- Billboard (magazine)
Billboard (Turkish magazine)""Billboard" is a weekly American magazinedevoted to the musicindustry. It maintains several internationally recognized music charts that track the most popular songs and albums in various categories on a weekly basis. Among the two most important charts, the "Billboard" Hot 100, ranks the top 100 songs regardless of genre and is frequently used as the standard measure for ranking songs in the United States, while the "Billboard" 200 survey is the corresponding chart for albumsales.
When founded in
Cincinnatiin 1894, "Billboard Advertising" magazine was a trade paperfor the bill posting industry, hence the magazine's name. Within a few years of its founding, it began to carry news of outdoor amusements, a major consumer of billboard space. Eventually Billboard became the paper of record for circuses, carnivals, amusement parks, fairs, vaudeville, minstrels, whaleshows and other live entertainment. The magazine began coverage of motion picturesin 1909 and of radioin the 1920s.
It was the development of the
juke boxindustry during the 1930s which led "Billboard" to begin publishing the music charts for which it ultimately became famous. This also began the process which would lead the magazine to gradually cede coverage of other parts of the entertainment industry to such publications as "Variety" and " The Hollywood Reporter". It continued to carry news of fairs, carnivals, theme parks and other outdoor entertainments until 1961 when these departments were transferred to a new weekly magazine called "Amusement Business".
From 1961 until 2005, "Billboard" was devoted entirely to the
music industry. In 2005, the magazine and its web sites were repositioned to provide coverage of all forms of digital and mobile entertainment. "Amusement Business" prospered for a few decades, but was struggling by the beginning of the new century. Shortly after that its frequency of publication was reduced to monthly, and it finally ceased publication altogether following its May, 2006 issue.
January 4, 1936"Billboard" magazine published its first music hit paradeand on July 20, 1940the first "Music Popularity Chart" was calculated. Since 1958 the Hot 100 has been published, combining single sales and radio airplay.
"Billboard" currently puts out over 100 charts each week, the most popular ones being
Hot 100, Billboard 200, and Hot 100 Airplay.
Radio countdown programs
For many years, the weekly syndicated radio program "
American Top 40", hosted by Casey Kasem(July 4, 1970 to August 6, 1988), and Shadoe Stevens(August 13, 1988 to January 28, 1995), played the top 40songs on the Billboard Hot 100chart in reverse order; in late November 1991, it switched to using the top 40 portion of the Hot 100 Airplay chart. Later, in early 1993, it began using the Top 40 Mainstreamchart until it temporarily went off the air in 1995. When the show returned in 1998, it no longer used "Billboard" charts as its source.
A country music version of "
American Top 40", called " American Country Countdown", has been on the air since October 1973. The show is hosted each week by Kix Brooksof the country duo Brooks & Dunn, who replaced radio legend Bob Kingsleyin January 2006. "American Country Countdown" uses the top 40 songs of the Hot Country Songschart.
"Billboard" magazine covers every aspect of the music business, from radio and television to
CD, DVDand video cassettesales and internetmusic downloads. It features news stories and opinion articles. For the most part, "Billboard" is intended for music professionals, such as record labelexecutives and DJs. It is generally not intended for the general public, although it can occasionally be found at bookstores. However, despite their extensive coverage of the entertainment business, they remain best known for their charts. The editorial coverage and broader strategy is guided by its editorial director, Scott A. McKenzie
Online videoBillboard.com carries a 60-second news video about the world of music hosted by
Danielle Floracalled "Billboard In Sixty". [ [http://billboard.com/sixty http://billboard.com/sixty] "Billboard.com" Retrieved on 05-03-07 ] Another program is "Billboard Underground" [ [http://billboard.com/underground http://billboard.com/underground] "Billboard.com" Retrieved on 05-03-07 ] which is artist interviews, performances and out-takes. Artists have included Ace Young, Wes Hutchinson, and Ryan Starr.
*Durkee, Rob. "American Top 40: The Countdown of the Century". Schriner Books, New York City, 1999.
*Battistini, Pete, "American Top 40 with Casey Kasem The 1970s". Authorhouse.com,
January 31, 2005. ISBN 1-4184-1070-5.
American Top 40
* [http://www.billboard.com Official "Billboard" website]
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