New Zealand general election, 1922

New Zealand general election, 1922
1922 general election
New Zealand
1919 ←
6 (Māori) & 7 December (general) 1922
→ 1925

All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 87.7%
  First party Second party Third party
  William Ferguson Massey 1919.jpg No image.png Harry Holland (1925).jpg
Leader William Massey Thomas Mason Wilford Harry Holland
Party Reform Liberal Labour
Leader since 1909 1920 1919
Leader's seat Franklin Hutt Buller
Last election 43 seats, 35.7% 17 seats, 28.7% 8 seats, 24.2%
Seats won 37 22 17
Seat change decrease 6 increase 5 increase 9
Popular vote 249,735 166,708 150,448
Percentage 39.4% 26.3% 23.7%
Swing increase 3.7% decrease 2.4% decrease 0.5%

Prime Minister before election

William Massey

Prime Minister-designate

William Massey

The New Zealand general election of 1922 was held on Monday, 6 December in the Māori electorates, and on Tuesday, 7 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 21st session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 700,111 (87.7%) voters turned out to vote.[1]

1922 was the year residents of the Chatham Islands were enfranchised for the first time (included in Lyttelton and Western Māori electorates).



William Massey formed a government, but with the loss in support for the Reform Party he had to negotiate for support with Independents, and with two Liberal Party members. Liberal was in decline and disorganised, and two Liberal MPs supported Massey; they were afterwards appointed to the Legislative Council.

Party Totals

Party Candidates Total votes Percentage Seats won
Reform Party ? 249,735 39.4% 37
Liberal Party ? 166,708 26.3% 22
Labour Party ? 150,448 23.7% 17
Others ? 67,837 10.7% 4
Total ? 634,728 80
  • Note: Electorate results given below, include 38 Reform and 21 Liberal members. The figures given in the table agree with Mackie and Rose, as well as the article on New Zealand elections.

Electorate Results

Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place
Ashburton William Nosworthy William Nosworthy H M Jones
Auckland Central Bill Parry Bill Parry Albert Glover
Auckland East Clutha Mackenzie John A. Lee Clutha Mackenzie
Auckland West Michael Joseph Savage Michael Joseph Savage J Farrell
Avon Dan Sullivan Dan Sullivan George Russell
Awarua John Ronald Hamilton Philip De la Perrelle John Ronald Hamilton
Bay of Islands Vernon Reed Allen Bell Vernon Reed
Bay of Plenty Kenneth Stuart Williams Kenneth Stuart Williams None
Buller Harry Holland Harry Holland J Menzies
Chalmers James McColl Dickson James McColl Dickson J Stephens
Christchurch East Henry Thacker Tim Armstrong Henry Thacker
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Leonard Isitt John Archer
Christchurch South Ted Howard Ted Howard H C Lane
Clutha Alexander Malcolm John Edie Alexander Malcolm
Dunedin Central Charles Statham Charles Statham John Gilchrist
Dunedin North James Wright Munro James Wright Munro J J Clark
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey Thomas Sidey John McManus
Dunedin West William Downie Stewart William Downie Stewart C M Moss
Eastern Maori Apirana Ngata Apirana Ngata Taranaki Kanara te Uamairangi
Eden Christopher Parr Christopher Parr Rex Mason
Egmont Oswald Hawken Oswald Hawken D L A Astbury
Ellesmere Robert Rhodes Robert Rhodes J C Free
Franklin William Massey William Massey J Rea
Gisborne William Lysnar William Lysnar G Wildish
Grey Lynn Frederick Bartram Frederick Bartram W J Holdsworth
Hamilton New Electorate James Young Arthur Shapton Richards
Hawke's Bay Hugh Campbell Gilbert McKay A H Russell
Hurunui George Forbes George Forbes S Andrew
Hutt Thomas Mason Wilford Thomas Mason Wilford David Pritchard
Invercargill Josiah Hanan Josiah Hanan J Armstead
Kaiapoi David Jones David Buddo David Jones
Kaipara Gordon Coates Gordon Coates R E Hornblow
Lyttelton James McCombs James McCombs R MacCartney
Manawatu Edward Newman Joseph Linklater F D Whibley
Manukau Frederic William Lang William Jordan Frederic William Lang
Marsden Francis Mander Alfred Murdoch William Jones
Masterton George Sykes George Sykes A C Holms
Mataura George Anderson George Anderson David McDougall
Motueka Richard Hudson Richard Hudson R Patterson
Napier John Vigor Brown Lewis McIlvride J Mason
Nelson Harry Atmore Harry Atmore A Gilbert
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare Taurekareka Henare Nau Parone Kawiti
Oamaru Ernest Lee John MacPherson Ernest Lee
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Hugh Poland Stephen Shepherd Allen
Oroua David Guthrie David Guthrie John Cobbe
Otaki William Hughes Field William Hughes Field G H M McClure
Pahiatua Archibald McNicol Ethelbert Ransom Archibald McNicol
Palmerston James Nash James Nash J Hodgens
Parnell James Samuel Dickson James Samuel Dickson S M Wren
Patea Edwin Dixon James Randall Corrigan Edwin Dixon
Raglan Richard Bollard Richard Bollard S C G Lye
Rangitikei William Spiers Glenn William Spiers Glenn F P Brady
Riccarton George Witty George Witty Herbert Kyle
Roskill Vivian Harold Potter Vivian Harold Potter Alfred Hall-Skelton
Rotorua Frank Hockly Frank Hockly Cecil Clinkard
Southern Maori Henare Uru Henare Uru Peter MacDonald
Stratford Robert Masters Robert Masters John Hine
Taranaki Sydney George Smith Sydney George Smith Charles Emanuel Bellringer
Tauranga William Herbert Herries William Herbert Herries L Johnstone
Temuka Thomas Burnett Thomas Burnett T H Langford
Thames Thomas William Rhodes Thomas William Rhodes W A Allan
Timaru James Craigie Francis Rolleston Percy Vinnell
Waikato James Young Frederick Lye J T Johnson
Waimarino Robert William Smith Frank Langstone Robert William Smith
Waipawa George Hunter George Hunter J J Langridge
Wairarapa Alexander Donald McLeod Alexander Donald McLeod J W Card
Wairau Richard McCallum William Girling Richard McCallum
Waitaki John Bitchener John Bitchener William Paul
Waitemata Alexander Harris Alexander Harris F H Burbush
Waitomo William Thomas Jennings John Christopher Rolleston William Thomas Jennings
Wakatipu James Horn James Horn J Ritchie
Wallace Adam Hamilton John C Thomson Adam Hamilton
Wanganui Bill Veitch Bill Veitch J Coull
Wellington Central Peter Fraser Peter Fraser W H Bennett
Wellington East Alfred Newman Alec Monteith Thomas Forsyth
Wellington North John Luke John Luke Henry Ernest Combs
Wellington South George Mitchell Robert McKeen George Mitchell
Wellington Suburbs Robert Wright Robert Wright Alexander Croskery
Western Maori Maui Pomare Maui Pomare Haami Tokouru Ratana
Westland Tom Seddon James O'Brien Tom Seddon

Summary of Changes

  • A boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of one seat:
    • Bruce, held by John Edie
  • At the same time, one new seat came into being:
    • Hamilton


  • New Zealand Yearbook 1924
  • Chapman, Robert M., The Significance of the 1928 General Election: A Study in Certain Trends in New Zealand Politics During the Nineteen-Twenties. Unpublished thesis, Massey University, Palmerston North, 1948.
  • Chapman, R. M. The Political Scene 1919-1931 (New Zealand History Topic Book by Heinemann, 1969)
  • The International Almanac of Electoral History, 3rd edition, Thomas T. Mackie and Richard Rose (Macmillan, 1991)

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