- Philippa of Lancaster
Princess Philippa of Lancaster, LG (
31 March, 1360 Leicester Castle– July 19, 1415 Odivelas) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster(a son of Edward III of Englandand Philippa of Hainault) by his first wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. Blanche was the daughter of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancasterand Isabel de Beaumont.
Queen consortof Portugalthrough her marriage with King John I, celebrated on 11 February, 1387in the city of Porto. This marriage was the final step in the Anglo-Portuguese alliance, against the France-Castile axis. Philippa is remembered for being a generous and loving queen and for being the mother of the "Illustrious Generation" (in Portuguese, "Ínclita Geração") of princes, whose members were:
* Blanche (1388-1389), named after her grandmother;
* Afonso (1390-1400), named after several
Kings of Portugal, including his great-grandfather Afonso IV;
* Edward (1391-1438), named after his great-grandfather
Edward III of England. He was a writer and an intellectual, who succeeded his father as King of Portugal in 1433;
*Peter (1392-1449), named after his grandfather
Peter I of Portugal. He was the First Duke of Coimbra, a remarkable ruler and well-travelled man, who served as Regent during the minority of his nephew Afonso V;
Henry the Navigator(1394-1460), first Duke of Viseu, who guided Portugal to the Great era of The Discoveries, named after his great-grandfather Henry of Grosmont;
*Isabella (1397-1472), who married
Philip III of Burgundyand was one of the most powerful and admired women in Europe;
*Blanche (1398), died in childhood;
*John (1400-1442), Duke of Aveiro, the grandfather of the two greatest Iberian monarchs in the 16th century,
Manuel I of Portugaland Isabella I of Castile;
*Ferdinand (1402-1443) "the Saint Prince," a warrior, who was captured during the
Disaster of Tangierand died a prisoner of the Moors.
AncestorsAncestors of Philippa of Lancaster
Philippa died of plague in 1415, a few days before the expedition to
Ceuta. She was buried at the Monastery of Batalha.
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