Ógra Shinn Féin

Ógra Shinn Féin
Ógra Shinn Féin
Founded c.1997 [1][2]
Headquarters 44 Parnell Square, Dublin 1
53 Falls Road, Belfast
Ideology Irish reunification,
Irish republicanism,
Left wing nationalism,
Democratic socialism
Mother party Sinn Féin
European affiliation European Network of Democratic Young Left
Website www.osf.ie

Ógra Shinn Féin (Irish pronunciation: [ˈoːɡɾˠə ˈhɪn̪ʲ ˈfʲeːnʲ], Sinn Féin Youth, ÓSF) is the youth wing of the Irish political party Sinn Féin. ÓSF is active and organised throughout Ireland.[3] It is often considered the most prominent incarnation of Fianna Éireann. Upon its establishment in 1997 it was originally known as Sinn Féin Youth, it changed to Ógra Shinn Féin in 1999. A number of Sinn Féin's elected representatives are also members of ÓSF.[4][5] Although it does not publish its membership figures, ÓSF is believed to have about 500 activists. It has also been described as "One of the largest and most active youth wings" in Ireland.[6]



Membership is free and open to anyone aged fifteen to twenty-nine who supports a united Ireland and the establishment of a democratic socialist republic.


Ógra Shinn Féin is organised throughout the 32 counties of Ireland in both local communities and universities.[7] Its structure is similar to that of Sinn Féin. ÓSF cumainn are largely autonomous from local Sinn Féin structures.[8]

  • Cumainn - Cumainn are organised within a local area or within a college or University. At present there are over 50 active ÓSF cumainn throughout Ireland. A cumainn is required to have a minimum of five members.[8][9]
  • Cúige - Cumainn are then organised within a local Cúige. At the moment there are five different Cúige in Ireland representative of the regions of Dublin, Ulster, Munster, Leinster (excluding Dublin) and Connacht. Each of these Cúige elects its own Officer Board to oversee co-ordination between the cumainn. Each Cúige is also entitled to at least two representatives on the National Executive. (Leinster has both northern and southern organisers due to the large geographic area which must be covered)
  • National Executive - The National Executive (Comhairle Naisiunta) is the democratically elected governing body of ÓSF. It consists of between 11 and 20 members. The National Executive consists of each of the Ógra Cúige Organisers (elected at the annual National Congress), one delegate from each of the five Cúige (elected at each Cúige's AGM), the National Organiser, the elected Ard Comhairle Delegate and up to eight additional members who may be co-opted for specific officer positions.[10]
    The front of cover of the booklet circulated at the first Sinn Féin Youth national congress in Dublin. Note the Petrol Bomb logo.
  • Members of National Executive 2010:[11]
    • National Organiser - Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire (Cork)
    • Secretary - Dave Collins (Cork)
    • PRO - Mark Ó Maoldomhnaigh[12] (Dublin)
    • Finance Officer - Barry McColgan (Omagh)
    • Gender Equality Officer - Gemma McKenna[13] (Portadown)
    • Irish Language Officer - Laura Gildernew (Tyrone)
    • Recruitment Officer (& Ulster Organiser) - Fra Cochrane (Down)
    • Education Officer * Connacht Organiser - Mairéad Farrell (Galway)
    • International Officer - John McDermott (Strabane)
    • New Media Officer - Daithi Byrne (Navan)
    • Campaigns Officer - Luke Callinan (Roscommon)
    • Munster Organiser - Joe Lynch (Cork)
    • Dublin Organiser - Colm O'Mordha (Dublin)
    • North Leinster Organiser - Caoimhe Ní Shluáin[14] (Navan)
    • South Leinster Organiser - Jason Doyle (Wicklow)
    • National Exec Representative - Shane McKenna (Dublin)
    • National Exec Representative - Kerry McColgan (Omagh)
    • National Exec Representative - Fintan Butler (Belfast)
    • National Exec Representative - Liam Lappin (Armagh)
    • Youth Council Representative - Órla Ní Dhúill (Dublin)

Campaigns and issues

Members of Ógra Shinn Féin in Derry 2008 painting a Royal Mail postbox as part of the Green Post-Box Campaign.
An Ógra Shinn Féin banner drop on O'Connell Street in April 2009, as part of the Save 16 Moore Street campaign

The long-term aim of Ógra Shinn Féin is to establish a thirty-two county democratic socialist republic.[15] Specific issues of primary importance include: Irish unity and independence; workers' rights; the environment; an end to sectarianism and racism in Ireland; decent housing for the people; weekend elections and referendums; education; Shell to Sea,[16] voting age to be lowered to sixteen;[17] and the promotion of the Irish language (Gaeilge).

The following is a list of some campaigns which Ógra Shinn Féin is involved in at the moment:

  • N.A.R.C campaign - The "Not Another Ravaged Community" campaign was an anti-drugs campaign launched by ÓSF at the beginning of 2008. The campaign focused on educating young people about the danger of drugs. It also included information on alcohol abuse.[18][19]
  • Educate to be Free Campaign - This campaign was launched in Winter 2008 and calls for free education for all. It also calls for an increase in Irish language education and for student empowerment and radicalizing students unions.[20][21]
  • Green Postbox Campaign - This campaign was launched in 2008 and involved young republicans in Northern Ireland painting postboxes green (postboxes in the Republic of Ireland are green while those in the north are red). The campaign received severe criticism from Unionist politicians such as Jim Wells. It is alleged that hundreds of postboxes were painted throughout Northern Ireland.[22][23][24] Although this campaign was officially launched in 2008, it had been common for ÓSF members and other Irish republicans to engage in this practice. In 2006 a Tyrone ÓSF member was arrested for painting a postbox in Fintona.[25]
  • National Suicide Prevention Campaign - In 2006 Ógra Shinn Féin launched a nationwide suicide prevention campaign. The campaign focuses on the dissemination of information and the demand for an all Ireland approach to suicide awareness.[26][27]
  • ARISE - In 2007 Ógra Shinn Féin launched the Anti-Racism, Imperialism, Sectarianism and Exploitation (ARISE)campaign.[28][29]
  • Other Campaigns - Ógra is/was also involved in campaigns regarding Demilitarization, Anti-Collusion, Disband the Royal Ulster Constabulary/Proper Policing, Minimum Wage, Lower Car Insurance, A President for All, Gay Rights, Re-routing Orange Order marches, "Freedom for the POW's", "Bring them home" (Colombia Three), anti-occupation of Iraq, remembering "Irish martyrs", Irish Language, Shell to Sea, Save 16 Moore Street and All Ireland mobile tariff .[30]

Recent events

The Petrol-Bomb logo is still used by the group as seen in this graffito in Donaghmede in Dublin. The continued use of the logo has been criticised by the Young Unionists

Upon the establishment of Sinn Féin Youth, a logo incorporating a petrol bomb, symbolising the militant origins of republican youth organisations, and an Easter lily was adopted. The words 'Sinn Féin Youth', which encircled the logo were changed to 'Ógra Shinn Féin' in 1999 when the name of the organisation was changed.

As part of the transformation of the Republican Movement to reflect changing realities brought about by the peace process a decision was taken to change the logo, and at the 2004 National Congress the green star and orange graffiti-style logo was adopted. The logo again changed at the 2006 Congress when the current logo, incorporating the words 'Ógra Shinn Féin', the Starry Plough, the Sunburst Flag and the "Freedom Lark" was adopted. Ógra Sinn Féin has been criticised by the Young Unionists for failing to remove the petrol bomb logo from a number of its wall murals.[31]

At the Special Congress in 2007 called during the policing debates in Sinn Féin, Ógra Shinn Féin took the controversial step of voting not to support the motion put to the Sinn Féin Special Ard Fheis by the Ard Chomhairle. This was in opposition to the leadership of Sinn Féin. In their motion that was passed at the Special Congress OSF stated: "We will recognise the decision made by the Ard Fheis."


  • National Youth Council of Ireland (NYCI) - Ógra Shinn Féin is a full member of the National Youth Council of Ireland.[32]
  • European Network of Democratic Young Left (ENDYL) - Ógra Shinn Féin is a full emmber of the ENDYL.[33]


Ógra Shinn Féin has strong connections with a number of pro-independence and socialist groups throughout the world, including:

  • Ghjuventù Indipendentista - A youth movement which supports Corsican Nationalism and advocates independence from France. An ÓSF delegation attend the "Scontri Internaziunali" which is held in the town of Corte in central Corsica every year.[41]

Notable members

Members of Ógra Shinn Féin (along with SWP and WSM) protesting against the reintroduction of college fees, Dublin, February 2009. Note the use of the sunburst flag, a symbol of Fianna Éireann
  • Pearse Doherty – Former Senator and current Teachta Dála, served as a member of the ÓSF National Executive.[44]
  • Toiréasa Ferris – Elected to Kerry County Council.
  • Eoin Ó Broin – Sinn Féin Director of European Affairs. He is also a published author.
  • Daithí McKay – Sinn Féin MLA for North Antrim, Ballymoney District Councillor and member of the Policing Board. Daithi is also the youngest MLA.
  • Cara McShane – Current chairperson of Moyle District Council in North Antrim.
  • Charlene O'Hara – Elected to Lisburn Council, and Ireland's youngest Councillor.
  • Johnny McGibbon – Councillor in Craigavon Borough Council. Ireland's youngest male Councillor. Also Upper Bann Sinn Féin organiser.
  • Matt Carthy – Elected to Monaghan County Council. Has served two terms as mayor and is also a former National Organiser of Ógra Shinn Féin.
  • Fiona Kerins – Elected to Cork City Council.
  • Niall O'Donnhgaile – East Belfast Sinn Féin representative, and Sinn Féin Assembly Press Officer.
  • David Cullinane – Elected to Waterford City Council.
  • Elisha McLaughlin – Elected to Derry City Council and current chairperson of Derry City DPP (District Policing Partnership)
  • Conor Maskey – Elected to Belfast City Council.
  • Tierna Cunningham – Elected to Belfast City Council.
  • Paddy Daly - Elected as Vice-President of Griffith College Students Union [45]
  • Paul Hogan – Elected to Athlone Town Council.
  • Caolan Quinn - Elected as Vice-President Education and Welfare (Belfast and Jordanstown) University of Ulster Students' Union

National organisers

Members Sinn Féin Youth in South Armagh 1997
  • Eoin Ó Broin - 1997-98
  • Matt Carthy - 1998-2000
  • Damian Lawlor - 2000-02 (Author of Na Fianna Éireann and the Irish Revolution - 1909 to 1923)
  • Chris O'Ralaigh - 2002-03
  • Mickey Bravender - 2003-06
  • Barry McColgan - 2006-09
  • Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire - 2009–present


The front cover of Awaiting the Lark written and published by Ógra Shinn Féin

Ógra Shinn Féin publishes a quarterly republican youth magazine entitled Spark. The magazine was launched in 2001 eventually ceasing publication around 2006 or so, it was re-launched in 2007, primarily in online format and renamed Splanc, which is the Irish language translation of Spark.[46] ÓSF also publishes a bi-monthly newsletter entitled Glor Na nÓg (Voice of The Youth).[47][48]

ÓSF has published its own book Awaiting the Lark in 2006 to mark the 25th Anniversary of the 1981 Irish hunger strike. The book includes interviews with many well known Irish republicans such as Michelle Gildernew, Barry McElduff, Sean Crowe, Ella O'Dwyer, Seanna Walsh and Martina Anderson. It also includes photographs from the funerals of the hunger strikers and protests that took place around the time. The book also includes information about Michael Gaughan and Frank Stagg who died on hunger strike in 1974 and 1976 respectively.[49][50]

Notable actions and incidents

Ógra Shinn Féin frequently attracts media attention or causes controversy due to some of its activities.

Some notable examples include:

  • Arrests at Belfast City Hall 1997 - On the 3rd of November 1997 three members of ÓSF were arrested after they scaled the front of Belfast City Hall and unfurled a banner calling for the release of political prisoners. This was part of the "Saoirse" campaign. The RUC special branch later attempted to recruit one of those arrested to work as an informant.[51]
  • Alleged abuse by Gardaí in Store Street 1998 - In November 1998 seven members of ÓSF were arrested by Gardaí in Dublin for allegedly acting in an abusive manner. While being held in Store Street Garda station the activists alleged that they were kicked and beaten by Gardaí. A protest which took place outside the Garda Station that night resulted in skirmishes between demonstrators and the Gardaí.[52][53]
  • UCC Riot 1999 - In November 1999, 50 members of the gardaí were called in to reinforce University College Cork security after a melee broke out in the corridors of the Science building. Members of Ógra Shinn Féin, the Socialist Party, Workers' Party and anti-fascist groups had attempted to force their way into a lecture hall where revisionist historian David Irving was to hold a talk. Gardaí were forced to baton charge the 600 strong crowd.[54]
    Protest outside Crossmaglen British Army
  • South Armagh demilitarization riots 2001 - In December 2001 ÓSF was blamed for carrying out petrol bomb attacks against RUC and British army bases in south Armagh. Twenty-two police officers, three soldiers and two police dogs were injured in the incidents during which protesters attacked the watchtowers at Creevekeeran and Drummakaval with iron bars, bottles, fireworks and petrol bombs.[55][56][57] Two of the soldiers suffered serious head injuries after being hit with petrol bombs and had to be airlifted to hospital. Another soldier suffered serious burns. The barracks at Crossmaglen was also attacked and protesters managed to smash through the main gate after igniting an oil barrel and pushing it into the entrance.[58][59]
  • Attack on SDLP councillor's office - In January 2002, SDLP councillor P. J. Bradley claimed that members of ÓSF were responsible for an attack on his offices in Warrenpoint during which eleven windows were smashed and paint was poured over the building and in through the windows. Caitríona Ruane refuted Mr. Bradley's comments.[60]
  • Attack on Rosslea PSNI station 2002 - On the first of July 2002 ÓSF was blamed for an organised attack against Rosslea PSNI station. Up to 50 masked youths threw stones and bottles at the police station causing extensive damage to the exterior of the building. The Unionist "Newsletter" Newspaper described the attack as "appalling" and condemned ÓSF for "laying vicious siege" to Rosslea PSNI Station.[61][62][63]
    "Britain, It's Time 2 Go" sticker
  • Take over of British Tourist office in Dublin 2003 - In May 2003, six members of ÓSF took over the British Tourist office in Dublin and staged a sit in protest against the decision by the British government to postpone the elections in Northern Ireland. A picket in support of the protest was also held outside.[64]
  • ÓSF banned from Trinity College 2005 - Sinn Féin had been banned from organising in Trinity College Dublin until the ban was overturned in 1999.[65] In 2005 it was re-instated (until the end of the college term) after the TCD chairperson forwarded an email on to others which made threatening remarks towards Margaret Thatcher.[66]
    ÓSF sticker calling for the Royal Ulster Constabulary to be disbanded
  • 1916 Auction Protest 2006 - In April 2006 members of ÓSF disrupted a sale of memorabilia associated with the Easter Rising of 1916 at James Adams & Sons Auctioneers on Stephen's Green, Dublin.[67] Two activists were arrested by Gardaí but were later released without charge. The protest was the lead story on a number of News broadcasts including TV3 News.[68][69][70]
  • Down Orange hall incident 2007 - In September 2007, ÓSF received a large amount of criticism after one of its members was taken to hospital following a fall from the roof of an Orange hall. The member had been removing a Union Flag from the roof. This incident occurred at a time when Orange halls in the area had been subjected to firebomb and arson attacks.[71] Some people claimed that removing the flag was anti-sectarian and should be applauded.[72]
  • Green Postbox campaign 2008 onwards - One campaign undertaken by ÓSF involved changing the colour of Royal Mail postboxes in the Six Counties from red to green (green is the standard colour of postboxes in the Republic of Ireland).[73] Sinn Féin MLA Barry McElduff described the campaign as "peaceful political statement". Rival politicians claimed that this amounted to the MLA condoning criminal damage.[74] It is believed hundreds of postboxes were painted green in Derry, Strabane and West Tyrone alone.[24]
  • Occupation of Green Party offices 2008 - On 4 December 2008 a number of ÓSF members took part in a protest organised by the student based "Free Education for Everyone" (FEE) group. A number of protesters were arrested after they occupied the offices of Paul Gogarty, Green Party Spokesperson on Education, in Lucan, County Dublin. Gardaí were forced to break down the door of the office and arrested ten of the activists.[75]
  • Gregory Campbell incident 2009 - ÓSF were criticized for comparing East Londonderry MP Gregory Campbell to Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels on its web-blog. An accompanying edited image on the site showed Mr Campbell's head superimposed on the body of a man wearing a Nazi uniform. The article criticised Campbell's NI Executive culture portfolio and his stance on the Irish language.[76][77]
  • PSNI recording incident 2009 - In January 2009 a member of ÓSF in Omagh was arrested following a confrontation in the town. While at the police station, a constable attempted to recruit the man as an informant. The ÓSF member managed to record the incident on his cellphone. The incident has been brought before Omagh DPP and is currently under investigation by the Police Ombudsman.[78] The recording of the incident was made available on YouTube.[79]
  • Warrenpoint visit 2009 - On 10 January 2009 ÓSF held a Republican Youth weekend in Newcastle County Down. Part of the weekend involved a trip to the site of the Warrenpoint Ambush where an IRA unit ambushed and killed 18 British soldiers in 1979. Protesters including Willie Frazer and Jim Wells branded the trip an "insult to victims".[80] Loyalist victims campaigner Willie Frazer said that "10 years ago the world hoped that they had moved on from terrorism but as the last few days have shown they still firmly believe in armed conflict".[81] The local ÓSF spokesperson claimed it was simply part of a historical tour of the County Down area.[82][83]
  • Belfast dinner dance 2009: In January 2010 the Sunday World (Northern Ireland edition) ran a full page article which criticized ÓSF for hosting a "Pro-IRA event" in a hotel in Belfast City Centre. The paper also claimed that there were numerous chants of "F*** the Brits" and "You'll never ever beat the IRA". According to ÓSF the event was a celebration of 100 years of Na Fianna Éireann with the families of dead Fians in attendance and traditional Irish Rebel music.[84]
  • Government protests 2010: On 22 November 2010 ÓSF members took part in protests against the International Monetary Fund bail-out. During a protest outside government buildings in Dublin one member of ÓSF was injured and taken to hospital after he was struck by a ministerial car during a sit-down protest. Scuffles also broke out with police.[85] Meanwhile, in Cork, Ógra Shinn Féin occupied the offices of Fianna Fáil councillors in Cork City hall protesting against the selling out of Irish sovereignty to the European Union and the IMF.[85]

See also


  1. ^ Ógra Shinn Féin Revolutionary Handbook, Pg.4
  2. ^ "About Ogra Shinn Fein". Sebelfastsinnfein.com. http://www.sebelfastsinnfein.com/elections. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  3. ^ About Ogra Shinn Fein[dead link]
  4. ^ "Large Ógra Shinn Féin mobilisation to the Basque Country". Anphoblacht.com. http://www.anphoblacht.com/news/detail/20557. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  5. ^ "Interview with Ireland's Youngest Councillor: Johnny McGibbon". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. 2007-08-28. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2007/08/interview-with-irelands-youngest.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  6. ^ Hildebrandt & Daiber (ed.), Cornelia & Brigit (2009). The Left in Europe: Political Parties and Party Alliances between Norway and Turkey. Rosa Luxemburg Foundation. p. 96 & 97. ISBN N/A. 
  7. ^ About OSF[dead link]
  8. ^ a b http://www.corksf.20m.com/whats_new.html Cork Sinn Féin
  9. ^ Ógra Shinn Féin Revolutionary Handbook - Pgs. 19 - 21
  10. ^ Ógra Shinn Féin Revolutionary Handbook - Constitution & Rules - Section 8.1 - Formation Pgs 27 & 28
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ Ógra Shinn Féin condemn use of plastic bullets[dead link]
  13. ^ Ógra in Upper Bann Launch Educate to be Free Campaign[dead link]
  14. ^ Slogadh na nÓg 2009 - Bígí Linn![dead link]
  15. ^ "Ogra Shinn Fein". Osf.pro.ie. http://www.osf.pro.ie/. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  16. ^ "Shell to Sea protest". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. 2008-02-15. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2008/02/shell-2-sea-protest-at-statoil-hq-film.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  17. ^ "OSF calls for voting age to be lowered". Sinnfeinassembly.com. http://www.sinnfeinassembly.com/en/press-centre/entry/4469. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  18. ^ "launch of NARC". Indymedia.ie. http://www.indymedia.ie/article/85779. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  19. ^ McCartney supports NARC[dead link]
  20. ^ Posted by Ógra Shinn Féin (2008-12-09). "Educate to be Free". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2008/12/educate-to-be-free.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  21. ^ "Launch of educate to be Free campaign". Indymedia.ie. http://www.indymedia.ie/article/90160. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  22. ^ "postbox message heard on the airwaves". Indymedia.ie. http://www.indymedia.ie/article/90160Green. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  23. ^ "green postbox MLA told to say sorry". Belfasttelegraph.co.uk. 2009-02-04. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/green-postbox-row-mla-told-to-say-sorry-14169746.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  24. ^ a b "seeing red on green postboxes [http://www.indymedia.ie/article/88923 Greening the north one postbox at a time". Derryjournal.com. http://www.derryjournal.com/strabane/Seeing-red-on-green-postboxes.4492561.jp. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  25. ^ "Young republican jailed for painting postbox". Indymedia.ie. http://www.indymedia.ie/article/75114. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  26. ^ https://www.indymedia.ie/article/74138 OSF launch suicide prevention campaign
  27. ^ OSF discuss suicide prevention
  28. ^ "ARISE against international imperialsim". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. 2007-04-11. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2007/04/arise-against-international-imperialism.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  29. ^ Posted by Ógra Shinn Féin (2006-12-15). "New ARISE video". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2006/12/new-arise-video.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  30. ^ Ogra Revolutionary Handbook (2008 edition) Methods of Revolution, Campaigns, Pages 25 & 26
  31. ^ Unionists hit out at SF on logos
  32. ^ National Youth Council of Ireland. "NYCI members". Youth.ie. http://www.youth.ie/members. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  33. ^ Hildebrandt & Daiber (ed.), Cornelia & Brigit (2009). P103
  34. ^ Posted by Ógra Shinn Féin (2008-12-09). "SEGI send solidarity greetings to OSF national congress". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2008/12/segi-send-solidarity-greetings-to-sf.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  35. ^ "State repression of the Basque nationalist movement". Anarkismo.net. 2007-01-24. http://www.anarkismo.net/newswire.php?story_id=4730. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  36. ^ https://pastel.diplomatie.gouv.fr/editorial/actual/ael2/bulletin.asp?liste=20040601.html#Chapitre14 Proscribed organisations - France
  37. ^ Proscribed organisations - Spain
  38. ^ "OSF complete tour of the Basque country". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. 2008-11-05. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2008/11/gra-shinn-fin-complete-tour-of-basque.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  39. ^ "Sinn Féin Youth in Basque Country". Ogra.150m.com. http://www.ogra.150m.com/02apr98.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  40. ^ D. M./J. P. (2010-06-03). "'Comarades' in Ireland". Abc.es. http://www.abc.es/20091209/nacional-terrorismo/kamaradas-irlanda-20091209.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  41. ^ Posted by Ógra Shinn Féin (2008-02-21). "OSF build strong solidarity in Corsica". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2008/02/gra-shinn-fin-build-strong-solidarity.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  42. ^ Posted by Ógra Shinn Féin (2007-11-20). "OSF address JERC's 21st national congress". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2007/11/gra-shinn-fin-address-jercs-21st.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  43. ^ https://www.indymedia.ie/article/85893 OSF organise successful upbeat national congress
  44. ^ Pearse Doherty biography[dead link]
  45. ^ Posted by Ógra Átha Cliath (2010-04-14). "Ógra Shinn Féin: Ógra member re-elected as SU Vice-president". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2010/04/ogra-member-relected-as-su-sabbat.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  46. ^ SPlanc editorial
  47. ^ Spark[dead link]
  48. ^ "Ogra release Glor na nÓg". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. 2007-04-05. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2007/04/gra-shinn-fin-launch-glor-na-ng.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  49. ^ "OSF launch Awaiting the Lark". Indymedia.ie. http://www.indymedia.ie/article/77914. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  50. ^ "rebel county launches awaiting the lark". Ograshinnfein.blogspot.com. 2006-09-15. http://ograshinnfein.blogspot.com/2006/09/rebel-county-launches-awaiting-lark.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  51. ^ "Saoirse sit on City Hall". Ogra.150m.com. http://www.ogra.150m.com/06nov97-2.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  52. ^ "Gardaí attack Sinn Féin Youth". Ogra.150m.com. http://www.ogra.150m.com/22oct98.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  53. ^ "Vicious wave of Garda repression". Republican-news.org. 1998-11-19. http://republican-news.org/archive/1998/November19/19gard.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  54. ^ "Kicks and punches fly in riot at college". Fpp.co.uk. 1999-11-16. http://www.fpp.co.uk/docs/press/items/CorkExaminer161199.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  55. ^ Sinn Féin Youth attacks[dead link]
  56. ^ "Police officers hurt in Sinn Féin Youth attacks on bases". Archives.tcm.ie. 2001-12-11. http://archives.tcm.ie/newrydemocrat/2001/12/11/story431.asp. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  57. ^ "19 cops injured in Sinn Féin youth protests". Mail-archive.com. 2001-12-09. http://www.mail-archive.com/kominform@lists.eunet.fi/msg10736.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  58. ^ Sharrock, David (2001-12-10). "Sinn Féin mob attack towers". Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1364861/Sinn-Fein-mob-attack-towers.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  59. ^ "Omagh report to accuse police of bungling inquiry". Independent.co.uk. 2001-12-10. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/omagh-report-to-accuse-police-of-bungling-inquiry-619670.html. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  60. ^ "Business attack blamed on Sinn Féin youth wing - 22nd January 2002". Archives.tcm.ie. 2002-01-22. http://archives.tcm.ie/newrydemocrat/2002/01/22/story569.asp. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  61. ^ "Masked youths attack police station". BBC News. 2002-07-01. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/2076483.stm. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
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