services 懲教署 circling a Compass rose
- Motto added with wording "Hong Kong 香港"
- Correctional Services Department (English)
- Correctional Services Department (traditional Chinese (HK))
- Correctional Services Department (Chinese (PRC))
Disciplined Services in Hong Kong Disciplined Services Others Security Bureau (Hong Kong)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.