List of club-mosses and mosses of Montana

List of club-mosses and mosses of Montana
Sphagnum Moss

There are at least 23 species of Club-mosses and 153 species of Mosses found in Montana.[1],[2] The Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks has identified a number of Club-moss and moss species as Species of Concern.[3]



Stag's horn club-moss


Class: Lycopodiopsida Order: Lycopodiales Family: Lycopodiaceae[4]


Class: Isoetopsida Order: Isoetales, Family: Isoetaceae[5]

  • Bolander's Quillwort, Isoetes bolanderi
  • Howell's Quillwort, Isoetes howellii
  • Nuttall Quillwort, Isoetes nuttallii
  • Spiny-spore Quillwort, Isoetes echinospora
  • Western Quillwort, Isoetes occidentalis



Class: Isoetopsida Order: Selaginellales, Family: Selaginellaceae[6]

  • Dense Spike-moss, Selaginella densa
  • Lesser Spikemoss, Selaginella densa var. densa
  • Low Spike-moss, Selaginella selaginoides
  • Rocky Mountain Spikemoss, Selaginella densa var. scopulorum
  • Standley's Spike-moss, Selaginella densa var. standleyi
  • Wallace's Spike-moss, Selaginella wallacei
  • Watson's Spike-moss, Selaginella watsonii


Granite mosses

Class: Andreaeopsida Order: Andreaeales, Family: Andreaeaceae[7]

Peat Mosses

Narrowleaf peatmoss

Class: Sphagnopsida Order: Sphagnales, Family: Sphagnaceae[8]

Hair-cap Mosses

Class: Polytrichopsida Order: Polytrichales, Family: Polytrichaceae

  • Lyall's polytrichum moss, Meiotrichum lyallii
  • Oligotrichum moss, Oligotrichum aligerum
  • Polytrichum moss, Polytrichum sexangulare

True Mosses

An Orthotrichum moss

Class: Bryopsida[9]

  • Order: Hypnales, Family: Amblystegiaceae
    • Calliergon moss, Calliergon trifarium
    • Calliergonella moss, Calliergonella cuspidata
    • Campylium moss, Campylium polygamum
    • Cardot's campylium moss, Campylium cardotii
    • Hamatocaulis moss, Hamatocaulis vernicosus
    • Hygroamblystegium moss, Hygroamblystegium noterophilum
    • Hygrohypnum moss, Hygrohypnum cochlearifolium
    • Hygrohypnum moss, Hygrohypnum duriusculum
    • Limprichtia moss, Limprichtia revolvens
    • Pseudocalliergon moss, Pseudocalliergon turgescens
    • Richardson's calliergon moss, Calliergon richardsonii
    • Sarmenthypnum moss, Sarmenthypnum sarmentosum
    • Scorpidium moss, Scorpidium scorpioides
    • Smith's hygrohypnum moss, Hygrohypnum smithii
    • Warnstorfia moss, Warnstorfia exannulata
  • Order: Hypnales, Family: Brachytheciaceae
    • Barnes' eurhynchium moss, Eurhynchium pulchellum var. barnesii
    • Brachythecium moss, Brachythecium oxycladon
    • Cedar Moss, Sciuro-hypnum holzingeri
    • Leiberg's brachythecium moss, Brachythecium leibergii
    • Matted Feather Moss, Brachythecium populeum
    • Nelson's brachythecium moss, Brachythecium nelsonii
    • Platyhypnidium moss, Platyhypnidium riparioides
    • Steerecleus moss, Steerecleus serrulatus
    • Stiff brachythecium moss, Brachythecium turgidum
    • Trachybryum moss, Trachybryum megaptilum
  • Order: Bryales, Family: Bryaceae
    • Alpine bryum moss, Bryum alpinum
    • Arctic bryum moss, Bryum arcticum
    • Bryum moss, Bryum calophyllum
    • Bryum moss, Bryum lonchocaulon
    • Bryum moss, Bryum pallens
    • Bryum moss, Bryum cyclophyllum
    • Bryum moss, Bryum dichotomum
    • Bryum moss, Bryum calobryoides
    • Drummond's pohlia moss, Pohlia drummondii
    • Obtuseleaf pohlia moss, Pohlia obtusifolia
    • Plagiobryum moss, Plagiobryum demissum
    • Plagiobryum moss, Plagiobryum zieri
    • Pohlia moss, Pohlia vexans
    • Schleicher's bryum moss, Bryum schleicheri
    • Waterfall copper moss, Haplodontium macrocarpum
  • Order: Bryales, Family: Catoscopiaceae
    • Black golf club moss, Catoscopium nigritum
  • Order: Dicranales, Family: Dicranaceae
    • Acuteleaf dicranum moss, Dicranum acutifolium
    • Blytt's kiaeria moss, Kiaeria blyttii
    • Cynodontium moss, Cynodontium tenellum
    • Dicranella moss, Dicranella heteromalla
    • Dicranella moss, Dicranella palustris
    • Dicranella moss, Dicranella subulata
    • Dicranoweisia moss, Dicranoweisia cirrata
    • Dicranum moss, Dicranum angustum
    • Dicranum moss, Dicranum spadiceum
    • Fragile leaf dicranum moss, Dicranum fragilifolium
    • Greville's dicranella moss, Dicranella grevilleana
    • Longleaf paraleucobryum moss, Paraleucobryum longifolium
    • Olympic dichodontium moss, Dichodontium olympicum
    • Paraleucobryum moss, Paraleucobryum enerve
    • Schreber's dicranella moss, Dicranella schreberiana
    • Sickle kiaeria moss, Kiaeria falcata
    • Starke's kiaeria moss, Kiaeria starkei
  • Order: Dicranales, Family: Ditrichaceae
    • Ambiguous Ditrichum moss, Ditrichum ambiguum
    • Incline distichium moss, Distichium inclinatum
    • Trichodon moss, Trichodon cylindricus
  • Order: Hypnales, Family: Fabroniaceae
    • Fabronia moss, Fabronia pusilla
  • Order: Fissidentales, Family: Fissidentaceae
  • Order: Leucodontales, Family: Fontinalaceae
    • Aquatic Moss, Fontinalis antipyretica
  • Order: Funariales, Family: Funariaceae
  • Order: Grimmiales, Family: Grimmiaceae
    • Agassiz's schistidium moss, Schistidium agassizii
    • Aquatic racomitrium moss, Racomitrium aquaticum
    • Britton's dry rock moss, Grimmia brittoniae
    • Curved dry rock moss, Grimmia incurva
    • Dry rock moss, Grimmia laevigata
    • Dry rock moss, Grimmia mollis
    • Fascicled racomitrium moss, Racomitrium fasciculare
    • Pygmy racomitrium moss, Niphotrichum pygmaeum
    • Racomitrium moss, Racomitrium heterostichum
    • Racomitrium moss, Bucklandiella brevipes
    • Varied racomitrium moss, Racomitrium varium
    • Western racomitrium moss, Racomitrium occidentale
  • Order: Hypnales, Family: Hypnaceae
    • Callicladium moss, Callicladium haldanianum
    • Herzogiella moss, Herzogiella striatella
    • Herzogiella moss, Herzogiella turfacea
    • Hypnum moss, Hypnum callichroum
    • Hypnum moss, Hypnum procerrimum
    • Platygyrium moss, Platygyrium repens
    • Recurved hypnum moss, Hypnum recurvatum
  • Order: Hypnales, Family: Leskeaceae
    • Claopodium moss, Claopodium crispifolium
  • Order: Leucodontales, Family: Leucodontaceae
    • Dendroalsia moss, Dendroalsia abietina
  • Order: Bryales, Family: Meesiaceae
    • Amblyodon moss, Amblyodon dealbatus
    • Angled paludella moss, Paludella squarrosa
    • Meesia moss, Meesia longiseta
    • Meesia moss, Meesia triquetra
    • Meesia moss, Meesia uliginosa
  • Order: Bryales, Family: Mniaceae
    • Cinclidium moss, Cinclidium stygium
    • Leucolepis umbrella moss, Leucolepis acanthoneuron
  • Order: Leucodontales, Family: Neckeraceae
    • Douglas' neckera moss, Neckera douglasii
  • Order: Orthotrichales, Family: Orthotrichaceae
    • Mougeot's amphidium moss, Amphidium mougeotii
    • Orthotrichum moss, Orthotrichum praemorsum
  • Order: Pottiales, Family: Pottiaceae
    • Syntrichia papillosissima
    • Aloina moss, Aloina brevirostris
    • Bartram's tortula moss, Syntrichia bartramii
    • Convoluted barbula moss, Barbula convoluta
    • Desmatodon moss, Tortula cernua
    • Didymodon moss, Didymodon brachyphyllus
    • Didymodon moss, Didymodon ferrugineus
    • Heim's desmatodon moss, Hennediella heimii
    • Lamella pterygoneurum moss, Pterygoneurum lamellatum
    • Lime-seep Eucladium moss, Eucladium verticillatum
    • Norwegian tortula moss, Tortula norvegica
    • Obtuseleaf desmatodon moss, Desmatodon obtusifolius
    • Oxystegus moss, Trichostomum tenuirostre
    • Pseudocrossidium moss, Pseudocrossidium obtusulum
    • Rigid didymodon moss, Didymodon rigidulus var. gracilis
    • Sessile pterygoneurum moss, Pterygoneurum subsessile
    • Toothed phascum moss, Phascum cuspidatum
    • Tortella moss, Tortella inclinata
    • Tortula Moss, Tortula muralis
    • Tortula Moss, Tortula caninervis
    • Twisted tortella moss, Tortella tortuosa
    • Wideleaf crumia moss, Crumia latifolia
    • Wideleaf stegonia moss, Stegonia latifolia
  • Order: Hypnales, Family: Pterigynandraceae
    • Myurella moss, Myurella tenerrima
  • Order: Grimmiales, Family: Ptychomitraceae
    • Gardner's ptychomitrium moss, Ptychomitrium gardneri
  • Order: Schistostegales, Family: Schistostegaceae
    • Luminous Moss, Schistostega pennata
  • Order: Seligeriales, Family: Seligeraceae
    • Acute blindia moss, Blindia acuta
    • Donn's small limestone moss, Seligeria donniana
  • Order: Funariales, Family: Splachnaceae
    • Acuminate dung moss, Tayloria acuminata
    • Entire-leaf nitrogen moss, Tetraplodon mnioides
    • Lingulate dung moss, Tayloria lingulata
    • Pinkstink dung moss, Splachnum sphaericum
    • Serrate dung moss, Tayloria serrata
    • Toothed-leaf nitrogen moss, Tetraplodon angustatus
  • Order: Hypnales, Family: Thamnobryaceae
  • Order: Bryales, Family: Timmiaceae

Further reading

See also

  • Coniferous plants of Montana
  • Lichens of Montana
  • Monocotyledons of Montana


  1. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Club-mosses". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-20. 
  2. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Mosses". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-20. 
  3. ^ Species of Concern are native taxa that are at-risk due to declining population trends, threats to their habitats, restricted distribution, and/or other factors. Designation as a Montana Species of Concern or Potential Species of Concern is based on the Montana Status Rank, and is not a statutory or regulatory classification. Rather, these designations provide information that helps resource managers make proactive decisions regarding species conservation and data collection priorities. See the latest Species of Concern Reports for more detailed explanations and assessment criteria. "Montana Field Guide-Species of Concern". Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  4. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Club-mosses". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  5. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Quillworts". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  6. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Spike-mosses". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  7. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Granite Mosses". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  8. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Peat Mosses". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  9. ^ "Montana Field Guide-True Mosses". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 

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