Outline of ancient Egypt

Outline of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt.

Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology)[1] with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh.[2]

The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that facilitated the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known ships,[3] Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature, and the earliest known peace treaty.[4]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to ancient Egypt:


Nature of Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt can be described as:

Essence of Ancient Egypt

Geography of ancient Egypt


See also: Architecture of ancient Egypt (below)

Government and politics of ancient Egypt


Government Officials

  • Vizier (Ancient Egypt) The vizier was the highest official in Ancient Egypt to serve the king, or pharaoh during the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms.
  • Viceroy of Kush The Lower Nubian Kush was a province of Egypt from the 16th century BCE to eleventh century BCE. During this period it was ruled by a viceroy who reported directly to the Egyptian Pharaoh.
  • Treasurer (Ancient Egypt) The treasurer was responsible for products coming to the royal palace. They were the main economical administrator of the royal belongings.

Egyptian law

Military of ancient Egypt

General history of ancient Egypt

History of ancient Egypt, by period

  • Prehistoric Egypt – The Prehistory of Egypt spans the period of earliest human settlement to the beginning of the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt in ca. 3100 BC.
    • Naqada I or Amratian culture - a cultural period in the history of predynastic Upper Egypt, which lasted approximately from 4000 to 3500 BC.
    • Naqada II or Gerzeh culture - The Gerzean is the second of three phases of the Naqada Culture, and so is called Naqada II. It begins circa 3500 BC lasting through circa 3200 BC.
    • Naqada III or Semainean culture - Naqada III is the last phase of the Naqadan period of ancient Egyptian prehistory, dating approximately from 3200 to 3100 BC.

Some writers include the Thirteenth and Fourteenth dynasties in the Second Intermediate Period.

History of ancient Egypt, by region

History of ancient Egypt, by subject



Museums with ancient Egyptian exhibits





United Kingdom

United States of America

Culture of ancient Egypt

Architecture of ancient Egypt

Buildings and structures

Religion in ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptian language

Egyptian economy


Publications about ancient Egypt

  • Ancient Egypt (magazine)
  • Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs: A Practical Guide
  • Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt
  • The Hieroglyphs of Ancient Egypt
  • Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt
  • Reading Egyptian Art: A Hieroglyphic Guide to Ancient Egyptian Painting and Sculpture

See also

Ancient Egyptian lists


  1. ^ "Chronology". Digital Egypt for Universities, University College London. http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/chronology/index.html. Retrieved 25 March 2008. 
  2. ^ Dodson (2004) p. 46
  3. ^ Ward, Cheryl. "World's Oldest Planked Boats", in Archaeology (Volume 54, Number 3, May/June 2001). Archaeological Institute of America.
  4. ^ Clayton (1994) p. 153
  5. ^ Kathryn A. Bard, An Introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt (Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2008), 41.

External links

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