Portal:Information technology

Portal:Information technology
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The Information Technology (IT) Portal

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Information Technology (IT) or Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is a broad subject which deals with technology and other aspects of managing and processing information, especially in large organizations. Particularly, IT employs the use of electronic computers, storage media, network administration, server maintenance, and computer software to secure, convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and retrieve information.

Additionally, IT Departments may be responsible for assisting end users with issues in a help desk setting, as well as providing virtualization or VoIP (Voice over IP) services to end users. Over the past 20 years, its prevalence has dramatically increased so that it is now a part of nearly every aspect of daily life in developed countries, and is the backbone of many successful companies.

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Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of a wide range of computer-based tools that assist engineers, architects and other design professionals in their design activities. It is the main geometry authoring tool within the Product Lifecycle Management process and involves both software and sometimes special-purpose hardware. Current packages range from 2D vector based drafting systems to 3D solid and surface modellers.

CAD is sometimes translated as "computer-assisted", "computer-aided drafting", or a similar phrase. Related acronyms are CADD, which stands for "computer-aided design and drafting", CAID for Computer-aided Industrial Design and CAAD, for "computer-aided architectural design". All these terms are essentially synonymous, but there are a few subtle differences in meaning and application.

CAD was originally the three letter acronym for "Computer Aided drafting" as in the early days CAD was really a replacement for the traditional drafting board.

But now is the term is often interchanged with "Computer Aided Design" to reflect the fact that modern CAD tools do much more than just drafting.

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Subcategories of Information technology:
Computer science - Data management - Information architects - Internet - Technical communication - Computer network security

Subcategories of Computer science:
Algorithms - Anti-patterns - Artificial intelligence - Compilers - Theory of computation - Computer science awards - Computer scientists - Computer vision - Cryptography - Data compression - Data structures - Information theory - Inter-process communication - Lambda calculus - Logic in computer science - Machine translation - Programming - Theoretical computer science - Type theory

Subcategories of Computing:
Computer architecture - Computer benchmarks - Bioinformatics - Engineering Informatics - Computer books - Computer companies - Computer conferences - Computing mascots - Data privacy - Computer-aided design - Distributed computing - Embedded systems - Fictional computers - Computer graphics - Computer hardware - Human-computer interaction - Computer humor - Computer languages - Computer law - Legacy systems - Computational linguistics - Computer magazines - Multimedia - Computer networks - Parallel computing - Computing platforms - Retrocomputing - Computer science - Computer security - Software - Software engineering - Underground computer groups

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