List of Metropolitans and Patriarchs of Moscow

List of Metropolitans and Patriarchs of Moscow



The history of the Russian Orthodox Church begins with the Baptism of Rus' at Kiev the date of which is commonly given as 988; however, the evidence surrounding this event is contested (see Christianisation of Kievan Rus'). In 1316 the Metropolitan of Kiev changed his see to the city of Vladimir, and in 1322 moved again to Moscow. In 1589, the see was elevated to a Patriarchate. The Patriarchate was abolished by Peter the Great in 1721 and replaced by the Most Holy Governing Synod, and the Bishop of Moscow came to be called a Metropolitan again. The Patriarchate was restored in 1917 and suspended by the Soviet authorities in 1925. It was reinstituted for the last time in 1943 during WWII by the initiative of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.

Metropolitans of Moscow (1240-1589)

Patriarchs of Moscow and all Russia (1589-1721)

St. Job, the first patriarch of Russia.
  1. Patriarch St. Job (1589-1605)
  2. Patriarch St. Hermogenus (1606-1612)
    • vacant (1612-1619)
  3. Patriarch Philaret (1619-1633)
  4. Patriarch Joasaphus I (1634-1642)
  5. Patriarch Joseph (1642-1652)
  6. Patriarch Nikon (1652-1658)
  7. Patriarch Joasaphus II (1667-1672)
  8. Patriarch Pitirim (of Krutitsy) (1672-1673)
  9. Patriarch Joachim (1674-1690)
  10. Patriarch Adrian (1690-1700)

Metropolitans and archbishops of Moscow (1721-1917)

Metropolitan Filaret, pictured in his cell, 1850.

Patriarchs of Moscow and all Russia (Restored, 1917-Present)

  • 11) Patriarch St. Tikhon (1917-1925)
    • vacant (1925-1943)
      • Metropolitan Peter of Krutitsy, locum tenens (1925-1936), de facto only until 1926
      • Metropolitan Sergius of Nizhny Novgorod, Acting locum tenens (1926-1936)
      • Metropolitan Sergius of Moscow and Kolomna (previously of Nizhny Novgorod), locum tenens (1936-1943)
  • 12) Patriarch Sergius I (previously Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna) (1943-1944)
    • Alexius Archbishop of Novgorod and Metropolitan of Leningrad, locum tenens (1944-1945)
  • 13) Patriarch Alexius I (1945-1970)
    • Metropolitan Pimen of Krutitsy and Kolomna, locum tenens (1970-1971)
  • 14) Patriarch Pimen I (1971-1990)
  • 15) Patriarch Alexius II (1990-2008)
  • 16) Patriarch Kirill I (2009-Present)

See also

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