- Patriarch Joachim
Patriarch Joachim ( _ru. Иоахим) (1620—
March 17, 1690) was the eleventh Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, an opponent of the " Raskol" (the Old Believer schism), and a founder of the Slavic Greek Latin Academy.
Born Ivan Petrovich Savelov (Иван Петрович Савелов), Joachim was of noble origin. When his family died in the 1654 epidemic, he became a
monkand served in various monasteries, receiving the religious nameJoachim upon his tonsure.
In 1664 Joachim was elevated to the rank of
archimandriteand became hegumen(abbot) of the Chudov Monasteryand in 1672 was consecratedas Metropolitan of Novgorod. [Pavel Tikhomirov, "Kafedra Novgorodskikh Sviatitelei" (Novgorod, 1895), vol. 2. ru icon] He was elected a Patriarch on July 26, 1674, following the death of Patriarch Pitirim. Although Joachim had participated in the council which deposed Patriarch Nikon, he continued Nikon's policies with regard to the Old Believers, and defending church authorities against the encroachments of Caesaropapismby the Tsars.
* [http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/history/franks/classes/131b/perm/petrinedocs1.html#Document_#5 The Testament of Patriarch Joachim]
*ru icon [http://www.pravoslavie.ru/archiv/archiereology07.htm Патриарх Московский и всея Руси Иоаким (Савелов)]
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