- Armed Forces of Malta
Armed Forces of Malta
Forzi Armati ta' Malta
Founded 19 April 1973 Service branches Headquarters of the Armed Forces of Malta Headquarters Luqa Leadership Commander-in-Chief George Abela Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi Chief of staff Brigadier Martin G. Xuereb Manpower Military age 18 years of age Conscription voluntary Available for
males age 15-49: 99,107 (2002 est.), age 15–49 Fit for
males age 15-49: 78,909 (2002 est.), age 15–49 Active personnel 2,140 (2002 est.) Expenditures Budget $60 million (2000 est.) Percent of GDP 1.7% (2000) Related articles History Military history of Malta
The Armed Forces of Malta is the name given to the combined armed services of Malta. The AFM is a brigade sized organisation consisting of a headquarters and three separate battalions, with minimal air and naval forces.
- 1 Organisation
- 2 Brief history
- 3 Equipment
- 4 References
- 5 External links
HQ AFM is the main command centre for the Armed Forces of Malta, and is divided into four main areas.
- Operations & Training Branch
- Administration & Personnel Branch
- Logistics Branch
- European Union Security Defence Policy Branch
- Public Information Cell
- Intelligence Cell
- Legal Office
- Audit & inspectorate Branch
1st Regiment, AFM
1st Regiment is Malta's infantry unit, and has primary responsibility for the territorial defence of the country. It is divided into three rifle companies, a support company and a headquarters company.
- A Company - is responsible for airport security in the controlled access role by providing security guards at terminal access points/airfield perimeter gates leading to restricted areas and by conducting patrol in these said areas. They also enforce access passes and visitor movement control assisted with CCTV surveillance and is based at Malta International Airport.
- B Company - is responsible for security duties in various locations. It carries out land patrols and conducts vehicle checkpoints for traffic contraventions, illegal immigrants' identification and apprehension, and anti-narcotics' searches. It liaises very closely with the Police in relation to many of their activities.In addition, it is an internal security company, tasked with guarding high-profile/sensitive government establishments, and is based at Hal-Far.
- C (Special Duties) Company - is the AFM's Quick Reaction Force, for high-risk operations both internally and as part of the European Union. It also serves as an infantry training unit for the AFM and is based at Hal-Far.
- Air Defence & Support Company - provides Malta's primary air defence capability, armed with the Bofors 40mm L70 (currently being phased out)and ZPU-4 14.5mm AAMG as well as 81mm mortars, Type 69 RPG's and Browning .50 HMGs for ground support. Its primary role is the light anti-aircraft defence of Luqa Airport and other vulnerable points on the Maltese islands. Gunnery training and battery shooting practices are regularly held at Pembroke Ranges, St. Andrews. This sub-unit runs a training school conducting Junior Non-commissioned Officers Leadership development courses, Infantry trade courses, Ceremonial Saluting guns courses and AAMG courses. All the AFM ceremonial activities that involve the firing of the saluting guns are performed by this sub-unit. This sub-unit is also responsible for the administration and training of the Emergency Volunteer Reserve Force.
- HQ Company - exercises command and control over the other sub-units.
- Battle Honour
- Egypt 1882
Air Wing, AFM
has responsibility for the security of Maltese airspace, maritime patrol, Search and Rescue, and provision of military assistance to other Government departments. The current air assets include:
Aircraft Photo Origin Type Versions In service Notes Britten-Norman BN-2B-26 Islander United Kingdom fixed-wing aircraft BN-2B-26 2 Scottish Aviation Bulldog T1 United Kingdom series 120 fixed-wing aircraft Series 120 4 ex-RAF Aérospatiale SA 316B Alouette III France helicopters SA316B 3 ex-Libyan Air Force Agusta-Bell Helicopter AB 212 Italy helicopter AB-212 2 helicopters operated with mixed crews on SAR duties by an Italian Technical Assistance Mission. Beechcraft B200 King Air United States fixed-wing aircraft B200 1 (1) Fitted with Telephonics Corporation RDR-1700B Maritime Surveillance and Imaging Radar http://www.airliners.net/photo/Malta---Air/Hawker-Beechcraft-B200/1872998/L/&sid=3796abace36950110c37a9b6f314a64f . One will enter service in February 2011 .
The maritime squadron has a wide range of duties, including coast guard, customs, marine police, fisheries protection and search and rescue. Current maritime assets:
In Service Class Fleet # Builder/Origins  Year entered service Notes 1 "Modified" Diciotti class Offshore patrol vessel (P 61) Fincantieri S.p.a. at Muggiano Shipyard Italy 2005 based on Corps of the Port Captaincies - Coast Guard vessesls 2 Protector Class Coastal Patrol Boat (P 51, P 52) Bollinger Shipyards Incorporated, United States 2002 based on Damen Stan 2600 1 Bremse Class Inshore Patrol Boat (Bremse Type KB123) (P 32) Germany 1992 built for ex-East German Navy 1971-1972 2 Swift Class Inshore Patrol Boat (P 23, P 24) Sewart Seacraft Limited United States 1971 ex-US Coast Guard built in 1967 USA C6823 and USA C6824 2 (CP800 Vittoria Melita Class Search and Rescue Launch (Melita I, Melita II) Cantiere Navale Vittoria, Adria Italy 1998 1 Fast-Interceptor Craft Rigid-hulled inflatable boat (P 01) FB Design Srl Italy 2006 acquired in 2003 4 P21 Class Inshore Patrol Crafts P 21, P22, P23, P24 Austal, Perth Australia 2010 ordered in Feb 2009. Two vessels were launched on October 6 2009. The four vessels (P21, P22, P23 and P24) were delivered in February 2010.
The European commission has voted 110 million euros in funds for the AFM. The government has purchased 4 new patrol vessels to upgrade and strengthen the maritime squadron as well as ordered a new offshore maritime surveillance aircraft.
A list of vessels since retired by the AFM :
Fleet # Type Notes P25, P26 patrol ships C26 patrol craft P28 P29, P30, P31 patrol boats Ex-East German Kondor I Class 1968-1969 P33 (Bremse Class) P34, P35 P36, P37 P38, P39 LCVP Mk7 landing craft Ex-USN
Rapid Deployment Team (R.D.T)
The Rapid Deployment Team is the unit tasked to perform M.L.E. (Maritime Law Enforcement) operations and counter terrorism interventions at sea. Its members operate the Fast-Interceptor Craft P 01.
3rd Regiment, AFM
3 Regiment is the AFM's main support unit, and consists of three operational sections.
- Engineer Squadron - this provides the engineering support.
- Ammunition and Explosives Company - is responsible for the storage and control of all types of ammunition held by the AFM as well as for the storage and control of blasting material used by civilian contractors for quarry blasting, etc. It includes the Explosive Ordinance Disposal (EOD) section which is responsible for the detection and disposal of bombs and other explosive devices. It is also responsible for the inspection of mail at major post offices, inspection of baggage and aircraft at the airport and security checks at the house of Representative
- Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Squadron - is responsible for the repair and maintenance of all AFM vehicles, generators, plant and other service equipment.
4th Regiment, AFM
Established with the AFM review of Oct 30th, 2006, it includes:
- The AFM Band - takes part in official engagements, performing at ceremonial parades, band displays and other band programmes in Malta and Gozo. Besides their duties as bandsmen, the personnel also perform all military duties.
- Revenue Security Corps - assists Government in the prevention of smuggling, the protection of revenue and, when necessary, the investigation of contraventions relating to fiscal and monetary laws. The RSC is also responsible for the security and cash escort duties of commercial banks.
- HQ Company
- C3I Company
Emergency Volunteer Reserve Force
In addition to the regular forces, there is also the Emergency Volunteer Reserve Force, which consists of part-time volunteers to support the regulars at Air Defence & Support Company (ADSC), 1 Regiment AFM.
Italian Military Mission Malta
The presence of the Italian Military Mission (IMM) in Malta has taken form in the shape of technical assistance spread over three periods of time. Firstly, between 1973 and 1979, then between 1981 and July 1988, and lastly between July 1988 to date.
IMM personnel resources in Malta total to 12 Officers and 35 NCOs from the three Service branches of the Italian Armed Forces. It is also equipped with two AB 212 helicopters, 15 heavy plant vehicles, 60 light all-purpose utility vehicles, radio telecommunications, and weapons.
- Lance Bombardier
- Staff Sergeant
- Warrant Officer Class 2
- Warrant Officer Class 1
- Second Lieutenant
- Lieutenant Colonel
The AFM was formed upon Malta becoming a republic in 1974, when 1 Regiment Royal Malta Artillery was renamed as 1 Regiment, AFM. This initially continued the artillery role, with 2 Regiment formed as an engineers unit. In 1980, 1 Regiment became a mixed unit, with infantry, aircraft and maritime responsibilities, the artillery element being transferred to 2 Regiment. In 1992, there was a major re-organisation, which led to the formation of 3 Regiment and the current structure.
The AFM wears a single cap badge, based on that of the Royal Malta Artillery, which consists of a gun, similar to that worn by the Royal Artillery but without the crown, on top of a Maltese Cross, with the motto "Tutela Bellicæ Virtutis" underneath.
King's Own Malta Regiment
The King's Own Malta Regiment was a territorial infantry regiment on the British Army colonial list prior to Malta's independence. It was formed in 1801 as the "Regiment of Maltese Militia", existing only until the following year. It was reformed as the "Maltese Militia" by Sir Adrian Dingli in 1852 before disbanding again in 1857. It was raised again, this time as the "Royal Malta Regiment of Militia" in 1889; this regiment was considered to be the successor to the "Maltese Chasseurs" of the early 19th century. The regiment was renamed the "King's Own Royal Malta Regiment of Militia" in 1903, and was disbanded in 1921. The regiment was raised for a fourth time in 1931 as the "King's Own Malta Regiment". Initially on the British Establishment, in 1951 it was transferred to the Malta Territorial Force before becoming part of the Malta Land Force on Malta's independence in 1970. The regiment was disbanded in 1972.
- 1st Battalion, KOMR [1897–1921, 1931–1946, 1952–1972]
- 2nd Battalion, KOMR [1897–1921, 1940–1946, 1952–1972]
- 3rd Battalion, KOMR [1940–1945]
- 10th Battalion, KOMR (Territorial) [1942–1943]
- 1800 (awarded for services of the Maltese Chasseurs)
- Second World War: Malta 1940–1942
Make Origin Type Bofors 40 mm gun Sweden Anti-Aircraft ZPU-4 14.5 mm SPAAG Soviet Union Anti-Aircraft Gun 81mm mortar United Kingdom Mortar
Make Origin Type Maruti Gypsy India 4x4 M151 MUTT United States 4x4 Land Rover Wolf United Kingdom 4x4 Land Rover Defender United Kingdom 4x4 Land Rover Series United Kingdom 4x4 Range Rover United Kingdom 4x4 Mitsubishi Triton Japan Pickup truck Iveco LMV Italy Tactical SUV Iveco VM 90 Italy Tactical SUV [ACM 80/90|Iveco ACM 80/90] Italy Large Tactical SUV Humber Pig United Kingdom Armoured personnel carrier [of Yamaha motorcycles|Yamaha Motorcycles] Japan Motorcycle Moto Guzzi 1000 Convert Italy Motorcycle Renault 25 France Staff Car Jeep Wagoneer United States Utility vehicle [6605 TM69|Fiat TM 69] Italy Multi-role 6x6 truck Bedford TK United Kingdom Truck Bedford TM United Kingdom Truck Bedford RL United Kingdom Truck [Veicoli Industriali#Veicoli militari.2C speciali e da cantiere dopo il 1950|Fiat CM-52] Italy Truck Ford Cargo United States Truck M35 2½ ton cargo truck United States Truck Fiat Ducato Italy Van
Uniform and Personal Equipment
Make Origin Type M81 woodland United States Battledress Desert Camouflage Uniform United States Battledress No.7: Warm weather barrack dress United Kingdom Barrack Dress 58 pattern webbing United Kingdom Webbing Personal Load Carrying Equipment United Kingdom Webbing used by C(SD)Company Arktis webbing United States Webbing used by C(SD)Company SPECTRA helmet United States Helmet Sistema Compositi SEPT-2 PLUS Italy Helmet No.2: Service dress (temperate parade uniform) United Kingdom Parade Uniform No.3: Warm weather ceremonial uniform United Kingdom Parade Uniform Navy blue beret United Kingdom Beret S10 NBC Respirator United Kingdom Gas Mask
Make Origin Type RPG-7V Soviet Union Rocket Propelled Grenade Launcher FN MAG Belgium GPMG Browning M2 .50 HMG United States Heavy machine gun FN Minimi Belgium Light machine gun Beretta 92 Italy Pistol Makarov PM Soviet Union Pistol Heckler & Koch MP5 Germany SMG Beretta M12 Italy SMG Beretta AR70/90 Italy Assault Rifle Type 56 China Assault Rifle Type 81 China Assault Rifle FN-FAL Belgium Battle Rifle SIG 551 Switzerland Assault Rifle Benelli M4 Super 90 Italy Shotgun Type 80 China Medium machine gun PK Soviet Union Medium machine gun Rheinmetall MG3 Germany Medium machine gun Type 85 Chinese variant of Dragunov SVD China Sniper Rifle Accuracy International PM/L96 - Including L115 (.338), AI96 (.308), Accuracy International AWM, and AW50 anti-material variants United Kingdom Sniper Rifle L16 81mm Mortar United Kingdom Mortar L9A1 51 mm Light Mortar United Kingdom Mortar M67 grenade United States Hand grenade SRCM 35 Italy Hand grenade MK3A2 Grenade United States Hand grenade AN M18 United States Hand grenade M84 stun grenade United States Hand grenade
- ^ "Telephonics Radar Systems Division RDR-1700B" (PDF). http://www.telephonics.com/products/33383RDR-1700B.pdf. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
- ^ and the other in March 2012. "New AFM patrol aircraft rolled out". Times of Malta. 2010-05-24. http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20100524/local/new-afm-patrol-aircraft-rolled-out. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- ^ "Maritime Squadron, Armed Forces of Malta". Maltaspotting.com. http://www.maltaspotting.com/maritimesquadronafm.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
- ^ a b c "New AFM patrol boats launched". Times of Malta. 2009-10-06. http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20091006/local/new-afm-patrol-boats-launched. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- ^ "Visit to Australia by Republic of Malta Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs The Hon Dr Tonio Borg". Australian Government - Department of Foreign Affairs. http://www.foreignminister.gov.au/releases/2009/fa-s023_09.html. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- ^ "Maltese Navy". Battleships-cruisers.co.uk. http://www.battleships-cruisers.co.uk/maltese_navy.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
Militaries of the member states of the European Union Military of Europe Sovereign
Albania · Andorra · Armenia · Austria · Azerbaijan · Belarus · Belgium · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Bulgaria · Croatia · Cyprus · Czech Republic · Denmark · Estonia · Finland · France · Georgia · Germany · Greece · Hungary · Iceland · Ireland · Italy · Kazakhstan · Latvia · Liechtenstein · Lithuania · Luxembourg · Macedonia · Malta · Moldova · Monaco · Montenegro · Netherlands · Norway · Poland · Portugal · Romania · Russia · San Marino · Serbia · Slovakia · Slovenia · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · Turkey · Ukraine · United Kingdom · Vatican City
States with limited
Other entitiesEuropean Union · Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.