- Montreal Canadiens
The Montreal Canadiens (French: Les Canadiens de Montréal) are a professional ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. They are members of the Northeast Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The club is officially known as le Club de hockey Canadien. French nicknames for the team include Les Canadiens (or Le Canadien), Le Bleu-Blanc-Rouge, La Sainte-Flanelle,Le Tricolore, Les Glorieux (or Nos Glorieux), Les Habitants, Le CH and Le Grand Club. In English, the team's main nickname is the Habs, an abbreviation of "Les Habitants". (Note: Even in English, the French spelling, Canadiens, is always used.)
Founded in 1909, the Canadiens are the longest continuously operating professional ice hockey team and the only existing NHL club to predate the founding of the NHL, as well as one of the oldest North American sports franchises. The franchise is one of the "Original Six" teams, a description used for the teams that made up the NHL from 1942 until the 1967 expansion. Following the departure of the rival Quebec Nordiques in 1995, and the relocation of the Montreal Expos to Washington, DC in 2004, the Canadiens remain the sole team of the four major sports leagues of Canada and the United States that is based in the province of Quebec. The team's championship season in 1992–93 was the last time a Canadian team won the Stanley Cup.
The Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup more times than any other franchise. They have won 24 championships, 22 of them since 1927, when NHL teams became the only ones to compete for the Stanley Cup. On a percentage basis, as of 2010, the franchise has won 25% of all Stanley Cup championships contested after the Challenge Cup era, making it one of the most successful professional sports teams of the traditional four major sports of Canada and the United States.
Since 1996, the Canadiens have played their home games at the Bell Centre, which was named the Molson Centre until 2003. Former homes of the team include Jubilee Rink, Montreal Westmount Arena, Mount Royal Arena and the Montreal Forum. The Forum was considered a veritable shrine to hockey fans everywhere, and housed the team for seven decades and all but their first two Stanley Cup championships.
- 1 History
- 2 Team colours and mascot
- 3 Seasons and records
- 4 Franchise individual records
- 5 Current roster
- 6 Leaders
- 7 Honoured members
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
The Canadiens were founded by J. Ambrose O'Brien on December 4, 1909, as a charter member of the National Hockey Association, the forerunner to the National Hockey League. It was to be the team of the francophone community in Montreal, composed of francophone players, and under francophone ownership as soon as possible. The team's first season was not a success, as they placed last. After the first year, ownership was transferred to George Kennedy of Montreal and the team's fortunes improved over the next seasons. The team won its first Stanley Cup championship in the 1915–16 season. In 1917, with four other NHA teams, the Canadiens formed the NHL, and they won their first NHL Stanley Cup during the 1923–24 season, led by Howie Morenz. The team moved from the Mount Royal Arena to the Montreal Forum for the 1926–27 season.
In the 1930s, the club started the decade successfully with Stanley Cup wins in 1930 and 1931. However, the club and its then Montreal rival, the Montreal Maroons, declined both on the ice and economically during the Depression. Losses grew to the point where the team owners considering selling the team to Cleveland, Ohio interests. However, local investors were found and instead it was the Maroons that suspended operations, and several of the Maroons players moved to the Canadiens.
Led by the "Punch Line" of Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Toe Blake and Elmer Lach in the 1940s, the Canadiens enjoyed success again atop the NHL. From 1952 to 1960, the franchise won six Stanley Cups, including a record five straight from 1956 to 1960, with a new set of stars coming to prominence: Jean Beliveau, Dickie Moore, Doug Harvey, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Jacques Plante, and Richard's younger brother, Henri.
The Canadiens added ten more championships in fifteen seasons from 1965 to 1979, with another dynastic run of four straight Cups from 1976 to 1979. In the 1976–77 season, the Canadiens set a modern-day record for fewest losses by only losing eight games in an 80-game season. The next generation of stars included Guy Lafleur, Yvan Cournoyer, Ken Dryden, Pete Mahovlich, Steve Shutt, Bob Gainey, Serge Savard, Guy Lapointe and Larry Robinson. Scotty Bowman, who would later set a record for most NHL victories by a coach, was the team's head coach for its last five Stanley Cup victories in the '70s.
The Canadiens won Stanley Cups in 1986, led by rookie star goaltender Patrick Roy, and in 1993, continuing their streak of winning at least one championship in every decade from the 1910s to the 1990s (this streak ended in the 2000s). In 1996, the Habs moved from the Montreal Forum, their home during 70 seasons and 22 Stanley Cups, to the Molson Centre (now the Bell Centre).
The Montreal Canadiens retired various uniform numbers as part of its leadup to its celebrations during the 2008–09 and 2009–10 seasons. As part of the scheduled events for 2009, Montreal hosted the 2009 NHL All-Star Game, and the 2009 NHL Entry Draft.
Pour toujours, les Canadiens! is a 2009 Quebec feature film about the centennial celebrations, written by Jacques Savoie and directed by Sylvain Archambault. The film debuted in theatres on December 4, 2009, the Canadiens' centennial.
Team colours and mascot
The current team colours are red, blue and white. These colours have been used in combination since 1914. The Canadiens' colours are an important part of French Canadian culture. In the short story "The Hockey Sweater", Roch Carrier described the influence of the Canadiens and their jersey within rural Quebec communities during the 1940s. The story was later made into an animated short, The Sweater, narrated by Carrier. A passage from the short story appears on the 2002 issue of the Canadian five dollar bill.
One of sport's oldest and most recognizable logos, the classic 'C' and 'H' of the Montreal Canadiens was first used together in the 1917–18 season, when the club changed its name to Club de hockey Canadien from Club athlétique Canadien, before evolving to its current form in 1952–53. The 'H' does not stand for 'Habs' or Habitants; this is a misconception. It actually stands for 'Hockey', as in 'Club de hockey Canadien', the official name of the team. According to NHL.com, the first man to refer to the team as "the Habs" was American Tex Rickard, owner of the Madison Square Garden, in 1924. Rickard apparently told a reporter that the "H" on the Canadiens' sweaters was for "Habitants."
The home sweater is predominantly red in colour. There are four blue and white stripes, one across each arm, one across the chest and the other across the waistline. The main road sweater is mainly white with a red and blue stripe across the waist, red at the end of both arm sleeves and the shoulders are also draped with red. The basic design has been in use since 1914, with the current version dating from 1952. Because of the team's lengthy history and significance in Quebec, the sweater has been referred to as 'La Sainte-Flanelle' (the holy flannel sweater).
Nos bras meurtris vous tendent le flambeau, à vous toujours de le porter bien haut.
To you from failing hands we throw the torch. Be yours to hold it high.
The motto is from the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae which was written in 1915, the year the Canadiens won their first Stanley Cup championship. The motto appears on the wall of the Canadiens dressing room, originally at the Montreal Forum and currently at the Bell Centre.
Beginning in the 2004–05 NHL season, the Canadiens adopted Youppi as their official mascot, the first costumed mascot in their long history. Youppi was the longtime mascot for the Montreal Expos baseball team, but was dropped from the franchise when they moved to Washington, D.C. in 2004 and became the Washington Nationals. With the switch, Youppi became the first mascot in professional sports to switch leagues. The team has previously had children as mascots who would skate with the team during warm-ups and during intermissions. One notable child mascot was the son of player Howie Morenz, Howie Morenz Jr. Other mascots were typically the children of players or Canadiens management.
Seasons and records
Season by season results
This is a partial list of the last five seasons completed by the Canadiens. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Montreal Canadiens seasons.
Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes
Season GP W L OTL Pts GF GA Finish Playoffs 2006–07 82 42 34 6 90 245 256 4th, Northeast Did not qualify 2007–08 82 47 25 10 104 262 222 1st, Northeast Lost in Conference Semifinals, 1–4 (Flyers) 2008–09 82 41 30 11 93 249 247 2nd, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 0–4 (Bruins) 2009–10 82 39 33 10 88 217 223 4th, Northeast Lost in Conference Finals, 1–4 (Flyers) 2010–11 82 44 30 8 96 216 209 2nd, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 3–4 (Bruins)
Franchise individual records
Franchise scoring leaders
These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise history. Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.
Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game
Points Goals Assists Player Pos GP G A Pts P/G Guy Lafleur RW 961 518 728 1246 1.30 Jean Beliveau C 1125 507 712 1219 1.08 Henri Richard C 1256 358 688 1046 0.83 Maurice Richard RW 978 544 421 965 0.99 Larry Robinson D 1202 197 686 883 0.73 Yvan Cournoyer RW 968 428 435 863 0.89 Jacques Lemaire C 853 366 469 835 0.98 Steve Shutt LW 871 408 368 776 0.89 Bernie Geoffrion RW 766 371 388 759 0.99 Saku Koivu C 792 191 450 641 0.81 Player Pos G Maurice Richard RW 544 Guy Lafleur RW 518 Jean Beliveau C 507 Yvan Cournoyer RW 428 Steve Shutt LW 408 Bernie Geoffrion RW 371 Jacques Lemaire C 366 Henri Richard C 358 Aurele Joliat LW 270 Mario Tremblay RW 258 Player Pos A Guy Lafleur RW 728 Jean Beliveau C 712 Henri Richard C 688 Larry Robinson D 686 Jacques Lemaire C 469 Saku Koivu C 450 Yvan Cournoyer RW 435 Maurice Richard RW 421 Elmer Lach C 408 Guy Lapointe D 406
Sources: "Statistics | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/stats/search?position=S&search=players&season_type=2&stats_type=career. Retrieved 2009-06-27. , "Hockey-Reference.com". 2010-06-17. http://www.hockey-reference.com.
Records – skaters
- Most seasons: 20, Henri Richard
- Most games: 1256, Henri Richard
- Most goals: 544, Maurice Richard
- Most assists: 728, Guy Lafleur
- Most points: 1246 (518G, 728A), Guy Lafleur
- Most penalty minutes: 2248, Chris Nilan
- Most consecutive games played: 560, Doug Jarvis
- Most goals in a season: 60, Steve Shutt (1976–77); Guy Lafleur (1977–78)
- Most powerplay goals in a season: 20, Yvan Cournoyer (1966–67)
- Most powerplay goals in a season, defenceman: 19, Sheldon Souray (2006–07)*
- Most assists in a season: 82, Pete Mahovlich (1974–75)
- Most points in a season: 136, Guy Lafleur (1976–77)
- Most penalty minutes in a season: 358, Chris Nilan (1984–85)
- Most points in a season, defenceman: 85, Larry Robinson (1976–77)
- Most points in a season, rookie: 71, Mats Naslund (1982–83); Kjell Dahlin (1985–86)
- Most goals in a season, defenceman: 28, Guy Lapointe (1974–75)
* Indicates a league record.
Source: "Season records – Individual records – Skaters | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/records/regular_skaters. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
Records – goaltenders
- Most games played: 556, Jacques Plante
- Most shutouts: 75, George Hainsworth
- Most wins: 314, Jacques Plante
- Most games in a season: 72, Carey Price (2010–11)
- Most wins in a season: 42, Jacques Plante (1955–56 & 1961–62); Ken Dryden (1975–76)
- Most shutouts in a season: 22, George Hainsworth (1928–29)*
* Indicates a league record.
Source: "Season records – Individual records – goaltenders | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/records/regular_goalies. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
Updated November 15, 2011.
- Jack Laviolette, 1909–10
- Newsy Lalonde, 1910–11
- Jack Laviolette, 1911–12
- Newsy Lalonde, 1912–13
- Jimmy Gardner, 1913–15
- Howard McNamara, 1915–16
- Newsy Lalonde, 1916–22
- Sprague Cleghorn, 1922–25
- Billy Coutu, 1925–26
- Sylvio Mantha, 1926–32
- George Hainsworth, 1932–33
- Sylvio Mantha, 1933–36
- Albert "Babe" Siebert, 1936–39
- Walter Buswell, 1939–40
- Toe Blake, 1940–48
- Bill Durnan, 1948 (January–April)
- Emile Bouchard, 1948–56
- Maurice Richard, 1956–60
- Doug Harvey, 1960–61
- Jean Beliveau, 1961–71
- Henri Richard, 1971–75
- Yvan Cournoyer, 1975–79
- Serge Savard, 1979–81
- Bob Gainey, 1981–89
- Guy Carbonneau and Chris Chelios, 1989–90 (co-captains)
- Guy Carbonneau, 1990–94
- Kirk Muller, 1994–95
- Mike Keane, 1995 (April–December)
- Pierre Turgeon, 1995–96
- Vincent Damphousse, 1996–99
- Saku Koivu, 1999–2009
- No captain, 2009–10
- Brian Gionta, 2010–present
- Joseph Cattarinich
and Jean-Baptiste "Jack" Laviolette, 1909–1910
- Adolphe Lecours, 1911
- Napoleon Dorval, 1911–1913
- Jimmy Gardner, 1913–1915
- Newsy Lalonde, 1915–1921
- Leo Dandurand, 1921–26
- Cecil Hart, 1926–32
- Edouard "Newsy" Lalonde, 1932–34
- Edouard "Newsy" Lalonde
and Leo Dandurand, 1934–35
- Sylvio Mantha, 1935–36
- Cecil Hart, 1936–38
- Cecil Hart and Jules Dugal, 1938–39
- Albert "Babe" Siebert, 1939
- Alfred "Pit" Lepine, 1939–40
- Dick Irvin, 1940–55
- Hector "Toe" Blake, 1955–68
- Claude Ruel, 1968–70
- Al MacNeil, 1970–71
- Scotty Bowman, 1971–79
- Bernie Geoffrion, 1979
- Claude Ruel, 1979–81
- Bob Berry, 1981–84
- Jacques Lemaire, 1984–85
- Jean Perron, 1985–88
- Pat Burns, 1988–92
- Jacques Demers, 1992–95
- Mario Tremblay, 1995–97
- Alain Vigneault, 1997–00
- Michel Therrien, 2000–03
- Claude Julien, 2003–06
- Bob Gainey, 2006 (January–May) (interim)
- Guy Carbonneau, 2006–09
- Bob Gainey, 2009 (March–June) (interim)
- Jacques Martin, 2009–present
Hockey Hall of Fame
Sixty-one people associated with the Canadiens have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. Thirty-six of these players are from three separate notable dynasties: 12 from 1955–1960, 11 from 1964–1969 and 13 from 1975–1979. Howie Morenz and Georges Vezina were the first Canadiens given the honour in 1945, while Doug Gilmour was the most recently inducted, in 2011.
The following are members of the Hockey Hall of Fame in the Builders category. The first inductee was Vice President William Northy in 1945. The most recent inductee was coach Scotty Bowman in 1991 who coached the Canadiens from 1971 to 1979, leading them to 5 Stanley Cups in only 8 seasons.
Montreal Canadiens Hall of Famers Builder Nat. Title Inducted William Northey Vice President 1945 Hon. Donat Raymond Owner 1958 Dick Irvin Coach 1958 Frank J. Selke General Manager 1960 J. Ambrose O'Brien Owner 1962 Leo Dandurand Owner 1963 Tommy Gorman General Manager 1963 Hon. H de M Molson Owner 1973 Joe Cattarinich Owner 1977 Sam Pollock General Manager 1978 Scotty Bowman Coach 1991
The Canadiens have retired fifteen numbers in honour of seventeen players, the most of any team in the National Hockey League, and the third highest total of any of the four major professional sports leagues of the United States and Canada. All of the honourees were born in Canada. Howie Morenz was the first honouree on November 2, 1937.
Montreal Canadiens retired numbers No. Player Retired 1 Jacques Plante October 7, 1995 2 Doug Harvey October 26, 1985 3 Emile Bouchard December 4, 2009 4 Jean Beliveau October 9, 1971 5 Bernard Geoffrion March 11, 2006 7 Howie Morenz November 2, 1937 9 Maurice Richard October 6, 1960 10 Guy Lafleur February 16, 1985 12 Dickie Moore November 12, 2005 12 Yvan Cournoyer November 12, 2005 16 Henri Richard December 10, 1975 16 Elmer Lach December 4, 2009 18 Serge Savard November 18, 2006 19 Larry Robinson November 19, 2007 23 Bob Gainey February 23, 2008 29 Ken Dryden January 29, 2007 33 Patrick Roy November 22, 2008 99 Wayne Gretzky February 6, 2000 (Retired League-Wide)
- List of Montreal Canadiens award winners
- Montreal Junior Canadiens
- Bruins–Canadiens rivalry
- List of Montreal Canadiens presidents
- List of Montreal Canadiens general managers
- List of NHL players
- List of NHL seasons
- List of Stanley Cup champions
- List of Montreal Canadiens goaltenders
- Bell Sports Complex
- ^ "Montreal Canadiens Team - Montréal Canadiens - Team: Administration". Canadiens.nhl.com. http://canadiens.nhl.com/club/page.htm?id=63273. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- ^ a b Hamilton, Graeme (2008-10-22). "Are the Canadiens a religion?". National Post. Canada: The National Post Company. http://www.nationalpost.com/news/story.html?id=901528. Retrieved 2008-12-12. [dead link]
- ^ "The Complete List of Stanley Cup Champions". About.com. 2007. http://proicehockey.about.com/od/stanleycupbunker/a/stanley_cuplist.htm. Retrieved 2006-02-14.
- ^ "Stanley Cup Champions and Finalists". NHL.com. 2007. http://www.nhl.com/cup/champs.html. Retrieved 2007-02-14.
- ^ As of July 2008, the Boston Celtics have the highest percentage of NBA championships with 28%, and in MLB, the New York Yankees have the highest percentage with 25%. See
- "NBA Finals: All-Time Champions". NBA Media Ventures. http://www.nba.com/history/finals/champions.html. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- "World Series History: Championships by Club". MLB Advanced Media. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/history/postseason/mlb_ws.jsp?feature=club_champs. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- ^ "Molson Centre renamed Bell Centre". CBC Sports. 2002-02-26. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/story/2002/02/26/bellcentre020226.html. Retrieved 2007-02-14.
- ^ "The end of an era (The Montreal Forum)". High Beam Research. 1996. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-18096190.html. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i "Montreal Canadiens Hockey Team". http://www.hockey-fans.com/northeast/canadiens/. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
- ^ Stubbs, Dave (2008-09-04). "Canadiens toy with game at Olympic Stadium". Montreal Gazette: pp. C2. http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/sports/story.html?id=80701a02-5dd4-4624-89fd-6b6de145f41c. Retrieved 2008-09-04
- ^ Jenish. pp. 10–11.
- ^ "Canadian Dictionary of Biography online". Government of Canada Library and Archives. 2007. http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=7823. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- ^ "Habs to honor their 100th season" (Press release). Montreal Canadiens. 2008-08-26. http://canadiens.nhl.com/team/app?articleid=379998&page=NewsPage&service=page. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
- ^ "Montreal will host 2009 NHL All-Star events". NHL.com. 2007. http://www.nhl.com/nhl/app/?service=page&page=NewsPage&articleid=287828. Retrieved 2007-02-14. [dead link]
- ^ "Canadiens to host 2009 NHL Entry Draft" (Press release). NHL.com. 2008-07-15. http://canadiens.nhl.com/team/app?articleid=368394&page=NewsPage&service=page. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
- ^ "''Pour toujours, les Canadiens!'' à l'affiche en décembre 2009". Cinoche.com. http://www.cinoche.com/actualites/2932. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- ^ "File: Sur le plateau de ''Pour toujours, les Canadiens!''". Cinoche.com. http://www.cinoche.com/dossiers/177. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- ^ Tarasoff, Tamara (2004-12-10). "Roch Carrier and The Hockey Sweater". Civilization.ca. Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation. http://www.civilization.ca/cpm/catalog/cat2208e.html. Retrieved 2008-09-04. [dead link]
- ^ National Film Board of Canada Production (2008). "The Sweater". NFB – Collection. National Film Board of Canada Production. http://www.nfb.ca/collection/films/fiche/?id=13316&v=h&lg=en&exp=3261. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
- ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). "The Spirit of Hockey". CBC Archives (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). http://archives.cbc.ca/sports/hockey/topics/1546-10372/. Retrieved 2008-09-20.
- ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). "The Virtual Hot Stove". Hockey: A People's History (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). http://www.cbc.ca/hockeyhistory/virtualhotstove/personalities.html. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
- ^ Coffey, Phil (2008-02-08). "NHL.com – Ice Age: Playing the point on many issues – 02/08/2008". NHL.com. http://www.nhl.com/ice/news.htm?id=370513. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- ^ "Why are the Montreal Canadiens called the Habs?". About.com. 2008. http://proicehockey.about.com/od/history/f/canadiens_habs.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
- ^ "Montreal Canadiens jersey photograph". Scottywazz.blogspot.com. 2009-11-06. http://scottywazz.blogspot.com/2009/11/defending-barber-pole.html. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- ^ "Montreal Canadiens historical jerseys". Ourhistory.canadiens.com. 2008. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/jerseys-and-logos/1909-1946. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- ^ "Canadiens adopt Youppi! as their mascot". NBC. 2005. http://nbcsports.msnbc.com/id/9371075/. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- ^ "Canadiens Roster". Montreal Canadiens. http://canadiens.nhl.com/club/roster.htm. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
- ^ "Canadiens fire Carbonneau, Gainey takes over as coach". Tsn.ca. http://tsn.ca/nhl/story/?id=270525&lid=headline&lpos=topStory_main. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
- ^ Club de hockey Canadien (2008). "Montreal Canadiens – History". canadiens.nhl.com. Archived from the original on 2007-12-29. http://web.archive.org/web/20071229025417/http://canadiens.nhl.com/team/app/?service=page&page=NHLPage&id=16875. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- D'Arcy, Jenish (2009). The Montreal Canadiens: 100 Years of Glory. Anchor Canada. ISBN 978-0-385-66325-0. http://books.google.ca/books?id=DFLcnuvieV0C&lpg=PP1&dq=Montreal%20Canadiens&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true
- Leonetti, Mike (2003). Canadiens legends : Montreal's hockey heroes. Raincoast Books. ISBN 1-55192-731-4. http://books.google.ca/books?id=SdByDBVQUoIC&lpg=PP1&dq=Montreal%20Canadiens&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true
- Mouton, Claude (1987). The Montreal Canadiens. Toronto, ON: Key Porter Books. ISBN 1-55013-051-X.
- Official website of the Montreal Canadiens
- Official historical website of the Montreal Canadiens
- CBC Digital Archives: Montreal Canadiens at 100
- Montreal Canadiens's channel on YouTube
- Bell Centre
- Bell Sports Complex
Montreal Canadiens Franchise Culture and lore Arenas Affiliates Television RadioEnglishFrench RivalriesBoston Bruins • Quebec Nordiques • Toronto Maple Leafs
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.