Henry III of Castile

Henry III of Castile

Henry III (October 4, 1379–1406), sometimes known as Henry the Sufferer or Henry the Infirm ( _es. Enrique el Doliente) was the son of John I and Eleanor of Aragon, and succeeded him as King of Castile and León in 1390.Henry was born in Burgos, the capital of Castile. Before becoming king, he was known by the title Prince of Asturias, designating him as the heir apparent. After succeeding to the throne at 11, Henry took power at 14. He was able to pacify the nobility and restore royal power. During his reign, the Castilian fleet won several victories against the English; Henry sent a naval fleet in 1400 that destroyed Tétouan in North Africa, a pirate base. In 1402, Henry began the colonization of the Canary Islands, sending French explorer Jean de Béthencourt. He also sent envoys to Timur.

In 1388, Henry married Katherine of Lancaster ("Catalina de Lancaster"; 1372–1418), the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Gaunt's second wife, Constance of Castile, who was the elder daughter of Pedro of Castile. This ended a dynastic conflict and solidified the House of Trastamara. Henry and Catherine's son became John II of Castile, who succeeded Henry when he died in Toledo, Catherine acting as Regent of Castile because John II was then underage.



All of them by his wife Catherine of Lancaster:
* Catalina (1402-?)
* John II of Castile
* Maria of Castile. Married Alfonso V of Aragon.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry I of Castile — (14 April 1204 6 June 1217) was king of Castile. He was the son of Alfonso VIII of Castile and his wife Eleanor Plantagenet, (daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine). In 1211, Henry became heir to the throne when his older… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry II of Castile — Henry II (January 13,1334 Sevilla May 29,1379 Santo Domingo de la Calzada), better known as Henry of Trastámara ( Enrique de Trastámara ), 1st Conde de Trastámara, before his coronation, was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI of Castile and… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry III — may refer to: *Henry III, Duke of Bavaria (940 989) *Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (1017 1056) *Henry the Lion, Henry III of Saxony, (1129 1195) *Henry III of England (1207 1272) *Henry III, Margrave of Meissen (1215 1288) *Henry I of Navarre,… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry III of England — Henry III Oil painting of Henry III by unknown artist, ca. 1620, later incorrectly inscribed Eduardus . King of England (more...) Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Henry III, Duke of Brabant — Henry III Duke of Brabant Duke of Lothier Imperial Vicar Spouse(s) Adelaide of Burgundy Issue Henry IV …   Wikipedia

  • Henry III, Count of Bar — Henry III of Bar (Henri III de Bar, 1259 Naples, September 1302) was Count of Bar from 1291 to 1302. He was son of Thibault II of Bar and Jeanne de Toucy. Life His introduction to military life came as he was made a knight in a conflict between… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry III — 1. 1017 56, king of Germany 1039 56 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1046 56 (son of Conrad II). 2. 1207 72, king of England 1216 72 (son of John). 3. 1551 89, king of France 1574 89 (son of Henry II of France). * * * I born Oct. 1, 1207,… …   Universalium

  • Henry III of Nassau-Breda — Infobox Military Person name=Henry III of Nassau Dillenburg Dietz lived=12 January 1483–14 September 1538 caption=Henry III by Bernard van Orley rank=Captain General placeofbirth=Siegen, County of Nassau placeofdeath=Breda, Duchy of Brabant… …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand III of Castile — Infobox Saint name=Saint Ferdinand III birth date=July 30 or August 5, 1199 death date=May 30, 1252 feast day=May 30 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize=320px caption=St. Ferdinand III in a 13th century miniature birth place=monastery of …   Wikipedia

  • Henry — is an English male given name and a surname, derived from Heinrich of Germanic origin. Equivalents in other languages are Henrik (Scandinavian), Eanruig (Scots Gaelic), Enrico (Italian), Henri (French), Enrique (Spanish), Henrik (Hungarian),… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”