List of Russian composers

List of Russian composers

An alphabetical list of significant composers who were born in Russia or worked there for a significant time.

The Five

The Five, also known as "The Mighty Handful", a circle of influential Russian musical nationalists, during the Romantic period in music:

Other Russian composers

  • Alexander Abramsky (1898-1985), composer, most well known work is his piano concerto which premiered in 1941.
  • Joseph Yulyevich Achron (1886–1943), was a composer of Jewish origin. He later settled in USA. His most famous work is the "Hebrew Melody" for violin and orchestra.
  • Anton Arensky (1861–1906), Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor, Op. 32, is his most famous work.
  • Alexander Arkhangelsky (1846–1924), composer of church music and conductor.
  • Sasha Argov (1914–95), Russian-born Israeli composer
  • Lera Auerbach (born 1973) 21st century composer of opera, ballet, symphonic works and chamber music.
  • Revol Samoilovich Bunin (1924-1976), was a student of Shostakovich, he went on to compose 9 symphonies and several concertos.
  • Georgy Catoire (1861-1926), was a Russian composer of French heritage.
  • Yury G. Chernavsky (born 1947), 20th and 21st century composer, works in Russia, West Europe and US (Hollywood), writes music mostly in R&B, Pop and Rock music styles
  • Pavel Chesnokov (1877–1944), choral composer and conductor. He composed over five hundred choral works.
  • Alexander Dargomyzhsky (1813–1869).
  • Edison Denisov (1929-1996) was a Russian composer of so called "Underground" — "Anti-Collectivist", "alternative" or "nonconformist" works in the Soviet music.
  • Leonid Desyatnikov (born 1955), notable composer of opera and film scores.
  • Victor Ewald (1860–1935), composer of four famous brass quintets.
  • Ossip Gabrilowitsch (1878–1936), Russian composer of Jewish background who lived many years in the United States, famous for piano miniatures such as the "Caprice Burlesque".
  • Valery Gavrilin (1939–1999) 20th century composer of chamber, vocal, choral and ballet music.
  • Michael L. Geller (1937-2007), 20th and 21st century composer and viola player, lived and worked in Russia, The Netherlands and Israel
  • Alexander Glazunov (1865–1936), late Romantic composer influenced by Johannes Brahms, Richard Wagner and Franz Liszt, one of the few composers ever to write a saxophone concerto
  • Reinhold Glière (1875–1956), composer who wrote pieces in a romantic style well into the 20th century
  • Mikhail Glinka (1804–1857), one of the first significant Russian composers
  • Alexander Gedike (1877–1957), composer and pianist, won the Rubinstein Prize for Composition at the young age of 23.
  • Nicolai Golovanov (1891-1951), also a foremost conductor
  • Alexander Gretchaninov (1864–1956), late Romantic, student of Rimsky-Korsakov, member of the "new Russian choral school"
  • Sofia Gubaidulina (born 1931), Russian composer of half Tartar ethnicity.
  • Alexander Ilyinsky (1859–1919), composer known for the opera The Fountain of Bakhchisaray, orchestral suites, and a symphony
  • Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov (1859–1935), Romantic composer, noted for his orchestral suite Caucasian Sketches
  • Dmitry Kabalevsky (1904–1987), 20th century composer
  • Vasily Kalinnikov (1866–1901), Romantic composer who lived a short life due to illness. Most famous for his first symphony.
  • Nikolai Kapustin (born 1937), 20th century composer and pianist, who uses jazz idioms set amid formal classical structures in his compositions.
  • Yakov Kazyansky (born 1948), 20th and 21st century composer, writes mostly theatrical music and jazz
  • Yuri Khanon (born 1965), 20th and 21st century composer-ideologist of opera, ballet, symphonic works and chamber music, laureate of the European Film Awards (1988)
  • Alexander Kopylov (1854–1911), composer of four quartets, a symphony, also a member of the Belyayev circle
  • Yevgeny Kostitsyn (born 1963), 21st century composer, originator of synchronous and Cubist music
  • Andrei Krylov (born 1961), 20th and 21st century composer, wrote mostly works for classical guitar, flute and keyboards
  • Boris Ledkovsky (1894—1975), Russian-American composer of Church music
  • Dmitry Lubensky (born 1979), 21st century composer of film scores and cartoons
  • Anatoly Lyadov (1855–1914), known for The Enchanted Lake, Baba Yaga, and the Eight Russian Folksongs.
  • Sergei Lyapunov (1859–1924), composer and pianist, member of the Belyayev circle.
  • Vladimir Martynov (born 1946), 20th and 21st century composer
  • Nikolai Medtner (1880–1951), 20th century composer and pianist
  • Alexander Mosolov (1900–1973), avant-garde composer of the early Soviet era, best known for Iron Foundry from the ballet "Steel".
  • Nikolai Myaskovsky (1881–1950), 20th century composer and teacher of Polish birth, composer of 27 symphonies, 13 string quartets and other works
  • Vyacheslav Nagovitsin (born 1939), 20th century composer and violinist, works in Russia.
  • Nikolai Obukhov (1892–1954) known for his religious mysticism and electronic instrument, the croix sonore; worked mainly in France.
  • Alla Pavlova (born 1952), 20th and 21st century composer. Recognized mostly for her symphonic compositions.
  • Gavriil Popov (1904-1972), was a Soviet Russian composer of modernist bent who ran afoul of Soviet authorities.
  • Sergei Prokofiev (1891–1953), 20th century neoclassical composer, known for his symphonies (particularly #1 "Classical Symphony and #5), ballets, five piano concertos and six operas
  • Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873–1943), late Romantic virtuoso pianist and composer, known for Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini and four popular piano concertos
  • Vladimir Rebikov (1866–1920), late Romantic 20th century composer and pianist.
  • Nikolai Roslavets (1881–1944), was a convinced modernist and cosmopolitan thinker of Jewish background; his music was officially suppressed from 1930 onwards.
  • Anton Rubinstein (1829–1894), pianist, composer and conductor. As a pianist he was regarded as a rival of Franz Liszt. Particularly known for his piano music.
  • Adrian Schaposhnikov (1888–1967), 20th century composer.
  • Alexander Scriabin (1872–1915), Romantic, known for his harmonically adventurous piano sonatas and theatrical orchestral works
  • Julian Scriabin (1908–1919), son of Alexander Scriabin and a composer himself. Drowned at the young age of 11.
  • Vladimir Shainsky (born 1925), 20th and 21st century composer, wrote mostly works for children and popular songs.
  • Yuri Shaporin
  • Rodion Shchedrin (b. December 16, 1932), the chairman of the Union of Russian Composers from 1973 until 1990, best known for his Concerto for Orchestra No. 1 "Naughty Limericks".
  • Alfred Schnittke (1934–1998) composer, wrote 9 symphonies, 6 Concerto Grosso, 4 Violin Concertos, and many other works in various genres.
  • Dmitri Shostakovich (1906–1975), 20th century composer, wrote fifteen symphonies and is especially noted for his fifth symphony.
  • Nikolay Sokolov (1859–1922), composer of chamber and choral music, member of the Belyayev circle
  • Maximilian Steinberg (1883–1946), 20th century composer and pedagogue, born in what is now Lithuania
  • Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971), 20th century primitivist, neoclassical and jazz composer, known for his early ballet The Rite of Spring
  • Georgy Sviridov (1915–1998), a 20th century neoromantic composer of mostly vocal and choral music, most famous for his orchestral suite 'The Snowstorm'.
  • Alexander Taneyev (1850–1918), Romantic era nationalist composer.
  • Sergei Taneyev (1856–1915), Romantic composer, oriented towards classical forms and the central European tradition
  • Boris Tchaikovsky (1925–1996), part of the second generation of Russian composers, following in the steps of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (to whom he was not related).
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840–1893), influential Romantic composer, famous for his ballets (The Nutcracker, Swan Lake), his Romeo and Juliet Overture–Fantasy, 1812 Overture and his later symphonies (#4 – #6)
  • Alexander Tcherepnin (1899–1977), composer and pianist, invented his own harmonic languages, including the "Tcherepnin scale".
  • Nikolai Nikolayevich Tcherepnin (1873–1945), father of Alexander Tcherepnin, he wrote in an exotically spiced late Romantic idiom, most famous for his ballets 'Narcissus and Echo' and 'The Pavilion of Armide'.*
  • Vladimir Vavilov (1925–1973) guitarist, lutenist and composer of the famous "Ave Maria" which he falsely attributed to Giulio Caccini.
  • Mieczysław Weinberg (1919–1996), was an important Soviet composer of Polish-Jewish origin.

See also

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