- Home Nations
:"Home nation" (common noun) redirects here; home nation is also used to refer to the host country of
multi-sport events(eg. the Olympics), or other international sports championships."
Home Nations (often written as the
common nounhome nations) is a collective term used to refer to England, Northern Ireland, Scotlandand Wales, which together form the United Kingdom.
In most sports, Northern Ireland does not have a separate international team, as the whole island of Ireland fields a single national team. The term "home nations" has extended to Irish national teams in some of these sports (such as
rugby unionand hockey) even though they draw players from both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, which is a separate country from the UK.
Occasionally the term Home Countries is used. [http://www.britishcycling.org.uk/web/site/BC/gbr/CommonwealthGames2006/20060316_CG_Home_Nations.asp "historic rivalries between the home nations and the Commonwealth were once again centre stage with the Home Countries having great success"] ,
British Cycling, March 2006]
'Home Nations' is often used in reference to sporting events in which each competes separately, such as
rugby union's Six Nations Championshipand the now defunct British Home Championshipin association football.
Between 1883 and 1909, what is now the Six Nations was played between England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales and was known as the Home International Championship; it reverted to that name when, from 1932 to 1939, France was excluded from the tournament even though, by then, Ireland had been partitioned into
Northern Ireland(part of the UK) and the independent Irish Free State(Ireland from 1949). The term continues to be used in rugby union and rugby league[ [http://www.rte.ie/sport/2005/1110/easterby.html RTÉ Sport: Easterby relishing New Zealand clash ] ] even though the Ireland national rugby union teamand Ireland national rugby league teamdraw players from the entire island. The term "Home Union" is used to refer to the four national governing bodies. [http://www.google.ie/search?q=%22home+nations%22+site%3A.irishrugby.ie]
association football, the British Home Championship (also known as the Home International Championship) was an annual competition contested between the UK's four national teams, England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland (later, Northern Ireland), between 1884-1914, 1919-1939, and 1946-1984.
Other sports which use the term "Home Nations" include
boxing, cricket, curling, [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/other_sports/disability_sport/4179455.stm "Scotland have been nominated as the home nation to score points towards a place for Great Britain"] , BBC Sport website, 16 January 2005] cycling, disabled sports, fencing, hockey, golf, mountaineering, rowing, skiing, swimmingand tennis.Fact|date=August 2008
The term is also used to refer to the seven representative teams — England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey — from the
British Islandsthat participate in the Commonwealth Games.
British Isles (terminology)
Constitutional status of Cornwall
Home Counties- counties in or surrounding London
Symbols of the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man
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