Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal

Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal
Maria of Aragon
Queen consort of Portugal and the Algarves
Tenure 30 October 1500 – 7 March 1517
Spouse Manuel I of Portugal
Issue
John III of Portugal
Isabella, Holy Roman Empress
Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy
Infante Louis, Duke of Beja
Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso
Cardinal-Infante Afonso
Henry of Portugal
Infante Edward, Duke of Guimarães
House House of Trastámara
Father Ferdinand II of Aragon
Mother Isabella I of Castile
Born 29 June 1482(1482-06-29)
Córdoba, Kingdom of Castile
Died 7 March 1517(1517-03-07) (aged 34)
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Burial Jerónimos Monastery, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Religion Roman Catholicism

Maria of Aragon (Mary of Aragon or Mary of Spain or even Mary of Castile) (29 June 1482 – 7 March 1517) was a Spanish infanta, and the second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I, making her the queen consort of Portugal from her marriage on 30 October 1500 until her death. She was the mother of 10 children, eight of whom reached adulthood.

Contents

Family

She was born at Cordoba on 29 June 1482, the third surviving daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (the Catholic monarchs). She was the fourth of five surviving children, and had a twin sister, who was stillborn.[1] Her sister was Catherine of Aragon, wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Mary I of England. Another sister, Joanna, married Philip, Duke of Burgundy and was mother of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.

Maria did not inherit the insanity that supposedly ran in the royal family, and was said to have affected her sister, Joanna, who was known as Joanna the Mad.[2]

Marriage

As an infanta of Spain, her hand in marriage was very important in European politics; before her marriage to Manuel I of Portugal, her parents entertained the idea of marrying her off to King James IV of Scotland.[3] This was at a time when her younger sister Catherine's marriage to Arthur, Prince of Wales, was being planned. Ferdinand and Isabella thought if Maria was Queen of Scotland, the two sisters could keep the peace between their husbands. These plans, however, came to nothing. Her eldest sister Isabella, Princess of Asturias, was the first wife of Manuel I, but her death in 1498 created a necessity for Manuel to remarry; Maria became the next bride of the Portuguese king, reaffirming dynastical links with the future Spain. Manuel and Maria were married in Alcazar de Sal on 30 October 1500, and together they had 10 children; eight of whom reached adulthood, including King John III of Portugal, Isabella, Holy Roman Empress, and Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy.

In 1580, the dynastical links from the marriage led to a dynastical crisis in Portugal that made Philip II of Spain king of Portugal as Philip I (See: Struggle for the throne of Portugal and Iberian Union).

Appearance

Maria was of a very fair complexion, had blue eyes, and her hair colour was of a shade between reddish-blonde and auburn; these were typical features in members of the Trastámara family who were descendants of Peter I of Castile.

Death

Maria died in Lisbon on 7 March 1517, and was buried at Belem Monastery of Sao Geronimo.

Ancestry

Children

Her marriage with Manuel produced the following children:

Crown of Castile
Royal dynasties
House of Trastámara
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg

Henry II
Children include
   John I
   Eleanor, Queen of Navarre
John I
Children include
   Henry III
   Ferdinand I of Aragon
Henry III
Children include
   John II
   Maria, Queen of Aragon
John II
Children include
   Henry IV
   Isabella I
   Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
Henry IV
Children
   Joan, Queen of Portugal
Isabella I with Ferdinand V
Children
   Isabella, Queen of Portugal
   John, Prince of Asturias
   Joanna I, Queen of Castile
   Maria, Queen of Portugal
   Catherine, Queen of England
Joanna I

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Name Birth Death Notes
John III 6 June 1502 11 June 1557 succeeded Manuel as 15th King of Portugal.
Infanta Isabella 24 October 1503 1 May 1539 married Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Infanta Beatrice 31 December 1504 8 January 1538 married Charles III, Duke of Savoy.
Infante Louis, Duke of Beja 3 March 1506 27 November 1555 Unmarried but had illegitimate descendants, one of them being Anthony, Prior of Crato, a claimant of the throne of Portugal in 1580 (See: Struggle for the throne of Portugal).
Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso 5 June 1507 7 November 1534 Married Guiomar (Guyomare) Coutinho, Countess of Marialva (?-1534).
Infante Afonso 23 April 1509 21 April 1540 Cardinal of the Kingdom.
Infanta Maria 1511 1513  
Infante Henry 31 January 1512 31 January 1580 Cardinal of the Kingdom who succeeded his grandnephew King Sebastian (Manuel's great-grandson) as 17th King of Portugal. His death triggered the struggle for the throne of Portugal.
Infante Edward, Duke of Guimarães 7 October 1515 20 September 1540 Duke of Guimarães and great-grandfather of John IV of Portugal. Married Isabella of Braganza, daughter of Jaime, Duke of Braganza.
Infante Anthony 9 September 1516 1516 Died Young

Her widowed husband remarried yet once more,in 1518, also this time from her family: Maria's niece Eleanor of Austria.

References

Media related to Maria of Aragon at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Aragon
  2. ^ Cawley
  3. ^ e.g., Calendar State Papers Spain, vol. 1 (1862) no. 210, Pedro de Ayala to Ferdinand and Isabella, 25 July 1498.
  4. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10588.htm#i105871, retrieved 2007-10-25 
  5. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p11347.htm#i113464, retrieved 2007-10-25 
  6. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p329.htm#i3286, retrieved 2007-10-25 
  7. ^ She was the daughter John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster to his first wife Blanche of Lancaster, making her half-sister of Katherine of Aragon's maternal great-grandmother Katherine of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster to his second wife Constance of Castile.
  8. ^ Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10730.htm#i107293, retrieved 2007-10-25 
  9. ^ Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p11433.htm#i114328, retrieved 2007-10-25 
Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal
Born: 29 June 1482 Died: 7 March 1517
Portuguese royalty
Preceded by
Isabella of Aragon
Queen Consort of Portugal
30 October 1500 – 7 March 1517
Succeeded by
Eleanor of Austria

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