- American Family Association
American Family Association Formation 1977 by Rev. Donald Wildmon Type Christian right organization Headquarters Tupelo, Mississippi, U.S. President Tim Wildmon Website www.afa.net
The American Family Association (AFA) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that promotes conservative Christian values, such as opposition to same-sex marriage, pornography, and abortion, as well as other public policy goals such as deregulation of the oil industry and lobbying against the Employee Free Choice Act. It was founded in 1977 by Rev. Donald Wildmon as the National Federation for Decency and is headquartered in Tupelo, Mississippi.
The AFA defines itself as "a Christian organization promoting the biblical ethic of decency in American society with primary emphasis on TV and other media" It pursues its views and other issues through a number of activism efforts, including boycotts, buycotts, Action alert emails, publications on the AFA's web sites or in the AFA Journal, broadcasts on American Family Radio, and lobbying.
The organization has an annual budget of roughly US$14 million and owns 180 American Family Radio stations in 28 states. AFA has been criticized by civil rights organizations and other entities for what have been described as controversial stances, in particular the "propagation of known falsehoods" and "demonizing propaganda" about homosexuality, which in November 2010 led to its being named a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center.
- 1 Operations
- 2 Campaigns and issues
- 3 Inter-group coordination
- 4 Criticism and controversy
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
Reverend Donald Wildmon served as chairman of AFA until he announced his retirement on March 3, 2010. His son, Tim, is president of AFA. AFA is governed by an independent Board of Directors.
AFA Journal is a monthly publication with a circulation of 180,000 containing news, features, columns, and interviews. In addition to the publication, AFA Journal articles are made available online. The AFA Journal reviews and categorizes the content of prime-time television shows. The categories include profanity, sex, violence, homosexuality, substance abuse, "anti-Christian" content, or "political correctness." The categorization is accompanied by short descriptions of the content of the episode under review. The review also lists the advertisers of each show and invites readers to contact the advertisers or television networks to express concern over program content.
American Family Radio (AFR) is a network of approximately 200 AFA-owned radio stations broadcasting Christian-oriented programming.
OneNewsNow.com is the AFA news division web site, provides audio newscasts and a daily digest of news articles, Associated Press stories, and opinion columns. Formerly known as AgapePress, it is the news division of American Family Radio.
Center for Law and Policy, the legal and political arm of the AFA, was shut down in 2007. It specialized in First Amendment cases. The Center for Law and Policy lobbied legislative bodies, drafts legislation, and filed religious-discrimination lawsuits on behalf of individuals. Chief among its efforts were the recognition of Christmas in seasonal print advertisements; the criminalization of homosexuality; lobbying against same-sex marriage, and in opposition of equal-rights and hate-crime legislation that would include sexual orientation and gender identity under categories already protected and advocating censorship of print and electronic media.
Campaigns and issues
The AFA has a history of activism by organizing its members in boycotts and letter-writing campaigns aimed at promoting socially conservative values in the United States. The AFA has promoted boycotts of a number of television shows, movies, and businesses that have promoted what the group considers indecency, obscenity, or homosexuality. In addition to promoting activism via mail to AFA members, 3.4 million subscribers receive AFA "Action Alerts" via email.
The AFA has boycotted multiple U.S. companies for various reasons, most often relating to Christmas controversies, pornography, support of pro-choice activism, support of violence or sexual content in entertainment, and support of LGBT activism, including same-sex partner employee benefits. These organizations include: 7-Eleven, Abercrombie & Fitch, American Airlines, American Girl, Blockbuster Video, Burger King, Calvin Klein, Carl's Jr., Clorox, Comcast, Crest, Ford, Hallmark Cards, Kmart, Kraft Foods, S. C. Johnson & Son, Movie Gallery, Microsoft, MTV, Mary Kay, NutriSystem, Old Navy, IKEA, Sears, Pampers, Procter & Gamble, Target, Tide, Walt Disney Company, and PepsiCo. The AFA has criticized the People's Republic of China for its persecution of Christians.
In 1989 the AFA boycotted WaldenBooks in an attempt to persuade the company to stop selling Playboy and Penthouse magazines. As a result, WaldenBooks launched an advertisement campaign against censorship, asserting First Amendment rights. WaldenBooks, American Booksellers Association, the Council for Periodical Distributors Association, the International Periodical Distributors Association, and Duval Bibb Services launched a lawsuit against the AFA in October 1989, under the Federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) and the Florida State RICO Acts, which protect an organization's right to conduct business without harassment or threats. The case was later settled by the parties without a court ruling.
Christian Leaders for Responsible Television (CLeaR-TV), affiliated with the AFA, has approached sponsors of programs that it considered immoral. In 1989, CLeaR-TV successfully persuaded General Mills, Ralston Purina, Domino's Pizza, Mazda, and Noxell to withdraw advertising from Saturday Night Live. AFA also boycotted PepsiCo that year also for supporting Madonna, whose video for "Like a Prayer" Wildmon felt was sacrilegious.
During the summer of 1993 the AFA purchased full-page ads in such periodicals as The New York Times, USA Today, and Los Angeles Times denouncing the sexual and violent content of the upcoming ABC police drama NYPD Blue. It also urged ABC affiliates not to broadcast the program and citizens to boycott sponsors of Blue. About a quarter of the 225 existing ABC stations followed suit, but such affiliates were mostly in rural areas of the US. The AFA campaign increased hype for the show in larger American media markets, and Blue became one of the most popular shows of the 1993–1994 television season. In 1996, the AFA launched a boycott against Walt Disney Company when the company began giving benefits to same-sex employees in domestic partnerships. The AFA has claimed that Michael Eisner, the CEO of The Disney Company, "was involved in a media group that actively promoted the homosexual agenda" and was pushing the "gay agenda." The AFA ended the unsuccessful nine-year boycott in spring 2005 after Eisner left the company. Tim Wildmon stated "We feel after nine years of boycotting Disney we have made our point."
In 2003, the AFA, with the American Decency Association, Focus on the Family, and Citizens for Community Values, lobbied and boycotted Abercrombie & Fitch, calling on "A&F to stop using blatant pornography in its quarterly catalog." In December 2003, the company "recalled the holiday catalog from all its stores, saying it needed the space on the counter for a new perfume" and stated it would stop printing catalogs and start a new campaign.
In 2005 the AFA boycotted the company American Girl, seller of dolls and accessories, because the company supported the charity Girls, Inc., which the AFA called "a pro-abortion, pro-lesbian advocacy group."
In Spring 2005 the AFA launched a boycott of Ford for advertising in gay magazines, donating to gay-rights organizations, and sponsoring gay pride celebrations. After meeting with representatives of the group, Ford announced it was curtailing ads in a number of major gay publications, due not by cultural but by "cost-cutting" factors. That statement was contradicted by the AFA, which claimed it had a "good faith agreement" that Ford would cease such ads. Soon afterwards, as a result of a strong outcry from the gay community, Ford backtracked and announced it would continue ads in gay publications, in response to which the AFA denounced Ford for "violating" the agreement, and renewed threats of a boycott. The boycott ended in March 2008.
On Independence Day 2008, the AFA announced a boycott of McDonald's, which had a director on the board of the National Gay and Lesbian Chamber of Commerce. In October 2008, AFA announced the end of its boycott following the declaration to be "neutral on same-sex marriage or any 'homosexual agenda' as defined by the American Family Association" by McDonald's in a memo to franchisees.
In December 2008, the AFA issued an "Action Alert"  which called for members to protest about the Campbell Soup Company, which had purchased two 2-page advertisements in the December 2008 and January 2009 issues of LGBT magazine The Advocate. The Action Alert included the statement "(Campbell's) ...sent a message that homosexual parents constitute a family and are worthy of support". The advertisements showed a married lesbian couple with their son. AFA spokesman Randy Sharp said "...the Campbell Soup Company is saying 'we approve of homosexual marriage.'"
In November 2009, the AFA called for a boycott against clothing retailer The Gap, Inc., claiming the retailer's holiday television advertising campaign failed to mention Christmas. "Christmas has historically been very good for commerce. But now Gap wants the commerce but no Christmas" wrote an AFA spokesperson. The Gap soon released an advertisement in response to the boycott, specifically referring to Christmas, albeit with a number of other holidays that take place at the same time of year and added the word "Christmas" to in-store decor.
On April 16, 2007, following the Virginia Tech Massacre, the AFA released a video titled The Day They Kicked God out of the Schools, in which God tells a student that students were killed in schools because God isn't allowed in schools anymore. The video claims that the shootings at Virginia Tech, Columbine, and many other locations, are the result of, among other things, decreased discipline in schools; no prayer in schools; sex out of wedlock; rampant violence in TV, movies, and music; or abortions.
Speechless: Silencing the Christians is a 2008 documentary series hosted by Janet Parshall. The documentary series explains the AFA's position against the drive towards political correctness, and how various factors, such as hate crime laws and other discriminatory actions, are threatening the Christians' existence. In 2009, a one-hour special version of the program was produced and aired on commercial television stations, where AFA purchased the air time.
The AFA has repeatedly lobbied Congress to eliminate funding for the National Endowment for the Arts. For example, in 2000, the AFA issued a press release condemning the NEA's funding of One of the Guys, a controversial book by Robert Clark Young described by a senior AFA official as "scatological." The complaint from the AFA was that the book included sexually explicit material, in particular, a description of a young woman extracting razor blades from her vagina during a performance in a sex club. In a Washington Post editorial in response to the complaint, Young stated, "I find it strange that an organization that claims to uphold family values and to oppose the federal funding of obscenity is not protesting the part of the military budget that goes to support pederasty in the Far East."
Speaking in defense of Mike Huckabee's comments on the handling of AIDS patients, the head of the AFA of Pennsylvania said Huckabee's comments were being taken out of context and that Huckabee was right that AIDS patients should have been quarantined.
View on media
Wildmon has stated that he believes obscene content on television and in movies is a result of the media being controlled by Jews, who, he says, intentionally place anti-Christian messages and activities into their programming to undermine Christianity.
Opposition to other religions
On November 28, 2006, following the election of Keith Ellison, the first Muslim elected to the United States Congress, the AFA released an "Action Alert." The Action Alert, entitled "A first for America...The Koran replaces the Bible at swearing-in oath: What book will America base its values on, the Bible or the Koran?", requested subscribers write their Congressional representatives and urge them to create a "law making the Bible the book used in the swearing-in ceremony of representatives and senators."
On July 13, 2007, a Hindu prayer was conducted in the U.S. Senate. Rajan Zed, director of interfaith relations at a Hindu temple, read the prayer at the invitation of Senate majority leader Harry Reid, who defended his invitation based on the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi. AFA sent out an "Action Alert" to its members to email, write letters, or call their Senators to oppose the Hindu prayer, stating it is "seeking the invocation of a non-monotheistic god." The "alert" stated that "since Hindus worship multiple gods, the prayer will be completely outside the American paradigm, flying in the face of the American motto One Nation Under God." The convocation by Zed was in fact disrupted by three protesters from a different Fundamentalist Christian activist group Operation Save America in the gallery reportedly shouting "this is an abomination" and that they were "Christians and Patriots".
On August 10, 2010, Bryan Fischer, AFA's director of Issue Analysis for Government and Public Policy, posted on his blog that "Permits should not be granted to build even one more mosque in the United States of America, let alone the monstrosity planned for Ground Zero. This is for one simple reason: each Islamic mosque is dedicated to the overthrow of the American government." This was in response to a 1991 memorandum circulated by the Muslim Brotherhood where they call for "grand Jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and 'sabotaging' its miserable house," as well as the ongoing debate about building a mosque and Islamic community center near Ground Zero in Manhattan. Fischer continued: "Because of this subversive ideology, Muslims cannot claim religious freedom protections under the First Amendment."
The AFA expresses public concern over what it refers to as the "homosexual agenda." They claim that the Bible "declares that homosexuality is unnatural and sinful." The AFA actively lobbies against the social acceptance of homosexual behavior ("We oppose the homosexual movement's efforts to convince our society that their behavior is normal"). The AFA also actively promotes the idea that homosexuality is a choice and that sexual orientation can be changed through religious teachings in ex-gay ministries.
In 1996, responding to a complaint from an AFA member who was participating in an AFA campaign targeting gay journalists, the Fort Worth Star-Telegram transferred a gay editor out of a job that occasionally required him to work with schoolchildren. The AFA targeted the editor due to cartoon strips he created, which were published in gay magazines. The paper apparently acted on the AFA's unsubstantiated statement that the editor was "preoccupied with the subjects of pedophilia and incest."
In 2000, Vice president Tim Wildmon spoke out against gay-straight alliance clubs in schools, stating, "We view these kinds of clubs as an advancement of the homosexual cause." In 2004, the AFA raised concerns about the movie Shark Tale because the group believed the movie was designed to promote the acceptance of gay rights by children. On the October 11, 2005, AFA broadcast, Tim Wildmon agreed with a caller that cable networks like Animal Planet and HGTV featured "evidence of homosexuality and lesbian people" and added that "you have to watch out for children's programs today as well because they'll slip it in there as well." In 2007, the AFA spoke out against IKEA for featuring gay families in their television ads. In June 2008, the AFA protested a Heinz television advertisement, shown in the United Kingdom, which showed two men kissing, which Heinz then withdrew.
One Million Moms/One Million Dads project
One of AFA's creations is One Million Moms and One Million Dads, two websites with the goal mobilizing parents to "stop the exploitation of children" by the media. It organizes boycotts and urges activists to send emails to mainstream companies employing advertising, selling products, or advertising on television shows they find offensive. The "One Million" in the titles of the projects appears to be a completely arbitrary number, as it is not based on any actual survey of group members, let alone how many members might be mothers or fathers.
Criticism and controversy
Individuals in the media industry have criticized Donald Wildmon, the founder of AFA. Gene Mater, Senior Vice President of CBS Television, has stated, "We look upon Wildmon's efforts as the greatest frontal assault on intellectual freedom this country has ever faced" and Brandon Tartikoff, former NBC Entertainment President, stated that Wildmon's boycott campaign was "the first step toward a police state."
Stance on homosexuality
In 1998, the popular Internet filtering software CyberPatrol blocked the AFA's web site, classifying it under the category "intolerance," defined as "pictures or text advocating prejudice or discrimination against any race, color, national origin, religion, disability or handicap, gender or sexual orientation..." AFA spokesman Steve Ensley told reporters, "Basically we're being blocked for free speech." CyberPatrol cited quotes from the AFA for meeting its intolerance criteria, which included: "Indifference or neutrality toward the homosexual rights movement will result in society's destruction by allowing civil order to be redefined and by plummeting ourselves, our children, and grandchildren into an age of godlessness"; "A national 'Coming Out of Homosexuality' provides us a means whereby to dispel the lies of the homosexual rights crowd who say they are born that way and cannot change"; and "We want to outlaw public homosexuality...We believe homosexuality is immoral and leads ultimately to personal and social decay." 
On October 19, 1998, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, led by Leslie Katz, wrote a letter to the AFA in response to an advertisement placed in the San Francisco Chronicle by the AFA regarding homosexuality and Christianity. The letter stated:
Supervisor Leslie Katz denounces your rhetoric against gays, lesbians and transgendered people. What happened to Matthew Shepard is in part due to the message being espoused by your groups that gays and lesbians are not worthy of the most basic equal rights and treatment. It is not an exaggeration to say that there is a direct correlation between these acts of discrimination, such as when gays and lesbians are called sinful and when major religious organizations say they can change if they tried, and the horrible crimes committed against gays and lesbians.
During the same time, the City and County of San Francisco passed two resolutions. Resolution No. 234-99 "calls for the Religious Right to take accountability for the impact of their long-standing rhetoric denouncing gays and lesbians, which leads to a climate of mistrust and discrimination that can open the door to horrible crimes such as those committed against Mr. Gaither." and Resolution No. 873-98 was specifically directed at "anti-gay" television advertisements. AFA unsuccessfully challenged these actions as violating the Free Speech and Free Exercise clauses of the First Amendment in American Family Association v. City and County of San Francisco.
In 1998, multiple organizations voiced criticism of a series of AFA sponsored full-page newspaper advertisements that promoted religious ministries involved in the ex-gay movement. In response to the advertisements, the Religious Leadership Roundtable said the ads employed "language of violence and hatred to denounce other people." IntegrityUSA criticized the ads, calling them "evil" disregarding Christian teachings about the "dignity of every human being." DignityUSA also criticized the advertisements, which they said were "misleading and destructive."
In July 2000, the AFA sent out emails and letters calling for openly gay Arizona Republican United States House of Representatives member Jim Kolbe to be barred from speaking at the Republican National Convention. The AFA also said that Kolbe should be arrested when he returned to his home state, as because Kolbe is gay, he was violating an Arizona law that banned sodomy. Equality Mississippi, a statewide LGBT civil rights organization which has voiced opposition and criticism towards the AFA's activism regarding homosexuality, felt that AFA's action was constituting and encouraging violence towards the gay community.
In 2005, Equality Mississippi publicly spoke out against the AFA for the use of copyrighted images on the AFA web site in its boycott against Kraft Foods for being a sponsor of the 2006 Gay Games in Chicago. The photographs, which were used without permission, were owned by and retrieved from ChrisGeary.com. Equality Mississippi encouraged ChrisGeary.com to file suit against the AFA and offered to support the suit. As of March 2009[update], the images were still on AFA's web site.
Former AFA California leader Scott Lively is a co-author of The Pink Swastika which claims that many leaders in the German Nazi regime, including Hitler himself, were gay. He has since co-founded Watchmen on the Walls.
In May 2010, Bryan Fischer, the AFA's director of Issue Analysis for Government and Public Policy, wrote a blog post on the AFA website detailing allegations that Adolf Hitler was a homosexual, and concluding that gay people in the military caused the Holocaust: "Nazi Germany became the horror that it was because it rejected both Christianity and its clear teaching about human sexuality. These are mistakes no sane culture should ever make again."
In June 2008, AFA's news website, OneNewsNow – which had begun replacing all instances of "gay" with "homosexual" in re-posted Associated Press articles – changed an AP profile of Olympic sprinter Tyson Gay, rendering his name as "Tyson Homosexual". OneNewsNow similarly altered the name of basketball player Rudy Gay, naming him "Rudy Homosexual". The gay rights website GoodAsYou.org, which "has long chronicled the AFA's practice of changing AP copy to suit its conservative agenda", spotted the errors. Tyson Gay was upset with the mistake.
Paul Cambria, lawyer for rock band Marilyn Manson, sent a cease and desist letter to AFA on April 25, 1997 in response to allegations published in the AFA Journal that Manson encouraged audience members to engage in sexual and violent acts in its concerts. AFA Journal relied on testimony by two anonymous teenage concertgoers. The allegations were independently proven to be false. Wildmon responded that his organization as a whole was not responsible, but rather the AFA's Gulf Coast chapter in Biloxi, Mississippi.
Labeled a hate group
Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), in a 2005 report, stated that the AFA, along with other groups, engaged in hate speech to "help drive the religious right's anti-gay crusade." Mark Potok of the SPLC determined that the turning point was 2003's Lawrence v. Texas, in which the Supreme Court struck down Texas's anti-sodomy laws. After that, the Christian right spent millions on advertisements, and on pastor briefings organized by activists such as born-again Christian David Lane. Lane helped AFA put constitutional opposite-sex marriage amendments on the ballots of 13 states.
In November 2010, the SPLC changed their listing of AFA from a group that used hate speech to the more serious one of being designated a hate group. Potok said that the AFA's "propagation of known falsehoods and demonizing propaganda" was the basis for the change.
The AFA was greatly displeased with the designation as a hate group, calling the list "slanderous". In response to the SPLC's announcement, some members of the Christian right "call[ed] on Congress to cut off their funding." J. Matt Barber of The Washington Times said that the SPLC was "marginalizing" themselves by giving the AFA the same hate group designation shared by the Ku Klux Klan and neo-Nazis. Tony Perkins, the president of Family Research Council (FRC) – an organization also named a hate group – asked the SPLC to strike the new designation, but they held their position. Ken Williams commented that in reaction, the FRC and the AFA joined with other "pro-family" organizations targeted by the SPLC to establish a new website, an online petition called "Start Debating/Stop Hating" to counter the SPLC, and they took out full page ads in two Washington D.C. newspapers, defending their work "to protect and promote natural marriage and the family." The advertisement stated the "undersigned stand in solidarity" with the organizations designated as hate groups, and that they "support the vigorous but responsible exercise of the First Amendment rights of free speech and religious liberty that are the birthright of all Americans." House Speaker-Designate John Boehner and the governors of Louisiana, Minnesota and Virginia were among those signing the statement. The SPLC addressed the new website statement; Potok was quoted by David Weigel of Slate magazine as saying, "the SPLC's listings of these groups is based on their propagation of known falsehoods – claims about LGBT people that have been thoroughly discredited by scientific authorities – and repeated, groundless name-calling." The American Independent News Network (AINN) noted that the AFA had recently denounced Supreme Court justice Elena Kagan as a lesbian unfit for office – AINN stated that "she's not" a lesbian – and that Fischer said Hitler's savage and brutal methods were only possible because he and most of his stormtroopers were gay. Jillian Rayfield of Talking Points Memo noted the irony in the website calling the SPLC a "radical Left" group "spreading hateful rhetoric" yet elsewhere declaring that the debates of the Christian right "can and must remain civil – but they must never be suppressed through personal assaults that aim only to malign an opponent's character."
- American Family Association v. City and County of San Francisco
- Culture War
- List of organizations designated by the Southern Poverty Law Center as hate groups
- New Right
- Religion and homosexuality
- Speechless: Silencing the Christians, documentary series produced by the AFA
- ^ "Put On The Virtual Armor." AFA Journal. May 2001. Retrieved on 2007-09-15.
- ^ a b "CyberPatrol Blocks Conservative Christian Site over Anti-Gay Content." American Library Association. June 1998. Retrieved on 2007-09-15.
- ^ a b c d Still Cranky After All These Years." Media Transparency. 2007-04-19. Retrieved on 2007-06-15
- ^ "Conservative Christian group calls boycott of automaker, charging it has pro-homosexual agenda." CNN. 2006-06-01. Retrieved on 2007-11-15.
- ^ Who is AFA?. American Family Association. Retrieved on 2007-06-17.
- ^ Don't let Obama take away the right to vote by secret ballot, AFA Activism.
- ^ "The Religious Right in Washington". ACLU. 1995-06-01. Archived from the original on April 3, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070403192146/http://www.aclu-wa.org/detail.cfm?id=149. Retrieved 2007-06-24.
- ^ "afaMEDIA, About AFA". American Family Association. http://media.afa.net/newdesign/about.asp. Retrieved 2007-06-24.
- ^ "'American Family Association' Attacks Ford's Family-Friendly Policies After Failed Disney Boycott." GLADD. 2005-06-01. Retrieved on 2007-06-17.
- ^ a b c Peter H Stone, Bara Vaida, "Christian Soldiers" National Journal. Washington, Dec 4, 2004. Volume 36, Issue 49, pg. 3596
- ^ "Active Anti-Gay Groups | Southern Poverty Law Center". http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-files/ideology/anti-gay/active_hate_groups. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
- ^ Bohon, Dave (December 3, 2010). "SPLC Targets 18 "Anti-Gay" Pro-family Groups". The New American. http://www.thenewamerican.com/index.php/culture/family/5382-splc-targets-18-anti-gayq-pro-family-groups. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- ^ Minor, Jack (April 6, 2011). "Civil rights group labels family organizations, Colorado constitution party "hate groups" for stand on traditional marriage". Greeley Gazette. http://www.greeleygazette.com/press/?p=8902. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- ^ "Right Wing Organization: American Family Association". People for the American Way. http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=3796. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- ^ Mathewes-Green, Frederica. "While TV moguls dither, parents' guides deliver Policy Review." Policy Review. Mar/Apr 1997. Iss. 82; pg. 8, 4 pgs. Retrieved on 2007-10-02
- ^ "News Operations Merge to Create OneNewsNow.com" AFA Media. 2007-02-23. Retrieved on 2007-06-25
- ^ The AFA filed an amicus curiae brief in Lawrence vs Texas, arguing against repeal: 
- ^ a b c Bagby, Dyana (2005-06-03). "Efforts of 'anti-gay industry' chronicled in new report". Southern Voice. Archived from the original on February 13, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070213062906/http://www.sovo.com/2005/6-3/news/national/anti-gay.cfm. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- ^ a b Vanderkam, Laura R. "Internet filter blocks anti-gay Web sites". The Washington Times (1998-08-05) ISSN 07328494. ProQuest ID:32625145
- ^ Homosexuality AFA website guide to homosexuality
- ^ AFA opposition to S.1105, an act which would strengthen hate-crime legislation AFA legal action website
- ^ AFA opposition to HR3685, an act which would prohibit employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation AFA legal action website
- ^ Boston, Rob. "The Religious Right and American Freedom". Church & State. June 2006 Retrieved on 2008-02-07.
- ^ "Update: CHINA: Executed for Distributing Bibles AFA Action Alert May 26, 2005"
- ^ "China: Executed for Distributing Bibles AFA Action Alert Dec. 14, 2004"
- ^ "Would you go to prison for your faith? AFA Action Alert Sep. 28, 2004"
- ^ a b Liebeck, Laura. "K mart, Waldenbooks to face AFA pickets". Discount Store News. 1990-05-07 Retrieved on 2007-07-15.
- ^ Hunter 1991, pp. 228, 236
- ^ Winbush, Don (1989-06-19). "Interview with Rev. Donald E. Wildmon: Bringing Satan To Heel". Time. http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,957949,00.html. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- ^ Carter, Bill (1993-06-22). "Police Drama Under Fire for Sex and Violence". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE1DF133FF931A15755C0A965958260. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ Streible, Daniel G.. "NYPD Blue". Museum of Broadcast Communications. http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/N/htmlN/nypdblue/nypdblue.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ a b Johnson, Alex"Christian group suspends Ford boycott". MSNBC 2005-06-06. Retrieved on 2007-06-24
- ^ Brandt, Doreen. Anti-Gay Group Ends Disney Boycott. 365gay. 2005-05-24. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
- ^ (archieve link)
- ^ "Conservative group ends 9-year Disney boycott". Associated Press (Published on MSNBC). 2005-05-24. Retrieved on 2007-09-29.
- ^ AFA ends Disney boycott it launched in mid-1990s, Dwayne Hastings, Baptist Press, 2005-05-24. Retrieved on 2010-11-22
- ^ Pugh, Rusty and Parker, Jenni. Decency Advocates Claim Victory as A&F Pulls Explicit Catalog, Ceases Publication. AFA Journal. 2003-12-10. Retrieved on 2007-06-16. (archived link)
- ^ Bhatnagar, Parija (2003-12-09). "Abercrombie kills its racy catalog". CNN. http://money.cnn.com/2003/12/09/news/companies/abercrombie/index.htm.
- ^ "Conservatives protest popular doll-maker". Associated Press (Published on USA Today). 2005-10-15. Retrieved on 2007-10-01.
- ^ "Ford Drops Ads in Gay-Oriented Magazines". NPR. 2005-12-06. Retrieved on 2007-10-01.
- ^ Johnson, Alex. "Another swing of the pocketbook: Christian activist groupgoes after Ford Motor Co.". MSNBC. 2005-06-01
- ^ "Anti-Gay Group Renews Ford Boycott Threat". ConsumerAffairs.com. 2005-12-17. http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/2005/ford_gay_ads04.html. Retrieved 2007-05-04
- ^ Hate Groups End Ford Boycott, Joe Benton, Consumer Affairs, 2008-03-11. Retrieved on 2010-11-22
- ^ Ahrens, Frank (2008-07-04). "Gay-Marriage Opponents To Boycott McDonald's". The Washington Post: p. D1. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/03/AR2008070303769.html.
- ^ McDonald's cuts off gay chamber of commerce group
- ^ "Hallmark pushes same-sex marriage." AFA website. Retrieved on August 25, 2008.
- ^ Campbell Soup Company embraces homosexual agenda AFA website, retrieved on 2008-12-30
- ^ Pro-family group stirred up over Campbell's onenewsnow.com, Retrieved on 2008-12-30.
- ^ Neil, Dan (2009-11-17). "Gap's Christmas cheer makes a boycott backfire". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-ct-neil17-2009nov17,0,2040716.story. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- ^ Crispin Porter + Bogusky (Producer) (2009-11-13). Go Ho Ho – Gap 2009 Holiday Commercial. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oVMPWlWDvsI. Retrieved 2009-12-16. "Go Christmas"
- ^ "The Day They Kicked God out of the Schools". American Family Radio (American Family Association). http://www.afr.net/newafr/wekickedgodout.asp. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- ^ "Gingrich Says Liberals And Lack Of Religion Sparked Va. Tech Killings." Church and State. June 2007. Retrieved on 2007-10-01.
- ^ "AFA, INSP partner in new TV series". AFA Journal. 2008-01. http://www.afajournal.org/2008/january/0108afa_insp.asp. Retrieved 2009-07-20.
- ^ Darren E Sherkat, Christopher G Ellison, The cognitive structure of a moral crusade: Conservative protestantism and opposition to pornography, Social Forces, Mar 1997. Volume 75, Issue 3 pg. 957 (ProQuest link)
- ^ Hansen, Suzy "Our wolves in uniform." Salon.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-20.
- ^ Penn. family advocate defends Huckabee's statements on AIDS patients Allie Martin, OneNewsNow.com December 18, 2007
- ^ Religious leaders denounce Wildmon's anti-Semitism
- ^ Brackman, H. D., The Attack on Jewish Hollywood: A Chapter in the History of Modern American Anti-Semitism, Modern Judaism, Vol. 20, No. 1, Feb 2000, pp. 1–19
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- ^ Argetsinger, Amy and Roberts, Roxanne. But It's Thomas Jefferson's Koran!. Washington Post. 2007-01-03 Retrieved on 2007-01-04
- ^ A first for America...The Koran replaces the Bible at swearing-in oath. American Family Association. Retrieved on 2007-06-17. (archived link)
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- ^ a b "Hindu Prayer in Senate Disrupted." Associated Press (published on MSNBC). 2007-06-12. Retrieved on 2007-06-15
- ^ "ActionAlert: Hindu to open Senate with prayer". American Family Association. http://www.afa.net/Petitions/issuedetail.asp?id=257.
- ^ Senate Prayer Led by Hindu Elicits Protest
- ^ "Hindu to open Senate with prayer AFA Action Alert, July 10, 2007"
- ^ Fischer, Bryan (2010). "No More Mosques, Period.". American Family Association. http://action.afa.net/Blogs/BlogPost.aspx?id=2147497353. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- ^ Principles Which Guide AFA's Opposition to the Homosexual Agenda AFA website, retrieved on 19 July 2009
- ^ Erzen, Tanya (June 2006). Straight to Jesus: Sexual and Christian conversions in the Ex-Gay movement. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-24582-2.
- ^ Pasztor, David. Classless act: Star-Telegram knuckles under to Christian group, reassigns gay editor". Dallas Observer (1996-01-25). Retrieved on 2007-10-21.
- ^ "Alliances: Ground Zero for School Tolerance." www.educationworld.com. 2000-12-19. Retrieved on 2007-04-30
- ^ Is This Shark Gay? Kiddie Cartoons and the Culture Wars, Rachael Scott, beliefnet.com, Retrieved on 2010-11-22
- ^ "American Family Association's Tim Wildmon backed caller's warning of 'evidence of homosexuality and lesbian people on programs like HGTV and Animal Planet'", Media Matters for America. 2005-10-13. Retrieved on 2007-09-24.
- ^ "IKEA's gay family ad upsets conservatives." Pink News. 2007-02-09. Retrieved on 2007-09-29.
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- ^ About Don Wildmon. American Family Association. Retrieved on 2007-06-16. (archived link)
- ^ "Letter from GLAAD in SF Bay Times." San Francisco Bay Times. 2006-01-05. Retrieved on 2009-06-27.
- ^ a b Festa, Paul (1998-06-03). "Antigay group blocked by filter". CNET. http://news.com.com/Antigay+group+blocked+by+filter/2100-1001_3-211877.html. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- ^ "Censorship in a Box, Why Blocking Software is Wrong for Public Libraries". American Civil Liberties Union. 2002-09-16. http://www.aclu.org/privacy/speech/14915pub20020916.html. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- ^ a b "AMERICAN FAMILY ASSOCIATION, INC.; DONALD WILDMON; KERUSSO MINISTRIES; FAMILY RESEARCH COUNCIL V. CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO; LESLIE KATZ, in her capacity as a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors". United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, Docket No. 00-16415, at courts.gov archive. http://bulk.resource.org/courts.gov/c/F3/277/277.F3d.1114.00-16415.html. Retrieved 2009-07-20.
- ^ On February 19, 1999, in Coosa County, Alabama, Billy Jack Gaither was beaten to death with an axe handle and his body was burned because he was homosexual.
- ^ Tooley, Mark. "Homosexual Radicals Demonize Religious Beliefs of Opponents". The Washington Times (1998-08-01). Vol. 14 No. 13 Pg. 30 ISSN 07328494. ProQuest ID: 33529079
- ^ Sumner, David; William Chambliss (October 2003). The Blackwell companion to criminology, p.312. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0631220925
- ^ "Calls for Arrest of Openly-Gay GOP Convention Speaker Reveal Danger of Sodomy Laws Nationwide, ACLU Says". American Civil Liberties Union. 2000-07-31. http://www.aclu.org/lgbt/discrim/12294prs20000731.html. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
- ^ Renaldo, Jody (2000-08-02). "Mississippi Gay Lobby calls for an investigation into the Mississippi based American Family Association and Donald Wildmon.". Equality Mississippi originally as Mississippi Gay Lobby. Archived from the original on 2007-07-30. http://web.archive.org/web/20070730034424/http://www.equalityms.org/newsreleases/afa.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
- ^ Renaldo, Jody (2005-06-08). "American Family Association steals and uses copyrighted pictures as part of its boycott against Kraft Foods". Equality Mississippi. Archived from the original on 2007-07-30. http://web.archive.org/web/20070730034251/http://www.equalityms.org/newsreleases/afastealscopyright.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
- ^ AFA.net: The following photos were taken at the last Gay Games events and are shown here for the sole purpose of educating Kraft customers to the types of activities Kraft is supporting.
- ^ Anderson, Mary Jo. "Christians slam "homophobia" resolution". WorldNetDaily: February 1, 2006.
- ^ AFA Action Alert June 2001 Scott Lively, an attorney and president of Abiding Truth Ministries, began serving as the California state director for AFA in early April.
- ^ Christian Conservative Leader Calls for No More Mosques in U.S., CBS News, 2010-08-12. Retrieved on 2010-11-23
- ^ a b Homosexuality, Hitler and Don't Ask, Don't Tell Bryan Fischer, AFA website, 2010-05-27. Retrieved on 2010-11-23
- ^ Goss, Patrick (2008-07-01). "When auto-replace and Tyson Gay collide | News | TechRadar UK". Techradar.com. http://www.techradar.com/news/internet/when-auto-replace-and-tyson-gay-collide-410475. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- ^ Moore, Matthew (2008-09-02). "The Clbuttic Mistake: When obscenity filters go wrong". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/2667634/The-Clbuttic-Mistake-When-obscenity-filters-go-wrong.html.
- ^ "Auto-replace is not always your friend – War Room". Salon.com. 2008-06-30. http://www.salon.com/news/politics/war_room/2008/06/30/afa/. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- ^ "Sideswipe: Friday". NZ Herald News. Nzherald.co.nz. 2008-07-04. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/sideswipe/news/article.cfm?c_id=702&objectid=10519824. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- ^ Kimball, Bob (2008-12-17). "No. 10: Mistakes part of the Internet game". USA TODAY. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/1613716181.html?dids=1613716181:1613716181&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Dec+17%2C+2008&author=Bob+Kimball&pub=USA+TODAY&desc=No.+10%3A+Mistakes+part+of+the+Internet+game&pqatl=google.
- ^ Losh, Elizabeth (2009). Virtualpolitik: an electronic history of government media-making in a time. MIT Press. p. 307. ISBN 978-0-262-12304-4. http://books.google.com/?id=hC35pomwgrgC&pg=PA377&dq=%22tyson+gay%22+homosexual#v=onepage&q=%22tyson%20gay%22%20homosexual&f=false. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
- ^ "Christian Site's Ban on 'G' Word Sends Homosexual to Olympics". The Washington Post. http://blog.washingtonpost.com/sleuth/2008/07/christian_sites_ban_on_g_word.html.
- ^ "Ozzy, Slayer Turn Up On "Ozzfest Live"". MTV News. 1997-04-28. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1432997/19970428/osbourne_ozzy.jhtml. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- ^ Mikkleson, Brabara (May 15, 2007). "Dead Puppies". Snopes. http://www.snopes.com/music/artists/marilyn2.asp. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- ^ "Ozzy, Manson File Suit Against Meadowlands". MTV News. 1997-05-02. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1426055/19970502/black_sabbath.jhtml. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- ^ a b c Hall, Randy (2005-06-30). "Christian 'Hate Groups' Accused of 'Anti-Gay Crusade'". Crosswalk.com. http://www.crosswalk.com/news/religiontoday/1337955/. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
- ^ Besen, Wayne (April 6, 2011). "Extremism Flying Beneath The Radar". Falls Church News Press. Falls Church News-Press Online. http://www.fcnp.com/commentary/national/8923-extremism-flying-beneath-the-radar.html. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "Indeed, the AFA's noxious views were on full display this week, when the group's star radio personality, Bryan Fischer, insulted African Americans. 'Welfare has destroyed the African-American family by telling young black women that husbands and fathers are unnecessary and obsolete,' said Fischer. 'Welfare has subsidized illegitimacy by offering financial rewards to women who have more children out of wedlock. We have incentivized fornication rather than marriage, and it's no wonder we are now awash in the disastrous social consequences of people who rut like rabbits.'"
- ^ McEwen, Alvin (November 23, 2010). "Family Research Council, American Family Association Named as Anti-Gay Hate Groups". HuffPost Politics. Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alvin-mcewen/family-research-council-a_1_b_787313.html. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "Yesterday, the Southern Poverty Law Center added five more organizations to its list of anti-gay hate groups, including some names that are long overdue. The new groups are: 1. American Family Association..."
- ^ Schlatter, Evelyn (Winter 2010). "18 Anti-Gay Groups and Their Propaganda | Southern Poverty Law Center". Splcenter.org. http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2010/winter/the-hard-liners. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- ^ Waddington, Lynda (23 November 2010). "Groups that Helped Oust Iowa Judges Earn 'Hate Group' Designation; SPLC Adds American Family Association, Family Research Council to List". Iowa Independent. http://iowaindependent.com/47947/groups-that-helped-oust-iowa-judges-earn-hate-group-designation. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
- ^ "SPLC's Anti-Gay Hate List Compiled With Diligence and Clear Standards | Southern Poverty Law Center". Splcenter.org. 2010-12-23. http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/news/splc-s-anti-gay-hate-list-compiled-with-diligence-and-clear-standards. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- ^ Eichler, Alex (November 23, 2010). "13 New Organizations Added to Anti-Gay 'Hate Groups' List". The Atlantic Wire. The Atlantic Monthly Group. http://www.theatlanticwire.com/national/2010/11/13-new-organizations-added-to-anti-gay-hate-groups-list/22153/. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "In the winter issue of Intelligence Report, the quarterly magazine of the Southern Poverty Law Center, Evelyn Schlatter takes a look at 18 advocacy groups that speak out against homosexuality. The report says that the groups, which include the American Family Association and the Family Research Council, are responsible for 'demonizing propaganda aimed at homosexuals and other sexual minorities.' Schlatter notes that 13 of the 18 groups will make SPLC's list of 'hate groups' next year."
- ^ Benen, Steve (December 18, 2010). "This Week in God". Political Animal. Washington Monthly. http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/archives/individual/2010_12/027153.php. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "In November, the SPLC, a respected source for decades on monitoring extremists and hate-based organizations, raised quite a few eyebrows with its updated lists, which included some leading religious right entities – including the Family Research Council and the American Family Association – along side mainstays like the KKK."
- ^ Banks, Adele M. (November 29, 2010). "Religion News Service: Hate group watchdog adds Family Research Council to its list". The Pew Forum. The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. http://pewforum.org/Religion-News/RNS-Hate-group-watchdog-adds-Family-Research-Council-to-its-list.aspx. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "Mark Potok, director of the center's Intelligence Project, said the groups were not chosen because of their beliefs that homosexual activity is sinful. 'The religious nature of these organizations has absolutely nothing to do with our listings,' he said in an interview Monday (Nov. 29). 'The listings are based on the propagation of known falsehoods and demonizing propaganda.'"
- ^ Nelson, Josh (November 29, 2010). "Judge-ouster supporters blast 'hate' label". WCFCourier.com. http://wcfcourier.com/news/local/article_0d224deb-9ca4-5f17-9ae0-cdd5c98e47f5.html. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "The law center, which has monitored extremist groups and hate speech for 40 years, is known for its successful litigation against white supremacist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and the Aryan Nations. The group said it listed groups like the American Family Association because they 'have continued to pump out demonizing propaganda aimed at homosexuals and other sexual minorities.' The report said mere opposition of same-sex marriage isn't enough to get listed as a 'hate group.'"
- ^ Mantyla, Kyle (November 29, 2010). "Religious Right United In Outrage Over SPLC Hate Group Designations". Right Wing Watch. People For the American Way. http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/religious-right-united-outrage-over-splc-hate-group-designations. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "Many influential Religious Right groups found themselves placed upon the SPLC's updated list, including the Family Research Council, American Family Association, Concerned Women for American, National Organization for Marriage, and Liberty Counsel. And to say that they are not happy about it would be a massive understatement."
- ^ a b Rayfield, Jillian (December 15, 2010). "Boehner, Cantor Back Family Research Council Campaign Against SPLC". TPMDC. Talking Points Memo. http://tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com/2010/12/boehner-cantor-join-frc-to-oppose-splc-hate-group-list.php. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "Unsurprisingly, the FRC was not happy about the designation, and labeled the list 'slanderous.' And today they launched a 'Start Debating, Stop Hating' website, and took out a full page ad in Politico, Dave Weigel reports. The ad says: 'The surest sign one is losing a debate is to resort to character assassination. The Southern Poverty Law Center, a liberal fundraising machine whose tactics have been condemned by observers across the political spectrum, is doing just that.' ... Ironically, the ad argues that 'our debates can and must remain civil – but they must never be suppressed through personal assaults that aim only to malign an opponent's character,' right after it refers to the SPLC as 'the radical Left' that's 'spreading hateful rhetoric.'"
- ^ "Southern Poverty Law Center Defames Mainstream Pro-Family Groups as 'Hate Groups'; DefendChristians.Org Calls on Congress to Defund the SPLC". Christian News Wire. Christian Communication Network. November 24, 2010. http://www.christiannewswire.com/news/485715575.html. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "The Southern Poverty Law Center has released a new list of 'hate groups' that includes many highly regarded, mainstream Christian organizations because of their opposition to homosexuality. 'The Southern Poverty Law Center has utterly discredited themselves by this provocative attack on organizations that promote traditional family values,' said Rev. Gary L. Cass, of DefendChristians.Org, a ministry of the Christian Anti-Defamation Commission. 'Labeling mainstream conservative organizations as "Hate groups" is defamatory and is simply an intimidation tactic. We call on Congress to cut off their funding.'"
- ^ Barber, J. Matt (November 26, 2010). "SPLC: The wolf who cried 'hate' – Self-marginalizing left turns itself into a punch line". The Washington Times. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2010/nov/26/splc-the-wolf-who-cried-hate/. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "Most notably, the SPLC has placed alongside the Klan and other neo-Nazi organizations, the Washington, D.C.-based Family Research Council (FRC) and the Mississippi-based American Family Association (AFA). Their crime? 'Anti-gay ... propagation of known falsehoods' (read: recognition of stubborn, politically incorrect scientific and theological facts that are beyond serious debate). I say 'most notably' because these two groups alone contain membership rolls in the millions."
- ^ Rossomando, John (December 6, 2010). "Southern Poverty Law Center: Social conservative organizations are hate groups". The Daily Caller. http://dailycaller.com/2010/12/06/southern-poverty-law-center-social-conservative-organizations-are-hate-groups/. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) says it will not back down from its decision to label the Family Research Council and other socially conservative groups as hate groups, on par with the Ku Klux Klan and the Aryan Nations, for their views about homosexuality. Family Research Council President Tony Perkins recently asked SPLC to retract the hate group designation, but SPLC Intelligence Project Director Mark Potok told The Daily Caller that will never happen. SPLC's Winter 2010 edition of its Intelligence Report magazine lists the Family Research Council as a hate group alongside the American Family Association, the Traditional Values Coalition, and 11 other social conservative groups."
- ^ Williams, Ken (December 17, 2010). "Commentary: Bravo to Southern Poverty Law Center for calling out hate groups like NOM, Family Research Council". San Diego Gay & Lesbian News. Hale Media, Inc.. http://www.sdgln.com/commentary/2010/12/17/commentary-bravo-southern-poverty-law-center-calling-out-hate-groups-nom-famil. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- ^ a b "Start Debating/Stop Hating". Family Research Council. December 15, 2010. http://startdebatingstophating.com/. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "We, the undersigned, stand in solidarity with Family Research Council, American Family Association, Concerned Women of America, National Organization for Marriage, Liberty Counsel and other pro-family organizations that are working to protect and promote natural marriage and family. We support the vigorous but responsible exercise of the First Amendment rights of free speech and religious liberty that are the birthright of all Americans."
- ^ a b Potok, Mark (December 15, 2010). "SPLC Responds to Attack by FRC, Conservative Republicans". Hatewatch. Southern Poverty Law Center. http://www.splcenter.org/blog/2010/12/15/splc-responds-to-attack-by-frc-conservative-republicans/. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "This morning, 22 members of Congress and a large number of other conservatives signed on to a public statement attacking the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) for listing several anti-gay religious right organizations as hate groups. Published in two Washington, D.C., newspapers as a full-page ad, the statement was organized by the powerful Family Research Council (FRC) and other 'pro-family organizations that are working to protect and promote natural marriage and the family.' The statement, whose signatories included House Speaker-Designate John Boehner and the governors of Louisiana, Minnesota and Virginia, ran under the headline, 'Start Debating/Stop Hating.' It accused 'elements of the radical Left' of trying to 'shut down informed discussion of policy issues' and decried those who attempt to suppress debate 'through personal assaults that aim only to malign an opponent’s character.' The SPLC, it said, was engaging in 'character assassination.'"
- ^ Weigel, David (December 15, 2010). "Boehner, Cantor, Bachmann, Pence and More Against the Southern Poverty Law Center". Weigel: Reporting About Politics and Policy. Slate. http://www.slate.com/blogs/blogs/weigel/archive/2010/12/15/boehner-cantor-bachmann-pence-and-more-against-the-southern-poverty-law-center.aspx. Retrieved April 22, 2011. Mark Potok is quoted as saying, "the SPLC's listings of these groups is based on their propagation of known falsehoods – claims about LGBT people that have been thoroughly discredited by scientific authorities – and repeated, groundless name-calling."
- ^ Birkey, Andy (December 15, 2010). "King, Hurley sign letter of support for 'hate groups': Conservatives come to the defense of Family Research Council, American Family Association". Iowa Independent. The American Independent News Network. http://iowaindependent.com/49054/king-hurley-sign-letter-of-support-for-%E2%80%98hate-groups%E2%80%99. Retrieved April 22, 2011. "The Mississippi-based American Family Association recently said Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan should be disqualified from office because she's a lesbian (she's not). The group's director of issue analysis for government and public policy, Bryan Fischer, has said nearly all of Hitler's stormtroopers were gay, because 'he could not get straight soldiers to be savage and brutal and vicious enough to carry out his orders, but that homosexual soldiers basically had no limits and the savagery and brutality they were willing to inflict on whomever Hitler sent them after.' Fischer has also argued for laws making homosexual sex illegal, claiming it is as lethal as intravenous drug use."
- Hunter, James Davison (1991). Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America. New York, NY: BasicBooks. ISBN 0-465-01533-6. http://books.google.com/?id=V-rhuOpinacC&dq
- American Family Association official site
- AFA Journal
- American Family Radio
- American Family Association Collection (MUM00008) owned by the University of Mississippi, Archives and Special Collections.
Social conservatism in the United States Issues People Organizations Think tanks Political parties See also
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