- New Zealand general election, 1911
1911 general election 1908 ← 17 November to 2 December 1908 → 1914
All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 83.5% First party Second party Leader Joseph Ward William Massey Party Liberal Reform Leader since 1906 1909 Leader's seat Awarua Franklin Last election 50 seats, Unclear N/A Seats won 33 37 Seat change 17 37 Popular vote N/A N/A Percentage N/A N/A Swing N/A N/A
Prime Minister before election
The New Zealand general election of 1911 was held on Thursday, 7 and 14 December in the general electorates, and on Tuesday, 19 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 18th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 590,042 (83.5%) voters turned out to vote.
The result was that the Liberal Party, which had won a majority of seats (50 of 80) in Parliament, lost 17 seats and its majority, winning only 33. The Reform Party gained 9 to obtain a plurality (37) of seats.  Liberal Prime Minister Joseph Ward was able to retain office, but in 1912, Reform Party founder William Massey formed a new government.
The Second Ballot Act 1908 provided for second or runoff ballots between the top two candidates where the top candidate did not get an absolute majority. The second ballot was held seven days after the first ballot except in ten large rural seats, where fourteen days was allowed. At the 1911 election, all 30 second ballots were held seven days later. Two 1913 by-elections (Grey and Lyttelton) also required second ballots.
The Second Ballot Act did not apply to the Maori electorates, and was used only in 1908 and 1911, as it was repealed in 1913.
1911 was the year the first triennial national referendum on prohibition of alcohol. Referendums were subsequently held in conjunction with each general election (except for 1931 and 1951) until they were abolished in 1989.
Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place Ashburton William Nosworthy William Nosworthy J Kennedy Auckland Central Albert Glover Albert Glover Michael Joseph Savage Auckland East Arthur Myers Arthur Myers Arthur Withy Auckland West Charles Poole James Bradney Charles Poole Avon George Russell George Russell James McCombs Awarua Joseph Ward Joseph Ward John Hamilton Bay of Islands Vernon Reed Vernon Reed G Wilkinson Bay of Plenty William MacDonald William MacDonald H D De Lautour Bruce James Allen James Allen P McKinlay Buller James Colvin James Colvin Fergus Ferguson Munro Chalmers Edward Henry Clark Edward Henry Clark J T Johnson Christchurch East Thomas Davey Thomas Davey Henry Thacker Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Leonard Isitt J D Hall Christchurch South Harry Ell Harry Ell Gains Whiting Clutha Alexander Malcolm Alexander Malcolm G Livingstone Dunedin Central James Frederick Arnold Charles Statham James Frederick Arnold Dunedin North George Thomson George Thomson R R Douglas Dunedin South Thomas Sidey Thomas Sidey John McManus Dunedin West John A. Millar John A. Millar Harry Bedford Eastern Maori Apirana Ngata Apirana Ngata None Eden John Bollard John Bollard W J Speight Egmont Bradshaw Dive Thomas Mackenzie Bradshaw Dive Ellesmere Robert Rhodes Robert Rhodes G Armstrong Franklin William Massey William Massey J W McLarin Gisborne James Carroll James Carroll None Grey Arthur Guinness Arthur Guinness Paddy Webb Grey Lynn George Fowlds John Payne George Fowlds Hawke's Bay Alfred Dillon Hugh Campbell H I Simson Hurunui George Forbes George Forbes D D Macfarlane Hutt Thomas Mason Wilford Thomas Mason Wilford Michael Reardon Invercargill Josiah Hanan Josiah Hanan T Fleming Kaiapoi David Buddo David Buddo R Moore Kaipara John Stallworthy Gordon Coates John Stallworthy Lyttelton George Laurenson George Laurenson Colin Cook Manukau Frederic William Lang Frederic William Lang R D Stewart Marsden Francis Mander Francis Mander E C Purdie Masterton Alexander Wilson Hogg George Sykes Alexander Wilson Hogg Mataura George Anderson George Anderson J MacGibbon Motueka Roderick McKenzie Roderick McKenzie F W O Smith Napier John Vigor Brown John Vigor Brown H T Hill Nelson John Graham Harry Atmore W G Moffatt Northern Maori Te Rangihiroa Te Rangihiroa Riapo Timoti Puhipi Oamaru Thomas Young Duncan Ernest Page Lee Thomas Young Duncan Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Hugh Poland Pat Hickey Oroua David Guthrie David Guthrie R E Hornblow Otago Central New Electorate Robert Scott W D Mason Otaki William Hughes Field John Robertson William Hughes Field Pahiatua Robert Ross James Escott Robert Ross Palmerston David Buick David Buick Robert McNab Parnell Frank Lawry James Samuel Dickson Joe Mack Patea George Pearce George Pearce P O'Dea Raglan New Electorate Richard Bollard Allen Bell Rangitikei Robert William Smith Edward Newman W Meldrum Riccarton George Witty George Witty C H Ensor Selwyn Charles Hardy William Dickie Charles Hardy Southern Maori Taare Parata Taare Parata John Uru Stratford John Hine John Hine J McCluggage Taranaki Henry James Okey Henry James Okey Charles Emanuel Bellringer Taumarunui William Thomas Jennings Charles Kendall Wilson William Thomas Jennings Tauranga William Herbert Herries William Herbert Herries R King Temuka New Electorate Thomas Buxton W Jeffries Thames Edmund Taylor Thomas William Rhodes Edmund Taylor Timaru James Craigie James Craigie J H Moore Waikato Henry Greenslade James Young Henry Greenslade Waimarino New Electorate Robert William Smith F F Hockley Waipawa Charles Hall George Hunter Albert Jull Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan Walter Clarke Buchanan John Hornsby Wairau John Duncan Richard McCallum John Duncan Waitaki William Steward Francis Henry Smith John Macpherson Waitemata Leonard Phillips Alexander Harris W J Napier Wakatipu William Fraser William Fraser James Horn Wallace John C Thomson John C Thomson A Carmichael Wanganui James Thomas Hogan Bill Veitch James Thomas Hogan Wellington Central Francis Fisher Francis Fisher Robert Fletcher Wellington East David McLaren Alfred Newman David McLaren Wellington North Alexander Herdman Alexander Herdman A W Izard Wellington South Robert Wright Alfred Hindmarsh Robert Wright Wellington Suburbs and Country John Luke William Henry Dillon Bell Frank Moore Western Maori Henare Kaihau Maui Pomare Henare Kaihau Westland Thomas Seddon Thomas Seddon Henry Leslie Michel
Summary of Changes
- A boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of four seats:
- Geraldine, held by Thomas Buxton
- Manawatu, held by Edward Newman
- Taieri, held by Thomas MacKenzie
- Tuapeka, held by Robert Scott
- At the same time, four new seats came into being:
- Otago Central
- ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. http://www.elections.org.nz/elections/resultsdata/elections-dates-turnout.html. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- ^ "General elections 1890-1993 - seats won by party", Elections.org
Elections and referendums in New Zealand General elections1853 · 1855 · 1860–61 · 1866 · 1868 (Māori) · 1871 · 1875–76 · 1879 · 1881 · 1884 · 1887 · 1890 · 1893 · 1896 · 1899 · 1902 · 1905 · 1908 · 1911 · 1914 · 1919 · 1922 · 1925 · 1928 · 1931 · 1935 · 1938 · 1943 · 1946 · 1949 · 1951 · 1954 · 1957 · 1960 · 1963 · 1966 · 1969 · 1972 · 1975 · 1978 · 1981 · 1984 · 1987 · 1990 · 1993 · 1996 · 1999 · 2002 · 2005 · 2008 · 2011 Local elections ReferendumsAlcohol licensing, 1896–1987 · Gambling, 1949 · Military training, 1949 · Sale of Liquor, 1949 · Parliamentary term, 1967 · Sale of Liquor, 1967 · Parliamentary term, 1990 · Voting method, 1992 · Voting method, 1993 · Firefighters, 1995 · Pensions, 1997 · Justice, 1999 · MP reduction, 1999 · Smacking, 2009 · Voting method, 2011
- A boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of four seats:
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