Lotion

Lotion
Lotion and shampoo at The Banff Centre
Ginseng hand cream from North Korea

A lotion is a low- to medium-viscosity, topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin. By contrast, creams and gels have higher viscosity.

Lotions are usually applied to external skin with bare hands, a clean cloth, cotton wool or gauze. Many lotions, especially hand creams and face cream are formulated not as a medicine delivery system, but simply to smooth, re-hydrate, and soften the skin. These are particularly popular with the aging and aged demographic groups, and in the case of face usage, can also be classified as a cosmetic in many cases, and may contain fragrances.

Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions using a substance such as cetearyl alcohol to keep the emulsion together, but water-in-oil lotions are also formulated. The key components of a skin care lotion, cream or gel emulsion (that is mixtures of oil and water) are the aqueous and oily phases, an emulgent to prevent separation of these two phases, and, if used, the drug substance or substances. A wide variety of other ingredients such as fragrances, glycerol, petroleum jelly, dyes, preservatives, proteins and stabilizing agents are commonly added to lotions. Lotions can be used for the delivery to the skin of medications such as:

It is not unusual for the same drug ingredient to be formulated into a lotion, cream and ointment. Creams are the most convenient of the three but are inappropriate for application to regions of hairy skin such as the scalp, while a lotion is less viscous and may be readily applied to these areas (many medicated shampoos are in fact lotions). Historically, lotions also had an advantage in that they may be spread thinly compared to a cream or ointment and may economically cover a large area of skin, but product research has steadily eroded this distinction. Non-comedogenic lotions are recommended for use on acne prone skin.

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  • lotion — [ losjɔ̃ ] n. f. • loccion 1372; bas lat. lotio, de lavare « laver » 1 ♦ Vx Action de se faire couler un liquide sur le corps pour le laver, le rafraîchir. ⇒ ablution, bain. Mod. Application d un liquide sur une partie du corps, dans un but… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lotion — Sf Reinigungs und Pflegeflüssigkeit für die Haut per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. lotion, dieses aus frz. lotion, aus l. lōtio ( ōnis) Waschen, Baden , zu l. lavāre (lōtus) waschen, baden .    Ebenso nndl. lotion, ne.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Lotion — Lo tion, n. [L. lotio, fr. lavare, lotum, to wash: cf. F. lotion. See {Lave} to wash.] 1. A washing, especially of the skin for the purpose of rendering it fair. [1913 Webster] 2. A liquid preparation for bathing the skin, or an injured or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lotion — (n.) c.1400, loscion, from O.Fr. lotion (14c.), from L. lotionem (nom. lotio) a washing, from lotus, popular form of lautus, pp. of lavere to wash (see LAVE (Cf. lave)). As a verb, from 1817. Related: Lotioned; lotioning …   Etymology dictionary

  • Lotion — Lotiōn (lat.), Abwaschung; Waschmittel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • lotion — [n] creamy solution balm, cosmetic, cream, demulcent, embrocation, lenitive, liniment, medicine, ointment, palliative, preparation, salve, unguent, wash; concepts 311,446,466 …   New thesaurus

  • Lotion — [Network (Rating 5600 9600)] Auch: • Sahne • Krem …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • lotion — ► NOUN ▪ a thick liquid preparation applied to the skin as a medicine or cosmetic. ORIGIN Latin, from lavare to wash …   English terms dictionary

  • lotion — [lō′shən] n. [ME loscion < L lotio (gen. lotionis) < lotus: see LOTIC] a liquid preparation used, as on the skin, for cleansing, soothing, healing, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Lotion — Lo|ti|on [lo ts̮i̯o:n], die; , en: Flüssigkeit zur Reinigung und Pflege der Haut: eine hautverträgliche, pflegende Lotion. Zus.: Körperlotion. * * * Lo|ti|on 〈f. 20; engl.: [loʊʃən] f. 10〉 Kosmetikum, meist mit Alkohol u. einem reinigenden,… …   Universal-Lexikon

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