: "You may have been looking for the
Great Pyramid of Giza.": "For the three pyramids of Giza, visit the Giza pyramid complex.": "Gizeh" redirects here. Gizeh is also a popular brand in Germany of cigarette rolling papers; see Mascotte (rolling papers)."
Giza or Gizah ( _ar. الجيزة, transliterated "el-Gīzah") is a town in
Egypton the west bank of the Nileriver, some 20 km southwest of central Cairoand now part of the greater Cairometropolis. It is the capital of the Al Jizah Governorate, and is located near the northeast border of this governorate in coordinates. It is located right on the banks of the Nile River. Its population is 2,681,863in the 2006 national census, the governate has 4,779,000 (1998). Its large population makes it the 2nd largest suburb in the world, tied with Incheon, Korea and Quezon City, Philippines, second only to Yokohama, Japan.
Giza is most famous as the location of the
Giza Plateau: the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was once advocated (1884) as the location for the
Prime Meridian, a reference point used for determining a base longitude. ["The Canary Islands and the Question of the Prime Meridian: The Search for Precision in the Measurement of the Earth", Wilcomb E. Washburn. [http://muweb.millersville.edu/~columbus/data/geo/WASHBR04.GEO link] ]
Giza's most famous archaeological site, the
Giza Plateau, holds some of the most astonishing monumentsin Egyptian history. Once thriving with the Nilethat flowed right into the Giza Plateau, the Pyramids of Gizawere built overlooking the ancient Egyptiancapital of Memphis, which was near modern day Cairo.
The city itself has seen some changes over time. Changes in
infrastructureduring the different occupations of Egyptby various rulers, including the British in the 19th and early 20th century, focused on the construction of roads, streets, and buildingsin the area. It is commonly misunderstood that the Giza area is a complete desertarea; however, Giza has become a thriving centre of Egyptian culture and is quite heavily populated,many facilities and buildings in the current area. Giza saw much attention in particular to its vast amount of ancient Egyptian monumentsfound on the Giza Plateau, and has astonished thousands of visitors and tourists over the years. Giza's infrastructure saw much attention from both the British government prior to the 1952 coup d'etat, as well as the current Egyptian government due to the city's importance in tourism. Parts of Giza include el Haram, famous for its night clubs, Zamalek, predominantly populated by middle class Egyptiansand el Mohandeseen.
Industries here include movies, chemicals, machinery and cigarettes. In addition, Giza has many luxury apartment buildings along the Nile, making it a popular place to live.
Access to the city of Giza, which has its own
Governorateadjacent to the governorate of Cairo, is dependent on Cairo International Airport. another local airport is found in Giza, called Imbaba Airport, but recently the Egyptian government decided to close the area, and turn it into a cultural, or an athletic area.
Giza's learning institutions include the
University of Cairo(moved here in 1924) and the Academy of the Arabic Language (established 1932).
Los Angeles, United States
Rinkeby, Stockholm, Sweden
Pyramids of Giza
Notes & references
* [http://www.gizapyramids.org/ Giza Archives Project]
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