Locum, short for the Latin phrase locum tenens (lit. "place-holder," akin to "lieutenant"), is a person who temporarily fulfills the duties of another. For example, a Locum doctor is a doctor who works in the place of the regular doctor when that doctor is absent. These professionals are still governed by their respective regulatory bodies, despite the transient nature of their positions.

The abbreviated form "locum" is common in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and most other countries; unlike in Latin its plural is "locums". In the United States, the full length "locum tenens" is preferred, though for some particular roles, alternative expressions (e.g. "substitute teacher") may be more commonly used.

In the UK, the NHS on average has 3 500 locum doctors working in hospitals on any given day, with another 6,000 locum general practitioners. Many of these locum hospital doctors are supplied by private agencies through a national framework agreement that the NHS holds with 21 private agencies. NHS figures show that approximately 80% of hospital locum positions are filled by agencies on this framework. The remaining 20% are filled by agencies working outside of this agreement.

On the other hand, GP locums (Freelance GPs) mostly work independently from locum agencies either as self-employed or via Freelance GP Chambers based on the [http://www.nasgp.org.uk NASGP] 's Sessional GP Support Team (SGPST) model.

Professions where locums are common include:
*General Practitioner

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  • locum — the term for ‘a deputy standing in for a doctor or cleric’ is pronounced loh kǝm, and the plural is locums. The word is short for locum tenens ‘one holding the place’, which is occasionally used in more formal contexts. The plural of the full… …   Modern English usage

  • locum — (also locum tenens) ► NOUN ▪ a doctor or cleric standing in for another who is temporarily away. ORIGIN from Latin locum tenens one holding a place …   English terms dictionary

  • locum — locúm s.m. – Rahat. – var. (înv.) lichium. tc. lökün (Miklosich, Etym. Wb., 175; Lokotsch 1328), cf. sb. lokuma. Trimis de blaurb, 08.03.2008. Sursa: DER …   Dicționar Român

  • locum-te — locum te·nen·cy; …   English syllables

  • locum — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 7}}[wym. lokum]{{/stl 7}}{{stl 17}}ZOB. {{/stl 17}}{{stl 7}}lokum {{/stl 7}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Locum — Meillerie Meillerie Meillerie vu du Lac Léman Administration Pays France Région Rhône Alpes Département …   Wikipédia en Français

  • locum — UK [ˈləʊkəm] / US [ˈloʊkəm] noun [countable] Word forms locum : singular locum plural locums British a doctor or priest who does the job of another doctor or priest temporarily, for example while the usual one is ill or on holiday …   English dictionary

  • locum — noun Date: 1901 chiefly British locum tenens …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • locum — /loh keuhm/, n. Brit. See locum tenens. * * * …   Universalium

  • locum — noun /ˈləʊkəm/ Abbreviated form of locum tenens.<ref name= COED pron def >The Concise Oxford English Dictionary [Eleventh Edition]</ref> …   Wiktionary

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