White Blood Cells (album)

White Blood Cells (album)
White Blood Cells
A male and female stand are pestered by black silhouettes in front of a brick wall on what appears to be snowy ground. A black border outlines the artwork. Dominant colors are red, black, and white.
Studio album by The White Stripes
Released July 3, 2001
Recorded February 2001 at Easley-McCain Recording, Memphis, Tennessee
Genre Garage rock, alternative rock, punk blues
Length 40:25
Label Sympathy
Third Man
Producer Jack White
The White Stripes chronology
De Stijl
White Blood Cells
Singles from White Blood Cells
  1. "Hotel Yorba"
    Released: November 10, 2001
  2. "Fell in Love with a Girl"
    Released: April 23, 2002
  3. "Dead Leaves and the Dirty Ground"
    Released: August, 2002
  4. "We're Going to Be Friends"
    Released: 2002

White Blood Cells is the third studio album by American alternative rock duo The White Stripes, released on July 3, 2001. Recorded in less than one week at Easley-McCain Recording in Memphis, Tennessee, and produced by frontman and guitarist Jack White, it was the band's final record released independently on Sympathy for the Record Industry. Bolstered by the hit single "Fell in Love with a Girl", the record propelled The White Stripes into early commercial popularity and critical success.


Continuing the stripped-down garage rock nature of the duo, White Blood Cells attempts to do away with the band's blues rock influences, instead displaying a more raw, basic, and primitive rock and roll sound. The album's lyrical themes, which were written by White over a period of four years, touch on themes relating to love, hope, betrayal, and paranoia. Following a major label re-release on V2 Records in 2002, the album became promoted throughout the music press, bringing the band critical acclaim. The White Stripes followed with a worldwide tour and the record peaked at number 61 on the Billboard 200, later being certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. The album's cover art satirically parodies the amount of increasing mainstream popularity the band was receiving, which depicts the duo attacked by photographers.

Praised for its simplicity and straightforward sound and instrumentation, White Blood Cells set the stage for The White Stripes to breakthrough into the mainstream and is often compared with classic rock influences. It helped define the band's sound and shape the band's role in the garage rock revival of the early 2000s. In recent years, the album has been, along with the band's follow-up Elephant (2003), featured on several music publications' lists of the greatest albums of the 2000s as well as all-time.

Recording and production

The band rehearsed for one week and began recording at Easley-McCain Recording, in Memphis, Tennessee in February 2001.[1] Meg White was initially hesitant to commence immediate recording, as she thought the songs were "too new."[2] The record was recorded in less than four days, to try to keep it "as unorganized as possible," according to Jack.[1] The record's quick production was intentional in order to get "a real tense" feeling, as well as capture the band's energy. The record was "rushed" and a final day was saved for mixing and mastering the record; this was the first White Stripes album to be mastered in the studio.[3] It was the first time for the band recording in a 24-track recording studio, and Jack White asked recording engineer Stuart Sikes more than once "not to make it sound too good."[2]


The cover art of White Blood Cells depicts the duo getting both attacked and enamored by a clan of people wielding TV and video cameras.[1] The images poke fun at the music industry and promotion surrounding it. "When does music become a business and why do we have to be suckered into it? Why do we have to buy a cell phone, you know what I mean? A lot of that stuff upsets me. It gets annoying," said Jack White[1] The album's title alludes to the increasing media attention the band was receiving, which would only increase after release. "The name, White Blood Cells, for the album, is this idea of bacteria coming at us, or just foreign things coming at us, or media, or attention on the band,” Jack White explained in a 2001 interview. "It just seems to us that there are so many bands from the same time or before we started that were playing and are still playing that didn’t get this kind of attention that we’re getting. Is the attention good or bad? When you open the CD, it’s a picture of us with these cameras. Wondering if it’s good or bad."[3]



The lyrics for the album were written over various points in the band's early career, including unrecorded songs for the duo's debut album The White Stripes (1999) and Jack White's previous band Two-Star Tabernacle. Some material for White Blood Cells was also inspired by Jack White and the Bricks, a side-project formed in 1999.[4] Regarding the four-year time span in writing for the record, Jack White said "It was cool because a lot of things had been sitting around for a long time, stuff I had written on piano that had been just sitting around not doing anything. And it was good to put them all together at once, put them all in the same box and see what happened."[3] All material on the album is original, a contrast to numerous covers on the band's first two efforts.[1] The lyrics relate and touch upon subjects of love, hope, betrayal, and paranoia, brought on by the increasing media attention the duo began receiving. A common theme throughout the record is the morality of persistent attention, most prevalently profiled in "Little Room".[5]

"The Union Forever" contains allusions to Citizen Kane (1941), reportedly Jack White's favorite film. In fact, nearly every line in the song comes from the movie. "Hotel Yorba" is based on a real hotel a couple blocks from Jack White's childhood home: "The Hotel Yorba is a really disgusting hotel," he remarked to Spin in 2001. "There was a great rumor when I was a kid that The Beatles had stayed there. They never did, but I loved that rumor. It was funny."[1]


The album attempts to rid the band of a blues rock sound, instead vying for a more simple guitar and drums garage rock sound. Shortly before the release of White Blood Cells, White asserted that "There's no blues on the new record. We're taking a break from that. There's no slide work, bass, guitar solos, or cover songs. It's just me and Meg, guitar, drums and piano."[1] The duo intended to break away from the "bringing-back-the-blues label," instead containing piano-driven tracks that, to that point, remained unrecorded.[3] Influences are present from a variety of genres, including childlike love songs ("We're Going to Be Friends").[5]

Release and reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars[6]
The A.V. Club (B+)[7]
Mojo 4/5 stars[8]
NME (8/10)[9]
Pitchfork Media (9.0/10)[10]
Robert Christgau (A)[11]
Q 4/5 stars[8]
Rolling Stone 5/5 stars[12]
Tiny Mix Tapes 4.5/5 stars[13]
Sputnikmusic 4.5/5 stars[14]

White Blood Cells was rushed onto the shelves by Sympathy, although the record label wasn't prepared to handle the hype that would surround the record.[15] White Blood Cells was released to nearly universal acclaim.[16] Considered the band's commercial breakthrough, White Blood Cells peaked at number 61 on the Billboard 200, going Gold and selling over 500,000 units. The album also reached number 55 in the United Kingdom, being bolstered in both territories by the "Fell in Love with a Girl" single and its Lego-animation music video. Stylus magazine rated it the fifteenth greatest album of 2000-2005 while Pitchfork Media ranked it ninth on their list of the top 100 albums from 2000–2004, and twelfth on their top 200 of the 00s. Uncut Magazine placed it first in their list of the greatest 150 albums of the 00s.

The album was dedicated to Loretta Lynn, creating a friendship between Lynn and both Jack and Meg White. In 2004, Jack White would produce Lynn's comeback hit album Van Lear Rose.

Redd Kross bassist Steven Shane McDonald created an online-only art project, titled Redd Blood Cells, in which he added a bass track to the otherwise bass-less album. The White Stripes arranged with Steven to take the files down after more than 60,000 downloads.

Recently, Rolling Stone called White Blood Cells the 20th best album of the decade, and Fell In Love With a Girl the 58th best song of the decade.



The album was ranked on many "best of 2001" year-end lists, including being ranked among Blender,[17] Rolling Stone,[18] Mojo,[19] and Kerrang!'s top 20,[20] NME,[21] Pitchfork Media,[22] and The Village Voice's top 10.[23] Spin called White Blood Cells the best album of 2001.[24] In 2003, the record was chosen as number 20 on NME's Top 100 Albums of All Time.[25] In 2005, Spin placed it at number 57 in its list of the 100 Greatest Albums, 1985–2005,[26] while Stylus included it at number 14 in its list of the Top 50 Albums of 2000–2005.[27] In 2006, Mojo featured it at number 28 in its list of 100 Modern Classics, 1993–2006.[28]

As the 2000s drew to a close, White Blood Cells was included on several publications' lists of best of the decade. The A.V. Club ranked it as the number one best album of the decade in its Top 50 Albums of the 2000s list.[29] British music magazine Uncut also ranked the record as the best album of the 2000s in its 2009 list Top 150 Albums of the 2000s.[30] Billboard placed the record at number eleven on its Top 20 Albums of the 2000s,[31] while Rolling Stone included it just behind The White Stripes' follow-up, Elephant, at number 20 on its Top 100 Albums of the 2000s.[32] NME featured the album at number 19 on its Top 100 Albums of the 2000s list,[33] and Pitchfork's Top 200 Albums of the 2000s included it as number 12.[34] Several other music publications, including Consequence of Sound, The Daily Californian, Glide, and Under the Radar featured White Blood Cells within the top 30 greatest records of the 2000s.[35] The record is included in both The Guardian's "1000 Albums To Hear Before You Die" and the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[36][37]

Publication Country Accolade Year Rank
Consequence of Sound US Top Albums of the 2000s[38] 2009 7
Mojo UK The 100 Greatest Albums of Our Lifetime 1993-2006[39] 2006 28
NME UK The 100 Greatest Albums of the 2000s[40] 2009 19
Pitchfork Media US Top 200 Albums of the 2000s[41] 2009 12
Rolling Stone US Top 100 Albums of the 2000s[42] 2002 20
Slant Magazine US Top 250 Albums of the 2000s[43] 2010 68
Spin US Top 100 Albums of the Last 20 Years[44] 2005 57
125 Best Albums of the Past 25 Years[45] 2010 87

Track listing

All songs written by Jack White.

No. Title Length
1. "Dead Leaves and the Dirty Ground"   3:04
2. "Hotel Yorba"   2:10
3. "I'm Finding It Harder to Be a Gentleman"   2:54
4. "Fell in Love with a Girl"   1:50
5. "Expecting"   2:03
6. "Little Room"   0:50
7. "The Union Forever"   3:26
8. "The Same Boy You've Always Known"   3:09
9. "We're Going to Be Friends"   2:22
10. "Offend in Every Way"   3:06
11. "I Think I Smell a Rat"   2:04
12. "Aluminum"   2:19
13. "I Can't Wait"   3:38
14. "Now Mary"   1:47
15. "I Can Learn"   3:31
16. "This Protector"   2:12

A Japanese edition adds the two tracks: "Jolene" and "Hand Springs".



  • Handyside, Chris (August 12, 2004). Fell in Love with a Band: The Story of The White Stripes. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 0312336187. 


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Maerz, Jennifer (June 5, 2001). "Sister? Lover? An Interview with The White Stripes". Spin. ISSN 0886-3032. http://www.whitestripes.net/articles-show.php?id=04. Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b McCollum, Brian (April 13, 2003). "A Definitive Oral History: Revealing The White Stripes". Detroit Free Press (Gannett). ISSN 1055-2758. http://www.freep.com/article/20110202/ENT04/110202052/A-definitive-oral-history-Revealing-White-Stripes. Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d Giannini, Melissa (May 29, 2001). "The Sweet Twist of Success". Metro Times (Times-Shamrock Communications). http://www.metrotimes.com/editorial/story.asp?id=1856. Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  4. ^ Handyside 2004, p. 84
  5. ^ a b Nugent, Benjamin (June 16, 2001). "White Lies and The White Stripes". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Archived from the original on June 23, 2001. http://web.archive.org/web/20010623201123/http://www.time.com/time/sampler/article/0,8599,130930,00.html. Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  6. ^ Phares, Heather. "The White Stripes: White Blood Cells > Review" at Allmusic. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
  7. ^ Phipps, Keith (July 3, 2001). "White Blood Cells". The A.V. Club. http://www.avclub.com/articles/the-white-stripes-white-blood-cells,18355/. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "White Blood Cells - The White Stripes > Critic Reviews". Metacritic. http://www.metacritic.com/music/white-blood-cells/critic-reviews?sort-by=publication. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  9. ^ Segal, Victoria (September 12, 2005). "The White Stripes : White Blood Cells". NME (IPC Media). ISSN 0028-6362. http://www.nme.com/reviews/the-white-stripes/5913. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  10. ^ Kilian, Dan; Schreiber, Ryan (August 23, 2001). "The White Stripes: White Blood Cells". Pitchfork Media. http://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/8651-white-blood-cells/. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  11. ^ Christgau, Robert. "The White Stripes". robertchristgau.com. http://robertchristgau.com/get_artist.php?id=4241. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  12. ^ Blashill, Pat (June 25, 2001). "White Stripes: White Blood Cells". Rolling Stone. ISSN 0035-791X. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/white-blood-cells-20010625. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  13. ^ "The White Stripes: White Blood Cells". Tiny Mix Tapes. http://www.tinymixtapes.com/music-review/white-stripes-white-blood-cells. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  14. ^ "The White Stripes White Blood Cells". Sputnikmusic. January 14, 2005. http://www.sputnikmusic.com/review/786/The-White-Stripes-White-Blood-Cells/s. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  15. ^ Handyside 2004, p. 193
  16. ^ Handyside 2004, p. 122
  17. ^ Blender staff (2001). "Albums of the Year". Blender. http://www.blender.com/articles/issue4/50_greatest.html. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  18. ^ Rolling Stone staff (2001). "Albums of 2001". Rolling Stone. http://www.acclaimedmusic.net/Current/A1193.htm. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  19. ^ Mojo staff (2001). "MOJO - Albums Of The Year 2001". Mojo. http://www.rocklistmusic.co.uk/mojoend.html#2001. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  20. ^ Kerrang! staff (2001). "Kerrang! Albums Of The Year 2001". 'Kerrang!. http://www.rocklistmusic.co.uk/kerrang.html#2001. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  21. ^ NME staff (2001). "NME Albums 2001". NME. http://www.rocklistmusic.co.uk/2001.html. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  22. ^ Pitchfork Media staff (January 1, 2002). "Top 20 Albums of 2001". Pitchfork Media. http://pitchfork.com/features/staff-lists/5844-top-20-albums-of-2001/. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  23. ^ The Village Voice staff (2001). "Albums of the Year". The Village Voice. http://www.acclaimedmusic.net/Current/A1193.htm. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  24. ^ Spin staff (2001). "Spin End Of Year Lists 2002". Spin. http://www.rocklistmusic.co.uk/spinend.htm. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  25. ^ NME staff (March 2003). "NME's 100 Best Albums Of All Time". NME. http://www.timepieces.nl/Top100's/2003NME.html. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  26. ^ Spin staff (June 20, 2005). "100 Greatest Albums, 1985–2005". Spin. http://www.spin.com/articles/100-greatest-albums-1985-2005. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  27. ^ Stylus staff (January 18, 2005). "Top 50 Albums of 2000–2005". Stylus. http://www.stylusmagazine.com/articles/weekly_article/the-top-50-albums-2000-2005.htm. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  28. ^ Mojo staff (May 2006). "100 Modern Classics, 1993–2006". Mojo: p. 63. 
  29. ^ The A.V. Club staff (November 19, 2009). "The best music of the decade". The A.V. Club. http://www.avclub.com/articles/the-best-music-of-the-decade,35540/. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  30. ^ Uncut staff (2009). "Top 150 Albums of the 2000s". Uncut. http://www.uncut.co.uk/music/uncut/special_features/13805. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  31. ^ Billboard staff (December 2009). "Top 20 Albums of the 2000s". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/news/billboard-critics-top-20-albums-of-the-decade-1004054077.story#/news/billboard-critics-top-20-albums-of-the-decade-1004054077.story. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  32. ^ Rolling Stone staff (December 2009). "Top 100 Albums of the 2000s". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/31248017/100_best_albums_of_the_decade/44. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  33. ^ NME staff (November 18, 2009). "Top 100 Albums of the 2000s". NME. http://www.nme.com/list/the-top-100-greatest-albums-of-the-decade/158049/page/9. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  34. ^ Pitchfork Media staff (October 2, 2009). "The Top 200 Albums of the 2000s: 20-1". Pitchfork Media. http://pitchfork.com/features/staff-lists/7710-the-top-200-albums-of-the-2000s-20-1/. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  35. ^ "The Top 200 Albums of the 2000s". Under the Radar. 2009. ISSN 1553-2305. http://www.acclaimedmusic.net/Current/A1193.htm. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  36. ^ "1000 Albums To Hear Before You Die". The Guardian: Artists beginning with W. November 22, 2007. http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2007/nov/22/1000tohearbeforeyoudie3. Retrieved April 15, 2009. 
  37. ^ Dimery, Richard, ed (2008). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Cassell Illustrated. ISBN 1-8440-3624-3. 
  38. ^ CoS Staff (November 17, 2009). "CoS Top of the Decade: The Albums". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on November 19, 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20091119100737/http://consequenceofsound.net/2009/11/17/cos-top-of-the-decade-the-albums/. 
  39. ^ "The 100 Greatest Albums of Our Lifetime 1993-2006". Mojo. 2006. http://www.acclaimedmusic.net/Current/A1193.htm. Retrieved February 20, 2011. 
  40. ^ "The Top 100 Greatest Albums of the Decade". NME: 19) The White Stripes: White Blood Cells. http://www.nme.com/list/the-top-100-greatest-albums-of-the-decade/158049/page/9. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  41. ^ Pitchfork Staff (October 2, 2009). "The Top 200 Albums of the 2000s: 20-1". Pitchfork Media. http://pitchforkmedia.com/features/staff-lists/7710-the-top-200-albums-of-the-2000s-20-1/. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
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  43. ^ "Top 250 Albums of the 2000s". Slant Magazine. 2010. http://www.acclaimedmusic.net/Current/A1193.htm. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  44. ^ "100 Greatest Albums, 1985–2005". Spin Magazine. 2005. http://www.starpulse.com/forum/index.php/topic,10388.msg151352.html. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  45. ^ "125 Best Albums of the Past 25 Years". Spin Magazine. 2010. http://www.spin.com/spin25/125-best-albums-past-25-years#page=13. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 

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