- Charlotte of Savoy
Charlotte of Savoy Portrait of Charlotte of Savoy, a 19th century engraving based on a sculpture c.1472 Queen consort of France Tenure 22 July 1461–30 August 1483 Spouse Louis XI of France Issue Anne, Duchess of Bourbon
Joan, Queen of France
Charles VIII of France
House House of Savoy
House of Valois
Father Louis, Duke of Savoy Mother Anne of Cyprus Born 11 November 1441 Died 1 December 1483 (aged 42)
Burial Notre-Dame de Cléry Basilica, Cléry-Saint-André, France
Charlotte of Savoy (11 November 1441 – 1 December 1483) was the second wife and only Queen consort of Louis XI of France. She had three surviving children, one of whom succeeded Louis as King Charles VIII of France, with her eldest daughter, Anne of France, acting as his regent.
She was a daughter of Louis, Duke of Savoy, and Anne of Cyprus. Her maternal grandparents were Janus of Cyprus and Charlotte de Bourbon-La Marche. Her maternal grandmother, for whom she was probably named, was a daughter of John I, Count of La Marche, and Catherine de Vendôme.
She was one of 19 children, 14 of whom survived infancy.
Betrothal and marriage
On 11 March 1443, when Charlotte was just over a year old, she was betrothed to Frederick of Saxony (28 August 1439- 23 December 1451), eldest son of Frederick II, Elector of Saxony. For reasons unknown, the betrothal was annulled. Less than eight years later on 14 February 1451, Charlotte married Louis, Dauphin France (future Louis XI), eldest son of Charles VII of France and Marie of Anjou. The bride was only nine years old and the groom twenty-seven. The marriage, which had taken place without the consent of the French king, was Louis' second; his first wife, Margaret of Scotland, had died childless in 1445. Upon her marriage, Charlotte became Dauphine of France.
In spite of her virtues, Louis neglected her. For example, upon his succession to the throne of France, he immediately abandoned her in Burgundy - where the two had been in exile - to secure his inheritance, leaving the young Queen dependent upon the aid of Isabella of Bourbon, wife of Charles, Heir of Burgundy. A contemporary of Charlotte's noted that "while she was an excellent Princess in other respects, she was not a person in whom a man could take any great delight"; She was, however, praised for the taste and excellence of her personal library.
On 22 July 1461, Charlotte became Queen consort of France. She held that position until her husband's death on 30 August 1483.
Charlotte gave her husband eight children; however, only three survived infancy; these were the future King Charles VIII, and princesses Anne of France (better known as Anne de Beaujeu), who would act as regent of the kingdom, and Jeanne of France, who later became the consort of Louis XII of France.
After a solitary life, Charlotte died on 1 December 1483 in Amboise, just a few months after her husband's death. She is buried with him in the Notre-Dame de Cléry Basilica  in Cléry-Saint-André (Loiret) in the arrondissement of Orléans.
With Louis XI of France:
- Louis (1458–1460)
- Joachim (1459-1459)
- Louise (1460-1460)
- Anne de Beaujeu (3 April 1461 -14 November 1522), Duchess of Bourbon, Viscountess of Thouars (1468–1473), Regent of France (1483–1491); married Peter II, Duke of Bourbon, by whom she had one daughter, Suzanne, Duchess of Bourbon.
- Joan of France, Duchess of Berry (23 April 1464- 4 February 1505), was briefly married to King Louis XII of France as his first wife. She did not produce any children, and the marriage was quickly annulled.
- Francis (1466-1466)
- Charles VIII (30 June 1470- 7 April 1498), married Anne of Brittany; he died childless.
- Francis (1472–1473)
Upon the death of her daughter, Anne, Charlotte's line became extinct; her granddaughter, Suzanne having died in 1521 without surviving issue.
Ancestry and Succession
Ancestors of Charlotte of Savoy 16. Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy 8. Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy 17. Bonne of Bourbon 4. Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy 18. John, Duke of Berry 9. Bonne of Berry 19. Joanna of Armagnac 2. Louis, Duke of Savoy 20. John II of France 10. Philip the Bold 21. Bonne of Bohemia 5. Mary of Burgundy 22. Louis II of Flanders 11. Margaret III, Countess of Flanders 23. Margaret of Brabant 1. Charlotte of Savoy 24. Hugh IV of Cyprus 12. James I of Cyprus 25. Alice d'Ibelin 6. Janus of Cyprus 26. Duke Philip of Brunswick-Grubenhagen 13. Helvis of Brunswick-Grubenhagen 27. Helisia of Dampierre 3. Anne of Cyprus 28. James I, Count of La Marche 14. John I, Count of La Marche 29. Jeanne of Châtillon 7. Charlotte of Bourbon-La Marche 30. John VI, Count of Vendôme 15. Catherine of Vendôme 31. Jeanne of Ponthieu
French royalty Preceded by
Margaret of Scotland
Dauphine of France
14 February 1451 – 22 July 1461
Catherine de' Medici
Marie of Anjou
Queen consort of France
22 July 1461 – 30 August 1483
Anne of Brittany
Princesses of Savoy 1st generationnone 2nd generationPrincess Margherita · Margherita , Duchess of Anjou · Maria, Duchess of Milan · Princess Bonne 3rd generation 4th generationLouise, Duchess of Nemours · Philiberta, Duchess of Nemours · Antonia, Lady of Monaco · Claudina, Countess of Hornes · Princess Philippina · Princess Margherita · Princess Giovanna 5th generationYolande, Duchess of Savoy · Princess Catherine · Princess Maria · Princess Isabella 6th generationnone 7th generation 8th generationLuisa Cristina, Princess Maurice of Savoy · Margherita Violante, Duchess of Parma · Henriette Adelaide, Electress of Bavaria · Princess Catherine Beatrice · Princess Christine Charlotte · Louise, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden · Marie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy · Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal 9th generationMaria Vittoria, Countess of Cercenasco* · Isabella Luisa, Countess of Lagnasco* 10th generation 11th generationPrincess Eleonora · Princess Maria Luisa · Princess Maria Felicita · Princess Vittoria Margharita · Princess Charlotte · Leopoldina, Princess of Melfi · Princess Polyxena · Gabrielle, Princess of Lobkowicz · Maria Luisa, Princess of Lamballe* · Caterina, Princess of Paliano · Maria Anna Victoria, Duchess in Saxony 12th generation 13th generation 14th generationPrincess Maria Cristina 15th generation 16th generation 17th generation 18th generation 19th generationBianca, Countess Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga** · Mafalda, Baroness Lombardo di San Chirico** 20th generation *Princess of Savoy-Genoa
**Princess of Savoy-Aosta
Dauphines of FranceJeanne de Bourbon (1350-1364) · Princess Marguerite of Burgundy (1412-1415) · Duchess Jacqueline of Bavaria (1415-1417) · Princess Margaret of Scotland (1436-1445) · Princess Charlotte of Savoy (1451-1461) · Catherine de' Medici (1536-1547) · Mary, Queen of Scots (1558-1559) · Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria (1680-1690) · Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy (1711-1712) · Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain (1745-1746) · Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (1747-1765) · Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria (1770-1774) · Princess Marie Thérèse of France (1824-1830) Queens and Empresses of FranceAdelaide of Aquitaine (987–996) · Rozala of Italy (996) · Bertha of Burgundy (996–1000) · Constance of Arles (1003–1031) · Matilda of Frisia (1034–1044) · Anne of Kiev (1051–1060) · Bertha of Holland (1071–1092) · Bertrade de Montfort (1092–1108) · Adelaide of Maurienne (1115–1137) · Eleanor of Aquitaine (1137–1152) · Constance of Castile (1154–1160) · Adèle of Champagne (1164–1180) · Isabelle of Hainaut (1180–1190) · Ingeborg of Denmark (1193–1193; 1200-1223) · Agnes of Merania (1196–1200) · Blanche of Castile (1223–1226) · Margaret of Provence (1234–1270) · Isabella of Aragon (1270–1271) · Maria of Brabant (1274–1285) · Joan I of Navarre (1285–1305) · Margaret of Burgundy (1314–1315) · Clementia of Hungary (1315–1316) · Joan II of Burgundy (1316–1322) · Blanche of Burgundy (1322) · Marie of Luxembourg (1322–1324) · Jeanne d'Évreux (1325–1328) · Joan the Lame (1328–1348) · Blanche of Navarre (1350) · Joan I of Auvergne (1350–1360) · Jeanne de Bourbon (1364–1378) · Isabeau of Bavaria (1385–1422) · Marie of Anjou (1422–1461) · Charlotte of Savoy (1461–1483) · Anne of Brittany (1491–1498; 1498–1514) · Joan of France (1498) · Mary of England (1514-1515) · Claude of France (1515–1524) · Eleanor of Austria (1530–1547) · Catherine de' Medici (1547–1559) · Mary, Queen of Scots (1559–1560) · Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria (1570–1574) · Louise of Lorraine (1575–1589) · Margaret of Valois (1589–1599) · Marie de' Medici (1600–1610) · Archduchess Anne of Austria (1615–1643) · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1660–1683) · Marie Leszczyńska (1725–1768) · Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria (1774–1792) · Princess Marie Joséphine of Savoy* (1795–1810) · Joséphine de Beauharnais (1804–1810) · Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria (1810–1814) · Princess Marie Thérèse of France* (1830) · Princess Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily (1830–1848) · Eugénie de Montijo (1853–1870) *disputed
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.