- Barbarian F.C.
Barbarians Nickname(s) Baa-Baas Most appearances Tony O'Reilly (30) Top scorer Tony O'Reilly (38 tries)Team kit First match Hartlepool Rovers 4 – 9 Barbarians
(27 December 1890)
Largest win Belgium 10 – 84 Barbarians
(24 May 2008)
Largest defeat Australia 55 – 7 Barbarians
(06 June 2009)
Official website www.barbarianfc.co.uk
The Barbarian Football Club, usually referred to as the Barbarians and nicknamed the "Baa-Baas", is an invitational rugby union team based in Britain. The Barbarians play in traditional black and white hoops, though players retain the socks from their "home" club strip.
Membership is by invitation and the only qualifications considered when issuing an invitation are that the player's rugby is of a high enough standard and secondly that he should behave himself on and off the field. Being asked to become a Barbarian is an honour and not one restricted to British players; in addition to all four of the Home Nations, players from 27 other countries have worn Barbarian colours. Traditionally at least one uncapped player is selected for each match.
The Barbarians traditionally played six annual encounters, Penarth, Cardiff, Swansea and Newport during their Easter Tour; a Boxing Day game with Leicester and the Mobbs Memorial Match against East Midlands in the spring. In 1948, the Barbarians were invited to face Australia as part of that team's tour of Britain, Ireland and France. Although initially designed as a fund raiser towards the end of the tour, the encounter became a popular fixture for most touring nations to Britain, and a Barbarian tradition.
On 29 May 2011, during halftime of the Barbarians' match against England at Twickenham, the Barbarians and their founder William Percy Carpmael were honoured for their unique contributions to the sport with induction to the IRB Hall of Fame.
The Barbarian Football Club should not be confused with the Barbarian Rugby Club, also known as the French Barbarians, one of many invitational clubs based on Barbarian F.C. around the world.
The Barbarian Club was formed by William Percy Carpmael, who had played rugby for Cambridge University, and had been part of the Cambridge team which had undertaken a tour of Yorkshire in 1884. Inspired by the culture behind short rugby tours he organised his first tour in 1889 with Clapham Rovers, which was followed by an 1890 tour with an invitational team calling themselves the Southern Nomads. At the time practically every club ceased playing in early March and there were no tours and players just 'packed up' until the following season. In 1890 he took the Southern Nomads – mainly composed of players from Blackheath – on a tour of some northern counties of England.
His idea – collecting a touring side from all sources to tackle a few leading clubs in the land – received strong support from leading players, particularly ex-university players. On 9 April 1890 in Leuchters Restaurant at the Alexandra hotel in Bradford, the concept of the Barbarians was agreed upon. The team toured later that year and beat Hartlepool Rovers 9 – 4 on 27 December in their first fixture.
The team was given the motto by Walter Julius Carey, former Bishop of Bloemfontein and a former member of the Barbarians:
- Rugby Football is a game for gentlemen in all classes, but for no bad sportsman in any class.
Penarth, Barbarians HQ
The concept took hold over the years and the nearest thing to a club home came to be the Esplanade Hotel, Penarth in South Wales, where the Barbarians always stayed on their Easter tours of Wales. The annual Good Friday games against the Barbarians was the highlight of the Penarth club's year and were always attended by enthusiastic capacity crowds. This fixture marked the start of the "Baa-Baas" annual South Wales tour from their "spiritual home" of Penarth, which also encompassed playing Cardiff RFC on the Saturday, Swansea RFC on Easter Monday and Newport RFC on the Tuesday.
The non-match day of Easter Sunday would always see the Barbarians playing golf at the Glamorganshire Golf Club, in Penarth, while the former Esplanade Hotel, that was located on the seafront at Penarth would host the gala party for the trip, sponsored by the Penarth RFC club. The first match took place in 1901, and over the next 75 encounters, Penarth won eleven games, drew four and lost 60. Between 1920 and the first Athletics Field game in 1925 the Good Friday games were hosted on Penarth County Grammar School's sports field.
The final Penarth v Barbarians game was played in 1986 by which time the Penarth club had slipped from its former prominent position in Welsh rugby. However, a special commemorative game, recognising the 100 years since the first Good Friday match, took place in 2001 and was played at the Athletic Field next to the Penarth clubhouse the day before the Barbarians played Wales at the Millennium Stadium. Gary Teichmann captain of both the South African International squad and the Barbarians, unveiled a plaque at the clubhouse to mark the event.
The Final Challenge
After the Second World War in 1948 the Barbarians were asked by the Home Unions to raise a side to play the touring Australian side. This started the tradition of the Final Challenge – played as the last match in a tour of Britain and Ireland by Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
That game, that try
The Barbarian Final Challenge match with the All Blacks at Cardiff Arms Park on January 27, 1973 is celebrated as one of the best games of rugby union ever played. It was a game of attack and counter attack.
Cliff Morgan described that try by Gareth Edwards:
- Kirkpatrick to Williams. This is great stuff! Phil Bennett covering chased by Alistair Scown. Brilliant, oh, that's brilliant! John Williams, Bryan Williams. Pullin. John Dawes, great dummy. To David, Tom David, the half-way line! Brilliant by Quinnell! This is Gareth Edwards! A dramatic start! What a score!!.....Oh that fellow Edwards....If the greatest writer of the written word would've written that story no-one would have believed it. That really was something.
Gareth Edwards said of the match:
“ "People tend only to remember the first four minutes of the game because of the try, but what they forgot is the great deal of good rugby played afterwards, much of which came from the All Blacks."
"For us after the success of the 1971 Lions tour, which captured the imagination of the whole country, it was an opportunity to bring a lot of that side together again."
The Barbarians won the match 23 – 11 (27 – 13 in today's scoring system), handing the All Blacks their fourth defeat of the tour.
- Barbarians: Tries: G.O. Edwards, J.F. Slattery, J.C. Bevan, J.P.R. Williams; Conversions: P. Bennett (2); Penalty: P. Bennett
- All Blacks: Tries: G.B. Batty (2); Penalty: J.F. Karam
The office was first instituted in 1913:
- W.P. Carpmael, held office from 1913–1936; (the founder of the Barbarians)
- Emile de Lissa, held office from 1936–1955; associated as Secretary, Treasurer, Vice-President and President from 1901–1955
- Jack "Haigho" Smith, held office in 1955, (term lasted for only a few weeks before his death, having previously given devoted service as Honorary Secretary for more than 30 years)
- Brigadier Glyn Hughes, held office from 1955–1973;
- Herbert Waddell, held office from 1973–1988;
- Micky Steele-Bodger, held office since 1988.
The nature of the Barbarians as a touring side made for a diverse fixture list, but at a number of points in the club's history they have settled for a time into a regular pattern. Some of these regular matches have fallen by the wayside, whilst others continue to the present day:
- Boxing Day fixture against Leicester Tigers – this began in 1909 as the third and final match of the Christmas Tour. No longer played.
- The Edgar Mobbs Memorial Match – held for Edgar Mobbs, who was killed in The First World War. Played at Franklins Gardens against Northampton Saints, Bedford Blues or The East Midlands select XV. The first took place on 10 February 1921, and in later years became a tradition on the first Thursday in March. The last Mobbs Match to feature the Barbarians took place in April 2011. The fixture will continue, but the invited opposition in the future will be a British Army side instead of the Barbarians.
- Easter Tour – traditionally four matches against Penarth RFC (Good Friday), Cardiff RFC/Cardiff Blues (Easter Saturday); Swansea RFC (Easter Monday) and Newport RFC (Tuesday following Easter Monday). The Penarth match was dropped after the 1986 match as a regular fixture although in 2001 a special commemorative game, recognising the 100 years since the first Good Friday match, took place in 2001 and was played at the Athletic Field next to the Penarth clubhouse the day before the Barbarians played Wales at the Millennium Stadium.
- The Final Challenge — played as the last match in a tour of the UK by Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Because of the changes in the game in recent years, long tours have effectively disappeared from the game and there is less scope for this challenge. The fixture returned on December 3, 2008 when the Barbarians played Australia at Wembley Stadium, the first rugby union match to be played there since its redevelopment.
- Remembrance Day game against the Combined Services, played in early November.
1908 Olympic rugby union centenary celebration match
Australia was approached by the British Olympic Association to play the Barbarians at Wembley Stadium on 3 December 2008. The match formed part of the BOA's programme of events to celebrate the centenary of the first London Olympic Games where Australia defeated a Great Britain (Cornwall) side in the final 32 – 3. In 1908 France were the defending Olympic champions but when they withdrew from the event, leaving just Australia and Great Britain to contest the gold medal, it was then County champions Cornwall who took to the field to represent the host nation. Cornwall had already been defeated in Australia's earlier 31-match tour. The contribution of Cornwall 1908 contribution was also further recognised by the presentation of the Cornwall Cup to the winning captain at Wembley, with the players of the respective sides receiving gold or silver commemorative medals. The game was the first rugby union fixture to take place in the new Wembley Stadium, the old stadium having been last used for Wales' last gasp 32–31 victory over England in the then Five Nations in 1999. Australia went on to win 18 points to 11.
In a change to the tradition of the Barbarians players wearing their own club socks, in this game, they all wore Cornwall's black and gold socks. The break with the tradition was highly regarded by the secretary of the Cornwall Rugby Football Union, Alan Mitchell, who was said to have been humbled by the honour.
Matches against International sides
Opposing Teams For Against Date Venue City Competition Wales 26 10 1915-04-17 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Tour Match
To raise 'patriotic funds'
In aid of 1970 British Commonwealth Games
Fiji 9 29 1970-10-24 Gosforth Final Challenge New Zealand 23 11 1973-01-27 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Final Challenge New Zealand 13 13 1974-11-30 Twickenham London Final Challenge Australia 19 7 1976-01-24 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Final Challenge Canada 29 4 1976-06-12 Toronto Tour Match British Lions 14 23 1977-09-10 Twickenham London Silver Jubilee Match New Zealand 16 18 1978-12-16 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Final Challenge Scotland 26 13 1983 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match Australia 30 37 1984-12-15 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Final Challenge Italy 23 15 1985-05-26 Tour Match Australia 22 40 1988-11-26 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Final Challenge New Zealand 10 21 1989-11-25 Twickenham London Final Challenge England 16 18 1990-09-29 Twickenham Tour Match
Wales 31 24 1990-10-06 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Tour Match
Argentina 34 22 1990-11-17 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Final Challenge Scotland 16 16 1991-09-07 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match Russia 23 27 1992-06-06 Tour Match Australia 20 30 1992-11-28 Twickenham London Final Challenge New Zealand 12 25 1993-12-04 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Final Challenge Zimbabwe 21 23 1994-06-04 Tour Match South Africa 23 15 1994-12-03 Lansdowne Road Dublin Final Challenge Ireland 70 38 1996 Lansdowne Road Dublin Tour Match
Scotland 45 48 1996-08-17 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match
Dunblane Disaster Fund Match
Wales 31 10 1996-08-24 Cardiff Arms Park Cardiff Tour Match Australia 12 39 1996-12-07 Twickenham London Final Challenge Ireland 31 30 2000–05 Lansdowne Road Dublin Tour Match Scotland 45 42 2000-05-31 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match Germany 47 19 2000-08-12 Eilenriedestadion Hanover Tour Match
German Rugby Federation Centenary Match
South Africa 31 41 2000-05-31 Millennium Stadium Cardiff Final Challenge Wales 40 38 2001-05-20 Millennium Stadium Cardiff Tour Match Scotland 74 31 2001-05-24 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match England 43 29 2001-05-27 Twickenham Tour Match Australia 35 49 2001-11-28 Millennium Stadium Cardiff Final Challenge England 29 53 2002–05 Twickenham Tour Match Wales 40 25 2002–05 Millennium Stadium Cardiff Tour Match Scotland 47 27 2002–06 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match England 49 36 2003–05 Twickenham Tour Match Scotland 24 15 2003–05 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match Wales 48 35 2003–05 Millennium Stadium Cardiff Tour Match Scotland 40 33 2004-05-22 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match Wales 0 42 2004-05-27 Ashton Gate Bristol Tour Match England 32 12 2004-05-30 Twickenham Tour Match Portugal 66 34 2004-06-10 Universitário Lisboa Lisbon Tour Match New Zealand 19 47 2004-12-04 Twickenham London Final Challenge Scotland 9 38 2005-05-24 Pittodrie Aberdeen Tour Match England 52 39 2005-05-28 Twickenham Tour Match England 19 46 2006-05-28 Twickenham Tour Match Scotland 19 66 2006-05-31 Murrayfield Edinburgh Tour Match Georgia 28 19 2006-06-04 Mikheil Meskhi Stadium Tbilisi Tour Match Tunisia 33 10 2007-05-19 Stade El Menzah Tunis Tour Match Spain 52 26 2007-06-23 Martínez Valero Elche Tour Match South Africa 22 5 2007-12-01 Twickenham London Final Challenge Belgium 84 10 2008-05-24 Stade Roi Baudouin Brussels Tour Match Ireland 14 39 2008-05-27 Kingsholm Gloucester Tour Match England 14 17 2008-06-01 Twickenham London Tour Match Australia 11 18 2008-12-03 Wembley Stadium London Final Challenge / Cornwall Cup England 35 26 2009-05-03 Twickenham London Tour Match  Australia 7 55 2009-06-06 Sydney Football Stadium Sydney Tour Match  New Zealand 25 18 2009-12-05 Twickenham London Final Challenge England 26 35 2010-05-30 Twickenham London Tour Match Ireland 29 23 2010-06-04 Thomond Park Limerick Tour Match South Africa 26 20 2010-12-04 Twickenham London Final Challenge England 38 32 2011-05-29 Twickenham London Tour Match Wales 31 28 2011-06-04 Millennium Stadium Cardiff Tour Match
Celebration of 130th anniversary of the WRU; fully capped match for Wales
Australia 2011-11-26 Twickenham London Final Challenge England 2012-05-27 Twickenham London Tour Match British and Irish Lions 2013-06-01 Hong Kong Stadium So Kon Po Lions Tour Match 
Squad for 2011 Autumn tour
Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under IRB eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-IRB nationality.
Player Position Union Keven Mealamu ( Auckland) Hooker New Zealand Adriaan Strauss ( Cheetahs) Hooker South Africa Eusebio Guiñazú ( Toulouse) Prop Argentina Sylvain Marconnet ( Biarritz) Prop France Salvatore Perugini ( Aironi) Prop Italy Simon Shaw ( Toulon) Lock England Victor Matfield ( Toulon) Lock South Africa Marco Bortolami ( Aironi) Lock Italy Jerome Kaino ( Auckland) Flanker New Zealand Mauro Bergamasco (Unattached) Flanker Italy Jason White ( Clermont) Flanker Scotland Adam Thomson ( Otago) Number 8 New Zealand Player Position Union Nemia Kenatale ( Tailevu) Scrum-half Fiji Peter Stringer ( Munster) Scrum-half Ireland Danny Cipriani ( Rebels) Fly-half England Robbie Frueanuc ( Canterbury) Centre New Zealand Stirling Mortlock ( Rebels) Centre Australia Seru Rabeni ( La Rochelle) Centre Fiji Bryan Habana ( Western Province) Wing South Africa Richard Kahui ( Waikato) Wing New Zealand Isaia Toeava ( Auckland) Fullback New Zealand Sam Tomkinsuc ( Wigan Warriors) Fullback Englanduc: denotes player uncapped at International Level (15 a-side)
The 16 players chosen by the Barbarians official website as the outstanding players to represent the club.
Original members of the Barbarians, 1890–1891
- England international, Scotland international, Wales international, British Isles international
- Oxon. – Oxford University player, Cam. – Cambridge University player
- R.O.B. Lane Oxon.
- William Leake Cam.
- Gregor MacGregor Cam.
- H. McNiven
- W.H. Mansfield
- Howard Marshall
- Philip Maud
- Walter Nathaniel Mayne Cam.
- William Grant Mitchell Cam.
- Piercy Morrison Cam.
- Eustace North Oxon.
- Charles Nicholl Cam.
- Launcelot Percival Oxon.
- Australian Barbarians
- Brussels Barbarians
- French Barbarians
- New Zealand Barbarians
- South African Barbarians
- Starmer-Smith, Nigel (1977). The Barbarians. Macdonald & Jane's Publishers. ISBN 0860075524.
- ^ "Mason on bench for Baa Baas". ESPN Scrum. 2011-05-25. http://www.espnscrum.com/barbarians/rugby/story/140404.html. Retrieved 2011-05-25.
- ^ "Carpmael and Barbarians in Hall of Fame" (Press release). International Rugby Board. 29 May 2011. http://www.irb.com/history/halloffame/newsid=2043073.html#carpmael+barbarians+hall+fame. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
- ^ Starmer-Smith (1977), pg 13.
- ^ a b Starmer-Smith (1977), pg 14.
- ^ Starmer-Smith (1977), pg 15.
- ^ Starmer-Smith (1977), pg 20.
- ^ Starmer-Smith (1977), pg 10.
- ^ a b Starmer-Smith (1977), pg 37.
- ^ Starmer-Smith (1977), pg 38.
- ^ Morgan fears for game that has lost its sense of fun independent.co.uk 2003-01-25
- ^ Richards, Huw (22 April 2011). "The end of an era". ESPN Scrum. http://www.espnscrum.com/barbarians/rugby/story/138641.html. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- ^ "Australia approached to mark Cornwall v Australia centenary match". Sportinglife.com. http://www.sportinglife.com/rugbyunion/news/story_get.cgi?STORY_NAME=rugby/08/01/30/RUGBYU_Olympics.html. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- ^ a b Cornish rugby to be honoured at Wembley Wednesday, December 03, 2008, 10:00
- ^ "BBC SPORT | Rugby Union | English | England omit Cipriani from squad". London: BBC News. 19 May 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/rugby_union/english/8057463.stm. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- ^ "The Barbarians – News". Barbarianfc.co.uk. 2008-12-22. http://www.barbarianfc.co.uk/news.cfm?categoryID=55&id=238. Retrieved 2009-05-21. [dead link]
- ^ "Lions line up match in Hong Kong". BBC News. 2010-10-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/rugby_union/9102421.stm.
- ^ "Graham Henry and Steve Hansen to coach Barbarians at Twickenham". Barbarian FC. 2011-10-23. http://www.barbarianfc.co.uk/news/498/graham-henry-and-steve-hansen-to-coach-barbarians-at-twickenham/.
- ^ Roll of Honour
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