- New Zealand general election, 1905
1905 general election 1902 ← 6 (general) & 20 December (Māori) 1905 → 1908 All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 83.3% First party Second party Leader Richard Seddon No Leader Party Liberal Independent Leader since 1893 Leader's seat Westland Last election 47 seats 33 seats Seats won 58 22 Seat change 11 11 Popular vote N/A N/A Percentage N/A N/A Swing N/A N/A
Prime Minister before election
The New Zealand general election of 1905 was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 16th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 412,702 voters turned out, with 396,657 (83.25% of the electoral roll) voting in the European electorates.
1903 the City Single Electorates Act declared that at the dissolution of the 15th Parliament, the four multi-member electorates would be abolished and replaced each with three single-member electorates. It was also the year absentee voting was introduced for all electors unable to be in their own electorate on election day; first Chief Electoral Officer appointed.
In 1905 a progressive faction within the Liberal Party started to form in opposition to Liberal leader Richard Seddon's policies. They announced that they would stand in the election as the New Liberal Party, however an accusation against Seddon's son, when disproven saw most of the dissidents return to the Liberal Party, and of the three New Liberals (Francis Fisher, Harry Bedford and Tommy Taylor) that stood in the election only Fisher was returned.
The Rev Frank Isitt was the Prohibition candidate for several South Island electorates, and came second in two.
Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place Ashburton John McLachlan John McLachlan Studholme Auckland Central (new electorate) Alfred Kidd L J Bagnall Auckland East (new electorate) Frederick Baume H Bamford Auckland West (new electorate) Charles Poole Christopher Parr Avon William Tanner William Tanner John Russell Brunt Awarua Joseph Ward Joseph Ward H S Woodnorth Bay of Islands Robert Houston Robert Houston J C Johnson Bay of Plenty William Herbert Herries William Herbert Herries J Foster Bruce James Allen James Allen W D Mason Buller James Colvin James Colvin Frank Isitt Caversham Thomas Sidey Thomas Sidey William Earnshaw Chalmers Edmund Allen Edmund Allen W Pryor Christchurch East (new electorate) Thomas Davey H F Toogood Christchurch North (new electorate) Charles Matthew Gray Tommy Taylor Christchurch South (new electorate) Harry Ell C H Winny Clutha James Thomson Alexander Malcolm D Stewart Courtenay Charles Lewis Charles Lewis T J McBride Dunedin Central (new electorate) John A. Millar A S Adam Dunedin North (new electorate) Alfred Richard Barclay Harry Bedford Dunedin South (new electorate) James Frederick Arnold William Downie Stewart Eden John Bollard John Bollard R French Egmont William Thomas Jennings William Thomas Jennings C Leech Ellesmere Robert Rhodes Robert Rhodes G Rennie Franklin William Massey William Massey W W McCardle Geraldine Frederick Flatman Frederick Flatman W Jeffries Grey Arthur Guinness Arthur Guinness J Petrie Grey Lynn George Fowlds George Fowlds J Farrell Hawera Charles E. Major Charles E. Major Felix McGuire Hawke's Bay William Russell Alfred Dillon William Russell Hurunui Andrew Rutherford Andrew Rutherford O F Clothier Hutt Thomas Mason Wilford Thomas Mason Wilford G M Yerex Invercargill Josiah Hanan Josiah Hanan I W Raymond Kaiapoi David Buddo David Buddo R Moore Kaipara Alfred Harding John Stallworthy Alfred Harding Lyttelton George Laurenson George Laurenson William Radcliffe Manawatu Job Vile John Stevens Job Vile Manukau Matthew Kirkbride Matthew Kirkbride R D Stewart Marsden Francis Mander Francis Mander Robert Thompson Masterton Alexander Wilson Hogg Alexander Wilson Hogg J C Cooper Mataura Robert McNab Robert McNab T MacGiddon Motueka Roderick McKenzie Roderick McKenzie Frank Isitt Mount Ida Alexander Herdman John MacPherson Alexander Herdman Napier Alfred Fraser Alfred Fraser M W P Lascelles Nelson John Graham John Graham Harry Atmore Newtown William Henry Peter Barber William Henry Peter Barber Thomas William Hislop Oamaru Thomas Young Duncan Thomas Young Duncan J Mitchell Ohinemuri Edward George Britton Moss Hugh Poland Edward George Britton Moss Oroua Frank Yates Lethbridge Frank Yates Lethbridge O C Pleasants Otaki William Hughes Field William Hughes Field B P Brown Pahiatua William Henry Hawkins Robert Beatson Ross William Henry Hawkins Palmerston William Wood William Wood Frederick Pirani Parnell Frank Lawry Frank Lawry M McLean Patea Walter Symes Walter Symes John Hine Rangitikei Arthur Remington Arthur Remington J R Sommerville Riccarton George Witty George Witty Thomas Henson Caverhill Selwyn Charles Hardy Charles Hardy Joseph Ivess Taieri Donald Reid Donald Reid A Marshall Taranaki Edward Smith Edward Smith Henry James Okey Thames James McGowan James McGowan M Fleming Timaru William Hall-Jones William Hall-Jones Francis Joseph Rolleston Tuapeka James Bennet James Bennet R Gilkison Waiapu James Carroll James Carroll W L Clayton Waikato Frederic William Lang Henry Greenslade Frederic William Lang Waikouaiti Thomas Mackenzie Thomas Mackenzie Edward Henry Clark Waipawa Charles Hall Charles Hall G Hunter Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan John Hornsby Walter Clarke Buchanan Wairau Charles Mills Charles Mills John Duncan Waitaki William Steward William Steward G Dash Waitemata Ewen Alison Ewen Alison C H Clinkard Wakatipu William Fraser William Fraser Michael Gilfedder Wallace John C Thomson John C Thomson D Macpherson Wanganui Archibald Willis James Thomas Hogan Archibald Willis Wellington Central (new electorate) Francis Fisher Patrick O'Regan Wellington East (new electorate) John Aitken William McLean Wellington North (new electorate) Charles Izard John Duthie Westland Richard Seddon Richard Seddon H Cowin
Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place Eastern Maori Wiremu Pere Apirana Ngata Wiremu Pere Northern Maori Hone Heke Hone Heke Ru Reweti Southern Maori Tame Parata Tame Parata John Hopere Wharewiti Uru Western Maori Henare Kaihau Henare Kaihau Te Heuheu Tukino
Summary of Changes
The multi-member urban electorates of City of Auckland, City of Christchurch, City of Dunedin and City of Wellington were abolished and replaced with the following single-member seats:
- Auckland Central
- Auckland East
- Auckland West
- Christchurch East
- Christchurch North
- Christchurch South
- Wellington Central
- Wellington East
- Wellington North
- Dunedin Central
- Dunedin North
- Dunedin South
- ^ "New Zealand Elections 1905-1943". NZES. http://www.nzes.org/exec/getdata/NZ_elections_1905-43.xls. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
- ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. http://www.elections.org.nz/elections/resultsdata/elections-dates-turnout.html. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- ^ "Results of the Polls". Ashburton Guardian, Volume xxii, Issue 6742. 7 December 1905. p. 2. http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=AG19051207.2.12. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
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