- Clan Munro
Clan Munro Crest badge Crest: An eagle perching Proper Motto: Dread God War cry: Caisteal Folais'n a Theine Profile Region Highland District Easter-Ross Plant badge Common club moss Pipe music Bealach na Broige Gaelic name Mac an Rothaich Chief
Hector William Munro of Foulis The Chief of Clan Munro Seat Foulis Castle Septs of Clan Munro Dingwall, Dingwell, Dingvaile, Foulis, Fowlis, Keddie, Kiddie, Culloch, Gulloch, MacAdie, MacCoulaghe, MacChullach, MacAlach, MacCullaigh, MacClullich, MacColly, MacCully, MacCulloch, MacEddie, MacHulagh, MacHullie, MacKeddie, MacLullich, MacLullick, Makcullocht, Manro, Monro, Monroe, Munro, Munroe, Pathillock, Patillo, Patillok, Vass, Vassie, Wass Clan branches Munro of Foulis (chiefs)
Munro of Milntown (senior cadets)
Munro of Auchinbowie
Monro of Fyrish
Munro of Obsdale
Allied clans Clan Ross
Rival clans Clan Mackenzie
Clan Munro is a Highland Scottish clan.
The main traditional origin of the clan is that the Munros came from Ireland and settled in Scotland in the 11th century and that they fought as mercenary soldiers under the Earl of Ross who defeated Viking invaders in Rosshire. The clan under chief Donald Munro, son of O'Ceann were granted lands in Rosshire and a seat at Foulis Castle as a reward for helping King Malcolm II of Scotland to defeat Viking invaders from Scandinavia.
Traditionally, Donald Munro's grandson Hugh Munro was the first Munro recorded to be authentically designated Baron of Foulis, he died in 1126. A reliable scholar, Alexander Nisbet stated that George Munro, 5th Baron of Foulis received a charter from the Earl of Sutherland during the reign of Alexander II of Scotland, but this charter can no longer be traced. The clan lands were on the north side of the Cromarty Firth and also contained the mountain Ben Wyvis and the Black Rock Gorge.
The clan name, Munro which in Gaelic is Rothach, Roich, or Mac an Rothaich, means Ro - Man or Man from Ro, and supports the traditional origin that the clan was from the River Roe area in Ireland. However this tradition only exists in writing from the late 17th century. DNA testing has shown that the original chiefs of the Clan Munro had the Y-DNA halo group I2A which is particularly rare in Britain and Ireland. Only a small number of the clansmen tested share this DNA type. The vast majority of the clansmen tested are unrelated to the chief's line and have a different Y-DNA halo group, R1B which is the most frequent Y-DNA group in Britain and Ireland. Many clansmen although not related to the chief took the chief's surname or a variant of it as their own.
Wars of Scottish Independence
During the Wars of Scottish Independence chief Robert Munro, 6th Baron of Foulis led the clan in support of King Robert the Bruce at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. Robert Munro survived the battle but his son George was killed. George however had a son of his own before he died also called George. This George Munro succeeded his grandfather Robert as chief and led the clan at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333 where he died.
Chief 'Robert de Munro' is the first chief of the clan to be recorded by contemporary evidence. He was married to a relative of the Earl of Ross and had many charters confirmed to him under King David II of Scotland including one for the "Tower of Strathskehech" and "Estirfowlys" in 1350. Robert was killed in an obscure skirmish fighting in defence of Uilleam III, Earl of Ross in 1369. His son Hugh Munro was also granted many charters including one in respect of the "Tower of Strathschech" and "Wesstir Fowlys" from Euphemia I, Countess of Ross in 1394.
15th century and clan conflicts
In 1411 a major feud broke out between Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany and Domhnall of Islay, Lord of the Isles over the Earldom of Ross. This resulted in the Battle of Harlaw where chief Hugh Munro, 9th Baron of Foulis rose up in support of the Lord of the Isles whose son became the Earl of Ross through marriage. The Munros are said to have fought in the Lord of the Isles 'host' against an army of Scottish Lowlanders led by Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar. In 1428 a group of Munros were granted remission by King James I of Scotland for past offences when he came to Inverness to assert his authority in the Highlands.
In 1452 a rebellion broke out by a force of tribes loyal to Mackenzie of Kintail who had taken hostage the Earl of Ross's nephew. This resulted in the Battle of Bealach nam Broig, fought north-west of Ben Wyvis where the Munros and Dingwalls rescued the Ross hostage and exterminated their enemies but with the loss of their chiefs, George Munro of Foulis and William Dingwall of Kildun. Two years later in 1454 John Munro, 1st of Milntown, uncle of the next chief led the Clan Munro on a raid into Perthshire, on their return they were ambushed by the Clan Mackintosh which resulted in the Battle of Clachnaharry.
In 1491 a document was signed and sealed at the Munros' Foulis Castle, reading in Gaelic: caisteal biorach, nead na h-iolair meaning castle gaunt-peaked, the eagle's nest. In allusion to the chief's heraldic emblem. In 1495 King James of Scotland assembled an army at Glasgow and many of the Highland chiefs made their submissions to him, including the Munro and Mackenzie chiefs. Later in 1497 MacDonald of Lochalsh rebelled against the king, invading the lands of Ross-shire where he was defeated at the Battle of Drumchatt by the Munros and Mackenzies. This version of events is recorded by early 19th century historian Donald Gregory and is accepted by modern historians, although late 19th century historian Alexander Mackenzie disputes the Munros' presence at the battle and says instead that the Munros and Mackenzies fought each other at Drumchatt in 1501.
16th century and clan conflicts
In 1500, the Munros of Milntown began construction of Milntown Castle, although it was opposed by the Rosses for being too close to their Balnagown Castle. In the early 16th century a rebellion broke out by Domhnall Dubh, chief of Clan MacDonald against the king. The MacDonalds were no longer Lords of the Isles or Earls of Ross. A commission was given to the Earl of Huntly, the Lord Lovat, and William Munro of Fowlis to proceed to Lochaber against the rebels. The Camerons supported the rebel Domhnall Dubh. Sir William Munro of Foulis was sent to Lochaber on the King's business and was killed in an engagement between the Camerons and MacKays at a place called Achnashellach in 1505. It is Clan Cameron tradition that they defeated a joint force of Munros and Mackays at the Battle of Achnashellach in 1505. Domhnall Dubh was captured in 1506 and Ewen Cameron was later executed.
In 1527, 30 of April, A bond of friendship was signed at Inverness between: Chief Hector Munro of Foulis; John Campbell of Cawdor, the Knight of Calder; Hector Mackintosh of Mackintosh, Chief of Clan Mackintosh, captain of Clanchatten; Hugh Rose of Kilravock, Chief of Clan Rose; and "Donald Ilis of Sleat". In 1529 a charter was signed between chief Hector Munro, 13th Baron of Foulis and Lord Fraser of Lovat to assist and defend each other.
In 1544 Robert Munro, 14th Baron of Foulis, signed a bond of kindess and alliance with the chief of Clan Ross of Balnagowan. In 1547 the English led by Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset invaded Scotland which resulted in the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh where chief Robert Munro, 14th Baron of Foulis died fighting at the last major battle between the Royal Scottish and Royal English armies. In 1549, Donald Monro, Dean of the Isles, visited Finlaggan Castle, seat of the chiefs of Clan Donald.
Robert Mor Munro, 15th Baron of Foulis was a staunch supporter and faithful friend of Mary, Queen of Scots, and consequently was treated favourably by her son James VI of Scotland. When Mary went to Inverness Castle in 1562 the gates of the castle were shut against her. The Frasers and Munros, esteemed the most valiant clans in the north took the castle for the Queen.
Between 1569 and 1573 Andrew Munro, 5th of Milntown defended and held, for three years, the Castle Chanonry of Ross, which he had received from the Regent Moray who died in 1569, against the Clan MacKenzie, at the expense of many lives on both sides. The feud was settled when the castle was handed over to the Mackenzies because they had obtained the right to own the castle. In 1587, Foulis Castles', "tower and fortalice" are mentioned in a charter from the Crown. In 1597 the Battle of Logiebride took place between clansmen from the Clan Munro and Clan Bane against clansmen from the Clan Mackenzie.
Thirty Years' War
During the early 17th century the Munros continued their strong military traditions, fighting in the continental Thirty Years' War where Robert Munro, 18th Baron of Foulis, known as the Black Baron and 700 members of Clan Munro joined the army of Gustavs Adolphus, in defence of Protestantism in Scandinavia along with many men from the Clan Mackay. Taking a more prominent role was the Black Baron's cousin, General Robert Monro from the Obsdale branch of the clan. Robert and his men served with distinction and received the name of the "Invincibles" in recognition of their prowess. There were twenty-seven field officers and eleven captains of the name of Munro in the Swedish army.
Bishops' Wars and Civil War
During the Bishops' Wars General Robert Monro of the Obsdale branch of the clan laid siege to and took Spynie Palace, Drum Castle and Huntly Castle. From 1642 to 1648 he commanded the Scottish Covenanter army in Ireland during Irish Confederate Wars There were several Munro officers in regiments that fought on the covenanter side at the Battle of Philiphaugh in 1645.
Sir George Munro, 1st of Newmore who fought in Ireland as a covenanter later became a royalist after his uncle, Robert Monro was imprisoned by Cromwell in 1648. In September of that year George Munro and his men defeated the advance forces of Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll at the Battle of Stirling (1648). In 1649 Colonel John Munro of Lemlair, Colonel Hugh Fraser, Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty and Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine were all opposed to the authority of the current parliament. They took Inverness Castle, expelled the garrison and raised the fortifications. However, on the approach of the parliamentary forces led by General David Leslie, Lord Newark they retreated back into Ross-shire. On hearing of this rising against Leslie, James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, leader of royalist forces and his invading army of foreigners landed in Ross-shire, hoping for support from the clans. However, he was actually opposed by the Munros, Rosses and Sutherlands who then chose to support Leslie and the Scottish Argyll Covenanter Government. The Munros, led by John Munro of Lemlair and their allies completely defeated the invading army at the Battle of Carbisdale in 1650. By 1651 the Scottish Covenantor Government had become disillusioned with the English parliament and supported the royalists instead. William Munroe was one of four Munroes captured at the Battle of Worcester and transported to America. Sir Alexander Munro of Bearcrofts survived and escaped the battle at Worcester.
The Restoration of Charles II took place in 1660. The then chief's brother, George Munro, 1st of Newmore commanded the king's forces in Scotland from 1674 to 1677, In 1689 chief Sir John Munro, 4th Baronet was one of the Scottish representatives who approved the formal offer of the Scottish Crown to William of Orange and his Queen. In the same year George Munro, 1st of Auchinbowie, son of Sir Alexander Munro of Bearcrofts commanded royalist forces that defeated the Jacobites at the Battle of Dunkeld.
After Queen Elizabeth I of England died without an heir, King James VI of Scotland also became King of England in the Union of the Crowns in 1603. Just over a century later in 1707 the parliaments of England and Scotland were also united in the Acts of Union 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Jacobite rising of 1715
Known as the Skirmish of Alness, during the Jacobite Rising of 1715, William Mackenzie, 5th Earl of Seaforth led a force of 3000 men including the Clan Mackenzie, Clan MacDonald, Clan Mackinnon, Clan MacRae and Clan Chisholm. He was opposed by Colonel Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet of Foulis who had formed a camp at the Bridge of Alness with 600 men which also included men from the Clan Ross. Munro had sent many of his own men south to protect the lands of the Clan Forbes of Culloden from the Jacobites. Munro was soon joined by the Earl of Sutherland and the chief of Clan Mackay who both brought with them only a portion of their clans and expected support from the Clan Grant did not arrive. Seaforth's forces advanced on the Sutherland's camp who made a quick retreat to avoid contact with their more powerful foe. Soon afterwards a council of war was held between the two sides and the Sutherlanders and Mackays peacefully moved back north to their own territory, while much of the Ross's lands were ravaged and the Munros returned to find their lands plundered. This was fully retaliated by the Munros who then raided the Mackenzie lands of Brahan.
The Mackenzie Jacobite garrison at Inverness surrendered to Fraser of Lovat upon the very day when the Battle of Sheriffmuir was fought and another Jacobite force was defeated at the Battle of Preston. After this Colonel Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet of Foulis marched into the town of Inverness with 400 Munros and took over control as governor from Fraser. Government troops soon arrived in Inverness and for some months the process of disarming the rebels went on, helped by a Munro detachment under George Munro, 1st of Culcairn.
The clan rivalries which had erupted in rebellion were finding an outlet in local politics. Mackenzie's Earl of Seaforth title came to an end in 1716, and it was arranged that while the Clan Ross held the county seat the Munros would represent the Tain Burghs. Ross ascendancy was secure in Tain, and from 1716 to 1745 the Munros controlled Dingwall, with one of Robert Munro's brothers as provost, but not without two armed Munro "invasions" of the county town in 1721 and 1740, when opposing councillors were abducted to secure a favourable result (for the first incident Colonel Robert and his brother were fined £200 each, and after the second his parliamentary career came to an abrupt end with defeat at the 1741 election). Sir Robert Munro, 5th Baronet's younger son, George Munro, 1st of Culcairn raised a detachment from his father's clan to fight at the Battle of Glen Shiel in 1719 where they defeated the Jacobites.
Black Watch & war against France
In 1725 six Independent Black Watch companies were formed. One of Munros, one of Frasers, one of Grants and three of Campbells. These companies were known by the name Am Freacadain Dubh, or Black Watch. By 1740 it had become the 43d Highland regiment and then the 42d Royal Highlanders. Sir Robert Munro was appointed lieutenant-colonel. Among the captains were his next brother, George Munro, 1st of Culcairn, and John Munro, 4th of Newmore promoted to be lieutenant-colonel in 1745. The surgeon of the regiment was Robert's younger brother, Dr Duncan Munro.
Their first action came on 11 May 1745, at the Battle of Fontenoy. Allowed "their own way of fighting", each time they received the French fire Col. Sir Robert Munro ordered his men to "clap to the ground" while he himself, because of his corpulence, stood alone with the colours behind him. For the first time in a European battle they introduced a system of infantry tactics (alternatively firing and taking cover) that was not superseded. Springing up and closing with the enemy, they several times drove them back, and finished with a successful rear-guard action against French cavalry.
Jacobite rising of 1745
In June 1745, a month after the battle of Fontenoy, Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet of Foulis was "rewarded" by an appointment to succeed General Ponsonby as Colonel of the English 37th Regiment of Foot. When the Jacobite Rising broke out, his friends in the Highlands hoped for his presence among them. One wrote that it would have been "the greatest service to His Majesty and the common cause", but it was not to be. The Munros supported the British government during the Jacobite uprisings.
Chief Colonel Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet had been fighting at the second Battle of Falkirk (1746) when, by account of the rebels, the English 37th Regiment he was in command of ran away and he was surrounded and attacked by seven Cameron Jacobites, he killed at least two with his Half-pike before being shot by a Jacobite commander with a pistol. The Jacobites wished to do special honour to their opponent: They buried Robert in the grave of Sir John de Graham who died at the first Battle of Falkirk (1298). The graves can be seen in Falkirk churchyard.
Robert's son Sir Harry Munro, 7th Baronet who served as an officer in Loudon's Highlanders had been captured at the Battle of Prestonpans in September 1745. He returned home to find Foulis Castle had been partially destroyed by Jacobites after the Battle of Falkirk. A few months after Falkirk the Jacobites were finally defeated at the Battle of Culloden by government forces. After the rising was suppressed a Munro Independent Company under Harry continued to police the Highlands and was disbanded in 1748. Harry set about rebuilding the castle as it is today incorporating what he could of the original building which now appears as a mansion house built in a formal Georgian style rather than the defensive fort it once was.
In 1754, Lieutenant Hector Munro, 8th of Novar was ordered to Badenoch to apprehend certain rebels in that district, with special instructions to apprehend John Dubh Cameron better known as "Sergent Mor" of Clan Cameron who he successfully captured.
- British Empire & Military
Sir Hector Munro, 8th of Novar (1726–1805), Sir Thomas Munro, 1st Baronet of Linderits (1761 to 1827) and John Munro, 9th of Teaninich (b.1778) were Scottish Generals in the British Army who had great success in India. James Munro (VC) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross during the Crimean War, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
- Science & Medicine
Four direct generations, from the distinguished Auchinbowie-Bearcrofts branch of the clan: John Munro (surgeon), Alexander Monro (primus), Alexander Monro (secundus) and Alexander Monro (tertius) were professors of anatomy at Edinburgh University. From the Monro of Fyrish branch of the clan four generations occupied successively the position of (Principal) Physician of Bethlem Royal Hospital
Sir Hugh Munro, 4th Baronet of Linderits (1856–1919) was a founding member of the Scottish Mountaineering Club and produced the first scientific list of all the mountains in Scotland over 3000 ft.
The Munros were also prominent members of the Scottish clergy in the north of Scotland. Donald Monro (Dean) was Dean of the Isles. Andrew Munro (d.1454) was Archdeacon of Ross and for a short time Bishop of Ross. John Munro of Tain (d.1630) was a Presbyterian minister of Tain.
- Foulis Castle seat of the Munros of Foulis, the chiefs of the Clan Munro.
- Milntown Castle was the seat of the Munros of Milntown, the senior cadet branch of the Clan Munro.
- Newmore Castle was seat of the Munros of Newmore.
- Teaninich Castle was seat of the Munros of Teaninich.
- Balconie Castle was the seat of the Munros of Balconie.
- Novar House was seat of the Munros of Novar.
- Lemlair House was the seat of the Munros of Lemlair.
- Contullich Castle, owned by various branches of the Clan Munro.
The succession of a Highland Chief has traditionally followed the principle of agnatic seniority or patrilineal seniority, whereby succession passes to the former Chief's closest male relative. The 11th Bt Foulis was succeeded by his eldest daughter Eva Marion Munro as chief of the clan. Eva Marion Munro married Col C. H. Gascoigne, their son Patrick took the surname 'Munro' of his maternal grandfather to become clan chief. However the Baronetcy of Foulis was succeeded to by Sir George Hamilton Munro, 12th Baronet (1864–1945). The current Baronet is Sir Ian Kenneth Munro, 17th Baronet of Foulis. See Main Article: Munro Baronets.
- Munro Baronets
- Munro (disambiguation)
- Munroe (disambiguation)
- Monro (disambiguation)
- Monroe (disambiguation)
- Black Watch Military regiment originally formed from highland clans including Clan Munro.
- Munro Mountains in Scotland with height over 3000 ft.
- ^ a b The Clan Munro by CI Fraser of Reeling published by Johnston & Bacon of Stirling p.15 to p.16: Alexander Nisbet, System of Heraldy, Vol 1, P.350.
- ^ "Clan Origins@Clan Munro.co.uk". http://www.clanmunro.org.uk/info4.htm.
- ^ http://www.eupedia.com/europe/european_y-dna_haplogroups.shtml
- ^ http://www.familytreedna.com/public/MunroDNA/default.aspx?section=yresults
- ^ a b c d The Clan Munro by CI Fraser of Reeling published by Johnston & Bacon of Stirling. p.17 to p.19: Hugh MacDonald, Highland Papers, Vol 1, Scottish History Society.
- ^ a b "The Munro Tree 1734". Published in 1978, Edinburgh. By R. W. Munro. ISBN 0-9503689-1-1.
- ^ a b Foulis Castle and the Monroes of Lower Iveagh by Horace Monroe.
- ^ Thomas, Capt., F W L, "Traditions of the MacAulays of Lewis", Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland., Volume 14, p.381. "Sir Robert Gordon's 'Genealogie of the Earles of Southerland'.
- ^ John Anderson, Historical Account of the family of Fraser. Quoting from an MS History in the Advocate's Library.
- ^ a b "Mapping the Clan Munro". Pulished by the Clan Munro Association 1987. Printed by Lindsay & Co. Ltd. Edinburgh.
- ^ Donald Gregory's History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland from A.D. 1493 to A.D. 1625. Published in 1836.
- ^ Clan Donald. By Donald J MacDonald. Page 129. Published in 2008.
- ^ Feuds, Forays and Rebellions: History of the Highland Clans 1475 - 1625. By John L Roberts. Published in 1999.
- ^ "History of the Munros of Fowlis". pages 28 - 34. By Alexander Mackenzie. Published 1898.
- ^ Gordon, Robert, History of the Earldom of Sutherland
- ^ The Clan Munro by CI Fraser of Reeling, Johnston & Bacon, Stirling. p.21.
- ^ http://www.clan-cameron.org/battles/1505.html Battle of Achnashellach@Clan Cameron.org
- ^ The Camerons, A History of Clan Cameron. By John Stewart of Ardvorlich. Published by the Clan Cameron Association. Printed by Jamieson & Munro Ltd. Stirling. 1974.
- ^ Innes, Cosmo; Campbell Cawdor, John Frederick Vaughan (1859). The Book of the Thanes of Cawdor: A Series of Papers Selected from the Charter Room at Cawdor. 1236-1742. http://books.google.com/?id=nwEhAAAAMAAJ&vq=munro&dq=cawder+manrent+munro.
- ^ "History of the Munroes of Fowlis" by Alexander Mackenzie. p. 36. 1898.
- ^ The Scottish Clans and Their Tartans. Page 79. Library Edition. Published by W. & A. K. Johnston, Limited. Edinburgh and London. 1885.
- ^ "Why Finlaggan? - Finlaggan Trust". http://www.finlaggan.com/page/23.asp.
- ^ a b c d e Anderson, William (1836). The Scottish Nation: Or the families, surnames families, honours and Geographical History of the People of Scotland. pp. 213–8. http://books.google.com/books?id=3rQEAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA216&dq=Donald+Munro,+or+Monro#PPA213,M1.
- ^ George Buchanan's (1506 -1582), History of Scotland, completed in 1579, first published in 1582.
- ^ Genealogical History of the Earldom of Sutherland. By Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun (1580 - 1656).
- ^ History of the Scottish Highlands, Highland Clans and Scottish Regiments. Compiled in 1830. Edited by John S Keltie F.S.A. Scot.
- ^ "The History of the Feuds and Conflicts Among the Clans in the Northern Parts of Scotland and in the Western Isles: from the year M.XX1 unto M.B.C.XIX. (1764). First published from a manuscript wrote in the reign of King James VI."
- ^ a b MacKay, "An Old Scots Brigade". Edinburgh 1885: "Monro, His Expedition with the Worthy Scots Regiment". London 1637.
- ^ a b John Buchan, "Montrose", p.354.
- ^ "Battle of Stirling 1648 - Scotwars". http://www.scotwars.com/html/battle_of_stirling.htm.
- ^ a b A Sketch of the Clan Munro and William Munroe, Deported from Scotland, settled in Lexington, Massachusetts by James Phinney Monroe
- ^ "Clan, King and Covenant. The History of the Highland Clans from the Civil War to the Glencoe Massacre". By John L Roberts. ISBN 0-7486-1393-5. Page. 106.
- ^ "Clan, King and Covenant. The History of the Highland Clans from the Civil War to the Glencoe Massacre". By John L Roberts. ISBN 0-7486-1393-5. Page. 110.
- ^ "Battle of Carbisdale 1650 - ScotWars". http://www.scotwars.com/html/battle_of_carbisdale.htm.
- ^ History and Genealogy of the Lexington, Massachusetts, Munroes by Richard S Munro.
- ^ a b c d e Clan Munro by CI Fraser of Reeling published by Johnston & Bacon of Stirling. Pages 26 to 28.
- ^ "The Munros in History - Part 2@Clan Munro.co.uk". http://www.clanmunro.org.uk/info19.htm.
- ^ "The Monros of Auchinbowie and Cognate Families". By John Alexander Inglis. Edinburgh. Printed privately by T and A Constable. Printers to His Majesty. 1911.
- ^ a b c d Memorabilia Domestica or Parish Life in the North of Scotland by the Late Rev. Donald Sage, A.M. Minister of Resolis. Edited by his son. Chapter1. Pages 4 to 5.
- ^ "Lord Seaforth's Campaign, 1715 and the Laird of Fowlis". By D. M. Rose.
- ^ Major Fraser's Manuscript, vol. ii, p.78 - 80.
- ^ The Clan Munro by C.I Fraser of Reeling. p.27.
- ^ a b Clan Munro Magazine No. 14 by R W Munro
- ^ a b c d Your Clan Heritage, Clan Munro, Cascade Publishing Company.ISBN 0-907614-07-8.
- ^ Alexander Mackenzie. "History of the Munros of Fowlis". p.515 - 536
- ^ Watt, D. E. R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969)
- ^ Mackenzie, Alexander (1898). History of the Munros of Fowlis
- ^ "The Chief". http://www.clanmunro.org.uk/chief.htm.
- www.clanmunro.org.uk - Official Website of the Clan Munro (Association) (Scotland)
- www.clanmunrousa.org - Clan Munro Association USA
- www.clanmunroassociation.ca - Clan Munro Association of Canada
- www.clanmunroaustralia.org - Clan Munro Association Australia
Scottish clans Clans with chiefs
Agnew · Anstruther · Arbuthnott · Arthur · Bannerman · Barclay · Borthwick · Boyd · Boyle · Brodie · Broun · Bruce · Buchan · Burnett · Cameron · Campbell · Carmichael · Carnegie · Cathcart · Charteris · Chattan · Chisholm · Cochrane · Colquhoun · Colville · Cranstoun · Crichton · Cumming · Darroch · Davidson · Dewar · Drummond · Dunbar · Dundas · Durie · Elliot · Elphinstone · Erskine · Farquharson · Fergusson · Forbes · Forsyth · Fraser · Fraser of Lovat · Gayre · Gordon · Graham · Grant · Gregor · Grierson · Guthrie · Haig · Haldane · Hamilton · Hannay · Hay · Henderson · Home · Hope · Hunter · Irvine · Jardine · Johnstone · Keith · Kennedy · Kerr · Kincaid · Lamont · Leask · Lennox · Leslie · Lindsay · Lockhart · Lumsden · Lyon · MacAlister · MacBain · MacDonald · Macdonald of Clanranald · MacDonald of Keppoch · Macdonald of Sleat · MacDonell of Glengarry · MacDougall · Macdowall · MacIntyre · Mackay · Mackenzie · Mackinnon · Mackintosh · Maclachlan · Maclaine of Lochbuie · MacLaren · MacLea (Livingstone) · Maclean · MacLennan · MacLeod · MacLeod of Lewis · MacMillan · Macnab · Macnaghten · MacNeacail · MacNeil · Macpherson · MacTavish · MacThomas · Maitland · Makgill · Malcolm (MacCallum) · Mar · Marjoribanks · Matheson · Menzies · Moffat · Moncreiffe · Montgomery · Morrison · Munro · Murray · Napier · Nesbitt · Nicolson · Ogilvy · Oliphant · Primrose · Ramsay · Rattray · Riddell · Robertson · Rollo · Rose · Ross · Ruthven · Sandilands · Scott · Scrymgeour · Sempill · Shaw · Sinclair · Skene · Spens · Stirling · Strange · Stuart of Bute · Sutherland · Swinton · Trotter · Urquhart · Wallace · Wedderburn · Wemyss · Wood ·
Abercromby · Abernethy · Adair · Adam · Aikenhead · Ainslie · Aiton · Allardice · Anderson · Armstrong · Arnott · Auchinleck · Baillie · Baird · Balfour · Bannatyne · Baxter · Bell · Belshes · Bethune · Beveridge · Binning · Bissett · Blackadder · Blackstock · Blair · Blane · Blyth · Boswell · Brisbane · Buchanan · Butter · Byres · Cairns · Calder · Caldwell · Callender · Campbell of Breadalbane · Campbell of Cawdor · Carruthers · Cheyne · Chalmers · Clelland · Clephane · Cockburn · Congilton · Craig · Crawford · Crosbie · Cunningham · Dalmahoy · Dalrymple · Dalzell · Dennistoun · Don · Douglas · Duncan · Dunlop · Edmonstone · Fairlie · Falconer · Fenton · Fleming · Fletcher · Forrester · Fotheringham · Fullarton · Galbraith · Galloway · Gardyne · Gartshore · Ged · Gibsone · Gladstains · Glas · Glen · Glendinning · Gray · Gunn · Haliburton · Halkerston · Halket · Hepburn · Heron · Herries · Hogg · Hopkirk · Horsburgh · Houston · Hutton · Inglis · Innes · Kelly · Kinloch · Kinnaird · Kinnear · Kinninmont · Kirkcaldy · Kirkpatrick · Laing · Lammie · Langlands · Learmonth · Little · Logan · Logie · Lundin · Lyle · MacAulay · Macbrayne · MacDuff · MacEwen · MacFarlane · Macfie · Macgillivray · MacInnes · MacIver · Mackie · MacLellan · Macquarrie · Macqueen · Macrae · Masterton · Maule · Maxton · Maxwell · McCorquodale · McCulloch · McKerrell · Meldrum · Melville · Mercer · Middleton · Moncur · Monteith · Monypenny · Mouat · Moubray · Mow · Muir · Murray of Atholl · Nairn · Nevoy · Newlands · Newton · Norvel · Ochterlony · Orrock · Paisley · Paterson · Pennycook · Pentland · Peter · Pitblado · Pitcairn · Pollock · Polwarth · Porterfield · Preston · Pringle · Purves · Rait · Ralston · Renton · Roberton · Rossie · Russell · Rutherford · Schaw · Seton · Skirving · Somerville · Spalding · Spottiswood · Stewart · Stewart of Appin · Strachan · Straiton · Strange · Sydserf · Symmers · Tailyour · Tait · Tennant · Troup · Turnbull · Tweedie · Udny · Vans · Walkinshaw · Wardlaw · Watson · Wauchope · Weir · Whitefoord · Whitelaw · Wishart · Young
Culture and society
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