- Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal
Maria of Aragon Queen consort of Portugal and the Algarves Tenure 30 October 1500 – 7 March 1517 Spouse Manuel I of Portugal John III of Portugal
Isabella, Holy Roman Empress
Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy
Infante Louis, Duke of Beja
Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso
Henry of Portugal
Infante Edward, Duke of Guimarães
House House of Trastámara Father Ferdinand II of Aragon Mother Isabella I of Castile Born 29 June 1482
Córdoba, Kingdom of Castile
Died 7 March 1517(aged 34)
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Burial Jerónimos Monastery, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal Religion Roman Catholicism
Maria of Aragon (Mary of Aragon or Mary of Spain or even Mary of Castile) (29 June 1482 – 7 March 1517) was a Spanish infanta, and the second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I, making her the queen consort of Portugal from her marriage on 30 October 1500 until her death. She was the mother of 10 children, eight of whom reached adulthood.
She was born at Cordoba on 29 June 1482, the third surviving daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (the Catholic monarchs). She was the fourth of five surviving children, and had a twin sister, who was stillborn. Her sister was Catherine of Aragon, wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Mary I of England. Another sister, Joanna, married Philip, Duke of Burgundy and was mother of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Maria did not inherit the insanity that supposedly ran in the royal family, and was said to have affected her sister, Joanna, who was known as Joanna the Mad.
As an infanta of Spain, her hand in marriage was very important in European politics; before her marriage to Manuel I of Portugal, her parents entertained the idea of marrying her off to King James IV of Scotland. This was at a time when her younger sister Catherine's marriage to Arthur, Prince of Wales, was being planned. Ferdinand and Isabella thought if Maria was Queen of Scotland, the two sisters could keep the peace between their husbands. These plans, however, came to nothing. Her eldest sister Isabella, Princess of Asturias, was the first wife of Manuel I, but her death in 1498 created a necessity for Manuel to remarry; Maria became the next bride of the Portuguese king, reaffirming dynastical links with the future Spain. Manuel and Maria were married in Alcazar de Sal on 30 October 1500, and together they had 10 children; eight of whom reached adulthood, including King John III of Portugal, Isabella, Holy Roman Empress, and Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy.
In 1580, the dynastical links from the marriage led to a dynastical crisis in Portugal that made Philip II of Spain king of Portugal as Philip I (See: Struggle for the throne of Portugal and Iberian Union).
Maria was of a very fair complexion, had blue eyes, and her hair colour was of a shade between reddish-blonde and auburn; these were typical features in members of the Trastámara family who were descendants of Peter I of Castile.
Maria died in Lisbon on 7 March 1517, and was buried at Belem Monastery of Sao Geronimo.
Ancestors of Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal 16. John I of Castile (1358-1390) (=24) 8. Ferdinand I of Aragon (1380-1416) 17. Eleanor of Aragon (1358-1382) (=25) 4. John II of Aragon (1397-1479) 18. Sancho Alfonso, 1st Count of Alburquerque (1342-1375) 9. Eleanor of Alburquerque (1374-1435) 19. Infanta Beatrice of Portugal (1347-1374) 2. Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452-1516) 20. Alfonso Enriquez, 1st Lord of Medina de Rio Seco (1354-1429) 10. Fadrique Enríquez, 1st Count of Melba and Rueda (1390-1473) 21. Juana de Mendoza y Ayala (1360-1431) 5. Juana Enriquez de Córdoba, 5th Lady of Casarrubios del Monte (1425-1468) 22. Diego Fernández de Córdova, 1st Lord of Baena (1355-1435) 11. Mariana Fernández de Córdoba y Ayala, 4th Lady of Casarrubios del Monte (1394—1431) 23. Inés de Ayala y Toledo, 3rd Lady of Casarrubios del Monte (d. 1453) 1. Maria of Aragon and Castile (1482–1517) 24. John I of Castile (1358-1390) (=16) 12. Henry III of Castile (1379-1406) 25. Eleanor of Aragon (1358-1382) (=17) 6. John II of Castile (1405-1454) 26. John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) 13. Catherine of Lancaster (1372-1418) 27. Constance of Castile (1354-1394) 3. Isabella I of Castile (1451-1504) 28. John I of Portugal (1357-1433) 14. Infante John, Lord of Reguengos de Monsaraz (1400-1442) 29. Philippa of Lancaster (1360-1415) 7. Isabella of Portugal (1428-1496) 30. Afonso, 1st Duke of Braganza (1370-1461) 15. Isabella of Braganza (1402-1445) 31. Beatriz Pereira de Alvim (1380–1415)
Her marriage with Manuel produced the following children:
Crown of Castile
House of Trastámara
Henry II Children include John I Eleanor, Queen of Navarre John I Children include Henry III Ferdinand I of Aragon Henry III Children include John II Maria, Queen of Aragon John II Children include Henry IV Isabella I Alfonso, Prince of Asturias Henry IV Children Joan, Queen of Portugal Isabella I with Ferdinand V Children Isabella, Queen of Portugal John, Prince of Asturias Joanna I, Queen of Castile Maria, Queen of Portugal Catherine, Queen of England Joanna I Name Birth Death Notes John III 6 June 1502 11 June 1557 succeeded Manuel as 15th King of Portugal. Infanta Isabella 24 October 1503 1 May 1539 married Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Infanta Beatrice 31 December 1504 8 January 1538 married Charles III, Duke of Savoy. Infante Louis, Duke of Beja 3 March 1506 27 November 1555 Unmarried but had illegitimate descendants, one of them being Anthony, Prior of Crato, a claimant of the throne of Portugal in 1580 (See: Struggle for the throne of Portugal). Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso 5 June 1507 7 November 1534 Married Guiomar (Guyomare) Coutinho, Countess of Marialva (?-1534). Infante Afonso 23 April 1509 21 April 1540 Cardinal of the Kingdom. Infanta Maria 1511 1513 Infante Henry 31 January 1512 31 January 1580 Cardinal of the Kingdom who succeeded his grandnephew King Sebastian (Manuel's great-grandson) as 17th King of Portugal. His death triggered the struggle for the throne of Portugal. Infante Edward, Duke of Guimarães 7 October 1515 20 September 1540 Duke of Guimarães and great-grandfather of John IV of Portugal. Married Isabella of Braganza, daughter of Jaime, Duke of Braganza. Infante Anthony 9 September 1516 1516 Died Young
Her widowed husband remarried yet once more,in 1518, also this time from her family: Maria's niece Eleanor of Austria.
Maria of Aragon, Queen of PortugalBorn: 29 June 1482 Died: 7 March 1517
- ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Aragon
- ^ Cawley
- ^ e.g., Calendar State Papers Spain, vol. 1 (1862) no. 210, Pedro de Ayala to Ferdinand and Isabella, 25 July 1498.
- ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10588.htm#i105871, retrieved 2007-10-25
- ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p11347.htm#i113464, retrieved 2007-10-25
- ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p329.htm#i3286, retrieved 2007-10-25
- ^ She was the daughter John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster to his first wife Blanche of Lancaster, making her half-sister of Katherine of Aragon's maternal great-grandmother Katherine of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster to his second wife Constance of Castile.
- ^ Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10730.htm#i107293, retrieved 2007-10-25
- ^ Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p11433.htm#i114328, retrieved 2007-10-25
Portuguese royalty Preceded by
Isabella of Aragon
Queen Consort of Portugal
30 October 1500 – 7 March 1517
Eleanor of Austria
Infantas of Aragon 1st GenerationSancha, Countess of Urgell · Urraca · Teresa, Countess of Provence 2nd Generationnone 3rd GenerationIsabella · Petronila 4th Generation 5th GenerationConstance, Holy Roman Empress · Eleanor, Countess of Toulouse · Dulce 6th GenerationSancha 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th GenerationMaria, Lady of Cameros · Constance, Duchess of Peñafiel · Isabella, Duchess of Austria · Blanca · Violante, Lady of Segorbe · Constance, Queen of Cyprus** · Elisabeth, Duchess of Bavaria** · Catherine** · Margaret, Countess Palatine of the Rhine** · Beatrice, Lady of Marchena · Maria, Countess of Ampurias · Teresa of Jérica · Constanza of Ayerbe · Maria, Laby of Ayerbe 10th GenerationConstance, Queen of Majorca · Isabella · Eleanor, Queen of Cyprus · Juana, Lady of Villena · Blanca, Countess of Cardona · Eleanor, Queen of Aragon** · Beatrice, Countess Palatine of the Rhine** · Constance** · Euphemia** · Violante** · Blanca, Countess of Ampurias** · Eleonor, Countess of Caltabellotta** · Constance** · Isabella, Marchioness of Montferrat* · Esclaramunda* · Alice, Countess of Ibelin* · Beatrice, Lady of Cocentaina · Ventura, Viscountess of Illa and Canet · Elsa, Lady of Almonacid · Juana, Countess of Carrión 11th GenerationConstance, Queen of Sicily · Joanna, Countess of Ampurias · Maria · Beatrice · Eleanor, Queen of Castile · Isabella, Countess of Urgell · Isabella, Countess of Cardona · Blanca of Ribagorza · Joanna, Countess of Cardona · Violante, Countess of Prades · Joanna of Prades · Constance of Prades · Eleanor of Prades · Timbor, Viscountess of Cabrera · Eleanor of Ampurias · Maria of Sicily** 12th Generation 13th GenerationIsabella of Urgell, Duchess of Coimbra · Eleanor, Princess of Salerno · Joanna, Countess of Cardona · Catherine of Urgell 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th Generation*also a princess of Majorca
**also a princess of Sicily
Portuguese royal consortsMaud of Savoy (1146-1157) · Dulce of Aragon (1185-1198) · Urraca of Castile (1211-1220) · Mécia Lopes de Haro (1246–1248) · Matilda of Boulogne (1248–1253) · Beatrice of Castile (1253-1279) · Elizabeth of Aragon (1282-1325) · Beatrice of Castile (1225-1257) · Inês de Castro (1360) · Leonor Telles de Menezes (1372-1383) · Philippa of Lancaster (1387-1415) · Eleanor of Aragon (1433-1438) · Isabella of Coimbra (1447-1455) · Joanna of Castile (1475–1479) · Eleanor of Viseu (1481-1495) · Isabella of Aragon (1497-1498) · Maria of Aragon (1500 -1517) · Archduchess Eleanor of Austria (1518-1521) · Archduchess Catherine of Austria (1525-1557) · Archduchess Anna of Austria (1580) · Archduchess Margaret of Austria (1598–1611) · Princess Élisabeth of France (1621-1640) · Luisa of Guzman (1640-1656) · Princess Marie Françoise of Savoy (1666-1668) & (1683) · Countess Palatine Maria Sophia of Neuburg (1687-1699) · Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1708-1750) · Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain (1750-1777) · Infanta Carlota of Spain (1816-1826) · Archduchess Maria Leopoldina of Austria (1826) · Auguste de Beauharnais (1835) · Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1836-1837) · Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1858-1859) · Princess Maria Pia of Savoy (1862-1889) · Princess Amélie of Orléans (1889-1908)
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