Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State

Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State
Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State
Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Abbreviation PMERJ
Brasão PMRJ mini.PNG
Badge of the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State.
Motto To serve and protect
Servir e proteger
Agency overview
Formed May 13, 1809
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Brazil State RiodeJaneiro.svg
Map of police jurisdiction.
Size 43.696,054 km² (16,871.1 sp mi)
Population 16,010,429 (2009)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters City of Rio de Janeiro
Official website
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State (Portuguese: Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) (PMERJ) like other military polices in Brazil is a reserve and ancillary force of the Brazilian Army, and part of the System of Public Security and Brazilian Social Protection.[1] Its members are called "State Military" person.[2]

The primary mission of PMERJ is ostensibly preventive policing for the maintenance of public order in the State of Rio de Janeiro.

Under the United Nations, in cooperation with the Brazilian Army, the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State has served in Angola, Mozambique, East-Timor, Sudan, and Haiti.



The first militarized police in Portugal (when Brazil was still a colony) was the Royal Police Guard of Lisbon (Portuguese: Guarda Real de Polícia de Lisboa), established in 1801,[3] which followed the model of the National Gendarmerie (French: Gendarmerie Nationale) of France, created in 1791.

When the Portuguese Royal Family was transferred to Brazil, the Royal Police Guard of Lisbon remained in Portugal, and another equivalent guard was created in Rio de Janeiro under the name of Military Division of the Royal Guard Police of Rio de Janeiro, in 1809.[4]

With the abdication of Emperor Pedro I in 1831, the Regency held reformulations on the Brazilian Armed Forces. The Royal Guard Police of Rio de Janeiro became extinct,[5] and was replaced by the Municipal Guard Corps of Volunteers,[6] a type of security force similar to the National Guard. The same law allowed each Province to establish its own Guard of Volunteers.

In 1834, Pedro I died in Portugal and this reduced the fear in Brazil of a reunification of the kingdoms. The Guard of Volunteers were then transformed into Province Police Corps, with professional troops.[7] The Police Corps were created with the same structure as the Army, and to serve as reserve troops when necessary, under provinces presidents' control. In 1835, the president of Rio de Janeiro province created the "Rio de Janeiro Province Police Corp" (Guarda Policial da Província do Rio de Janeiro).

With the Proclamation of the Republic, Brazil adopted a constitution based on the United States, where the states have a large autonomy. The Corps of Police began to be administered by the states and became smaller regional armies, with infantry, cavalry, artillery, and later, even with air forces. This dangerous situation to the national security remained until the rise of Getúlio Vargas dictatorial government in 1930s, when he abolished states autonomy, and the Brazilian army began its control over states military polices and firefighters corps.


Military Police in combating crime in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro.

The PMERJ is operationally organized into Intermediary Commands or Policing Area Command (Portuguese: Comandos Intermediários/Comandos de Policiamento de Área), Military Police Battalions, companies, and platoons; and administratively, in departments.

The battalions are based in major urban centers, and their companies and platoons are distributed according to population density in cities.
The Military Police of Rio de Janeiro is present in all cities of the State.

Commands and Battalions of Military Police

These are the Policing Area Commands and their respective batallions. Cities and neighborhoods indicate the location of their headquarters.

Military Police armored vehicle.
PAC's – state division.
Rio de Janeiro Military Police car (2009).
Police officers – 1950s.
Police officers of BOPE – 2000s.
Old PMERJ badge
(until 1975).
Military police operation in Complexo do Alemão in November 2010.

  • 1st Policing Area Command – city of Rio de Janeiro
    • 1st Battalion – Estácio
    • 2nd Battalion – Botafogo
    • 3rd Battalion – Méier
    • 4th Battalion – São Cristovão
    • 5th Battalion – Saúde
    • 6th Battalion – Tijuca
    • 13th Battalion – Downtown
    • 16th Battalion – Penha
    • 17th Battalion – Ilha do Governador
    • 19th Battalion – Copacabana
    • 22nd Battalion – Maré
    • 23rd Battalion – Leblon
    • 1st Independent Company (Governor's Palace Guard) – Laranjeiras
  • 2nd Policing Area Command – city of Rio de Janeiro
    • 9th Battalion – Rocha Miranda
    • 14th Battalion – Bangu
    • 18th Battalion – Jacarepaguá
    • 27th Battalion – Santa Cruz
    • 31st Battalion – Barra da Tijuca
    • 40th Battalion – Campo Grande
    • 41st Battalion – Irajá
  • 4th Policing Area Command – city of Niterói

Special Units

Administrative Commands

  • Department of Education:
  • Department of Logistic Support.
  • Department of Personnel.
  • Department of Finance.
  • Department of Intelligence.
  • Department of Social Assistance (welfare).
  • Communications and Informatic Center.
  • Department of Health:
    • Military Police Central Hospital, Rio de Janeiro city;
    • Military Police Hospital, in Niteroi;
      • 4 Clinics;
    • Veterinary Center;
    • Dentistry Center;
    • Reahabilitation Center (Physical therapy).


Armored vehicles

Vehicle Type Situation In service
Ford Cargo 815 armored personnel carrier active 12
Volkswagen Cargo 1722 armored personnel carrier active 7
GAZ-2330 Tiger special police armoured vehicle tests 1*

Aircraft inventory

Aircraft Type Versions In service
Eurocopter AS350 Patrol helicopter AS-350B3 3
Bell Huey II Special operations Huey II 1
Piper PA-34 Seneca Personal transport PA-34 2


Since 1975, the PMERJ use dark blue in their uniforms on blue with black trousers.


The PMERJ has the same hierarchical classification[8] of the Brazilian Army, with another type of insignias.[9]

Colonel Lieutenant
Major Captain First
Aspirant Student Officer
or Cadet
Insignia PM O1.PNG
Insignia PM O2.PNG
Insignia PM O3.PNG
Insignia PM O4.PNG
Insignia PM O5.PNG
Insignia PM O6.PNG
Insignia PM O7.PNG
Alof pmerj.PNG
Sub-Lieutenant First
Corporal Private of
First Class
Insignia PM O8.PNG
Insignia PM P1.PNG
Insignia PM P2.PNG
Insignia PM P3.PNG
Insignia PM P5.PNG
Insignia PM P6.PNG

Battles against crime

See also


  1. ^ Article 144 of Constitution of Brazil.
  2. ^ Article 42 of Constitution of Brazil.
  3. ^ Decree of December 10, 1801.
  4. ^ Decree of May 13, 1809.
  5. ^ Law of July 17, 1831.
  6. ^ Law of October 10, 1931.
  7. ^ Constitutional Reform of 1834, Article 15, § 11.
  8. ^ Ordinance of the Ministry of the Army 340, October 4, 1971.
  9. ^ Decree 3,568, March 02, 2001.

External links

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