Uterine prolapse

Uterine prolapse
Female genital prolapse
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 N81.4
ICD-9 618.1
DiseasesDB 13651
MeSH D014596

Uterine prolapse is a form of female genital prolapse (also called pelvic organ prolapse or prolapse of the uterus (womb).

Treatment is surgical, and the options include hysterectomy or a uterus-sparing techniques such as Hysteropexy[1] or Manchester procedure.[2]

The uterus (womb) is normally held in place by a hammock of muscles and ligaments. Prolapse happens when the ligaments supporting the uterus become so weak that the uterus cannot stay in place and slips down from its normal position. These ligaments are the round ligament of the uterus,uterosacral ligaments,broad ligament & suspensitory ovarian ligament. The utereosacral ligaments are by far the most important ligaments in preventing uterine prolapse.

The most common cause of uterine prolapse is trauma during childbirth, in particular multiple or difficult births. About 50% of women who have had children develop some form of pelvic organ prolapse in their lifetime. It is more common as women get older, particularly in those who have gone through the menopause. This condition is surgically correctable.

See also


  1. ^ Price N, Slack A, Jackson S. Laparoscopic hysteropexy: the initial results of a uterine suspension procedure for uterovaginal prolapse. BJOG 2010;117:62–68. DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02396. www.bjog.org
  2. ^ Surgical correction of uterine prolapse: cervical amputation with uterosacral ligament plication versus vaginal hysterectomy with high uterosacral ligament plication By de Boer T, Milani F, Kluivers K, Withagen M, Vierhout M. Part of ICS 2009 Scientific Programme, Thursday 1st October 2009

Natalia Price 2011 (revised February 2011)

Gynaecology Department, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK.


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • uterine prolapse — prolapse of uterus downward displacement of the uterus so that the cervix is within the vaginal orifice (first degree p.), the cervix is outside the orifice (second degree p.), or the entire uterus is outside the orifice (third degree p.). Called …   Medical dictionary

  • Prolapse — literally means To fall out of place. In medicine, prolapse is a condition where organs, such as the uterus, fall down or slip out of place. It is used for organs protruding through the vagina, rectum, or for the misalignment of the valves of the …   Wikipedia

  • prolapse — n. /proh laps , proh laps/; v. /proh laps /, n., v., prolapsed, prolapsing. n. 1. Pathol. a falling down of an organ or part, as the uterus, from its normal position. v.i. 2. to fall or slip down or out of place. [1555 65; < LL prolapsus a… …   Universalium

  • prolapse — [[t]pro͟ʊlæps, AM proʊlæ̱ps[/t]] prolapses, prolapsing, prolapsed (The verb is also pronounced [[t]prəlæ̱ps[/t]].) 1) N VAR A prolapse is when one of the organs in the body moves down from its normal position. [MEDICAL] One complication which can …   English dictionary

  • Female genital prolapse — (or vaginal prolapse) is characterized by a portion of the vaginal canal protruding from the opening of the vagina. The condition usually occurs when the pelvic floor collapses as a result of childbirth and is more common among tall Caucasian… …   Wikipedia

  • Umbilical cord prolapse — Classification and external resources Cord prolapse, depicted by W.Smellie, 1792 ICD 10 O …   Wikipedia

  • descensus uteri — uterine prolapse …   Medical dictionary

  • prolapsus uteri — uterine prolapse …   Medical dictionary

  • Hysterectomy — Intervention ICD 9 CM 68.9 MeSH D007044 A hysterectomy (from Greek ὑστέρα hys …   Wikipedia

  • parturition — /pahr too rish euhn, tyoo , choo /, n. Biol. the process of bringing forth young. [1640 50; < LL parturition (s. of parturitio) travail, equiv. to L parturit(us) (ptp. of parturire; see PARTURIENT) + ion ION] * * * I or birth or childbirth or… …   Universalium

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